Evan McMullin

David Evan McMullin[3] (born April 2, 1976)[4] is an American political activist and former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) operations officer who ran as an independent during the 2016 United States presidential election.

Evan McMullin
Evan McMullin (32878963278) (cropped).jpg
McMullin in 2018
David Evan McMullin

(1976-04-02) April 2, 1976 (age 45)[1][2]
EducationBrigham Young University (BA)
University of Pennsylvania (MBA)
Political partyRepublican (before 2016)
Independent (2016–present)
Government service
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchCentral Intelligence Agency
Years of service2001–2010
RankOperations officer
UnitNational Clandestine Service
Battles/warsGlobal War on Terrorism

McMullin was an operations officer of the CIA from 2001 to 2010. In 2011 he received an MBA from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania and then worked as an investment banker for about a year and a half. He was a senior adviser on national security issues for the House Committee on Foreign Affairs from 2013 to 2015 and served as a chief policy director for the House Republican Conference in the U.S. House of Representatives from January 2015 through July 2016.

In August 2016, McMullin launched a presidential campaign in the 2016 election for President of the United States, as an independent candidate backed by the organization Better for America. Receiving support from some members of the "Never Trump" movement,[5] polling taken late in the campaign showed him ahead of major party nominees Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton in his home state of Utah.[6] In the end, McMullin received 21.5% in Utah,[7] taking third place in that state behind Trump and Clinton. Nationally, he received 0.53% of the popular vote.[8]

Following his defeat, McMullin emerged as a vocal critic of the Trump administration,[9][10] and endorsed Joe Biden in the 2020 presidential election.[11] He has been involved in early discussions about forming a new center-right political party,[12] and organized the May 2021 release of the political manifesto "A Call for American Renewal" with Miles Taylor.[13]

In October 2021, McMullin began a campaign for the United States Senate, running against incumbent Mike Lee in the 2022 election.[14]

Early life and educationEdit

McMullin was born in Provo, Utah, the oldest of four children of David McMullin and Lanie Bullard. At a young age, his family moved to a rural area outside Seattle, Washington,[15] where his father worked as a computer scientist and his mother sold bulk foods to neighbors from the family's garage.[2][16] After graduating in 1994 from Auburn Senior High School,[16] McMullin spent two years in Brazil as a missionary for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[15] Upon returning, he spent a summer working on an Alaskan fishing vessel.

In 1997, McMullin began attending Brigham Young University; every year he was in college he did a summer internship with the CIA.[17] He spent a year living in Israel and Jordan and volunteered as a refugee resettlement officer for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.[18] In 2001, McMullin graduated with a Bachelor's degree in International Law and Diplomacy and began formal training with the CIA to become an operations officer.[19]

After working for the CIA, McMullin attended the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania where he received a Master of Business Administration degree in 2011.


Soon after McMullin joined the CIA, the September 11 attacks occurred, leading to an accelerated training and deployment. He spent the next decade working overseas on counterterrorism and intelligence operations as an operations officer with the National Clandestine Service[20] in the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia.[18] He was first deployed in 2003 and left the agency in 2010.[17]

While the details of his missions remain classified, former CIA officers who worked with McMullin were complimentary of his work, noting his talent for recruiting members of extremist organizations through building trust and willingness to engage in human intelligence outside the confines of the embassy. Some of his missions included information-gathering for efforts against the Taliban and al-Qaeda, and collaborating with British intelligence agencies.[21] Near the end of his CIA career, he worked undercover in Iraq.[22] He has stated that his work involved meeting with business and government leaders, as well as collecting information from terrorist operatives.[17]

After leaving the CIA and graduating from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania in 2011,[23] McMullin began working for the Investment Banking Division at Goldman Sachs,[16] and he remained at the company about a year and a half.[24] In 2012, he volunteered for Mitt Romney's presidential campaign, which indirectly led to him being recruited by Republicans on the House Committee on Foreign Affairs looking for an adviser with counter-terrorism experience. In 2013, McMullin was an International Advisory Board member for the Kennedy Center for International Studies at Brigham Young University.[25]

In 2013, McMullin became a senior adviser on national security issues for the House Committee on Foreign Affairs for the 113th Congress.[26] In 2015, McMullin became the chief policy director of the House Republican Conference under Chairwoman Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-Wash.).[27] It was from this position that he watched the 2016 Republican primaries, and when he began to speak out against Trump he was urged by some Republicans to stay out of the fray.[2] McMullin resigned as chief policy director shortly before declaring his run for the presidency in August 2016.[26]

In August 2016, McMullin launched a presidential campaign in the 2016 election for President of the United States, as an independent candidate backed by the organization Better for America. McMullin described himself as a conservative alternative to the two major political parties' candidates, Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton and Republican nominee Donald Trump.

McMullin lost the election, receiving 734,737 votes nationwide (0.54%).[8] His best performance came in his native Utah, where he received about 20% of the vote and came in third place behind Trump and Clinton.[7] After the election, McMullin said that he would start a "new conservative movement" reaching out to "non-traditional conservative voters... who feel disaffected." It might, he said, form a new political party.[28] On January 25, 2017, McMullin announced the formation of Stand Up Republic, a nonpartisan watchdog organization meant to ensure that the Trump administration upholds democracy and tells the truth.[29]

2016 presidential campaignEdit

McMullin's campaign logo
Ballot access in the election
  On ballot
  No ballot access
McMullin campaigning for president in Provo.

On August 8, 2016, McMullin announced that he would run as a candidate for President of the United States in the 2016 presidential election as an independent.[30][31][32][33][34] McMullin decided to run due to his belief that Republican nominee Donald Trump was unfit for the office and his strong opposition to Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton's liberalism. He had personally lobbied several Congresspeople to run under the Better for America banner, but when none would run and it was suggested to him that he should run himself, he decided to do so.[17]

McMullin had the support of several anti-Trump Republican donors[31][35][36] and his presidential bid was also backed by several former members of Better for America, a 501(c)(4) organization dedicated to getting nationwide ballot access for an independent candidate for president in the 2016 election.[18][37] McMullin's campaign was supported by some members of the "Never Trump" movement.[5] Trump repeatedly attacked McMullin, referring to him as "McMuffin" and stating that "I never even heard of this guy before. Nobody did."[38]

McMullin's late entrance into the race caused him to miss several state ballot deadlines,[39] and ultimately he was only able to appear on the ballot in eleven states, with write-in eligibility in many other states.[40] As such he did not appear on enough ballots to win the necessary Electoral College majority of 270 electoral votes. Instead McMullin hoped to deny a majority of the electoral vote to either of the two major party candidates. In such a scenario, under the terms of the Twelfth Amendment, the House of Representatives would select the new president from the top-three electoral vote winners.[41]

The same day that McMullin launched his independent bid, it was announced that Kahlil Byrd and Chris Ashby, Republican strategists with expertise in third-party ballot access, would form a super PAC called Stand Up America to support McMullin's campaign. Byrd is a former adviser to Better for America. The PAC would be used for TV and digital ads, live events, and grass-roots organizing, but would not sue for ballot access.[42]

On October 6, McMullin named Mindy Finn as his running mate.[43] Finn had previously worked for Twitter and as a digital strategist for the RNC and the National Republican Senatorial Committee.[43] Because Finn's selection came after the ballot paperwork deadlines, Finn did not appear on any of the state ballots. Instead, McMullin's friend's name, Nathan Johnson, was submitted as a placeholder.[40]

McMullin's support surged in Utah in October after the release of a 2005 audio recording in which Donald Trump was heard bragging in lewd terms about making sexual advances on women.[44] On October 19, an Emerson College poll showed McMullin leading the race in Utah by 4 points over Donald Trump and 7 points over Hillary Clinton. McMullin's popularity in Utah – and Trump's unpopularity – appears owing to an unusual shift of Mormons away from the Republican candidate.[6] Had McMullin won Utah, it would have been the first time since 1968 that a non-major-party candidate won a state.[45] His strong polling in Utah led Benjamin Morris, writing for FiveThirtyEight, to call him the "third-most likely person to be the next president of the United States" as of October 13.[46]

Ultimately, McMullin came in third place in Utah, receiving 21.54% of the state's popular vote, behind both Donald Trump (who received 45.54% and the state's six electoral votes) and Hillary Clinton (who received 27.46%).[47] McMullin also took third in Idaho with 6.7%.[48] McMullin promised that, despite his defeat, the "fight would continue" for his new conservative movement.[49]

After the 2016 campaignEdit

After the 2016 campaign, McMullin has continued to be strongly critical of Trump and Putin.[9] In a December 2016 op-ed, McMullin attacked Trump as a threat to American constitutional government, saying that the president-elect's actions were "consistent with the authoritarian playbook" and "undermined critical democratic norms including peaceful debate and transitions of power, commitment to truth, freedom from foreign interference and abstention from the use of executive power for political retribution."[10]

In late January 2017, McMullin and his former running mate Finn announced the establishment of a 501(c)(4) organization, Stand Up Republic.[9] The group focuses on "defense of democratic (small 'd') norms, constitutionalism and civic involvement."[9] Speaking on so-called "alternative facts" McMullin said: "Undermining truth is a typical authoritarian tactic. It is incredibly dangerous ... We never thought we'd be talking about this in America."[9] In a February 2017 op-ed, McMullin wrote that "President Trump's disturbing Russian connections present an acute danger to American national security." He called upon congressional Republicans to "recommit to patriotic prudence" and "demand that Attorney General Jeff Sessions appoint an independent special counsel to investigate Russia's assault on American democracy and Mr. Trump's possible collusion with the Kremlin".[50]

When asked if there was any possibility of him running for Jason Chaffetz's seat in 2018, he answered: "It is likely that I will seek public office again. That might be in 2018 or it might be sometime down the road, perhaps very far down the road. I genuinely just don't know yet. I'm very focused on things that I think need to be done ASAP and Mindy Finn and I, with our team at the Stand Up Republic, advancing them now. It is possible that I will challenge Chaffetz or Senator Hatch, but there are a lot of factors that go into that decision."[51] In the end, he did not run for either office.

2022 U.S. Senate campaignEdit

On October 5, 2021, McMullin launched an independent campaign to unseat U.S. Senator Mike Lee in the 2022 election.[14][52][53]

Political positionsEdit

Social issuesEdit

McMullin opposes abortion and identifies himself as pro-life.[54][55] McMullin supports overturning Roe v. Wade.[55] According to his 2016 campaign website, he opposes "a culture that subsidizes abortion on demand" and McMullin calls for action to reduce unintended pregnancies and promote adoption.[54]

On same-sex marriage, McMullin said in 2016 that he believes in the "traditional marriage between a man and a woman" but he "respects" the Supreme Court's decision in Obergefell v. Hodges (which found that same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marry) and thinks it is "time to move on" from the issue.[56] McMullin's mother is in a same-sex marriage, having married another woman after separating from his father, and McMullin has said that "As far as my mother's marriage is concerned, I believe in the sanctity of traditional marriage. It is an important part of my faith. My mother has a different view. That is OK. I love her very much."[2]

Economic issuesEdit

McMullin supports free trade,[57] pointing to the economic benefits of international trade.[55] He supported NAFTA of 1994 and the original Trans-Pacific Partnership.[55]

McMullin supports the Republican House plan on tax reform.[57] McMullin supports a reduction in the corporate income tax and individual income tax,[58] as well as the estate tax.[59]

McMullin favors cuts to entitlement programs such as Social Security, and has proposed means-testing the program and raising the retirement age.[58]

Science and the environmentEdit

McMullin accepts the scientific consensus on climate change, saying: "I do believe that the climate is changing, and I do believe that human activity is contributing to it. If I were president, I would increase investment in technologies that can help us limit and decrease our carbon emissions."[55]

Domestic issuesEdit

McMullin has said that if elected president, he would appoint originalist judges to the Supreme Court,[55] "in the mold of Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas."[60]

On immigration, McMullin supports border security but not mass deportation.[57]

On health care, McMullin supports the provision of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that blocks health insurance companies from denying coverage or discriminating against people with preexisting conditions. However, he also stated that "we also need to do better than ObamaCare."[61]

Foreign and national security policyEdit

On the Syrian Civil War, McMullin described himself as a "vocal advocate for international action that would stop Assad's slaughter of innocent Syrians, and eventually set the stage for a negotiated departure from the country."[62] McMullin also has said: "We should have done more to support the moderate Syrian opposition, and we still need to do that. They haven't received sufficient support or training, and we know how to do that very well."[62] McMullin supports imposing a no-fly zone over Syria "to stop the aerial bombardment of Syrian population centers."[62]

McMullin opposes the use of torture, while supporting keeping the Guantanamo Bay detention camp open.[57]

McMullin has harshly criticized the international nuclear agreement with Iran. He stated: "We've got to certainly enforce the deal as it is, but I believe in strengthening sanctions on Iran to force them to make further concessions. I also believe in putting the military option clearly back on the table if Iran decides to not keep its end of the deal and if it ultimately decides to pursue nuclear weapons."[63]

McMullin told ABC News that he believed Donald Trump's public comments were frustrating U.S. counterterrorism efforts. "What he doesn't realize is that we actually depend on Muslims to do counterterrorism, to wage war against terrorists." Trump's remarks concerning Muslims "decreases their willingness to work with us, with other Muslims, and that impedes our ability to destroy ISIS."[64] McMullin also criticized Trump's "allegiance to [Russian President] Vladimir Putin" and accused Putin of engaging in a campaign to destabilize European and North American countries "through fomenting discord between different racial groups, different ethnic groups, and different religious groups."[41]

In 2014, McMullin helped to bring Caesar, a defected Syrian military photographer who leaked 55,000 images depicting abuses by the regime (which formed the basis for the 2014 Syrian detainee report), to speak before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, according to The Christian Science Monitor. McMullin clashed with State Department officials he suspected were holding up the hearing. McMullin claimed that State Department officials wanted to have a closed hearing.[65]

Personal lifeEdit

McMullin is a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[66]

McMullin married in June 2021.[67]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "McMullin, Evan (David Evan), 1976-". Brigham Young University. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d Canham, Matt (October 26, 2016). "Who is Evan McMullin? An unorthodox presidential contender who has led an unusual life". Salt Lake Tribune. Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  3. ^ "David Evan McMullin (Evan) – Congressional Staffer Salary Data". legistorm.com. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  4. ^ Benson, Samuel (April 7, 2021). "Opinion: Evan McMullin is back, and he's ready to reshape American politics". Deseret News. Archived from the original on April 8, 2021. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
  5. ^ a b Sabrina Siddiqui; Lauren Gambino; Amber Jamieson (August 8, 2016). "Republican Evan McMullin to launch presidential run against Trump" – via The Guardian.
  6. ^ a b Bailey, Sarah Pulliam (October 26, 2016). "Why Donald Trump could lose red Utah: Mormon America has found another candidate". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
  7. ^ a b David Montero, In conservative Utah, Trump underperforms, but so does McMullin, Los Angeles Times (November 9, 2016).
  8. ^ a b Leip, David (December 17, 2016). "2016 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Newton, Massachusetts. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  9. ^ a b c d e Jennifer Rubin, Evan McMullin makes a splash by going after Trump and Putin, The Washington Post (January 25, 2017).
  10. ^ a b Evan McMullin, Trump's Threat to the Constitution, The New York Times (December 5, 2016).
  11. ^ @EvanMcMullin (August 28, 2020). "America is a journey to a more perfect realization of our founding ideals. We now face a choice between the road to freedom and the road to tyranny. Tonight at @PrinciplesCon, I explained that I'll put country over party in November and vote for @JoeBiden" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  12. ^ Tim Reid (February 10, 2021). "Exclusive: Dozens of former Republican officials in talks to form anti-Trump third party". Reuters. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  13. ^ "'A call for American renewal': A manifesto from over 150 Republican Party reformers". Deseret News. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  14. ^ a b Forgey, Quint (October 5, 2021). "Evan McMullin announces Utah Senate bid". POLITICO. Archived from the original on October 5, 2021. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
  15. ^ a b Hugh Hewitt Show (August 9, 2016). "Presidential Hopeful Evan McMullin – Full Interview on The Hugh Hewitt Show – 8/9/16" – via YouTube.
  16. ^ a b c McMullin, Evan. "About Evan McMullin". Evan McMullin for President. Archived from the original on September 11, 2016. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  17. ^ a b c d Ward, Jon (October 26, 2016). "Is Evan McMullin's presidential candidacy just a protest, or something bigger?". Yahoo News. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  18. ^ a b c "Former CIA Officer to Launch Independent Presidential Bid". ABC News. August 8, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  19. ^ "BYU grad launches last-minute campaign for president". Deseret News. August 8, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  20. ^ "Alumni Spotlight: Evan McMullin on the Past, Present, and Future of the Republican Party". Penn in Washington. 2016. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  21. ^ Duyvesteyn, Isabelle. Intelligence and Strategic Culture.
  22. ^ Rogin, Josh (October 30, 2016). "Inside Evan McMullin's 10 years undercover in the CIA". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  23. ^ "Wharton graduate announces independent presidential bid to oppose Trump". The Daily Pennsylvanian. August 8, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  24. ^ Jack Healy (October 14, 2016). "Evan McMullin's Moonshot White House Bid Has Utah's Attention". The New York Times. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  25. ^ "Evan McMullin: International counselor extraordinaire" (PDF). Bridges: BYU Alumni Magazine. 2014. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  26. ^ a b Walshe, Shushannah (August 8, 2016). "Former CIA Officer Evan McMullin Launches Independent Presidential Bid". ABC News. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  27. ^ Jeff Selsar (January 7, 2015). "John Boehner's revenge – McConnell gets rough reminder of Senate rules on first day – Scalise is still fundraising". Politico. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  28. ^ Danica Lawrence, Evan McMullin talks future of conservative movement under Trump presidency, Fox 13 (November 9, 2016).
  29. ^ McCombs, Brady (January 25, 2017). "Evan McMullin starts group to serve as Trump watchdog". Associated Press. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  30. ^ Haberman, Maggie (August 8, 2016). "Evan McMullin, Anti-Trump Republican, Is Said to Plan Independent Presidential Bid". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  31. ^ a b Coppins, McKay (August 8, 2016). "Anti-Trump Republican Launching Independent Presidential Bid". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  32. ^ "Joe Scarborough: Evan McMullin Will Launch Independent Presidential Bid". hinterlandgazette.com. Hinterland Gazette. August 8, 2016. Archived from the original on October 20, 2016. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  33. ^ "Anti-Trump Republican Evan McMullin to launch independent bid for presidency". Politico. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  34. ^ Twitter page ("Standing up to run for president because it's never too late to do the right thing.") Retrieved August 8, 2016
  35. ^ "Evan McMullin: Independent candidate launches presidential bid". BBC News. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  36. ^ Alvarez, Priscilla. "Anti-Trump Republicans Take One More Shot at the White House". The Atlantic. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  37. ^ "This year is different". Better For America. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
  38. ^ Firozi, Paulina. "Trump calls Evan McMullin 'McMuffin' in rally speech". thehill.com.
  39. ^ Leonard, Randy; Kelly, Ryan (August 8, 2016). "McMullin Presidential Run an Uphill Battle, per State Filing Deadlines". Roll Call. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  40. ^ a b "How to Vote for Evan". Evan McMullin for president. Archived from the original on October 12, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  41. ^ a b Jacobs, Ben (September 20, 2016). "Evan McMullin on his presidential bid: 'Someone needed to step up' to Trump". The Guardian. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
  42. ^ "New super PAC launching to support Evan McMullin independent White House bid". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  43. ^ a b "Presidential Candidate Evan McMullin Picks Mindy Finn as Running Mate". ABC News. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
  44. ^ "Trump's lurid tape just made Evan McMullin relevant". Politico. October 13, 2016.
  45. ^ "Evan McMullin takes the lead in latest Utah presidential poll". Salt Lake Tribune. October 19, 2016. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
  46. ^ Morris, Benjamin (October 13, 2016). "How Evan McMullin Could Win Utah And The Presidency". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  47. ^ "Utah Election Preliminary Results: Statewide Federal: President/Vice President". Utah Secretary of State. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
  48. ^ "Nov 08, 2016 General Election Results: Statewide Totals". Secretary of State of Idaho. December 30, 2016.
  49. ^ England, Katie (November 9, 2016). "Despite loss, McMullin and supporters look forward to continuing new, conservative movement". Provo Daily Herald. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  50. ^ Evan McMullin, Republicans, Protect the Nation, The New York Times (February 17, 2017).
  51. ^ McMullin, Evan. "I Am Evan McMullin, Former Independent Presidential Candidate and Co-founder of Stand Up Republic, Ask Me Anything! • R/EnoughTrumpSpam." Reddit. N.p., 17 Mar. 2017. Web. 10 June 2017.
  52. ^ Romboy, Dennis (October 5, 2021). "Former independent presidential candidate Evan McMullin sets his sights on Utah Sen. Mike Lee". Deseret News. Archived from the original on October 5, 2021. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
  53. ^ Gehrke, Robert (October 4, 2021). "One-time presidential candidate Evan McMullin will mount an independent bid to oust Republican Sen. Mike Lee, Robert Gehrke reports". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on October 4, 2021. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
  54. ^ a b "On the Issues: Life". Evan McMullin for President. Archived from the original on August 8, 2016. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  55. ^ a b c d e f 5 Takeaways From Independent Presidential Candidate Evan McMullin, WBUR (October 17, 2016).
  56. ^ "Independent Presidential Candidate Evan McMullin on Same-Sex Marriage, CIA, Goldman Sachs". Bloomberg.com. August 10, 2016. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
  57. ^ a b c d Jennifer Rubin (August 18, 2016). "Interview with Evan McMullin, the center-right candidate". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
  58. ^ a b Dennis Romboy & Lisa Riley Roche, Presidential candidate Evan McMullin running to win, start new conservative movement, Deseret News (October 14, 2016).
  59. ^ Evan McMullin's political views on estate tax Archived October 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, ISideWith: "Evan McMullin personally submitted this answer on September 6th, 2016."
  60. ^ Ben Jacobs, Evan McMullin on his presidential bid: 'Someone needed to step up' to Trump, The Guardian (September 20, 2016).
  61. ^ Byrnes, Jesse (August 18, 2016). "McMullin: Trump 'trying to tear the country apart'". The Hill. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
  62. ^ a b c S.E. Cupp, The conversation Evan McMullin wants to have, CNN (October 13, 2016).
  63. ^ Evan McMullin's response to Reuters' story regarding 'secret' exemptions for Iran after nuclear deal Archived October 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine (press release), McMullin for President Committee, Inc. (September 1, 2016).
  64. ^ Stark, Liz (August 11, 2016). "Why Evan McMullin Says Donald Trump Is More Dangerous Than ISIS". ABC News. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  65. ^ Iaconangelo, David (August 27, 2016). "Why this independent candidate is hoping the center can hold". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
  66. ^ Jana Riess (July 17, 2017). "Mormons, Trump and McMullin: A 2016 postmortem by the numbers". Religion News Service.
  67. ^ Dennis Romboy (October 5, 2021). "Former independent presidential candidate Evan McMullin sets his sights on Utah Sen. Mike Lee". Deseret News.

External linksEdit