Ever Given[a] (Chinese: 長賜輪[pronunciation?][6]) is one of the largest container ships in the world. The ship is owned by Shoei Kisen Kaisha (a shipowning and leasing subsidiary of the large Japanese shipbuilding company Imabari Shipbuilding), and is time chartered and operated by container transportation and shipping company Evergreen Marine, headquartered in Luzhu, Taoyuan, Taiwan.[7] Ever Given is registered in Panama and its technical management is the responsibility of the German ship management company Bernhard Schulte Shipmanagement (BSM).[8]

IMO 9811000 EVER GIVEN (09).JPG
Ever Given at the ECT Delta terminal (Amazonehaven) 29 July 2021 in the Port of Rotterdam
History
NameEver Given[a]
OwnerShoei Kisen Kaisha[2][3]
OperatorEvergreen Marine
Port of registryPanama City, Panama
BuilderImabari Shipbuilding (Japan)
Yard numberS-1833
Laid down25 December 2015[1]
Launched9 May 2018[1]
Completed25 September 2018[1]
Identification
General characteristics
TypeContainer ship
Tonnage
Displacement265,876 t (261,677 long tons)[1]
Length399.94 m (1,312 ft 2 in)[1]
Beam58.8 m (192 ft 11 in)[1]
Draught
  • 14.5 m (47 ft 7 in) (design)[1]
  • 16.0 m (52 ft 6 in) (maximum)[1]
Depth32.9 m (107 ft 11 in)
Installed powerMitsuiMAN B&W 11G95ME-C9 (59,300 kW)[4]
Propulsion
Speed22.8 knots (42.2 km/h; 26.2 mph)
Capacity20,124 TEU[5]
Crew25
Ever Given
Traditional Chinese長賜輪
Simplified Chinese长赐轮

On 23 March 2021, while traveling from Tanjung Pelepas in Malaysia[9] to Rotterdam in the Netherlands, the ship ran aground in the Suez Canal. The ship remained in place for six days before salvage crews freed it on 29 March 2021.[10] The vessel was impounded by the Egyptian government on 13 April 2021 for refusing to pay a reported $916 million in fees demanded by the government, including $300 million in "loss of reputation."[11][12] The compensation claim was later cut down to $600 million.[13] In early July 2021, the ship was released by the Egyptian authorities following an agreement on compensation.

DescriptionEdit

Ever Given (IMO 9811000) is one of 13 container ships built to the Imabari 20000 design developed by Imabari Shipbuilding, 11 of which have been chartered by Evergreen Marine with names starting with Ever G—.[4] The ship was laid down on 25 December 2015, launched on 9 May 2018 and completed on 25 September 2018.[1] It is Evergreen's second ship to be named Ever Given; the first one (IMO 8320901) was built in 1986 and has since been broken up.[14]

With a length overall of 399.94 metres (1,312 ft 2 in),[1] Ever Given is one of the longest ships in service. The hull has a beam of 58.8 metres (192 ft 11 in) and its height from keel to main deck (hull depth) is 32.9 metres (107 ft 11 in).[1] Fully laden at design draught, Ever Given draws 14.5 metres (47 ft 7 in) of water while the scantling draught, which is used as the basis of hull strength and structural design, is 16.0 metres (52.5 ft).[1] Ever Given has a gross tonnage of 220,940; net tonnage of 99,155; and deadweight tonnage of 199,629 tons at design draught.[1] The ship's container capacity is 20,124 TEU.[5]

As with most large container ships, Ever Given's propulsion system consists of a single low-speed two-stroke diesel engine coupled to a large fixed-pitch propeller. The 11-cylinder straight engine, license-manufactured MitsuiMAN B&W 11G95ME-C9, produces 59,300 kW (79,500 horsepower) at 79 rpm and gives the vessel a service speed of 22.8 knots (42.2 km/h; 26.2 mph).[4] In addition, Ever Given has four straight-8 Yanmar 8EY33LW auxiliary diesel generators that produce electricity.[4] For maneuvering in ports, the vessel has two 2,500 kW (3,400 hp) bow thrusters.[4]

Operational historyEdit

2019 Hamburg collisionEdit

On 9 February 2019, the ship collided with and heavily damaged the Finkenwerder, a 25-metre-long (82 ft) HADAG ferry boat which was berthed at Blankenese, near the harbour of Hamburg.[15][16] Two minutes after the collision, a traffic ban on the Elbe river was mandated due to high winds.[17]

2021 Suez Canal groundingEdit

 
Satellite image of Ever Given blocking the Suez Canal

At 07:40 Eastern European Time (UTC+02:00) on 23 March 2021, the ship was passing through the Suez Canal on its way to Rotterdam from Tanjung Pelepas[9][18] when it became stuck (coordinates 30°01′03″N 32°34′49″E / 30.01761°N 32.58018°E / 30.01761; 32.58018) near the village of Manshiyet Rugola[19] and blocked the canal.[20][8] According to a statement by the Suez Canal Authority (SCA), the ship ran aground diagonally after losing the ability to steer amid high winds and a dust storm.[21] In a separate statement, Evergreen Marine said that it had been told the ship "was suspected of being hit by a sudden strong wind, causing the hull to deviate from [the] waterway and accidentally hit the bottom".[2][21] The ship ended up with its bow wedged in one bank of the canal and stern nearly touching the other.[22]

 
Tugboats trying to free the jammed ship, as viewed from the International Space Station, 27 March 2021

The ship, which had no tugboat, was the fifth ​in a northbound convoy, behind two prior container ships that were each paired with a tugboat. There were fifteen vessels behind it when it ran aground. Traffic in both directions was blocked for just over six days,[23] leading to a traffic jam of over two hundred vessels.[2][24] On 24 March, Bernhard Schulte Shipmanagement (BSM), the technical manager of the ship, denied earlier reports that it had been partially refloated.[18] In addition, trade experts were worried about a supply chain delay, and tension due to the delay for the ships trapped as well as other vessels that planned to cross the Suez.[25]

Eight tugboats worked to re-float the vessel in collaboration with a Komatsu excavator removing sand from the side of the canal where the bow of the vessel was wedged.[18][26] After an overnight break, the salvage work resumed in the morning of 25 March.[27]

Egyptian meteorologists reported that high winds and a sandstorm had affected the area on the day of the grounding, with winds gusting as much as 50 kilometres per hour (31 mph).[28] Addressing a press conference on 27 March, Admiral Osama Rabie, chairman of the SCA, said that weather conditions were "not the main reasons" for the ship's grounding, adding, "There may have been technical or human errors ... All of these factors will become apparent in the investigation."[29][30]

Aided by high spring tide, the ship was partially freed from sediment and re-floated on 29 March 2021 at 05:42 EGY (03:42 UTC), apart from the bow, which was still caught.[31][32]

The ship was finally freed in the afternoon at 15:05 EGY (13:05 UTC),[33][34] and the ship started moving under tow towards the Great Bitter Lake for technical inspection, the first step towards reopening the canal,[35] planned for later that day.[34] After the canal had been checked for damage, the SCA informed shipping agencies that shipping was to resume from 19:00 local time (17:00 UTC).[36]

AftermathEdit

On 13 April, SCA announced that the ship had been seized on court orders until the owners paid $900 million in damages.[37] On 4 July 2021 the German newspaper Der Spiegel reported that the owner of the ship and the SCA have agreed on the compensation, although the amount is unclear.[38] The ship departed from the Suez Canal on 7 July for scheduled deliveries of cargo at several European ports.[39]

On 7 July 2021, Egyptian authorities released the ship after an unspecified settlement was reached. It was announced that Egypt would also receive a 75-ton tugboat from the ship's Japanese owner, Shoei Kisen Kaisha, as part of the compensation package. The Ever Given sailed to Port Said.[40] Hull inspections were carried out, with the vessel finally departing on 12 July, after a seizure delay of more than 100 days.[41][42]

The ship finally arrived at its destination in Rotterdam Maasvlakte, NL, container terminal on 29 July, after a 17-day sailing (usual 9 day trip [43]), 22 days after its release by the Egyptian government, and over four months after its grounding;[44][45][46] it has become a tourist attraction.[47] After unloading about three quarters of the load in Rotterdam, Ever Given departed on 2 August, mooring in Felixstowe Trinity Container Terminal on 3 August to complete unloading, before going out of service prior to inspection at Harwich Anchorage by Leask Marine (Orkney) on behalf of American Bureau of Shipping. [48][49][50] She departed 6 August, proceeding for refueling at Malta Bunkering Area 3 by the Scot Munchen, on 15 August.[51] During the morning of 20 August, Ever Given transited through the Suez Canal, within a 22-vessel convoy.[52][53][54]

On 20 September the ship arrived at Qingdao Port anchorage, before berthing alongside the sufficiently large dry dock facilities for repairs on 4 October. Qingdao is also close to Chinese shipping ports where the vessel is projected to re-enter service late October[55] to mid-November. [56] Photographs taken upon arrival at Qingdao Beihai Shipbuilding Heavy Industry pier indicate bow crumple damage extending as far back as the rear bow thruster tunnel; it finally entered dry dock on 17 October. [57][58]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b The name "EVERGREEN" written in large capital letters on both sides of the hull refers to Evergreen Marine, the Taiwanese company that charters the ship. The name of the ship is written in smaller letters on the stern and on both sides of the bow.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Ever Given (18265351)". ABS Record. American Bureau of Shipping. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Wang, Cindy; Park, Kyunghee; Lee, Annie (23 March 2021). "Suez Canal Snarled With Giant Ship Stuck in Top Trade Artery". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  3. ^ Gambrell, Jon (23 March 2021). "Massive cargo ship turns sideways, blocks Egypt's Suez Canal". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 31 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Ever Given (9811000)". Sea-web. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  5. ^ a b "ShipmentLink – Vessel Particulars". www.shipmentlink.com. Archived from the original on 8 June 2020. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  6. ^ "長賜輪成功脫困,蘇伊士運河恢復正常通行" [Ever Given successfully released and the Suez Canal resumes normal traffic]. Evergreen Marine. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Safety, Quality, Environment Policy Archived 2006-03-22 at archive.today." Evergreen Marine. Retrieved on September 29, 2009.
  8. ^ a b Farrer, Martin; Safi, Michael (24 March 2021). "Suez canal blocked by huge container ship after 'gust of wind'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  9. ^ Nagourney, Eric (29 March 2021). "With the Suez Canal Unblocked, the World's Commerce Resumes Its Course". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 30 March 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Suez Canal chief: Vessel impounded amid financial dispute". AP. 13 April 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Dislodged Suez Canal cargo ship Ever Given held amid $916 million claim". NBC. 14 April 2021. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  12. ^ van Marle, Gavin (10 May 2021). "Suez Canal Authority reduces damages claim against Ever Given owner". The Loadstar.
  13. ^ "Ever Given (8320901)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  14. ^ "Gentle touch of a giant – mega container ship brushed ferry". FleetMon.com. Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  15. ^ "FINKENWERDER Passenger Ship: Allision in Blankenese". Vesseltracker.com. Archived from the original on 31 March 2021. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  16. ^ Gessner, Nina (10 February 2019). "Frachter rammt Fähre in Hamburg-Blankenese: Hat der starke Wind den Elbe-Crash verursacht?" [Freighter rams ferry in Hamburg-Blankenese: Did the strong wind cause the Elbe crash?]. MOPO.de (in German). Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  17. ^ a b c "Egypt's Suez Canal blocked by huge container ship". BBC News. 24 March 2021. Archived from the original on 27 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  18. ^ Yee, Vivian (27 March 2021). "'A Very Big Problem.' Giant Ship in the Suez Remains Stuck". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 27 March 2021. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  19. ^ Captain fully responsible for grounding of Ever Given on Suez Canal: authority, 31 May 2021
  20. ^ a b Maguire, Dannielle (25 March 2021). "The ship blocking the Suez Canal is called Ever Given, even though 'Evergreen' is written across it in huge letters". ABC News. Archived from the original on 26 March 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  21. ^ Paris, Costas; Malsin, Jared (24 March 2021). "Suez Canal Is Blocked by Container Ship Causing Huge Traffic Jam". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 26 March 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
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  24. ^ "'Anything you see in the stores' could be affected by Canal logjam, shipping experts say". NBC News. Archived from the original on 25 March 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  25. ^ NBC News (25 March 2021). "Komatsu Excavator Attempts to Dislodge One of World's Largest Shipping Containers". ConstructionEquipmentGuide.com. Archived from the original on 26 March 2021. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  26. ^ "Ship rescue efforts suspended until Thursday". The Independent. 25 March 2021. Archived from the original on 25 March 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  27. ^ "Massive cargo ship becomes wedged, blocks Egypt's Suez Canal". Associated Press News. 24 March 2021. Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  28. ^ "Suez Canal: Effort to refloat wedged container ship continues". BBC News. 28 March 2021. Archived from the original on 28 March 2021. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  29. ^ "Egypt's Suez Canal Authority announces successful refloating of 'EVER GIVEN'". EgyptToday. 29 March 2021. Archived from the original on 31 March 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  30. ^ Safi, Michael (29 March 2021). "Suez canal: Ever Given ship partially refloated but bow still stuck". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  31. ^ "Traffic Jam on the Suez Canal". earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 29 March 2021. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  32. ^ Safi, Michael (29 March 2021). "Suez canal: Ever Given container ship freed after a week". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021. [Boskalis] announce that our team of experts, working in close collaboration with the Suez Canal Authority, successfully refloated the Ever Given on 29 March at 15:05 hrs local time, thereby making free passage through the Suez canal possible again
  33. ^ a b Gubash, Charlene; Salam, Yasmine; Duchon, Richie (29 March 2021). "Suez Canal reopened after giant cargo ship successfully refloated". NBC News. Raf Sanchez, Caroline Radnofsky, The Associated Press, and Reuters contributed. Suez, Egypt: NBC Universal. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  34. ^ "Canal service provider says container ship in Suez set free". AP NEWS. 29 March 2021. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  35. ^ "Traffic in Suez Canal resumes after stranded ship refloated - Business and Economy News". Al Jazeera. 29 March 2021. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021. The ship came out intact and it has no problems. We’ve just searched the bottom and soil of the Suez Canal and thankfully it is sound and has no issues, and ships will pass through it today
  36. ^ "Egypt 'seizes' ship that blocked Suez Canal, demands nearly $1 billion compensation". TheJournal.ie. Agence France-Presse. 13 April 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  37. ^ ""Ever Given"-Eigentümer einigen sich mit Suezkanal-Behörde" ["Ever Given" owners reach an agreement with Suez Canal authorities]. www.spiegel.de (in German). Der Spiegel. 4 July 2021. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  38. ^ "Evergreen releases slow-sailing Ever Given's port call itinerary". theloadstar.com. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  39. ^ "Suez Canal officials release Ever Given ship after settlement". Deutsche Welle. 7 July 2021. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  40. ^ "The Ever Given Ship Departs Egypt". Al Mayadeen. 13 July 2021.
  41. ^ "Ever Given Departs Suez Canal". The Maritime Executive.
  42. ^ Chambers, Sam. "Ever Given undergoing inspection at Port Said". Splash 247. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  43. ^ Faucon, Benoit (29 July 2021). "Ever Given, the Ship That Blocked the Suez, Makes It to Port". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  44. ^ "Ever Given - Container vessel that blocked Suez Canal reaches Rotterdam". Biznorm. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  45. ^ "Container vessel that blocked Suez Canal reaches Rotterdam". AP NEWS. 29 July 2021. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  46. ^ Faucon, Benoit (30 July 2021). "The Ever Given, Fresh From Suez, Becomes a Tourist Attraction". Wall Street Journal.
  47. ^ Chambers, Sam (20 July 2021). "Ever Given will need repairs". Splash.
  48. ^ "Ever Given: Container Ship, IMO 9811000". Vessel Finder. Archived 18:02 UTC 3 August 2021.
  49. ^ "Leask Marine attain American Bureau of Shipping approved service supplier accreditation"Leask Marine Ltd, C-Fenna and C-Force
  50. ^ "Ever Given: Container Ship, IMO 9811000". Vessel Finder. Archived 16:20 UTC 7 August 2021.
  51. ^ Hall, Madison (19 August 2021). "The Ever Given container ship is traveling back through the Suez Canal 4 months after beaching itself in the waterway and jamming global shipping traffic". Insider.Com. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  52. ^ Michael, Chris (20 August 2021). "Container ship Ever Given returns to Suez canal for another attempt". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  53. ^ "EVER GIVEN successfully passed through Egypt's Suez Canal in its return journey: Admiral Osama Rabie". Egypt Today. 20 August 2021. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  54. ^ Chambers, Sam (23 August 2021). "Ever Given heads to Qingdao for repairs". Splash247.com. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  55. ^ "Ever Given," "Ups she does it again," Timsen on vesseltracker.com. Archived 20 August 2021.
  56. ^ Li, Ziheng (4 October 2021). "China Ever Given". The Daily Reflector. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  57. ^ "Ever Given, IMO=9811000" on vesselfinder.com[1] retrieved 23 October 2021. Navionics map shows last AIS on 17 October 2021 at 0956 UTC, at 35.99923° N 120.27804° E at a location labeled dry dock

External linksEdit