The 9K115-2 Metis-M is a Russian anti-tank missile system. "9K115-2" is the GRAU designation of the missile system. Its NATO reporting name is AT-13 Saxhorn-2. The system is designed to augment the combat power of company-level motorized units.
Anti-tank missile Metis-M1
|Place of origin||Russia|
|Used by||See Operators|
2006 Lebanon War|
Syrian Civil War
Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
|Manufacturer||KBP Instrument Design Bureau|
HEAT tandem warhead, Armor penetration behind ERA:|
800 mm (Metis-M)
900-950 mm (Metis-M1)
thermobaric anti-personnel/anti-material warhead is also available
1.5 km (Metis-M)|
0.08 - 2 km (Metis-M1)
|SACLOS wire-guided missile|
The Metis-M system adds to the usual positive qualities of a man-portable anti-tank guided missile with significant improvements in range, accuracy and lethality. Owing to the small dimensions and light weight of its components, this manportable system can be carried by its crew in compact packs over any distance and over a wide variety of terrain types, including stream crossing. The three-man crew carries personal weapons and an ammunition load of five missiles. One crew member carries a pack with a missile-loaded launcher, which considerably reduces the time of fire preparation and allows the crew to engage targets whilst moving. In the event of sudden appearance of a target, the operator can fire from the shoulder with the launcher rested against a local object. The two other crew members each carry a pack with two missiles.
The Metis-M ATGM system has a semi-automatic missile guidance, with commands transmitted over a wire link. The guidance system is constructed so that the most sophisticated and costly components, such as a gyroscopic coordinator, electronic units and an onboard battery, are excluded from the missile.
- changes from the traveling to the firing position—and vice versa—in 15 – 20 seconds;
- firing rate of 3 - 4 rounds per minute;
- fired from organized and deployed sites in the prone and standing foxhole positions, as well as from combat vehicles;
- can be shipped by any type of transport and can be air-dropped.
The Metis-M system comprises:
- combat assets;
- maintenance facilities;
- training aids.
The combat assets of the Metis-M system include:
In November 2015, Russia revealed it was formalizing the introduction of the upgraded Metis-M1 anti-tank missile system. The new version has greater range, more armor penetration of 900–950 mm (35–37 in), and reduced weight. It is designed to destroy main battle tanks with Active Protection Systems and Explosive Reactive Armor(ERA), light armored vehicles, fortifications, and other targets in day or night and in any weather condition. The system entered service on March 2, 2016.
According to accounts by the Israel Defense Forces concerning weapons seized from Hezbollah and from journalists' accounts from Lebanon, the Metis-M was used successfully by Hezbollah fighters during the 2006 Lebanon war against Merkava tanks. Russia released a press statement disputing the claim that it had been supplying modern anti-tank weapons to Hezbollah; the Israelis' original claim, however, was in fact that Russian weapons that had been sold to Syria, which in turn smuggled the weapons to Hezbollah. Israel has sent a team of officials to Moscow to show the Russians the evidence of what they say can only be Syrian weapons transfers. To date, Russia has not commented on the weapon proliferation, although it has moved to tighten control over the use of Russian-made weapons by the importing states.
On 7 March 2012, Free Syrian Army fighters used a 9K115-2 Metis-M anti-tank guided missile to hit a derelict Syrian Air Force MiG-23MS. Later during the Syrian Civil War, its use became widespread. Insurgents used it with great success, together with other ATGMs, against different targets, including tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, trucks and firing posts with many videos uploaded on to the internet. Initially, Metis missiles originated from looted Syrian army depots, while later external suppliers could have been involved.
It was confirmed that Bulgaria have sold 6 sets of 9K115-2 Metis via United States to Syrian Rebels.
- "Bataille de Palmyre: les djihadistes de Daech infligent un revers cinglant à l'armée de Bachar al-Assad". France-Soir (in French). 13 December 2016.
- "Etat islamique: comment les djihadistes emploient les missiles antichars pour appuyer leurs offensives". France-Soir (in French). 4 May 2017.
- Metis - Military-Today.com
- "anti-tank system METIS M-1 (противотанковый комплекс Метис - М1)". YouTube. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- http://www.kbptula.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=27%3Ametis-m1&catid=1%3A2011-01-14-06-08-02&Itemid=393&lang=en Retrieved December 26, 2013
- Administrator. "Russian armed forces to receive Kornet-M and 9K115 Metis-M1 anti-tank-guided missiles TASS 12605161 - weapons defence industry military technology UK - analysis focus army defence military industry army". www.armyrecognition.com.
- Administrator. "Metis-M1 9K115-2 anti-tank guided missile ATGM technical data sheet specifications pictures video 10912156". www.armyrecognition.com.
- Russian Armed Forces could receive new Metis-M1 anti-tank guided missile system - Armyrecognition.com, 24 November 2015
- "ОАО «Конструкторское бюро приборостроения» - Метис-М1 на вооружении". www.kbptula.ru.
- TulaKirill (21 August 2010). "anti-tank system METIS M-1 (противотанковый комплекс Метис - М1)" – via YouTube.
- "Defense Update - Assessing the Assessing Hezbollah anti-armour tactics and weapons - by David Eshel". Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Russia denies sending anti-tank weapons to Hizbollah - ministry - rian.ru". Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Tough lessons for Israeli armour - BBC". Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- Oryx. "Oryx Blog". Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- Binnie, Jeremy (23 September 2015). "Analysis: UN document shows US bought 610 Fagot missiles". Archived from the original on 1 December 2015.
- Old missiles not so old after all[permanent dead link] - Russia Today, October 12, 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2013-01-09.
- "Russia's defense talks with Egypt part of regional arms drive". UPI. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- Russia and Egypt complete $2 billion arms deal[permanent dead link]
- "Armament of the Georgian Army". Georgian Army. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- Small Arms Survey (2015). "Trade Update: After the 'Arab Spring'" (PDF). Small Arms Survey 2015: weapons and the world (PDF). Cambridge University Press. p. 107.
- "The Saudi-UAE War Effort in Yemen (Part 1): Operation Golden Arrow in Aden". www.washingtoninstitute.org.
- "YouTube". www.youtube.com.
- News Of Yemen (21 November 2015). "Taiz:Watch Saudi & UAE armoured vehicles are sitting ducks for Houthi/Yemeni army anti-tank missiles" – via YouTube.
- "YouTube". www.youtube.com.
- Russia's Arms Catalog 2004