Elizabeth Florence Emanuel (née Weiner, born 5 July 1953) is a British fashion designer who is best known for designing, with her former husband David Emanuel, the wedding dress worn by Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1981. Since then Elizabeth developed her own label, worked in costume design for airlines, cinema, pop video and television productions, as well as providing a couture service to some of the world's most famous women.
Elizabeth Emanuel at her Maida Vale studio in 2011
5 July 1953
|Education||Royal College of Art|
Born in London to an American father Samuel Charles (Buddy) Weiner and British mother Brahna Betty Weiner. Elizabeth was educated at the City of London School for Girls and then, upon leaving school, Elizabeth took a year's foundation course at the Harrow School of Art, followed by a three-year diploma course in Fashion Design.
At Harrow she met and married David Emanuel in 1976, and together they became the first married couple to be accepted by the Royal College of Art for a two-year master's degree in Fashion. Her first collection was sold exclusively at Browns.
Following the birth of their two children, Oliver and Eloise; in 1977 the couple launched their own fashion house, Emanuel Salon, in Brook Street, Mayfair. In 1979, they decided to close their ready–to–wear shop, so that they could concentrate on the couture (custom made) side of the business, and became a favourite designer of Lady Diana Spencer before her marriage.
In 1981, the couple were chosen to design the wedding dress of Lady Diana Spencer for her marriage to Charles, Prince of Wales. The dress—seen by over 700 million people worldwide—was made of ivory silk, pure taffeta and antique lace, with 10,000 pearls and sequins, and had a 25 ft train. Of the dress, Lisa Marsh writes in the Fashion Encyclopedia that "Creations by artists from Botticelli to Renoir and Degas were used as influences, as were photographs of some of the more romantic women in history. The garments seen on Greta Garbo in Camille, Vivien Leigh in Gone with the Wind, and Marlene Dietrich in The Scarlet Empress were all recreated to some degree."
A copy of the wedding dress was sold at auction in 2005 for £100,000, twice the original estimate. There was some controversy surrounding the auction. The dress' owners, Madame Tussauds, said that it had been made "in case of any hiccup or disaster", and that it had been tried on by Lady Diana Spencer the morning of her wedding. David Emanuel was quoted by the Western Mail, saying "To say it is a direct replica is untrue. There is no such thing. We did not make one. Diana categorically never tried this dress on, on her wedding day or at any other time, and to my knowledge never even saw it. It wasn't even made to her exact measurements, and we, of course, are the only ones who would know that." The copy of Diana's dress had been given to Madame Tussauds after the wedding in 1981 and was placed on display.
After the 1981 Royal Wedding the Emanuels designed a major part of the Princess of Wales' wardrobe for her Gulf Tour, and appeared with her in an Independent Television documentary entitled In Private - in Public. At this time both The Duchess of Kent and The Duchess of York also became patrons of the Salon.
In 1987 the Emanuel Shop was opened in Beauchamp Place, Knightsbridge, bringing the Emanuel’s’ previously exclusive clothing to the general public. The collections also sold at: Browns, Harrods and Harvey Nichols in London; Bergdorf Goodman, Saks, Henri Bendel, Barneys and Neiman Marcus in the United States.
In 1998 Richard Thompson (businessman) backed the Elizabeth Emanuel brand.
After the couple separated in 1990 and later divorced, Elizabeth retained the Brook Street studio and salon under her label Elizabeth Emanuel. In the same year, Elizabeth was commissioned by The Walt Disney Company, to design a gown for Snow White on the film's 60th anniversary.
In 1991, Elizabeth designed the complete range of Virgin Atlantic uniforms, luggage and accessories. She was also asked to design wedding outfits for Sir Richard Branson, Joan and their children for the couples wedding. Following this, Britannia Airways asked Elizabeth to design a brand new image and uniform for staff and cabin crew which was launched in April 1997. In 1995 Elizabeth designed the costumes for the full length period feature film, The Changeling, directed by Marcus Thompson and starring Ian Drury and Billy Connolly, which went on general release in 1999.
To be able to expand the business, in 1997 she went into partnership with Hamlet International. To enable them license new products, she assigned them her business and all its assets, and together, they formed a company called Elizabeth Emanuel Plc. But after it quickly went into administration, the assets and registered trade mark were sold to Frostprint, which changed its name to Elizabeth Emanuel International. Elizabeth left after one month, and shortly afterwards the registered trade mark was sold to Oakridge Trading, owned by Manchester businessman Shami Ahmed. After the pair fell out and Elizabeth went to court to reclaim her brand, as a result of huge public interest, the BBC filmed two 45 minute documentaries of her work over the course of two years, Frocky Horror Show and Blood on the Carpet. Elizabeth lost the case in a landmark hearing.
Contractually tied to either producing public work for a label that she did not own or singular commissions, Emanuel chose to concentrate on the latter. In October 1997 she was commissioned to produce the wedding dress for Estee Lauder's forthcoming international television campaign for the perfume Beautiful featuring Elizabeth Hurley. In July 1998 she was again commissioned by Estee Lauder for their Pleasures campaign, again featuring Elizabeth Hurley.
From 2001-2002 she worked as the designer for The Luxury Brand Group concentrating on the development of their newly acquired Norman Hartnell brand. In November 2003 Emanuel designed the costumes for a short film starring David Ginola, filmed in France and premièred at the Cannes Film Festival. In May 2004, she designed violinist Vanessa Mae’s outfit and her dancers’ costumes for the Classic Brit Awards at the Royal Albert Hall. Emanuel created costumes with Mike Batt for his musical The Hunting of the Snark first performed at The Albert Hall.
She designed for the Ballet Rambert and for Robert North's Fabrications by the London Contemporary Dance Theatre. She also designed the costumes for Wayne Eagling’s production Frankenstein, The Modern Prometheus.
Art of BeingEdit
In August 2005 she opened her new studio in Little Venice, and the launch of her new label Art Of Being.
In February 2007 Elizabeth completed a multi-feature DVD called Metamorphosis, one of the wedding dresses from which features in the film Outlaw directed by Nick Love. In the credits, Elizabeth’s name and the Art of Being brand are both mentioned. In February 2008 Elizabeth designed a range of wedding gowns for high street department store chain British Home Stores, and also started creating pieces for both ITV's the X Factor and Britain's Next Top Model.
In 2010, Elizabeth formally launched new label Art of Being, which she described as being styled around "the faded grandeur and decadence of Venice at the turn of the century". In a quest for finance to expand the business, she engaged with "Lord" Edward Davenport's finance company Gresham Ltd. After Emanuel deposited £20,000 in approval and due diligence fees, Davenport withdrew the companies offer of a £1 million loan. Davenport was subsequently jailed in September 2011 for his part in a £4.5 million advanced-fee fraud.
- 1983: A Style for All Seasons - A coffee table book tracking the Emanuel glamour through the seasons of the year and was commissioned by Pavilion Books and published in 1983
- 2006, A Dress for Diana - Co-written by David Emanuel was published by Anova/Pavilion in the UK and distributed by Harper Collins in the US.
- "Mrs Elizabeth Emanuel". Debrett's People of Today. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- United Press International (28 July 1981). "Emanuel's style suited to future queen's figure". The Bulletin. Oregon. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- James Melik (16 February 2011). "Royal wedding: Diana's designers on how the dream faded". BBC World Service. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- "David Emanuel and Elizabeth". Fashion Encyclopedia website. Advameg, Inc. 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2008.
- "Seamus Lyte Management Ltd — Television Agent $who". Seamus Lyte Management Ltd website. Media Wales Ltd. 2004. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 21 November 2008.
- "Michele Hewitson interview: Elizabeth Emanuel". New Zealand Herald. 22 October 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- "BBC — Wales — David Emanuel". BBC Wales website. BBC Wales. 2008. Archived from the original on 21 October 2007. Retrieved 22 November 2008.
- "David Emanuel Biography". Beketex Brides website. Beketex Brides. 2008. Archived from the original on 25 October 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008.
- "2008 April >> The Junction". The Junction website. The Junction. 4 April 2008. Archived from the original on 18 November 2010. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
- "Diana's copy wedding dress goes under the hammer for £100,000". WalesOnline website. Media Wales Ltd. 8 December 2005. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2008.
- "David Emanuel". Bridal Network website. Bridal Network Inc. 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2008.
- Lindsey Wrenn and Lee Curtis (16 November 2006). "The Right to a Designer's Name - Elizabeth Emanuel". IP Frontline, IP & Technology Magazine. Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2011.
- Benedict Moore-Bridger (5 October 2011). "He's mean and horrible, says deceived designer". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- Paul Cheston (5 October 2011). "Davenport conned stars out of life savings in £4m loans scam". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- Little Black Dress Collection Archived 17 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine