Edward Goulding, 1st Baron Wargrave

Edward Alfred Goulding, 1st Baron Wargrave PC JP DL (5 November 1862 – 17 July 1936),[1][2] known as Sir Edward Goulding, Bt, between 1915 and 1922, was a British barrister, businessman and Conservative Party politician. He sat in the House of Commons between 1895 and 1922, before being ennobled and taking his seat in the House of Lords.

Goulding in 1895.

Background and educationEdit

Goulding was the son of William Goulding by his second wife Maria Heath Manders, daughter of Edward Manders, of Dublin, Ireland. Sir William Goulding, 1st Baronet, was his elder brother. He was born in Ireland and educated at Clifton College and St John's College, Cambridge, and was called to the Bar, Inner Temple, in 1887.[3]

Political careerEdit

Goulding was elected at the 1895 general election as the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Devizes division of Wiltshire.[4] He was re-elected in 1900,[5] and held the seat until the 1906 general election,[6] when he stood unsuccessfully in Finsbury Central.[7]

He returned to Parliament two years later, when he was elected as MP for the borough of Worcester at by-election in February 1908,[8] a seat which had been left vacant for two years after a Royal Commission concluded in 1906 that there had been extensive corruption in the borough at the 1906 general election.[7] He was re-elected in Worcester at both the January[9] and December 1910 elections,[10] and was returned as a Coalition Unionist in 1918.[11] He was created a Baronet, of Wargrave Hall in the County of Berks, in 1915[12] and sworn of the Privy Council in 1918.[13] He stood down from the Commons at the 1922 general election,[2][11] and was ennobled as Baron Wargrave, of Wargrave Hall in the County of Berks.[14] Apart from his political career he was also chairman of Rolls-Royce Limited.[3] He was Chairman of London Associated Electricity Undertakings Limited from 1935-6.[15]

Personal lifeEdit

Lord Wargrave lived at Wargrave Hall in Berkshire and the then Shiplake Court in Oxfordshire. He died childless in July 1936, aged 73. The baronetcy and barony died with him.[3]

ArmsEdit

Coat of arms of Edward Goulding, 1st Baron Wargrave
Crest
A dexter hand apaumee and couped at the wrist encircled with a chaplet of oak fructed bendwise and transfixed with an arrow bendwise sinisterwise all Proper.
Escutcheon
Argent a griffin segreant within an orle of martlets Sable.
Supporters
On either side a swan Proper charged with a cross-flory Or.
Motto
Virtute Valorz (By Virtue And Valour) [16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
  2. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 2)
  3. ^ a b c thepeerage.com Sir Edward Alfred Goulding, 1st and last Baron Wargrave
  4. ^ "No. 26651". The London Gazette. 9 August 1895. p. 4486.
  5. ^ "No. 27244". The London Gazette. 6 November 1900. p. 6775.
  6. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 416. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
  7. ^ a b Craig, British parliamentary election results 1885–1918, page 13
  8. ^ "No. 28108". The London Gazette. 11 February 1908. p. 969.
  9. ^ "No. 28338". The London Gazette. 11 February 1910. p. 1037.
  10. ^ "No. 28449". The London Gazette. 23 December 1910. p. 9557.
  11. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 284. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  12. ^ "No. 29242". The London Gazette. 27 July 1915. p. 7321.
  13. ^ "No. 30764". The London Gazette. 25 June 1918. p. 7461.
  14. ^ "No. 32776". The London Gazette. 12 December 1922. p. 8794.
  15. ^ "London Associated Electricity Undertakings Limited". The Times. 24 March 1937. p. 26.
  16. ^ Debrett's Peerage. 1936.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Devizes
18951906
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Worcester
19081922
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Oldest Member of Parliament
1921–1922
Succeeded by
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Wargrave Hall)
1915 – 1936
Extinct
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Wargrave
1922 – 1936
Extinct