A famine food or poverty food is any inexpensive or readily available food used to nourish people in times of hunger and starvation, whether caused by extreme poverty, such as during economic depression or war, or by natural disasters such as drought.

Breads made of orache and bran, fried in machine oil, were used as food in besieged Leningrad.

Foods associated with famine need not be nutritionally deficient, or unsavory. People who eat famine food in large quantity over a long period of time may become averse to it over time. In times of relative affluence, these foods may become the targets of social stigma and rejection. For example, cultures that consider cats and dogs to be taboo foods have historically consumed them during times of famine.

The characterization of some foodstuffs as "famine" or "poverty" food can be social. For example, lobster and other crustaceans have been considered poverty food in some societies and luxury food in others depending on the time period and situation.

Examples edit

 
Breadnuts

A number of foodstuffs have been strongly associated with famine, war, or times of hardship throughout history:

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Abbott, Isabella Aiona (1992). Lā'au Hawai'i: traditional Hawaiian uses of plants. Honolulu, HI: Bishop Museum Press. p. 5. ISBN 0-930897-62-5. OCLC 26509190.
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  3. ^ McBride, Doreen (8 February 2018). The Little Book of Fermanagh. History Press. ISBN 9780750985406 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Gribben, Arthur (1 March 1999). The Great Famine and the Irish Diaspora in America. University of Massachusetts Press. p. 31 – via Internet Archive. charlock famine.
  5. ^ "Holdings: Nettles and charlock as famine food". sources.nli.ie. 1959.
  6. ^ Connaughton, Gary. "Here's The Explanation Behind The Weirdest Irish County Nicknames". Balls.ie.
  7. ^ MacNamee, Donal (30 November 2020). "New RTE series finds four counties hit by cannibalism during Famine". Irish Mirror. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  8. ^ McGreevy, Ronan (30 November 2020). "Role of 'survivor cannibalism' during Great Famine detailed in new TV documentary". The Irish Times. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  9. ^ "Edible and Medicinal Herbs".
  10. ^ Poirteir, Cathal (1 September 1995). Famine Echoes – Folk Memories of the Great Irish Famine: An Oral History of Ireland's Greatest Tragedy. Gill & Macmillan Ltd. ISBN 9780717165841 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Langan-Egan, Maureen (1999). "Some Aspects of the Great Famine in Galway". Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society. 51: 120–139. JSTOR 25535702 – via JSTOR.
  12. ^ Enright, Damien (18 August 2008). "Enjoying a tasty treat from the salty sea". Irish Examiner.
  13. ^ "Remembering the Past: An Droch Shaol- The Irish Holocaust | An Phoblacht". www.anphoblacht.com.
  14. ^ "Eating people is wrong: Famine's darkest secret?" (PDF). www.econstor.eu. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 December 2021.
  15. ^ "Бурьян, крапива и лебеда. На одном из харьковских хлебозаводов выпекли "голодоморский" хлеб" Archived 23 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, ATN Kharkiv.
  16. ^ https://institutofranklin.net/sites/default/files/2021-03/case%20study%20ADK.pdf page 9
  17. ^ Clancy, Jim (24 February 2010). "TV chef dropped for cat recipe comments". CNN.
  18. ^ Morton, Louis (1953). The Fall of the Philippines. United States Army Center of Military History. pp. 369–360.
  19. ^ "Broto de Palma na culinária nordestina (Palma shoots in northeastern cuisine) GUEDES, Claudet Coelho. Federal University of Campina Grande. Access on January 15th, 2016". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  20. ^ Romero-Frias, Xavier (15 April 2013). "Eating on the Islands – As times have changed, so has the Maldives' unique cuisine and culture". Himalmag. 26 (2) – via www.academia.edu.
  21. ^ Yves Guinand and Dechassa Lemessa, "Wild-Food Plants in Southern Ethiopia: Reflections on the role of 'famine-foods' at a time of drought" Archived 11 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine UN-OCHA Report, March 2000 (accessed 15 January 2009)
  22. ^ Ahmed, Badawi Ibrahim (1991). "Famine foods in eastern regions of the Sudan" (PDF). IAEA. MS thesis, Agriculture, Univ Khartoum. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  23. ^ "What it's like to eat a tarantula spider". CNN Travel. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  24. ^ "Powstańcza żołędziówka. Jakie właściwości ma kawa z żołędzi?". Smaker. 11 October 2022. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  25. ^ "Jak smakuje wojenna kawa z żołędzi?". ciekawostkihistoryczne.pl. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015.

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