Illnau-Effretikon is a municipality in the district of Pfäffikon in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland. It includes the villages of Illnau, Effretikon, Ottikon and Bisikon. On 1 January 2016 Kyburg and Illnau-Effretikon merged to form the municipality of Illnau-Effretikon.
|• Executive||Stadtrat |
with 9 members
(as of March 2014)
|• Parliament||Grosser Gemeinderat |
with 36 members
|• Total||25.28 km2 (9.76 sq mi)|
|Elevation||516 m (1,693 ft)|
|• Density||680/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Localities||Illnau, Effretikon, Ottikon bei Kemptthal, Bisikon, Agasul, Bietenholz, Billikon, First, Horben, Kemleten, Luckhausen, Mesikon, Oberkempttal|
|Surrounded by||Fehraltorf, Kyburg, Lindau, Russikon, Volketswil, Weisslingen, Winterthur|
|Twin towns||Orlová (Czech Republic), Grossbottwar (Germany), Calanca, Mont-sur-Rolle |
Illnau-Effretikon is first mentioned in 745 as Illenavvia and Erpfratinchova. At first the name of the municipality was Illnau as that town used to be the political and economic center of the municipality. However, when the railway connection was built from Zurich to Winterthur in 1855, only the much smaller Effretikon was in a position to receive a railway station. Subsequently, the economic boom caused by the railway made Effretikon grow disproportionately until it had outgrown Illnau by the beginning of the 20th century. The name of the municipality was finally changed to Illnau-Effretikon in 1973. On 1 January 2016 the former municipality of Kyburg and Illnau-Effretikon merged to form the municipality of Illnau-Effretikon.
Before the 2016 merger, Illnau-Effretikon had an area of 25.3 km2 (9.8 sq mi). Of this area, 52.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 29.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 17.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In 1996[update] housing and buildings made up 10.8% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (6.4%). Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0.4% of the area. As of 2007[update] 12.5% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.
The municipality is located in the mid-Kempt valley. It consists of the villages of Illnau, Effretikon (including Rikon), Ottikon and Bisikon as well as the hamlets of Agasul, Bietenholz, portions of Billikon, First, Horben, Kemleten, Luckhausen, portions of Mesikon and Oberkempttal.
Illnau-Effretikon has a population (as of 31 December 2018) of 17,068. As of 2007[update], 20.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008[update] the gender distribution of the population was 49% male and 51% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (84.9%), with Italian being second most common ( 4.3%) and Albanian being third ( 2.1%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 20.1% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 66.7% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 13.2%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Illnau-Effretikon about 75.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 6702 households in Illnau-Effretikon.
Illnau-Effretikon has an unemployment rate of 3.24%. As of 2005[update], there were 293 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 73 businesses involved in this sector. 1610 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 156 businesses in this sector. 3148 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 488 businesses in this sector. As of 2007[update] 50% of the working population were employed full-time, and 50% were employed part-time.
As of 2008[update] there were 4085 Catholics and 6167 Protestants in Illnau-Effretikon. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census[update], 48.4% were some type of Protestant, with 45.1% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 3.3% belonging to other Protestant churches. 28.4% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 5.8% were Muslim, 8.4% belonged to another religion (not listed), 2.8% did not give a religion, and 11.2% were atheist or agnostic.
The historical population is given in the following table:
The municipality of Illnau-Effretikon is served by two railway stations. Effretikon railway station is on the Zurich to Winterthur main line and is served by Zürich S-Bahn routes S2, S3, S7, S8, S19 and S24. Illnau railway station is on the Effretikon to Hinwil line and is served by S3 and S19.
- "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Ratsausflug 2016". ilef.ch (in German). Illnau-Effretikon. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
- "Adieu Kyburg!" (in German). kyburg.ch. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz" (in German). bfs.admin.ch. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Illnau-Effretikon in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 11-Aug-2009
- Statistics Zurich (in German) accessed 4 August 2009
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 23 September 2019
- "S-Bahn trains, buses and boats" (PDF). ZVV. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 31, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
- IMDb Database retrieved 18 January 2019
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