European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Group

The Group of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (French: Groupe du parti européen des libéraux, démocrates et réformateurs, ELDR)[4] was a liberal[5] political group of the European Parliament between 1976 and 2004. The group comprised the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party and its constituent national-level parties, variously of liberal, centrist and agrarian orientation.[6]

Group of the European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party
European Parliament group
NameEuropean Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
English abbr.ELDR (1994–2004)
LDR (1985–1994)
LD (1976–1985)
L (1953–1976)
Formal nameGroup of the European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party[1]
(19 July 1994 to 20 July 2004)[2]
Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group (13 December 1985 to 18 July 1994)[2]
Liberal and Democratic Group[2]
(1976 to 12 December 1985)
Liberals and Allies Group
(23 June 1953 to 1976)
Political positionCentre
European partiesEuropean Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
From23 June 1953[3]
To20 July 2004
Preceded bynew establishment
Succeeded byAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe

Its predecessors have existed since 23 June 1953, then under the name of Liberals and Allies Group. In 1976, the name was changed to Liberal and Democratic Group (LD), and on 13 December 1985 to Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group (LDR). The addition of "Reformist" was a concession to the Social Democratic Party of Portugal, which did not identify as a liberal party.[7]

The ELDR group partnered with the European People's Party – European Democrats (EPP-ED) to form the majority-forming coalition for the 5th Parliament, during which time it elected its sole President of the European Parliament, Pat Cox during the second half of the term.[8][9]

Following the 2004 European elections the ELDR was expanded and renamed the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) group.[10]


Presidents of the European Parliament from the Liberal GroupsEdit

Represented partiesEdit


National Party

  Belgium Party for Freedom and Progress 1979–1992
Liberal Reformist Party 1979–2002
Flemish Liberals and Democrats 1992–2004
Democratic Front of the Francophones 1994–1999
Reformist Movement 2002–2004
  France Union for French Democracy 1979–1994
National Centre of Independents and Peasants 1989–1992
  Germany Free Democratic Party 1979–1984; 1989–1999
  Italy Italian Liberal Party 1979–1989
Italian Republican Party 1979–2001
Lega Nord 1994–1997
The Democrats 1999–2002
European Republicans Movement 2001–2004
Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy 2002–2004
  Luxembourg Democratic Party 1979–2004
  Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1979–2004
Democrats 66 1989–2004
  Denmark Venstre – Liberal Party 1979–2004
Danish Social Liberal Party 1994–2004
  Ireland Progressive Democrats 1989–1994
Independents 1979–2004
  United Kingdom Liberal Democrats 1994–2004
  Portugal Social Democratic Party 1987–1996
  Spain Democratic and Social Centre 1987–1994
Democratic Convergence of Catalonia 1987–2004
Canarian Coalition 1999–2004
  Sweden Liberal People's Party 1995–2004
Centre Party 1995–2004
  Finland Centre Party 1996–2004
Swedish People's Party 1996–2004


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Lori Thorlakson (2013). "Federalism and the European party system". In Alexander H. Trechsel (ed.). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-317-99818-1.
  6. ^ Matthew Gabel; Simon Hix (2004). "Defining the EU political space: an empirical study of European election manifestos 1979–1999". In Gary Marks; Marco R. Steenbergen (eds.). European Integration and Political Conflict. Cambridge University Press. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-521-53505-2.
  7. ^ Michael Steed; Peter Humphreys (1988), "Identifying liberal parties", Liberal Parties in Western Europe, Cambridge University Press, p. 432
  8. ^
  9. ^ Jean-Pierre Hombach. The Secret About Acta. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-4716-3083-5.
  10. ^ Tapio Raunio (2017). "European parties: a powerful caucus in the European Parliament and beyond". In John Peterson; Dermot Hodson (eds.). Institutions of the European Union 4th ed. Oxford University Press. p. 360. ISBN 978-0-19-873741-4.