Ministry of Ecology
The Ministry for the Ecological and Solidary Transition (French: Ministère de la Transition écologique et solidaire), was created as the Ministry of the Environment (Ministère de l'Environnement) in 1971. Formerly named Ministry for the Environment, Energy and the Sea, formerly named Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, formerly named Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing, it is an agency of the Government of France, centred on a cabinet member who is often referred to as the "Minister of Ecology" or "Minister of the Environment", and sometimes the "Energy Minister". Since July 2019, the position has been occupied by Élisabeth Borne. The ministry's administration is headquartered in La Grande Arche in La Défense and also, in Tour Sequoia, in Puteaux/ La Défense, near Paris, and in the Hotel de Roquelaure, boulevard Saint Germain, for the political cabinet of the Ministers.
|Minister of Ecology of the French Republic
Ministre de l’Écologie
|Ministry for Ecological and Solidarity Transition|
|Reports to||President of the Republic|
|Seat||Hôtel de Rochechouart,110 rue de Grenelle, Paris 7e.|
|Appointer||President of the Republic|
|Term length||No fixed term|
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On 8 January 1971, under French president Georges Pompidou, the Ministry of the Environment (ministère de l'Environnement) was created as a ministry subordinate to the prime minister. The first Minister of the Environment was Robert Poujade.
From 1974 to 1977, the position was renamed Minister of Quality of Life; in 1978 this became Minister of the Environment and Way of Life. The name from 2007 to 2016 featured the expression sustainable development, in part due to the influence of the Greens and the pro-environmental movement in French politics over the past decade.
An Environmental Charter was included in the French Constitution in 2004.
This Ministry is responsible for State Environmental Policy (Preservation of Biodiversity, Climate Kyoto Protocol Application, Environmental Control of industries, etc.), Transportation (air, road, railway and sea regulation departments), Sea, and Housing Policy. The Ministry distributes funds to Research Agencies or Councils. As of 2017, the Ministry is also responsible for energy policy.
- Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile (BEA)
- Directorate General for Civil Aviation (DGAC)
The Department of Housing was created after the Second World War to compensate for the destruction of housing during the Liberation.
In 2009, the Minister of Housing and City (full title is Minister of Territorial Equality and Housing) reported to the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing.[clarification needed] This post became the Minister of Housing.[clarification needed] In 2012, the minister was Cécile Duflot (with the title Ministre de l'Egalité des Territoires et du Logement).[clarification needed]
In May 2012 the Ayrault government established the Minister of Housing and Territorial Equality (France) managed by the ecologist Cécile Duflot and François Lamy.
Previously it was called the Ministry of the Environment, Energy and the Sea, previously Ministry of the Environment, Sustainable Development and Energy. It also had been called the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Town and Country Planning (Ministère de l'Écologie, de l'Énergie, du Développement durable et de l'Aménagement du territoire, MEEDDAT). It also once operated as the Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Spatial Planning (Ministère de l’Écologie, du Développement et de l’Aménagement durables, MEDAD). Another occasion, it was the Ministry of Ecology and Sustainable Development (Ministère de l'écologie et du développement durable). It also had been the Ministry of Spatial Planning and Environment (Ministère de l'Aménagement du Territoire et de l'Environnement).
Notes and referencesEdit
-  Retrieved on 6 May 2011.
- "1971 : création du ministère de l'environnement". ina.fr. 5 January 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "UPDATE 1-Separate unit for EDF nuclear arm has been discussed, says minister Hulot". Reuters. 22 January 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- Geert De Clercq, Benjamin Mallet (17 May 2017). "Green activist Hulot named French ecology minister, EDF stock slumps". Reuters. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
Hulot’s job title, “minister of ecology and solidarity”, does not mention energy, but government sources told Reuters he will be responsible for energy matters.
- "Report Incident on 2 May 2009 on approach to Antalya (Turkey) to the Boeing 737-300 registered F-GFUF operated by Europe Airpost Archived 8 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine." Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile. 1. Retrieved on 26 May 2011. "Bureau d’Enquêtes et d’Analyses pour la sécurité de l’aviation civile - Ministère de l’Écologie, du Développement durable, des Transports et du Logement"
- "Directorate General for Energy and Climate Archived 2012-03-13 at the Wayback Machine." Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Sea. 15 (15/16). Retrieved on 6 March 2011.
- fr:Ministère de l'Égalité des Territoires et du Logement
- fr:Ministère de l'Égalité des Territoires et du Logement
- "Directorate General for Infrastructure, Transport and the Sea Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine." Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Town and Country Planning. Retrieved on 6 May 2011.
- "Seminar "Experience feedback on industrial accidents" – IMPEL – Paris, 30 and 31 May, 2007 Archived 2011-09-04 at the Wayback Machine." Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Spatial Planning. Retrieved on 6 May 2011.
- "English." Ministry of Country Planning and Environment. 13 April 2003. Retrieved on 6 May 2011.
- Ministère de l'Écologie, de l'Énergie, du Développement durable et de la Mer (in French)
- "Organisation Chart." (in English)
- Compostion of the Government - official website (in English)
- Ministry of Country Planning and Environment (in English) (Archive)
- Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Spatial Planning (Archive) (in French)