Eva Joly (French: [eva ʒɔli]; born Gro Eva Farseth; 5 December 1943) is a Norwegian-born French juge d'instruction (magistrate) and politician for Europe Écologie–The Greens. She represented that party as a candidate for the presidency of France in the 2012 elections. She also served as a Member of the European Parliament from 2009 until 2019.
|Member of the European Parliament|
14 July 2009 – 1 July 2019
5 December 1943
Grünerløkka, Oslo Nazi-occupied Norway
|Political party||Europe Écologie–The Greens|
|Spouse(s)||Pascal Joly (m.1967 divorce, deceased 2001)|
|Children||Caroline Joly and Julien Joly|
Born in the neighbourhood of Grünerløkka, Oslo in 1943 during Norway's occupation by Nazi Germany, she was raised by a tailor father and a hairdresser mother and grew up in what was then a working-class district of the inner city. She moved to Paris at 20 to work as an au pair. There she married the son of the family who employed her, Pascal Joly (now deceased), and adopted her middle name 'Eva', which is easier to pronounce in French.
While working as a secretary, Joly studied law at night school and became a magistrate when she was 38. Joly specialised in financial affairs, and [clarification needed] as an investigating judge.
Here she quickly made a mark with her crusade against corruption, in particular taking on, among others, former minister Bernard Tapie and the bank Crédit Lyonnais. Her most famous case, however, was that of France's leading oil company, Elf Aquitaine. In the face of death threats, she carried on the case to uncover several cases of fraud, leading to the conviction of tens of persons involved in the oil business. In 2001, she received for this work the award for integrity from the non-governmental organisation Transparency International.
In 2002, Joly was asked by the Norwegian Minister of Justice, Odd Einar Dørum, to accept a three-year position as a special advisor on corruption. The Anti-Corruption and Money Laundering project involved cooperation between the Ministry of Justice and Police, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Norway. The project worked on issues related to financial crimes and organized crime, with a special focus on strong international cooperation. Collaboration with the Ministry of Finance was also important, in addition to strengthening connections to the private sector. The project has among other things led to a Norwegian focus on corruption in foreign affairs. During the three-year period Joly also initiated the Paris Declaration Against Corruption in 2003.
In 2009, Joly was employed as a special adviser by the Icelandic government to investigate the possibility that white-collar crime may have played a part in the 2008–2012 Icelandic financial crisis.
Member of the European Parliament, 2009–2019Edit
During her first term in Parliament between 2009 and 2014, Joly held the position of chairwoman of the Committee on Development. After the 2014 European elections, Joly joined the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs. She later became vice-chairwoman of the Parliament's special committees created to investigate the Luxleaks scandal in 2015 into the Panama Papers scandal in 2016, respectively. Within the Greens–European Free Alliance parliamentary group, she served as spokesperson on financial policy.
In addition to her committee assignments, Joly was a member of the Parliament's delegations for relations with Afghanistan and to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean. She previously served as member of the delegation to the ACP–EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly between 2009 and 2014.
When Joly filed a lawsuit in December 2015 on behalf of the company's works council, a preliminary tax inquiry into McDonald's was opened in early 2015. Joly accused the company of understating its earnings to avoid a legal obligation to share profits with employees.
Candidate for President, 2011–2012Edit
In 2011, Joly competed in the primaries of Europe Écologie–The Greens against Nicolas Hulot, Stéphane Lhomme and Henri Stoll to represent the party at the 2012 presidential election. She was elected in the second round of voting against Hulot, with 58% of votes. At the first round of the presidential election, she received 2.3% of the vote, and subsequently endorsed Socialist Party candidate François Hollande for the second round.
During her 2012 presidential campaign, Joly called for stopping all nuclear energy production in France by 2020 and deriving 40% of the country's energy needs from renewable sources by that date. She also wanted to replace the Stability and Growth Pact on budget discipline with an Ecological and Social Development Pact, with financial, environmental and social targets.
In addition, Joly promised to increase minimum income benefits by 50%, freeze rents for three years and introduce new tax rates of 60% for those earning 100,000 euros or more a year and 70% for those earning over 500,000 euros. She also demanded a minimum 17% corporate tax rate on multinational companies.
In June 2010, Joly was sent a court summons by Nadine Berthélémy-Dupuis, an investigating magistrate in Paris, following a legal complaint from David Douillet, a retired sportsman and a national member of parliament from France's then-ruling Union for a Popular Movement. Douillet alleged that Joly breached France's defamation laws when she made comments at a public meeting in September 2009 about his banking arrangements.
In November 2011, Joly was criticized for her support of the Greens' deal with the Socialist Party under which they gained safe seats in parliament, in exchange for accepting a slow-motion plan to reduce nuclear energy use to 50 percent of electricity generation by 2025.
During her 2012 presidential campaign, Joly led reporters on a tour of sites linked to bad publicity or sleaze allegations around then-president Nicolas Sarkozy. Her tour included a Champs-Élysées nightspot in which Sarkozy feted his 2007 victory with millionaire friends, and the home of L'Oréal heiress Liliane Bettencourt, at the centre of an investigation into illegal alleged cash contributions to his 2007 campaign.
- Notre affaire à tous, 2000
- Korrupsjonsjeger: Fra Grünerløkka til Palais de Justice, 2001
- Est-ce dans ce monde-là que nous voulons vivre?, 2003
- 9 May 2001 op-ed in Le Monde, signed with Renaud van Ruymbeke, Bernard Bertossa and other European magistrates or attorneys-general, titled "The black boxes of financial globalization", about the Clearstream scandal (Clearstream has been qualified as a "bank of banks" and accused of being a major platform of global money laundering and tax evasion)
- Eva Joly and Judith Perrignon, Les yeux de Lira (Ardennes Editions, 2011) (trans. by Emily Read as The Eyes of Lira Kazan (Bitter Lemon Press, 2012); by Friðrik Rafnsson as Augu Líru (Skrudda, 2012))
- "TRANSLATION: Le Figaro smears Eva Joly, the Green presidential aspirant in France". Ufppc.org. 5 February 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Constant Brand and Jarle Hetland (February 17, 2010), Outsiders’ Champion European Voice.
- Bowers, Simon (4 February 2011). "French legal firebrand turns her attention to corridors of power". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs anti-corruption project : November 2006 – June 2007 Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Anti-Corruption Project". Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. January 2007. p. 4. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "The Paris Declaration- A call for action against large scale corruption". Publish What You Pay. Transparency International. 30 June 2003. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- Eva Joly adviser to Icelandic justice minister
- Eva Joly named "special adviser" (in Icelandic)
- DV.is – Fréttir – Ekki nóg að Valtýr lýsi sig vanhæfan
- Eva Joly ósátt með seinagang mála – íhugar að hætta afskiptum af íslenska hruninu « Eyjan
- Steve Johnson (March 1, 2015), European money market fund reforms likened to 'hand grenade' Financial Times.
- Eva Joly in Afghanistan
- Ingrid Melander (May 30, 2016), French finance minister rules out Google tax deal, more firms could be targeted Reuters.
- David Jolly (May 26, 2016), French Tax Officials Turn Hungry Eye to McDonald’s The New York Times.
- "Primaire écologiste : Eva Joly l'emporte par 58% des voix". Le Monde.
- "Advisory Board – Global Financial Integrity". Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- Board of the Open Society Justice Initiative Open Society Foundations (since 2006).
- Vicky Buffery (March 27, 2012), Factbox: Main proposals of French election candidates Reuters.
- The other side of the dock European Voice, June 23, 2010.
- Nicholas Vinocur (April 9, 2012), French Greens in crisis as Joly experiment sours Reuters.
- Brian Love (April 19, 2012), Hollande urges large turnout by French voters Reuters.