Europa-Park is a theme park in Rust, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.[3] Covering a total area of 95 hectares, twenty themed areas offer around one hundred rides, several shows, and fourteen roller coasters, the park includes six hotels, a camping site, a tepee village, a cinema and a conference center.[2]

Europa-Park

The entrance of the park
LocationEuropa-Park-Straße 2
77977 Rust, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Coordinates48°16′06″N 7°43′15″E / 48.26833°N 7.72083°E / 48.26833; 7.72083
StatusOpened
Opened12 July 1975; 48 years ago (12 July 1975)
OwnerMack Family
Operating seasonApril to early January
Attendance5,4 million (with Rulantica 6 million) (2022)[1]
Area950,000 m2 (10,225,715 sq ft) (parks, hotels, parking lots, backstage)
Attractions
Total100 [2]
Roller coasters13
Water rides12
Websitewww.europapark.de
A Zeppelin NT (D-LZFN) of Friedrichshafen used for Advertisement

According to the AECOM Theme Index 2020, Europa-Park is ranked 19th out of the 25 most visited theme parks in the world and is the third most visited theme park in Europe after Disneyland Paris and Efteling, as well as the most visited seasonal theme park in the world.[4]

The park received 5.4 million visitors in 2022. Alongside Rulantica, the resort had over six million visitors.[5] Also that year, the Golden Ticket Award jury of the US magazine Amusement Today voted Europa-Park the "best theme park in the world" for the eighth year in a row.[6]

History

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Background and founding

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In 1958, Franz Mack (1921–2010) took over the family firm, Mack GmbH & Co. KG (now Mack Rides), together with his brothers. Along with his son Roland (born 1949), he visited the US in 1972 and was inspired to open a theme park in Germany as an exhibition site for his company's built amusement rides, including flat rides, dark rides, log flumes, tow boat rides and roller coasters.[7] At first, the park was planned to be located in Breisach. It was named "Europa-Park" after Breisach's nearby Europaweiher, a small artificial lake which commemorates a historical pilot poll held in Breisach in 1950, in which 95.6% of voters were in favor of European unification. The Breisach site was deemed unsuitable because of flooding hazard, and the project moved some 30 kilometres (19 mi) further north, where the Macks bought the park of the Balthasar castle in Rust.[8] An adjacent fairy-tale park was acquired as an additional site.[citation needed]

The park opened on 12 July 1975 with an area of 16 hectares. Initially, the park was managed by Franz Mack. Later his sons Roland and Jürgen joined the management. It counted 250,000 visitors in the first year; 700,000 in the second; and passed the million mark in 1978.[9]

Themed areas and growth (1980s–2012)

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Overview of parts of the park

In 1982, the first country-themed section opened featuring Italy. Like most of the original themed areas at Europa-Park, it was designed by Ulrich Damrau. Later, the Alpenexpress "Enzian" and Schweizer Bobbahn rides opened in 1984 and 1985, respectively. The European theme was pursued further with the opening of the sections Holland (1984), England (1988), France (1990), Scandinavia (1992), Spain (1994) and the German Alley (1996).[10] In 1991, for the first time the park counted over 2 million visitors. With El Andaluz in 1995, the first hotel in a German theme park was opened. An increase in the length of stay resulting from growing number of attractions in the park led to an increase in the demand for overnight accommodation. In its first year, the hotel was booked to 87% of its capacity. In 1999, it was followed by the construction of the hotel Castillo Alcazar.[11] By 2001, the number of visitors had risen to 3.1 million.[12] The same year, Europa-Park was the first theme park in Germany operating in winter as well, with 180,000 visitors in that season.[13] In order to strengthen its own brand and initiate the park's business activities in digital formats, Michael Mack founded MackMedia in 2002. The company shoots image and advertising films, produces music videos, games and special films.[14] After a continuous increase of visitors the following years, in 2011, the park counted 4.5 million visitors,[15] and by 2012 the park encompassed an area of 90 hectares (220 acres), featuring eleven roller-coasters, five themed hotels with a turnover of close to EUR 300 million and more than 3,000 employees.[16]

Further expansion and fire incident (2012–2018)

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Ed Euromaus, the park mascot developed by MackMedia

In 2012, the water park project Rulantica was initiated.[17] Two years later, the Rulantica brand was registered by Europa-Park GmbH & Co Mack KG.[18] In 2017, Europa-Park opened the attraction Voletarium, the biggest flight motion simulator theater in Europe. The flying theater features a queue line with multiple pre-show elements culminating in the main ride section: a film showcasing European landmarks which lasts for 4 minutes and 30 seconds.[19]

On 26 May 2018, a fire broke out in a building complex near to the park's Holland and Scandinavia areas. Despite the efforts of the fire department, the building was destroyed, along with parts of the neighboring Scandinavia section. According to the operators, the incident resulted in tens of millions of Euros in property damage. No visitors or employees were injured, but seven firefighters suffered minor injuries during firefighting operations. With the exception of a few hot spots, the fire was mostly extinguished and the park reopened the very next morning. Only the destroyed Pirates of Batavia ride, a restaurant, a theatre, a few shops, the fjørd ride, as well as the neighboring attraction Koffiekopjes, remained closed for refurbishment.[20] On 6 June 2018, the Offenburg police stated that the fire broke out due to a technical failure in the fjørd water ride.[21] The Scandinavian village area and Pirates Batavia ride were both rebuilt based on their original designs with certain additions and modernizations, and reopened in July 2020.[22]

Further, in 2019 the new dark ride Snorri Tours was established in this area, which has taken the water world of Rulantica and its mascot Snorri as its theme. Snorri Tours was the prototype of a media dark ride by Tacumeon Rides, a newly founded sister company of Mack Rides that specializes in marketing media-based attractions.[23]

Opening of Rulantica and COVID-19 pandemic (2019–2021)

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After several years of construction, Europa-Park's water park Rulantica was completed in October 2019, and was opened on 28 November 2019. Until then, the total cost was estimated at EUR 180 million.[24] After initial speculations, the park is located near the Europa-Park, but operates separately from the latter. Rulantica contains the actual water park with more than 30 slides and attractions, the Krønasår hotel, the Hyggedal sauna and relax area, as well as car parks.[25] The park includes 13 themed areas with a total square footage of 4 hectares (9.9 acres) of which more than 3.26 hectares (8.1 acres) are indoors.[26]

In 2019, before the COVID-19-pandemic, the Europa-Park had over 5.7 million people visiting. Due to the pandemic the park had to shut down operations temporarily. As a result, the park registered significant declines in visitors in 2020 and 2021.[27] On average, in 2020 and 2021, around 2.75 million visitors were counted.[28] In addition, the pandemic strained the staff situation. As a result, the park had to cap the number of daily visitors temporarily in 2022.[29]

Recent development (2022 onwards)

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In 2017, Europa-Park acknowledged allegations of racial and cultural insensitivities; some attractions in the Adventure Land featured potentially offensive portrayals of African people as "tribal" (with white characters featured as colonial rulers and safari hunters). However, no major changes were made to the attraction until 2021, only minor changes such as changing the name of the Colonial Food Station to Adventure Food Station. The reason given for the delay was the Covid pandemic. In January 2022, it was announced that the Jungle Rafts ride would be closed until the start of the 2023 season, to be completely renovated and rethemed as a new part of the Austria area.[30] In March 2022, the Jungle Rafts ride reopened under the new name Josefina’s Magical Imperial Journey (now themed to the adjacent Austrian-themed area), with all references to colonial Africa removed. The final reconstruction will take place in several phases in the next years.[31]

In 2022, the resort, including Rulantica, surpassed the threshold of 6 million visitors for the first time.[32] In November of the same year, the new restaurant experience Eatrenalin opened.[33] Further, construction work began on the new Croatia themed area. Its main attraction, Voltron Nevera, was announced be a further development of the Big Dipper ride model from Mack Rides, dubbed a "Stryker Coaster" - a roller coaster that allows direction changes in a tight radius - set to be arranged around a replica of the Wardenclyffe Tower. Initially scheduled to open in 2023, it was postponed to 2024 due to supply difficulties.[34]

On 19 June 2023, a fire broke out in a control room. It was believed to be caused by corroded wiring. The fire caused the park to be evacuated and drew 450 firefighters and emergency personnel to the scene. The blaze was brought under control with only two firefighters lightly injured, and the park reopened the next day.[35]

On 26 April 2024, Voltron Nevera opened to the public. This roller coaster is located in the Croatian area, which is the 17th themed zone of the park.[36]

Operator

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Europa-Park is operated by Europa-Park GmbH & Co Mack KG. The Mack family has been producing roller coasters and attractions for eight generations since 1880. Managing directors of the park are Roland Mack, his brother Jürgen Mack and Roland Mack's sons Thomas Mack and Michael Mack.[37] In the fiscal year 2020/2021, the operating company generated revenues of EUR 149.665 million[38] and employed around 4'500 people (2022).[38]

Further, with the subsidiary Mack Media & Brands GmbH & Co KG Europa-Park ventures beyond the theme park business and produces films, video games and operates a music label.[39]

Attendance

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Number of visitors to Europa-Park from 2009 to 2022 (in million)[28][32]
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
4.25 4.25 4.5 4.6 4.9 5. 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.72 5.75 2.5 3 5.4

Infrastructure

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The park is divided into 19 thematic areas, 16 of which are European countries/regions and are designed to be authentically featuring the respective region (2023). They are intended to give visitors the feeling of being able to discover several European countries within one day. The first themed area was Italy in 1982. The Swiss mountain village of Grimentz served as the structural model for area Switzerland. Chocoland was a themed area with no direct connection to the country. In 2010 it was abandoned and the attractions added to the English area. Other themed areas with no connection to a country are Adventure Land (1978), Grimm's Fairytale Forest (redesigned in 2012) and Kingdom of the Minimoys (2014).[40]

Countries represented in the thematic areas and their establishment[40]
Italy Holland England France Austria Scandinavia Switzerland Spain Germany Russia Greece Portugal Iceland Luxembourg Ireland Liechtenstein (Croatia)
1982 1984 1988 1990 1992 1992 1993 1994 1996 1998 2000 2005 2009 2016 2016 2023 2024

Attractions

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The theme park offers a mixture of rides, themed areas and parks. One of the main attractions is the roller coaster Silver Star, which was planned by the Swiss engineering office Bolliger & Mabillard and constructed in cooperation with Mercedes-Benz.[41]

The roller coaster Euro-Mir has rotatable gondolas, so the ride is temporarily backwards. The ride in Eurosat CanCan Coaster takes place in a big sphere which is designed with special effects that create the illusion of a night flight over Paris; it was inspired by the style of Moulin Rouge. Euro-Mir and Eurosat are among the few roller coasters in the world that have a drum lift to move the coaster cars upwards. The ascent in a drum lift runs on spirally laid rails, in the middle of which there is a rotating body. At the bottom of the ride, the rotating body connects itself with a gripper arm to the coaster car, transports it upwards, and disconnects again. Another ride is called Poseidon, a water roller coaster.[42]

The Blue Fire Megacoaster is the first launched roller coaster in the Europa-Park, including a linear motor start and rollover elements, namely one looping, two corkscrews and one heartline roll. This roller coaster accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.5 seconds, reaches a maximum velocity of 110 km/h (68 mph), is 38 metres (125 ft) high and 1,056 metres (3,465 ft) long. In 2012, the first wooden rollercoaster Wodan - Timburcoaster opened. A special feature of this roller coaster is that it crosses paths with the Blue Fire Megacoaster and the Atlantic Supersplash water coaster.[42]

Roller coasters

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Name[43] Image Year Opened Manufacturer Location Description/Type Height Length max. Speed max. G-Force Capacity (in pers/h) Ride Duration (in min.) min. Age min. Size
Alpenexpress Enzian   1984 Mack Rides Austria Mine train, powered coaster 6 m 264 m 45 km/h (28 mph) 2 1100 1:40 4 100 cm
Swiss Bob Run   1985 Mack Rides Switzerland Bobsled coaster 19 m 487 m 50 km/h (31 mph) 3 1100 1:45 6 120 cm
Eurosat - CanCan Coaster   1989 / 2018 Mack Rides France Indoor coaster 25,5 m 922 m 60 km/h (37 mph) 4 1600 3:18 6 120 cm
Euro-Mir   1997 Mack Rides Russia Spinning coaster 28 m 980 m 80 km/h (50 mph) 4 1600 4:33 8 130 cm
Matterhorn Blitz   1999 Mack Rides Switzerland Wild mouse 16 m 383 m 56 km/h (35 mph) 2 960 3:05 6 120 cm
Water roller coaster Poseidon   2000 Mack Rides Greece Water coaster 23 m 836 m 70 km/h (43 mph) 3 1690 4:00 6 120 cm
Silver Star   2002 Bolliger & Mabillard France Hypercoaster 73 m 1620 m 127 km/h (79 mph) 4 1750 4:00 11 140 cm
Atlantica SuperSplash   2005 Mack Rides Portugal Water coaster 30 m 390 m 80 km/h (50 mph) 4 1400 3:35 4 100 cm
Pegasus - The YoungStar Coaster   2006 Mack Rides Greece Family coaster 13 m 400 m 65 km/h (40 mph) 3 1000 2:11 4 100 cm
Blue Fire Megacoaster   2009 Mack Rides Iceland Launched coaster 38 m 1056 m 100 km/h (62 mph) 3,8 1720 2:30 7 130 cm
Wodan Timbur Coaster   2012 Great Coasters International Iceland Wooden coaster 40 m 1050 m 100 km/h (62 mph) 3,5 1250 3:25 6 120 cm
ARTHUR   2014 Mack Rides ARTHUR - In the Minimoys Kingdom Inverted, spinning, powered coaster 13,5 m 505 m 31 km/h (19 mph) 1,5 1400 4:30 4 100 cm
Ba-a-a Express   2016 ART Engineering Ireland – Children's World Kiddie coaster 3 m 67 m 20 km/h (12 mph) 1,5 400 1:30 3 95 cm
Voltron Nevera   2024 Mack Rides Croatia Stryker coaster 32.5 m 1385 m 90 km/h (56 mph) 4 1600 3:00 8 130 cm

Other attractions

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The range of rides is supplemented by several water rides, carousels, and themed rides. The latter are rides with a boat in a water channel or a wagon on a track, which transport the visitors into strange worlds and sceneries with the help of computer-controlled animated puppets (so-called animatronics) or media based content. In detail, the park offers:[43]

Name Type Max. Height Manufacturer Location Year Opened 
Atlantis Adventure interactive dark ride Mack Rides Greece 2007
Danube Steamer boat tour Mack Rides Austria 1975 (reconstruction in 2022, before: „African Queen“)
Arena of Football dodgems ride Mack Rides (flooring),
Bertazzon (vehicles)
England 2006
Crazy Taxi demolition derby carousel ride Zamperla England 2008
Casa da Aventura indoor-playground Portugal 2003
Dancing Dingie spinning boat Zierer Ireland – Children's World 2016
Josefina's Magical Imperial Ride tow boat/dark ride Mack Rides Austria 1978 (reconstruction in 2022, before: "Jungle Rafts")
Elf Ride boat ride Mack Rides Germany 1979
EP-Express monorail 6 m AEG/Von Roll Germany, Greece, Spain 1995
Euro-Tower observation tower 75 m Intamin France 1983 (reconstruction in 2015)
Feria Swing Music Express 3 m Mack Rides Spain 1994
Fjord-Rafting River rapids ride 8 m Intamin Scandinavia 1991
Flying Dutchman carousel ride 0,5 m Mack Rides Netherlands 1982
Cassandra's Curse Madhouse 4 m Mack Rides Greece 2000
Ghost Castle Dark Ride 6 m Mack Rides Italy 1982
Jim Knopf tracked ride Mack Rides Germany 1977 (reconstruction in 2018, before: „Old 99“)
Jungfrau Glacier Flight plane ride 14 m Mack Rides Swiss 1989
Koffiekopjes spinning coffee cup ride Mack Rides Netherlands 1985
Kolumbusjolle Music Express 3 m Mack Rides Spain 1994 (reconstruction in 2015)
Lada Autodrom car ride Mack Rides Russia 1987
Limerick Castle indoor-playground Ireland – Children's World 2016
Lítill Island – Hansgrohe Water Playground water playground Iceland 2010
London Bus Flying Bus 7 m Zamperla England 2008
Madame Freudenreich Curiosités Dark Ride 5 m Mack Rides France 1994 (reconstruction in 2018, before: "Universe of Energy")
Puppet Boat Ride boat ride Mack Rides Germany 1992
Mini Scooters kiddie bumper car ride Mack Rides (flooring),
Ihle (vehicles)
Netherlands 1977
Monorail monorail 6 m Mack Rides Iceland, Luxembourg 1990 (extended in 2009)
Mul-Muls Carousel jump around Zamperla Minimoys Kingdom 2014
Old Mac Donald's Tractor Fun tractor ride Metallbau Emmeln Ireland – Children's World 2016
Vintage Cars car ride Mack Rides (track),
Ihle (vehicles)
Germany 1976
Panorama Train Ridable miniature railway Chance Morgan/Chance Rides Germany, England, Spain, Russia 1975
Paul's Playboat playground Ireland – Children's World 2016
Piccolo Mondo Dark Ride Mack Rides Italy 1982 (reconstruction in 2011, before: „Ciao Bambini“)
Pirates of Batavia Water Dark Ride 6 m Mack Rides Netherlands 1987 (reconstruction due to fire in 2018)
Poppy Towers family free fall tower Zierer Minimoys Kingdom 2014
Quipse Paddle Boats children's rowing boat ride Klarer Freizeitanlagen Ireland – Children's World 2001 (reconstruction in 2016, before: „Paddletour“)
Red Baron carousel ride 7 m Mack Rides Netherlands 1980
Snowflake Sleigh Ride Dark Ride 4 m Mack Rides Russia 1998
Sheep Rock water carousel Mack Rides Ireland – Children's World 1990 (reconstruction in 2016, before: „Wikinger Boat Ride“)
Silverstone Race Track go-kart ride Mack Rides (track),
Ihle (vehicles)
England 1975
Snorri Touren Dark Ride Mack Rides Scandinavia 2019
Spinning Dragons carousel ride Mack Rides Ireland – Children's World 1993 (reconstruction in 2016, before: „Dino-Carousel“)
The British Carousel antique carousel Mack Rides England 1981
Tiroler Log Flume log fume ride 18 m Mack Rides Austria 1978
Tower Tow tower ride 9 m Heege Ireland – Children's World 2002 (reconstruction in 2016, before: „Light House Fun“)
Vindjammer Swing boat 20 m Huss Park Attractions Scandinavia 1993
Voletarium flying theatre 15 m Brogent Technologies /

Kraftwerk Living Technologies

Germany 2017
Volo da Vinci suspended pedal-monorail ETF Ride Systems Italy 2011
Whale Adventures – Northern Lights Splash Battle Mack Rides Iceland 2010 (reconstruction in 2015, before: „Whale Adventures – Splash Tours“)
Dwarf City kiddie fairytale ride Mack Rides Grimm's Enchanted Forest 1975
Vienna Wave Swing Swing ride 14 m Zierer Austria 2006
Würmchen Wies’n playground Austria 2014
Root Slides Playground Minimoys Kingdom 2014

Business operations and events

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Events

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Euro Dance Festival in 2007

Europa-Park hosts dozens of events throughout the summer season and several events during the winter season.

Midsommar event: During this event, the park organizes activities to celebrate the summer solstice, which take place around the lake of the Nordic-themed water world Rulantica and the hotel Krønasår.[44]

Euro Dance Festival: Since 2008, between February and March, the Euro Dance Festival takes place for several days. Participants attend a combination of dancing classes and shows and a trade fair caters for the needs of both beginners and professionals, including dance instructors and choreographers.[45]

Ladies Only Festival: Since 2014 the Ladies Only Festival takes place on one weekend between the months of January and March, when the park is closed for a winter break. On this occasion, the festival connects elements of fitness, dance, health, beauty and wellness. Every year, around 1,400 participants from German-speaking countries attend more than 150 workshops.[46]

Miss Germany Pageant: Since 2002, the official election of Miss Germany has taken place every spring in the Europa-Park Dome.[47][48]

Dinner Theater: The Europa-Park offers a variety of dinner events on several nights of the year after the amusement park closes. For example, the Dinner Show,[49] the Baden Medieval Banquet as well as the Dinner & Movie.[50]

Science Days: Every year the Europa-Park hosts the Science Days. The Science Days are mainly aimed at schoolchildren and teachers, but also at anyone between the ages of 9 and 99 who is interested in discovering the world of STEM.[51][52]

CloudFest: Formerly known as WebHostingDays, CloudFest is an annual conference in March about cloud computing aimed at commercial organizations. CloudFest 2022 had 150 exhibitors, 250 speakers, and was attended by 7,200 visitors.[53]

Halloween

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Europa-Park regularly hosts events on special occasions. Since 1998, especially Halloween has been celebrated, with the Halloween season lasting all October. In the last week of the season, the park organizes a Halloween festival, with fireworks every evening and a special Halloween show program. Specials are the daily Halloween parade with over several dozen artists at noon[54] and the evening parade of night ghosts and goblins. Numerous attractions, shows, and food and beverage facilities adopt a Halloween theme as well.[55] In the 2014 season, Europa-Park premiered their independently produced Halloween musical, Spook Me!. The show was performed in the Teatro baroque theatre, several times during the Halloween celebrations between 2014 and 2017.[56][57]

From 2007 onwards, the park together with Marc Terenzi hosted the Horror Nights for the first time. The project started with the Hell's Inn hotel. The horror house stood in the middle of Europa-Park's French themed area next to the Magic Cinema 4D. At the time, 60 monsters were roaming the hotel and the streets of the area. The Horror Nights have been replaced by the Traumatica - Festival of Fear. It takes place in the evenings, partly in the Greek-themed area and partly outside of the theme park's territory. Visitors are taken into a post-apocalyptic world in which five different groups fight for dominance. The group members are played by live actors and are set up in haunted houses with special effects as their main quarters, which can be attended by visitors.[58] The show includes 5 horror mazes with over 200 performers. Whereas in 2007, under 30 litres (6.6 imp gal; 7.9 US gal) of film blood were used, today it is over 100 litres (22 imp gal; 26 US gal). Also a free show was added over the years which is shown twice every evening; since 2022 it includes The Traumatica Circus: Dystopia, and the Vampire's Club. In 2022, Traumatica received a Scare Award for the best European event from the Dutch Scare Network for the second time.[59]

Located in the Greek themed area in 2006[60] and from 2007 to 2011 in the Scandinavian themed area, in the show Tortuga - Forgotten Pirates, live scare actors awaited visitors in dark corridors. The show was replaced by The Villa. Designed as a Victorian dream house from the 19th century, the creepy maze in the Greek themed area awaited visitors with special effects in addition to numerous live scares.[61]

Every other year from 2011 through 2016, the park's festival grounds were home to the Halloween show Mysteria, offering live music, artistic performances, pyrotechnics, and lighting effects. During off years, 30-minute concerts by the Swiss DJ BoBo took the place of the show. Starting in 2011, the show was set in a ghostly castle with the title Mysteria: Castillo Mystico. In 2017, the show was replaced by the fountain and fire show Hellfire Fountains, offered multiple times every evening in the last week of the season.

Other Shows

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Every day there are also numerous shows with more than 300 international artists.[62]

Prominent shows take place in the revolving theatre multimedia show. Once introduced as "Das lila Geheimnis" (translated: The Purple Secret) about the creation of Milka chocolate, the attraction later showed "Wunder dieser Welt" (translated: Wonder of this World) and after that the show "Zeitreise" (translated: Time travel), which presented Europa-Park's past. In 2010, for the theme park's 35th anniversary, the revolving theatre was redesigned as the Historama with insights into the creation of Europa-Park. This theme was maintained until 2017, before the revolving theatre became part of the Journey to Rulantica as part of an exhibition on the new Europa-Park water park. In 2022, plans wer revealed to replace the current revolving theatre by a new type of Gameplay Theatre from the manufacturer Mack Rides.[63]

In 2018 and 2019, Rulantica - The Musical was shown in the Teatro baroque theatre, located in the Italian themed area, where, previously, the Halloween musical Spook Me! took place. Both musicals were composed by Hendrik Schwarzer; the ensemble included Ornella De Santis, who played the female lead in each case.[57] Since 1999, the annual dinner show "Cirque d'Europe", which changes theme every year, takes place here in winter as well.[64] In 2020, Peter Valance presented his show It's Magic! in the theater.[65]

Opened in 2000, the Globe Theater in Europa-Park's English themed area is a largely accurate smaller replica of the famous London Globe Theatre of William Shakespeare´s time. In the Globe Theatre in the English themed area, amongst others, the show Times Three - the Acrobatic Show attracts visitors during the summer season.[62]

In addition, other productions are hosted in the Spanish Arena, like medieval knight games; and in the ice stadium, like Paddington on Ice[66].[62] In 2022, the park presented the show ACE – The Adventure Begins in the ice stadium.[67]

Since 2008, the park collaborated with DJ Bobo on different occasions.[68]

Winter events

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In 2001, Europa-Park opened for its first winter season.[13] During the winter season, the rides at Europa-Park are in operation as usual. In addition to the rides, the focus is on the shows. In winter, the park opens an ice rink, a skibob track, the Big Wheel Bellevue and adds festive decor. The park is also home to an annual Christmas market. Since 2002, the park has been hosting an annual Weihnachtsmann-Treffen (translated: Santa Claus Convention).[69] During winter, most outdoor and/or water rides are closed.[70] The circus revue is the flagship of the theme park's winter season. It includes professional productions on the ground and in the air.[64] In keeping with the cold season, there is an ice show as well, with figure skaters performing acrobatics and choreographies.[66]

4D cinema

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The park's 4D cinema screens different 15-minute short films, the latest being Happy Family Next Level (2022).[71] In the evenings after the park closes, current cinema films are shown, often complemented by the additional 4D effects.[72]

The Park’s TV production

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Channels, such as BR, Sat.1, SWR, ZDF, Nickelodeon and Prosieben, produce shows in the park.[73] Each year since the summer of 1995, SWR has been airing its show called Immer wieder sonntags, which has been hosted by Stefan Mross since 2005. The production was moved to the nearby water park Rulantica in 2022.[74]

Accommodation

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Main entrance

Europa-Park Resort

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The six hotels and the Europa-Park Camp Resort are combined in the so-called Europa-Park Hotel-Resort. Hotel operations are taking on an increasingly important role in park operations. With its hotels and an expansion of the offers, the park has developed into a tourist destination for visitors who stay for several days. It is no longer - like other parks - solely dependent on day visitors and the weather or on individual target groups.[75] Further, Europa-Park is also home to the restaurant Ammolite - The Lighthouse. Under Peter Hagen-Wiest, it has been awarded two Michelin stars.[76]

Hotels

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Source:[77]

  • Hotel Colosseo (four star superior), Italian themed
  • Hotel Santa Isabel (four star superior), themed around a Portuguese Monastery
  • Hotel El Andaluz (four stars), themed as a Spanish Villa
  • Hotel Castillo Alcazar (four stars), themed as a Spanish castle
  • Hotel Bell Rock (four star superior), themed around New England and features a lighthouse
  • Hotel Krønasår (four star superior), themed as a natural history museum that shows unique and historical objects collected by the Adventure Club of Europe

Europa-Park Camp-Resort

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The Europa-Park Camp-Resort consists of a tipi village and caravanning. In the tipi village, there are tipi tents, log cabins and covered wagons as overnight accommodation. They are arranged in a small western village around a lake, where the "Silverlake Saloon" restaurant is located. At Europa-Park Caravanning, visitors have 200 pitches for caravans, motorhomes and tents at their disposal.[78][79]

Confertainment Center

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In addition to numerous smaller halls in the hotels and rooms that are otherwise used by the public, Europa-Park has its own event center next to the main entrance.[80] In 2017, the Europa-Park Arena, a hall with three thousand square meters, was opened, which among other things has a gallery. The offer is complemented by smaller conference rooms, which are connected by a common foyer. The larger halls at the park are the Europa-Park Dome, a tent-shaped hall with a round floor plan and a size of 1,250 square metres (13,500 sq ft), and the Ballroom Berlin, a room that can be divided in the middle and has a total area of eight hundred square meters. Access is from outside the park to allow independent use. As a special feature, the Ballroom Berlin also has its own foyer, which can also be used as a conference room, as well as direct access from the park.[81]

Transportation

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On-site transportation

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The monorail

Due to the size of the park, the three trains, EP-Express, Monorail-Bahn and Panoramabahn serve as a means of transport in addition to their function as rides.

The Panoramabahn - a miniature train ride - has been installed since the opening of the park in 1975. The trains are C. P. Huntington trains that were originally built by Chance Rides. At first, it served as a sightseeing train which departed and arrived near the entrance of the park in the area Germany. Today, the train also stops at train stations in the areas England, Spain, and Russia. The trains have since been rebuilt by SEW Eurodrive, removing the combustion engine and converting the locomotives to environmentally friendly electrification.[82]

The Monorail-Bahn was put into operation in 1990 and was originally intended for sightseeing only, with its starting and finishing point inside the Historama in Luxembourg. In 2009, the monorail was extended by an additional stop in Iceland allowing passengers to use it as a means of transportation.[83][84]

The EP-Express - another elevated monorail - operates in the park since 1995. Inaugurated together with the Hotel El Andaluz in 1995, one of the purposes of the EP-Express was to connect the hotel to the main entrance. Now, it runs a 2.5 km circuit and also connects the hotel complex with other stations.[85]

In 2021, the park operators got the permission to build an additional elevated railway system that will connect Europa-Park with its neighbouring park Rulantica.[86] In addition, a moving walkway called Express Lane was put into operation in the park's parking lot park in 2015.[87]

Connection to the park

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Europa-Park is located in Rust, Baden, between Freiburg im Breisgau and Offenburg, west of the A5 motorway.[88] Since 2002, the park has had its own junction and access road.[89] The Rhine, which forms the border with France here, is 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) away as the crow flies. The nearest border crossing is the ferry between Kappel-Grafenhausen and Rhinau, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) away.[90] The nearest railway station is Ringsheim, from where regional trains run to Offenburg, among others. Since 1 June 2021, Ringsheim has also been a long-distance stop, on the way of the EuroCity Express from Frankfurt to Milan.[91] Since then, the park has been also connected to the German high-speed rail system,[92] and since 2022 Europa-Park has also been connected to the French high-speed rail system.[93] The Südbadenbus (SBG) runs several times a day between Ringsheim station and the park's main entrance.[94] Direct buses also run from Emmendingen and Herbolzheim. Lines 271 and 531 of Réseau 67, the public transport system of the Département Bas Rhin, connect the park with Strasbourg and Sélestat.[95] Europa-Park can also be reached by long-distance buses operated by Flixbus. Services 007 (Zurich-Hamburg), 008 (Freiburg-Tübingen) and 011 (Constance-Saarbrücken) stop at Rheinweg, about 100 metres (330 ft) from the main entrance. Europa-Park can also be reached by scheduled flights via Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden airport, from where shuttle services are offered.[96]

Bibliography

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  • Borman, Regina (2000). "Event machinery experience park: system integration through performative institutions". Events: Soziologie des Außergewöhnlichen (Erlebniswelten) [Eventmaschinerie Erlebnispark: System integration through performative institutions]. Erlebniswelten (in German). Vol. 2. Leske + Budrich Verlag. ISBN 978-3-322-95155-7.
  • Carlà-Uhink, Filippo (2020). Representations of Classical Greece in Theme Parks. IMAGINES – Classical Receptions in the Visual and Performing Arts (1st ed.). Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4742-9786-8.
  • Clavé, Salvador Anton (2007). The Global Theme Park Industry. Wallingford: CAB International. ISBN 978-1-84593-208-4.
  • Müller, Siegfried (2016). Kultur in Deutschland: Vom Kaiserreich bis zur Wiedervereinigung [Culture in Germany: From the Empire to Reunification] (in German). Kohlhammer Verlag. ISBN 978-3-17-031846-5.
  • Stieber, Benno (2014). Roland Mack: Herr der Achterbahnen [Roland Mack: King of fun] (in German) (1st ed.). Verlag Herder. ISBN 978-3-451-80215-7.

See also

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References

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  1. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2022 Theme Index and Museum Index: The Global Attractions Attendance Report" (PDF). TEA/AECOM. Retrieved 16 June 2023.
  2. ^ a b "Europa-Park evacuated after huge fire engulfs Europe's 2nd busiest theme park". Travel News | eTurboNews. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  3. ^ Clavé, Salvador Anton (2007). The Global Theme Park Industry. Wallingford: CAB International. pp. 149–151. ISBN 978-1-84593-208-4. OCLC 895777155.
  4. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2020 Theme Index and Museum Index: The Global Attractions Attendance Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2023.
  5. ^ "Theme Index". AECOM. Retrieved 16 June 2023.
  6. ^ "The Golden Ticket Awards". goldenticketawards.com/. Amusement Today. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2023.
  7. ^ Ruf, Jürgen (9 July 2010). "Freizeitpark: Warum der Europa-Park Rust anfangs belächelt wurde". Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  8. ^ Carlà-Uhink, Filippo (2020). Representations of Classical Greece in Theme Parks. IMAGINES – Classical Receptions in the Visual and Performing Arts (1st ed.). Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-4742-9786-8.
  9. ^ Stieber, Benno (2014). Roland Mack: Herr der Achterbahnen [Roland Mack: King of fun] (in German) (1st ed.). Verlag Herder. p. 144. ISBN 978-3-451-80215-7.
  10. ^ Borman, Regina (2000). "Event machinery experience park: system integration through performative institutions". Events: Soziologie des Außergewöhnlichen (Erlebniswelten) [Eventmaschinerie Erlebnispark: System integration through performative institutions]. Erlebniswelten (in German). Vol. 2. Leske + Budrich Verlag. p. 138. ISBN 978-3-322-95155-7.
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  12. ^ Müller, Siegfried (2016). Kultur in Deutschland: Vom Kaiserreich bis zur Wiedervereinigung [Culture in Germany: From the Empire to Reunification] (in German). Kohlhammer Verlag. p. 63. ISBN 978-3-17-031846-5.
  13. ^ a b "Der winterliche Europa-Park" [The wintry Europa-Park]. www.parkscout.de (in German). 28 November 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
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  15. ^ "Neuer Rekord: Mehr als 4,5 Millionen Besucher im Europa-Park Rust" [New record: More than 4.5 million visitors at Europa-Park Rust]. www.badische-zeitung.de (in German). Badische Zeitung. 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
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  22. ^ Geldermann, Sascha (28 July 2020). "Nach dem Brand im Europapark kehren die "Piraten in Batavia" nun zurück" [After the fire at Europapark, the "Pirates in Batavia" are now returning]. www.augsburger-allgemeine.de (in German). Augsburger Allgemeine. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
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  36. ^ Voltron Nevera
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  39. ^ Chris (29 June 2017). "MackMedia startet nun auch als Musiklabel durch" [MackMedia now also takes off as a music label]. www.themepark-central.de (in German). Themepark Central. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
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  44. ^ Holt, Andre (13 June 2022). "Europa-Park feiert „Midsommar Havn-Fest" in Juni 2022: Das bietet die Veranstaltung" [Europa-Park celebrates "Midsommar Havn-Fest" in June 2022: This is what the event offers]. www.parkerlebnis.de (in German). Parkerlebnis. Retrieved 4 February 2023.
  45. ^ "Tanzkenntnisse wieder auffrischen" [Refreshing the dance skills]. Schwäbische Zeitung (in German). 14 January 2019. p. 10.
  46. ^ "Ladies Only Festival" [Ladies Only Festival]. Schwäbische Zeitung (in German). 5 February 2020. p. 10.
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  48. ^ Ertan, Eyüp (4 February 2023). "Die Miss-Germany-Wahl im Europa-Park kommt diesmal ohne Laufsteg aus" [The Miss Germany Pageant at Europa-Park does not need a catwalk this time]. www.badische-zeitung.de (in German). Badische Zeitung. Retrieved 4 February 2023.
  49. ^ "Italienisches Flair - die Dinner-Show zurück im Europa-Park Teatro" [Italian flair - the dinner show back at Europa-Park Teatro]. www.badische-zeitung.de (in German). Badische Zeitung. 26 September 2022. Retrieved 4 February 2023.
  50. ^ "Die Veranstaltungen des Europa-Park im Winter 2016/2017" [The Europa-Park events in winter 2016/2017]. www.freizeitparkinfos.de (in German). Freizeitparkinfos. 29 September 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2022.
  51. ^ "Science Days 2022 im Europa-Park mit 75 Ausstellenden zum Thema „Rechnet mit uns"" [Science Days 2022 at Europa-Park with 75 exhibitors on the theme "Counting on us]. www.parkerlebnis.de (in German). Parkerlebnis. 11 November 2022. Retrieved 4 February 2023.
  52. ^ "SCIENCE DAYS – Science & Technologie". science-days.de (in German). Science Days. Retrieved 4 February 2023.
  53. ^ Böttcher, Sarah (24 March 2022). "CloudFest 2022 im Europa-Park" [CloudFest 2022 at Europa-Park]. www.it-business.de (in German). IT-BUSINESS – das Branchenmedium für den ITK-Markt. Retrieved 8 November 2022.
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  68. ^ Wasserbäch, Anja (14 January 2023). "DJ Bobo-Premiere im Europa Park Rust: Und er tanzt immer noch" [DJ Bobo premiere at Europa Park Rust: And he's still dancing]. stuttgarter-nachrichten.de (in German). Stuttgarter Nachrichten. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
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