Estonian Independence Party

The Estonian Independence Party (Estonian: Eesti Iseseisvuspartei, EIP) was a far-right nationalist political party in Estonia. The small party, founded in 1999, never had any significant success in the elections, and it was dissolved in 2022. One of the principal aims of the party was the withdrawal of Estonia from the European Union.

Estonian Independence Party
Eesti Iseseisvuspartei
Founded30 November 1999
Dissolved30 October 2022
HeadquartersTatari tn 8-21, Tallinn
Ideology
Political positionFar-right[3][4][5]
Colours  Blue

Philosophy edit

The EIP's political philosophy promoted a doctrine of “Estonia as a neo-autarkic geopolitical space” and an associated geopolitical imperative of neutrality between the East and the West.[6]

The party programme states that Estonia is extraordinarily rich in natural resources (much of these remain latent) and is situated in an important geopolitical space. Thus, the party is also against Estonia belonging to the European Union, which they accuse of having neocolonised Estonia. The party recommended rejecting International Monetary Fund suggestions.[7] The party regards Setomaa as a part of Estonia and not Russia.[8]

History edit

The party's predecessor, Estonian Future Party (Tuleviku Eesti Erakond) was founded in 1994. In 1999, it was renamed to Estonian Independence Party.

In 2001, the party called for closer relations with Russia[citation needed] and said that the country should have a bigger say in defining Estonia's future.[9]

EIP took part in the 2003 movement against Estonia joining the European Union.

EIP candidates gained 2,705 votes, amounting to 0.55% of the national vote, in the 2003 parliamentary election.[10] In the 2007 elections, the party's vote dropped to 1,274 votes, which was 0.2% of the total.[11] In the 2011 elections, the party's vote increased to 2,571 votes, which was 0.4% of the total.[12]

In the 2014 European Parliamentary election, the Estonian Independence Party received 4,158 votes, which was 1.3% of the vote.[13]

In the 2015 parliamentary elections, the party's vote diminished to 1,047 votes, which was 0.2% of the total.[14] The party did not participate in the 2019 parliamentary elections.[15]

In 2022, it was reported that EIP was considering dissolving itself[16] and, soon afterwards, in October 2022, most politicians belonging to then party's leadership joined the Estonian Conservative People's Party instead.[17][18] The party was officially removed from the business register on 30 October.[19]

Controversies edit

Scholars categorised the party as a far-right organisation. This has been rejected by the party leaders, Sven Sildnik and Tauno Rahnu.[20] One of the former leading members, Risto Teinonen, an ethnic Finn associated with Johan Bäckman,[21] has also been accused of having neo-Nazi views.[22]

Electoral results edit

Parliamentary elections edit

Election Votes Seats Pos.
# % ± pp # ±
2003 2,705 0.5
0 / 101
  0 9th
2007 1,273 0.2   0.3
0 / 101
  0 9th
2011 2,571 0.4   0.2
0 / 101
  0 9th
2015 1,047 0.2   0.2
0 / 101
  0 9th
2019 Did not participate

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Pettai, Vello; Toomla, Rein (13 June 2003). Political Parties in Estonia. The National Council for Eurasian and East European Research.
  2. ^ a b Liivik, Ero (2015). Proceedings of Estonian Academy of Security Sciences. ISBN 978-9985-67-334-8.
  3. ^ Kasekamp, Andres (4 June 2010). "Extreme-right parties in contemporary Estonia". Patterns of Prejudice. 37 (4): 401–414. doi:10.1080/0031322032000144483. S2CID 143801588.
  4. ^ Wodak, Ruth; Khosravinik, Majid; Mral, Brigitte (9 January 2015). Right-Wing Populism in Europe Politics and Discourse. doi:10.5040/9781472544940. ISBN 978-1-78093-343-6. S2CID 55423405.
  5. ^ Minkenberg, Michael (2015). Transforming the Transformation?. ISBN 9780415793360.
  6. ^ Piret Ehin, Estonian Euroskepticism: A Reflection of Domestic Politics?, East European Constitutional Review, Volume 11/12 Number 4/1
  7. ^ "EIP party doctrine (in English)". Archived from the original on 2012-08-03.
  8. ^ Jaan Hatto demokraatiast Iseseisvuspartei. Accessed 7 June 2014
  9. ^ Baltic News Service, Estonian Independence Congress Calls for Neutrality, Better Ties with Russia, Nov 5, 2001
  10. ^ Riigikogu Valimine 2. Märts 2003 vvk.ee. Accessed 7 June 2014
  11. ^ Riigikogu Valimine 4. Märts 2007 vvk.ee. Accessed 7 June 2014
  12. ^ Valimistulemus - Eesti Vabariik kokku vvk.ee. Accessed 7 June 2014
  13. ^ "Voting and election results". Estonian National Electoral Committee. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  14. ^ "Riigikogu valimised 2015". Vabariigi Valimiskomisjon. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Voting and election result". Vabariigi Valimiskomisjon. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  16. ^ "Head of Independence Party has not considered merging with EKRE". 27 August 2022.
  17. ^ "Erakonnad koguvad valimisteks musklit". Poliitika (in Estonian). 2022-10-08. Retrieved 2022-10-08.
  18. ^ ERR (2022-10-04). "EKRE-sse astunud (:)kivisildnik: see on enesekaitse". ERR (in Estonian). Retrieved 2022-10-08.
  19. ^ ERR (2022-12-12). "Estonian Independence Party deleted from business register". ERR. Retrieved 2023-03-05.
  20. ^ Tartus rünnati mustanahalist vahetusüliõpilast
  21. ^ Askur Alas (18 March 2009). "Üheskoos Eesti vastu: antifašist Bäckman ja natsimeelne Teinonen". Eesti Ekspress (in Estonian). Archived from the original on 21 March 2009. Retrieved 31 March 2009.
  22. ^ Kapo kahtlustab soomlast Eesti riigi vastases tegevuses Archived 2011-02-07 at the Wayback Machine Eesti Päevaleht, 2007-6-13.

External links edit