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From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran was mostly equipped with Western hardware and equipment. Cases exist where Iran was supplied with equipment even before it was made standard in the countries that developed it (for example the US F-14 Tomcat, or the British Chieftain). Primary suppliers included the United States, Britain, France, West Germany, Italy, Israel, and the Soviet Union.
The Iran–Iraq War, and post revolutionary sanctions at the time had a dramatic effect on Iran's inventory of western equipment. Under the pressures of war all supplies were quickly exhausted and replacements became increasingly difficult to come by. The war eventually forced Iran to turn towards Syria, Pakistan, North Korea, Brazil, and China to meet its short term military requirements. Initial developments in every field of military technology were carried out with the technical support of Russia, China, and North Korea to lay the foundations for future industries.
Iranian reliance on these countries has rapidly decreased over the last decade in most sectors where Iran has gained almost total independence; however, in some sectors such as the Aerospace sector Iran is still greatly reliant on external help. Iran has developed the capacity to reverse engineer existing foreign hardware, adapt it to its own requirements and then manufacture the finished product. Examples of this are the Boragh IFV. In an attempt to make its military industries more sustainable Iran has also sought to export its military products.
|PC-9 ZOAF||Semi-automatic pistol||Iran||9 mm pistol, unlicensed local production variant of the Swiss SIG Sauer P226.|
|Browning HP||Semi-automatic pistol||Belgium||Used by IRGC|
|M1911A1||Semi-automatic pistol||United States||.45 ACP pistol.|
|MPT-9||Submachine gun|| West Germany
|Heckler & Koch MP5 manufactured under licence as the Tondar SMG |
|Star Model Z84||Submachine gun||Spain||Amphibious Submachine-Gun is used by IRGCN frogmen.|
|M4 carbine||Assault rifle||United States||Few number used by the Saberin unit. Got from terrorists and smugglers in Iraq and Afghanistan|
|M16 rifle||Assault rifle||United States||Few number used by Iranian Special Forces. Got from terrorists and smugglers in Iraq and Afghanistan|
|KH-2002||Assault rifle||Iran||Iranian designed bullpup configuration of the Chinese Norinco CQ 5.56×45mm rifle.|
|AKM||Assault rifle||Soviet Union|||
|Type 56||Assault rifle||China||Chinese AKM clone|
|KL-7.62||Assault rifle||Iran||Iranian copy of the Chinese Type 56 and AKM. Possibly produced under license. IRGC main service rifle.|
|HK 53||Assault rifle|| West Germany
|Licensed production of HK33 Assault Rifle, used by Iranian Special Forces|
|HK G3A6||Battle rifle|| West Germany
|Licensed production of G3A3 Battle Rifle, Army main service rifle|
|Norinco CQ||Assault rifle||China||Used by Iranian Special Forces|
|Sayad 5.56||Assault rifle||Iran||Carbine version of the Norinco CQ produced by Iran. Used by Basij, and it is used in large numbers by the IRGC.|
|AK-103||Assault rifle||Russia Iran||The sale of an undisclosed number of AK-103s for use by sections of the Iranian special forces was negotiated. The weapons were reported to be shipped to Iran on August 2016. The IRGC is reported to be using the AK-103, Iran began producing local AK103s licensed by Kalashnikov concern|
|Fajr 224||Carbine||Iran||Unlicensed copy of the M4 Carbine. Believed to be heavily upgraded. Special forces use mostly, but has been used by other military and police forces.|
|Masaf||Assault rifle||Iran||Unlicensed copy of the HK416,used by IRGC|
|Fateh||Assault rifle||Iran||Chambered in 5.56, seen in use in Iraq.|
|Nakhjir||Sniper rifle|| Soviet Union
|SVD manufactured under license; A new upgraded version was unveiled during the Muhammad Rasulullah 4 exercises held on 12 December 2016.|
|Siyavash sniper rifle||Sniper rifle||Iran||Domestically produced lightweight sniper weighing 6.5 kg (14 lb) loaded|
|Taher||Sniper rifle||Iran||Domestically developed sniper rifle with maximum range of 1200 m|
|Steyr HS .50/Sayyad||Anti-materiel rifle|| Austria
|Arash||Anti-materiel rifle||Iran||semi-automatic anti-material sniper rifle, also used by Hezbollah|
|Shaher||Anti-materiel rifle||Iran||Iranian 14.5 mm anti material rifle.|
|Taktab||Anti-materiel rifle||Iran||Iranian 20 mm anti material sniper rifle|
|MGA3||General-purpose machine gun|| West Germany
|PKM-T80||General-purpose machine gun|| Soviet Union
|MGD||Heavy machine gun|| Soviet Union
|W85 heavy machine gun||Heavy machine gun|| People's Republic of China
|RPK||Light machine gun||Soviet Union Iran||Local production|
|Akhgar machine gun||Heavy machine gun||Iran||Locally produced 7.62 mm 6-barrelled rotary machine gun.|
|Moharram||Heavy machine gun||Iran||Locally produced 12.7 mm 6-barrelled rotary machine gun.|
|GP-25||Grenade launcher||Soviet Union||40mm under-barrel grenade launcher. Used by IRGC|
|M79||Grenade launcher||United States||40mm shoulder-fired grenade launcher.|
|AGS-17||Automatic grenade launcher||Soviet Union||40mm automatic grenade launcher.|
|Nasir||Automatic grenade launcher||Iran||40mm automatic grenade launcher.|
|Unguided anti-tank weapons|
|SPG-9||Recoilless rifle|| Soviet Union
|M40||Recoilless rifle|| United States
|RPG-7||Rocket-propelled grenade launcher|| Soviet Union
|Type 69 RPG||Rocket-propelled grenade launcher||China||Chinese copy of Russian RPG-7.|
|Saegheh||Rocket- propelled grenade launcher||Iran||Improved version of the RPG-7.|
|RPG-29||Rocket-propelled grenade launcher||Soviet Union|||
|Model||Type||Years of production||Origin||Image||Notes|
|Guided anti-tank weapons|
|Saeghe 1/2||Anti-tank guided missile||Iran||Reverse engineered and upgraded M47 Dragon.|
|Anti-tank guided missile||Entered production 1987/1988.
First shown to the public in 2017 but in use since at least 2015.
Began development in 2002 and entered production in 2010.
Shown to the Public in 2017
Planned Variant, currently in development.
|Iran||Considered to be the BGM-71A TOW clone, the Toophan-1's payload is a 3.6 kg HEAT warhead. the top speed 310 m/s. Toophan-1 marketing material claims a hit probability of 96%.|
The Toophan 2 is a derivative of BGM-71C TOW missile with a tandem HEAT warhead; possibly incorporates elements of BGM-71E TOW 2A missile.
The Toophan 2B is an upgraded model of the Toophan 2 with a heavier warhead.
The Toophan 2M is an upgraded model of the Toophan 2B equipped with a tandem-warhead.
The Toophan 3 is a reverse-engineered American BGM-71F TOW 2B top-attack missile.
The Toophan 4 is a variant of the Toophan family which is equipped with a thermobaric fuel-air warhead.
Considered the premier Toophan variant, the Toophan-5 has laser guidance, tandem-warhead and canards. As a laser-riding missile, it uses a different launcher. Not a copy of any TOW variant.
The Toophan 6 is a variant of the Toophan family which is equipped with an anti-bunker thermobaric warhead and is said to be laser-riding.
The Toophan 7 is a planned variant of the Toophan family, it's equipped warhead is unclear some sources claim it is perhaps fragmentation thermobaric.
|Anti-aircraft missile||Entered mass production in 2009||Iran||The Qaem is an Iranian SACLOS beam-riding SHORAD surface-to-air missile. With a range of six kilometers and a maximum altitude of two kilometers, the Qaem is intended for use against UAVs and low flying or stationary helicopters. The Qaem is a development of the Toophan missile, hence why they are identical in appearance.|
The missiles can be used by Ghods Mohajer UAVs.
The Qaem anti-aircraft missile uses a laser guidance system. Iran also produces a variant, the Qaem-M, which adds a proximity fuse.
|9K11 Malyutka/Raad||Anti-tank guided missile|| Soviet Union
|Manufactured in Iran under the name Raad.|
|9K111 Fagot||Anti-tank guided missile||Soviet Union|
|9M113 Konkurs||Anti-tank guided missile|| Soviet Union
|Built as Towsan-1 or M-113 in Iran.|
|9K115-2 Metis-M||Anti-tank guided missile||Russia|
|MILAN||Anti-tank guided missile||France||Captured during the Iran-Iraq War. Probably no longer in service.|
|Dehlavie||Anti-tank guided missile||Iran||Iranian copy of Kornet. Available as Pirooz vehicle-mounted weapon station.|
|Almas||Anti-tank guided missile||Iran||Ground-launched version the air-launched Almas, top attack weapon with a range of 8 km.|
|Main battle tanks|
|Zulfiqar MBT 3
Zulfiqar MBT 2
Zulfiqar MBT 1
|Main battle tank||100 (more scheduled for production)
|1996–present||Iran||Based on M60 and T-72. Featuring EFCS-3 fire control system and autoloader. The Zulfiqar 3 is the latest model in the family which has been heavily modernized with advanced technologies and armaments. It features considerable upgrades to the fire control system, chassis, engine and main gun. The new variant is equipped with the 2A46 125 mm smoothbore cannon, a laser rangefinder, RAM camouflage and a new fire control system. It is also fitted with a reinforced turret and the wheels are covered by an armoured skirt.|
|Karrar||Main battle tank||800 planned, production begun (as of early 2021)||2016 (production started in late 2019)||Iran||production begun, 800 planned by end of 2021|
|Main battle tank||100 (Chieftain) -Mobarez ~50||1971-1979|| United Kingdom
|707 Mk-3P and Mk-5P, 125–189 FV-4030-1, 41 ARV and 14 AVLB obtained before the 1979 revolution. Further planned deliveries of the more capable 4030 series were cancelled at that point. 100 in service as of 2005. Many others upgraded to Mobarez.|
|M60A1||Main battle tank||200||1969-1970|| United States
|Some sources claim ~150 M60. Locally modernized as the Samsam.|
|Main battle tank
Main battle tank
|1,500 T-72S and 141 T-72M1
|Iran produced and received T-72S tanks under licence from Russia from 1993-2012, received 104 T-72M1 tanks from Poland from 1994-1995 and 37 T-72M1 tanks from Belarus starting in 2000. Possible unlicensed production. As of 2021 around 1,800 in inventory including 1,500 T-72S, 150 T-72 Khorramshahr/Rakhsh, and 140 less capable T-72M/M1. T-72 Rakhsh fitted with T-80 turret and using Kontakt-5 ERA|
|Main battle tank||Approximately 400.
|The T-72Z Safir-74 is a modernized model of the T-55 tank|
|FV101 Scorpion||Combat vehicle reconnaissance||280||1997||United Kingdom|
|Tosan||Light tank||60+||1997||Iran||Tosan is a domestically produced light tank, based on the FV101 Scorpion|
|Armoured vehicles (tracked)|
|Boragh/BMP-1||Armoured personnel carrier||450||1997||Iran||210 BMP-1 and 240 Boragh, according to Global Security|
|OT-62 TOPAS||Armored personal carrier||150|| Poland
|Sayyad||Armored fast attack vehicle||150+ (more in production)||Iran||Can be armed with 77mm rockets, ATGM's, and various chainguns.|
|M113A1||Armoured personnel carrier||300||1966-1978||United States|
|BTR-50||Amphibious||480||Soviet Union||Most BTR-50's will be upgraded or are being upgraded to Makran IFV (BTR-50 with new electronics, new armor, and an unmannrd turret with a 30mm auto-cannon).|
|BMP-2||Infantry fighting vehicle||400||1991–2001||Soviet Union||1,500 ordered in 1991 from Russia and 413 were delivered between 1993 and 2001 of which 82 were delivered directly by Russia and 331 were assembled in Iran. 100 were in service in 1995, 140 in 2000 and 400 in 2002, 2005 and 2008. 400 are currently in service. Some sources claim that production is ongoing.|
|Armoured vehicles (wheeled)|
|WZ-551||Infantry fighting vehicle||150||China||Equipped with either a Nasir AGL and DSHKs or the standard ZPT-99 30mm auto-cannon. 150 in service|
|Sarir APC||Armored personnel carrier||Unknown||Iran||Domestically made 4x4 APC also known as Tala'iye.|
|EE-9 Cascavel||Armored car||35||Brazil||According to Global Security, 35 are in service.|
|BTR-60||Armoured personnel carrier
Armoured personnel carrier
|1,260||1966–2017 (BTR-80)||Soviet Union||KPVT 14.5 mm machine gun replaced with DShKM 12.7 mm machine gun or ZSU-23 gun on some vehicles. ATGM launchers added to some vehicles. Sedad BTR-82 variant of BTR-60 with ZU-23-2. Heidar 6 variant with BMP-1 turret installed onto BTR-60, Heidar 7 variant with ERA bricks, modified interior, and new turret installed with a single 23mm gun. Heidar-5 mine layer variant and Shahram NRBC detection vehicle variants of BTR-60.|
|Pegaso BMR||armored personnel Carrier||55||Spain|||
|Rakhsh APC||Armoured Personnel Carrier||300+||Iran||Multiple Variants with upgraded armor|
|EE-11 Urutu||Armored Personnel Carrier||Unknown||Brazil|||
|Humvee||Light armored vehicle||20+||United States||Got from Iraq, and later from Afghanistan in August 2021|
|Ra'ad Fakke||MRAP||~10||Iran||In development/production|
|Safir Jeep||Multipurpose military vehicle||36,000+||2008||Iran||Yearly production capacity of 5000 vehicles|
|Samandar||Light attack vehicle||1000+||Iran|||
|Kaviran||Multipurpose military vehicle||1800+||Iran|||
|Aras||Multipurpose military vehicle||2000+||Iran|||
|Ranger||Light Attack Vehicle||+||Iran|||
|Mercedes-Benz L-series truck||Truck||+|| West Germany
|Mercedes-Benz Actros||Heavy truck||1000+||Germany|||
|KrAZ trucks||Heavy truck||+||Ukraine|||
|Hyundai Mighty||Light truck||2000+||South Korea|||
|Husky VMMD||VMMD||Dozens|| South Africa
|Shahram NRBC detection vehicle||CBRN defense||Unknown||Iran|
|37mm Marsh Mortar||37mm mortar||+||Iran|
|HM 12||60mm mortar||+||Iran|
|HM 13||60mm mortar||+||Iran|
|HM 14||60mm mortar||+||Iran|
|HM 15||81mm mortar||+||Iran|
|HM 16||120mm mortar||+||Iran|
|Razm Mortar||120mm mortar||+||Iran|||
|Vafa Mortar||160mm mortar||+||Iran|||
|Multiple rocket launcher system (MLRS)|
|Type 63 MRL/Fajr 1||107mm MRL||1300||1986|| Iran
|Fajr-3||240mm multiple launch rocket system||110||1994||Iran|
|Fajr-5||330mm multiple launch rocket system||190||1990||Iran|
|Shahin-1||Multiple launch rocket system||+||1990||Iran|
|Shahin-2||Multiple launch rocket system||+||1995||Iran|
|BM-21 Grad||122mm multiple launch rocket system||800||1978||Soviet Union|
|122mm Hadid/Azrash/Nur||122mm multiple launch rocket system||55||1994||Iran||Domestic BM-21 developments?|
|BM-27 Uragan||200mm multiple rocket launch system||Unknown||Russia|||
|Self-propelled howitzer (SPH)|
|2S1 Gvozdika||122mm self-propelled howitzer||60||Soviet Union|
|Raad 1||122mm self-propelled howitzer||200||1996||Iran||Based on 2S1 Gvozdika|
|Raad 2||155mm self-propelled howitzer||250||1997||Iran||Based on M109|
|M109A1||155mm self-propelled howitzer||440|| United States
|Remanufactured locally as the Hoveyzeh.500 bought from US in the 1970s|
|M-1978||170mm self-propelled howitzer||20||North Korea|
|M-107||175mm self-propelled howitzer||30||United States|
|M-110||203mm self-propelled howitzer||30||United States|
|M101A1||105mm howitzer||130||United States|
|2A18M||122mm howitzer||550||Soviet Union|
|M1954/Type 59-1||130mm howitzer||985|| Soviet Union
|In 2002, Iran had 1,100 M-46 in conditional use. By 2012 this number has dropped to 985.|
|M1955||152mm howitzer||30|| Soviet Union
|M-114||155mm howitzer||70||United States|
|122mm HM 40||122mm howitzer||+||Iran|
|155mm HM 41||155mm howitzer||+||Iran|
|G-5||155mm howitzer||50||South Africa||In 1990, Iran had 50 G-5. However, there is no current information on the condition of these howitzer.|
|M-115||203mm howitzer||20||United States|
This refers to ballistic missiles and not battlefield systems. Iran's missile forces are under the command of the Revolutionary Guards, under the army's authority. Additional information is available at the article Air Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, which force operates Iran's long-range missiles. Iran was reported to have purchased 18 mobile Musudan missiles (the extended range version of Soviet R-27 Zyb) with a 3,200-to-4,000 km range in 2005.
|Kowsar 1/2/3||Anti-ship missile||+||Iran||Light ASCM based on Chinese C-701 and TL-10|
|Nasr-1||Anti ship missile||+||Iran||Light ASCM based on Chinese C-705 and TL-6|
|Noor||Anti-ship missile||+||Iran||ASCM based on Chinese C-801 and C-802|
|Ra'ad||Anti-ship missile||+||Iran||Iranian origin Heavy ASCM similar to Chinese C-401|
|Qader||Anti ship missile||+||Iran|||
|Khalij Fars||Anti-ship ballistic missile||+||Iran||Based on Fateh-110|
|Zafar||Anti-ship missile||+||Iran||Light ASCM for IRGC navy|
|Zelzal||Tactical ballistic missile||3000+||Iran|||
|Fateh-110||Tactical ballistic missile||4500+||2002–present||Iran|||
Air defence missile systemsEdit
|IAIO Toufan||Iran||Attack||Toufan I/Toufan II||67||2010||The IAIO Toufan or Toophan (Persian: توفان, "typhoon") is series of combat helicopters by the Iran Aviation Industries Organization. Based on the US-built AH-1J SeaCobra with New laser system Rocket-launching digital control system Multi-display monitor, and Central smart arms management system|
|Bell AH-1 SuperCobra||United States||Attack||AH-1J International/AH-1W SuperCobra||50||1971||In 1971, Iran purchased 202 examples of an improved AH-1J, named "AH-1J International", from the United States.This improved Cobra featured an uprated P&WC T400-WV-402 engine and stronger drivetrain. Recoil damping gear was fitted to the 20 mm M-197 gun turret, and the gunner was given a stabilized sight and even a stabilized seat. Of the AH-1Js delivered to the Shah's Imperial Iranian Army Aviation, 62 were TOW-capable.|
|HESA Shahed 285||Iran||light attack/reconnaissance||43||2009||Can carry ATGM's, anti ship missiles, and air to air missiles.|
|HESA Shahed 274||Iran||light utility helicopter.||~30||2000|
|Boeing CH-47 Chinook||United States||Heavy-lift transport||CH-47C||At least 40|
|Mil Mi-17||Russia||Medium-lift transport||Mi-8/17||87||Used by Iran Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps navy and Ground Forces of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps|
|Bell 214||United States||Utility/SAR||Bell 214C/214A||70|
|Agusta-Bell 212||Italy||Utility||AB-212||50+||Licence-built in Italy|
|Bell UH-1N Twin Huey||United States Canada||Utility||10+||1970||In addition to the Air Force, the helicopter is used by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards and the Iranian police|
|Agusta Bell 206||Italy||Light utility/trainer||AB 206||24||Licence-built in Italy.|
|HESA Shahed 278||Iran||Light utility||13||2005||Iran's Shahed Aviation Industries Research Center plans to produce several variants of Shahed, according to sources. The first platform was the Shahed-278 (Oh-78), described as a light reconnaissance helicopter, armed with weapons and sensors. Test flights of the Shahed-278 (Oh-78) began in 2005|
The IRIA Ground Forces operates an army aviation component comprising the following:
|Dassault Falcon 20||VIP transport||Falcon 20E||3||France|
|Aero Commander||Utility transport||690||4||USA|
|Fokker F27 Friendship||Tactical transport||F27-400M
|Cessna 185||Transport||Cessna 185F||10||USA|
Unmanned aerial vehiclesEdit
|Sofreh Mahi||Stealth unmanned combat aerial vehicle||-||Iran||Under development|
|Karrar||Unmanned combat aerial vehicle||+||2010||Iran|||
|Ababil||Unmanned aerial vehicle||+||1986||Iran||A wide number built in several different variants including the tactical Ababil-5 for medium-range reconnaissance and surveillance, the Ababil-T for short/medium-range attack, and also the Ababil-B and -S|
|Mohajer 1/2/3/4/5/6||Unmanned aerial vehicle||300+||1980's||Iran|||
|Raad 85||Unmanned aerial vehicle||+||Iran||Suicide drone|
|Ra'ad||Unmanned aerial vehicle||+||Iran||With offensive capabilities|
|Nazir||Unmanned aerial vehicle||+||Iran|||
|Hod Hod||Unmanned aerial vehicle||+||Iran|||
|Saegheh 1||Target drone||90||Iran|||
|Saegheh 2||Unmanned combat aerial vehicle||50+||Iran||Based on, but smaller than and substantially different from, the Lockheed Martin RQ-170 Sentinel|
|MQM-107||Target drone||180||United States|||
|Yasir||Unmanned aerial vehicle||Hundreds||2013||Iran||In November 2013 a Yasir UAV was shown flying over Damascus, Syria in support of Syrian Arab Army forces fighting against rebels.|
|Shahed 129||Unmanned combat aerial vehicle||21||Iran||On April 10, 2014, rebels in Syria recorded a UAV resembling a Shahed 129 flying over Eastern Ghouta, Damascus|
|Hamaseh||Unmanned aerial vehicle||30||Iran||A medium-range drone, capable of carrying air to ground missiles|
|H-110 Sarir||Unmanned combat aerial vehicle||10+||Iran||Capable of carrying air-to-air missiles|
|Fotros||Unmanned combat aerial vehicle||?||Iran||Unmanned combat aerial vehicle with range of 2000 km, flight ceiling of 25000 ft and 16–30 hours flight endurance, armed with missiles.|
|Simorgh||Unmanned combat aerial vehicle||?||Iran||Full-size copy of the American RQ-170 UAV|
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