Doris (Oceanid)

Doris (/ˈdrɪs/; Ancient Greek: Δωρίς/Δωρίδος means 'bounty'[1]), in Greek mythology, was a sea goddess. She was one of the 3,000 Oceanids, daughters of the Titans Oceanus[2] and Tethys.[3]

Doris riding a hippocamp and carrying two torches to light the wedding cortege of Poseidon and Amphitrite, base of a sculpted group, end 2nd century BC, Munich Glyptothek museum (Inv. 239).
Detail of Floor Mosaic from a Roman Villa named the House of Aion, ca. mid 4th Century CE at Paphos Archaeological Park, Paphos, Cyprus, depicting Doris, Thetis, and Galatea

EtymologyEdit

Her name is connected with two words: Dôron meaning "gift" or "abundance," and Zôros, meaning the "pure" and "unmixed." Zôros was often used to describe fresh water or, in terms of the teachings of the day, the pure soul of a woman, and from this derived words such as zôrua "the transference of running water" and zôrux "water conduit."[citation needed]

FunctionEdit

When not associated with a god, Doris represented the fertility of the ocean, goddess of the rich fishing-grounds found at the mouths of rivers where fresh water mingled with the brine. Being an Oceanid meant she was a sister of the river gods.

FamilyEdit

By her husband Nereus, Doris was mother to Nerites[2] and the fifty Nereids,[4] including Thetis, Amphitrite and Galatea.[5]

NamesakeEdit

Doris Cove in Antarctica is named after the goddess.[6]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Kerényi, Carl (1951). The Gods of the Greeks. London: Thames and Hudson. p. 41.
  2. ^ a b Aelian, De Natura Animalium 14.28
  3. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 350; Apollodorus, 1.8
  4. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 240; Apollodorus, 1.2.7; Hyginus, Fabulae Preface
  5. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 13.742 ff.
  6. ^ Doris Cove. SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit