Calanca

Calanca is a municipality in the Moesa Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Arvigo, Braggio, Cauco and Selma merged to form the new municipality of Calanca.[3]

Calanca
Stone bridge in Arvigo village in Calanca
Stone bridge in Arvigo village in Calanca
Coat of arms of Calanca
Location of Calanca
Calanca is located in Switzerland
Calanca
Calanca
Calanca is located in Canton of Graubünden
Calanca
Calanca
Coordinates: 46°18′N 9°7′E / 46.300°N 9.117°E / 46.300; 9.117Coordinates: 46°18′N 9°7′E / 46.300°N 9.117°E / 46.300; 9.117
CountrySwitzerland
CantonGraubünden
DistrictMoesa
Area
 • Total37.72 km2 (14.56 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total199
 • Density5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
6543-6546
SFOS number3837
Surrounded byBuseno, Santa Maria in Calanca
Websitehttp://www.comunedicalanca.ch
SFSO statistics

HistoryEdit

Arvigo is first mentioned in 1453 as Arvicho.[4]

Braggio is first mentioned in 1419 as Bragio. It was part of the old municipality of Calanca until 1851 when it became an independent municipality.[5]

The church at Cauco is first mentioned in 1497. The village was part of the Squadra di Calanca until 1851 when it became an independent municipality.[6]

The village that became Selma was part of the Squadra di Calanca until 1796. Between 1796 and 1851 it was part of the Calanca interiore municipality. It was first called Selma in 1812, but it wasn't until 1851 that it became an independent political municipality.[7]

GeographyEdit

 
Bodio village and surrounding mountains in Calanca

Based on the 2009 survey, the former municipalities that make up Calanca had an area of 37.72 km2 (14.56 sq mi).[8] Of this area, 3.83 km2 (1.48 sq mi) or 10.2% was used for agricultural purposes, while 21.69 km2 (8.37 sq mi) or 57.5% was forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.75 km2 (0.29 sq mi) or 2.0% was settled (buildings or roads), 0.39 km2 (0.15 sq mi) or 1.0% was either rivers or lakes and 11.01 km2 (4.25 sq mi) or 29.2% was unproductive land.[9] Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 0.7% and transportation infrastructure made up 0.7%. Out of the forested land, 48.7% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3.5% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 3.4% is pastures and 6.8% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water. Of the unproductive areas, 12.7% is unproductive vegetation and 16.5% is too rocky for vegetation.[9]

DemographicsEdit

 
Selma village and cable car

The total population of Calanca (as of December 2020) is 201.[10]

Historic populationEdit

The historical population is given in the following chart:[11]

SightsEdit

 
Landarenca village and surrounding hiking trails

The villages of Landarenca, Braggio and Bodio / Cauco are all part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[12]

WeatherEdit

Braggio has an average of 97.4 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,645 mm (64.8 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is May during which time Braggio receives an average of 204 mm (8.0 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12 days. The driest month of the year is December with an average of 55 mm (2.2 in) of precipitation over 12 days.[13]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Roger Sablonier (1941–2010), Swiss historian and writer, University of Zürich faculty

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 2 January 2013
  4. ^ Arvigo in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Braggio in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ Cauco in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  7. ^ Selma in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  8. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  9. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 15 January 2015
  10. ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  11. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived March 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  12. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  13. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the weather station elevation is 1315 meters above sea level.

External linksEdit