Eudora (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Eudora or Eudore (Ancient Greek: Εὐδώρη[1] "early" or "leading"[2]) was a name given to three nymphs. According to Hesiod, and the mythographer Apollodorus, Eudora was the name of one of the fifty Nereids, the daughters of the sea-gods Nereus and his wife Doris.[3] Hesiod, also gives Eudora as one of the names of the 3000 Oceanids, the daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys.[4] While according to Hyginus, Eudora was the name of one of the Hyades, the nymphs associated with the configuration of stars known as the Hyades.[5] In a Hesiodic fragment, "long-robed Eudora", was also listed as one of the Hyades.[6]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Smith, s.v. Eudora.
  2. ^ Bane, p. 130.
  3. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 244; Apollodorus, 1.2.7.
  4. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 360.
  5. ^ Hyginus, Astronomica 2.21.1, Fabulae 192.
  6. ^ Scholium on Aratus' Phenomena = Hesiod fr. 227a Most, pp. 300, 301 = Hesiod fr. 291 MW.

ReferencesEdit

  • Bane, Theresa, Encyclopedia of Fairies in World Folklore and Mythology, McFarland, 2013. ISBN 9780786471119.
  • Apollodorus, Apollodorus, The Library, with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Hesiod, Theogony, in The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Hyginus, Gaius Julius, Astronomica, in The Myths of Hyginus, edited and translated by Mary A. Grant, Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1960. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Hyginus, Gaius Julius, Fabulae, in The Myths of Hyginus, edited and translated by Mary A. Grant, Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1960. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Most, G.W., Hesiod: The Shield, Catalogue, Other Fragments, Loeb Classical Library, No. 503, Cambridge, MA, 2007. ISBN 978-0-674-99623-6. Online version at Harvard University Press.
  • Smith, William; Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London (1867). Online version at the Perseus Digital Library