Erto e Casso

Erto e Casso (local Friulian: Nert and Cas) is an Italian municipality in the Province of Pordenone in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 130 kilometres (81 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Pordenone.

Erto e Casso
Comune di Erto e Casso
View of a central road in Erto
View of a central road in Erto
Coat of arms of Erto e Casso
Erto e Casso within the Province of Pordenone
Erto e Casso within the Province of Pordenone
Location of Erto e Casso
Erto e Casso is located in Italy
Erto e Casso
Erto e Casso
Location of Erto e Casso in Italy
Erto e Casso is located in Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Erto e Casso
Erto e Casso
Erto e Casso (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
Coordinates: 46°16′37.31″N 12°22′19.13″E / 46.2770306°N 12.3719806°E / 46.2770306; 12.3719806Coordinates: 46°16′37.31″N 12°22′19.13″E / 46.2770306°N 12.3719806°E / 46.2770306; 12.3719806
CountryItaly
RegionFriuli-Venezia Giulia
ProvincePordenone (PN)
FrazioniCasso, Erto (municipal seat)
Government
 • MayorAntonio Carrara
Area
 • Total52.3 km2 (20.2 sq mi)
Elevation
775 m (2,543 ft)
Population
 (30 June 2017[2])[3]
 • Total378
 • Density7.2/km2 (19/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ertani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
33080
Dialing code0427
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

 
The campanile of the Church of Erto

The commune consists of Erto (the municipal seat, population: 341[4]), Casso (population: 35[5]), and some smaller places: Cavalle, Col della Ruava, Forcai, Liron, Pineda, San Martino and Val del Pont.

Erto e Casso borders the municipalities of Castellavazzo, Cimolais, Claut, Longarone, Ospitale di Cadore, Perarolo di Cadore, Alpago and Soverzene. All the bordering municipalities, except Cimolais and Claut, are part of the nearby Province of Belluno, in Veneto.

The comune is composed by the main settlements of Erto, the administrative seat, and Casso. The other hamlets, (frazioni), composed by few scattered farmhouses, are the localities of Forcai, Pineda, San Martino, and Val da Pont.

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

The village of Erto was first mentioned in 8th century. Differently from Casso, in which is spoken bellunese (a Venetian dialect), the local language is a dialect of Ladin language, colloquially named ertano.

Vajont disasterEdit

Erto and Casso were the two villages in the Vajont (/vaˈjɔnt/) valley, above the artificial lake, before the Vajont Dam disaster on 9 October 1963. The landslide and flood killed almost 2,000 people in total, destroying five villages in the Piave valley but leaving Erto and Casso only slightly damaged. The two villages were cautionally evacuated within three days of the disaster and the valley stayed empty for three years thereafter. During those years, some of the survivors settled down in the Maniago municipality, creating what would become the new Vajont municipality from 1971.

Three years after evacuation, some other survivors, in spite of being forbidden to return to the valley, went back to their former houses and reformed the villages of Erto and Casso, which still form the municipality today.[6]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  3. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  4. ^ (in Italian) Infos about Erto on italia.indettaglio.it
  5. ^ (in Italian) Infos about Casso on italia.indettaglio.it
  6. ^ (in Italian) Information about the Vajont disaster on municipal website Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ (in Italian) Infos about Mauro Corona on municipal website Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit