Elisa Oyj is a Finnish telecommunications company founded in 1882. Its previous names were Helsingin Puhelin (until July 2000) and Elisa Communication Oyj (until 2003). Elisa is a telecommunications, ICT and online service company operating mainly in Finland and Estonia, but it is also offering digital services are for international markets. It has over 6.2 million consumer, corporate and public administration organisation subscriptions. In Finland Elisa is the market leader in mobile and fixed network subscriptions while in Estonia it is the second largest operator. Elisa provides environmentally sustainable services for communication and entertainment, and tools for improving operating methods and productivity of organisations. It is cooperating with Vodafone and Telenor. Elisa offers fixed and mobile subscriptions and broadband subscriptions under Elisa and Elisa Saunalahti brands. Other services include cable-tv-subscriptions. Elisa's new digital services are among others Elisa Viihde, Elisa Kirja, Elisa Videra, Elisa Automate and Elisa Smart Factory.
|Traded as||Nasdaq Helsinki: ELISA|
(as HPY HTF)
|Products||Retail and wholesale fixed-line and mobile telecommunications services, internet services|
|Revenue||€1.83 billion (2018)|
|€404 million (2018)|
|€381 million (2018)|
|Total assets||€2.533 billion (2016)|
|Total equity||€971 million (2016)|
Number of employees
|4,800 (31 January 2018)|
|Footnotes / references|
|Primary ASN||6667 (international), 719 (finland internal)|
Elisa reports its performance in two segments: Consumer Customers and Corporate Customers. The company operates nationwide and has employees also internationally. Elisa’s CEO has been from 1 July 2003 Veli-Matti Mattila who is one of the longest serving CEO’s of listed companies in Finland.
Board of directorsEdit
Elisa has approximately 186,000 shareholders, of which approximately 55 per cent are Finnish households and institutions. Largest shareholders are Finnish national institutions (Solidium Oy, Varma, Ilmarinen, City Councils of Helsinki, State Pension Fund, Elo).
In the spring 2019 Elisa's subsidiaries in Finland were
- Elisa Videra Oy, Video Conferencing Operator
- Elisa Santa Monica Oy, IT services company
- Enia Oy, Telesales company
- Fenix Solutions Oy, IT services company
- Fonum Oy, Device service company
- Kepit Systems Oy, Streaming services company
- Sulake Prepaid Oy
- Watson Nordic Oy, IPTV service company
In Estonia it had two subsidiaries:
- Elisa Eesti AS and
- cable and fixed broadband company called Elisa Teleteenused AS (Starman).
Partners and StartupsEdit
In 2015 Elisa founded a startup team to accelerate startup operations. Startups include e.g. Transfluent, Oura Health, OnePlus and Two Hat’s Community Sift. Elisa has organised "AI Co-creation Challenge" during the Slush event. In 2018 the winner of EUR 50,000 award was Lifemote.
Elisa was originally established on 31 January 1882 by the electrical engineer Daniel Wadén (fi; sv) as a telephone cooperative called the Helsinki Telephone Association (Finnish: Helsingin puhelinyhdistys, HPY, Swedish: Helsingfors telefonförening HTF). HPY began serving customers on 6 June 1882 by connecting 56 phone numbers; by 1884 the number of yearly calls surpassed one million.
HPY started expanding during the 1920s and 30s by merging with smaller cooperative telephone operators. In 1921, HPY and the over 400 other privately operated telephone cooperatives then existing in Finland formed the Puhelinlaitosten liitto ("Federation of Telephone Companies") consortium, which was renamed as Finnet (fi) in 1996. The company reached its current geographical operating field in 1958. HPY's original form of incorporation, a mutual association, was changed to a legal cooperative ("Helsingin puhelinosuuskunta") in 1995, listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange as Helsingin Puhelin Oyj in 1997, and then changed again to a joint-stock company under the name HPY Holding Oyj. HPY was eventually demutualised in 2000, and was renamed as Elisa Communications Oyj. Elisa Communications Oyj left the Finnet consortium in 2001, and would eventually unify all of its offerings under the Elisa branding in 2003–2004.
Investment company Novator Partners acquired a 10.4% stake in Elisa in 2005 through a share swap when Elisa bought the smaller operator Saunalahti, which had been mostly owned by Novator. Novator tried to revamp Elisa in December 2007, but was opposed by Finnish institutions such as Varma Mutual Pension Insurance Company. In October 2008, during the Icelandic financial crisis, Novator sold its entire stake in Elisa to Varma for 194 million euros (US$266 million), a price of €11.20 per share.
HPY Research Foundation was founded in 1999 to support research studies of telecommunications technology, studies closely related to telecommunications business or the use of telecommunications. Research studies should be in the areas of technological, economical or behavioural sciences and the level of post-graduate studies aiming to doctoral thesis or higher level studies. By 2018 the Foundation had granted a total of 1.048.710 EUR to mainly researches for their doctoral thesis in various universities. The Foundation library had 119 doctoral thesis. 
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- "Annual report 2018".
- "Operational model and subsidiaries". corporate.elisa.com. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
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