Espagnac

Espagnac is a commune in the Corrèze department in central France.

Espagnac
007 Espagnac ( 19150 ).JPG
Coat of arms of Espagnac
Coat of arms
Location of Espagnac
Espagnac is located in France
Espagnac
Espagnac
Espagnac is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Espagnac
Espagnac
Coordinates: 45°13′12″N 1°53′56″E / 45.22°N 1.899°E / 45.22; 1.899Coordinates: 45°13′12″N 1°53′56″E / 45.22°N 1.899°E / 45.22; 1.899
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentCorrèze
ArrondissementTulle
CantonSainte-Fortunade
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Marie Roubeyrotte
Area
1
23.63 km2 (9.12 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
379
 • Density16/km2 (42/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
19075 /19150
Elevation302–564 m (991–1,850 ft)
(avg. 500 m or 1,600 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

The landscape is typically wooded hills.

EconomyEdit

The main economic activity is cattle raising though it now benefits from the recent trend of rural tourism.

HistoryEdit

Though evidences of neolithic and Celtic occupation exist on the commune's territory, the village itself was probably only founded during or after the Gallo-Roman era, near the site of a villa not yet excavated. Some evidences suggest the presence of other villas and of a tile factory. The name of the village if of Latin origin, possibly derived from a family name.

During the Middle Ages, Espagnac seems to have become a dwelling of local importance, as attested by the existence of a Merovingian mint (three gold coins with the mention "Spaniaco Fit" have been found), of a large cemetery where sarcophagi have been exhumed and of an abbey. It seems to have been the head of a Carolingian vicaria. The first written mention of its name appears in the will of Adhemar des Echelles, around 930 AD.

Then dependent on the abbey of Tulle, Espagnac devolved during the late Middle Ages, and both the abbey and the church were burnt down by the troops of Gaspard de Coligny during the Wars of Religion. The current church dates back from the late 16th century. A small restored Carolingian Chapel and the privately owned medieval castle of Puy-de-Val are also present on the territory of the commune.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1962298—    
1968367+23.2%
1975330−10.1%
1982343+3.9%
1990338−1.5%
1999341+0.9%
2008337−1.2%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.