Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 1 March 2015. Advance voting was held between 19 and 25 February with a turnout of 33 percent. The Reform Party remained the largest in the Riigikogu, winning 30 of the 101 seats. Its leader, Taavi Rõivas, remained Prime Minister. The newly elected 101 members of the 13th Riigikogu assembled at Toompea Castle in Tallinn within ten days of the election.
101 seats in the Riigikogu
51 seats are needed for a majority
Largest party by electoral district (Yellow-Reform) (Green-Centre)
This was the first election since the resignation of Prime Minister Andrus Ansip, who relinquished his position after holding the office for almost nine years. Following the resignation, a new coalition comprising the Estonian Reform Party and the Estonian Social Democrats were authorized to form a new government on 24 March 2014 with 34-year-old Taavi Rõivas as the new Prime Minister. This replaced the prior coalition of the Estonian Reform Party and the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union.
The 101 members of the Riigikogu were elected by proportional representation in twelve multi-member constituencies. The seats were allocated using a modified D'Hondt method. Parties had to pass a nationwide threshold of 5%, but if the number of votes cast for an individual candidate exceeded or equalled the simple quota (obtained by dividing the number of valid votes cast in the electoral district by the number of mandates in the district), they were elected.
Seats by electoral districtEdit
|1||Haabersti, Põhja-Tallinn and Kristiine districts in Tallinn||9|
|2||Kesklinn, Lasnamäe and Pirita districts in Tallinn||12|
|3||Mustamäe and Nõmme districts in Tallinn||8|
|4||Harju (without Tallinn) and Rapla counties||14|
|5||Hiiu, Lääne and Saare counties||6|
|8||Järva and Viljandi counties||7|
|9||Jõgeva and Tartu counties (without city of Tartu)||8|
|10||City of Tartu||8|
|11||Võru, Valga and Põlva counties||9|
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each poll is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's color. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded.
|Estonian Reform Party||158,970||27.69||30||–3|
|Estonian Centre Party||142,458||24.81||27||+1|
|Social Democratic Party||87,189||15.19||15||–4|
|Pro Patria and Res Publica Union||78,699||13.71||14||–9|
|Estonian Free Party||49,882||8.69||8||New|
|Conservative People's Party||46,772||8.15||7||+7|
|Party of People's Unity||2,289||0.40||0||New|
|Estonian Independence Party||1,047||0.18||0||0|
|Estonian United Left Party||764||0.13||0||New|
The Reform Party started coalition talks with the Social Democrats, Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (IRL) and the Free Party. After nearly three weeks of negotiations, the Free Party left the coalition talks due to disagreements with the Reform Party and the IRL. The three remaining parties signed the coalition treaty on 8 April, and the cabinet took office on 9 April.
- Record number of e-votes given in ongoing elections ERR, 26 February 2015
- Estonian politics enters uncertain new era Archived 2014-08-19 at the Wayback Machine Dateline Baltics, 14 April 2014
- Coalition consultations begin with four parties in attendance ERR, 6 March 2015
- Coalition talks to continue between three parties, Free Party to go into opposition ERR, 23 March 2015
- "Otseülekanne: kolme erakonna koalitsioonileping saab allkirjad". Postimees. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015.