Eastern Promises

Eastern Promises is a 2007 gangster film directed by David Cronenberg, from a screenplay written by Steven Knight. The film stars Viggo Mortensen, Naomi Watts, Vincent Cassel, Sinéad Cusack and Armin Mueller-Stahl. It tells a story of a Russian-British midwife, Anna (Watts), who delivers the baby of a drug-addicted 14-year old Russian prostitute who dies in childbirth. After Anna learns that the teen was forced into prostitution by the Russian Mafia in London, the leader of the Russian gangsters (Mueller-Stahl) threatens the baby's life to keep Anna from telling the police about their sex trafficking ring. As Anna tries to protect the baby, she is enmeshed deeper into the criminal underworld, and she is threatened by the Mafia leader's son (Cassel) and warned off by the son's strong-arm man (Mortensen).

Eastern Promises
Eastern Promises poster.png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byDavid Cronenberg
Produced by
Screenplay bySteve Knight
Music byHoward Shore
CinematographyPeter Suschitzky
Edited byRonald Sanders
Distributed byFocus Features
Release date
  • September 8, 2007 (2007-09-08) (Toronto)
  • September 14, 2007 (2007-09-14) (North America)
  • October 26, 2007 (2007-10-26) (United Kingdom)
Running time
101 minutes[1]
CountriesUnited Kingdom
Budget$50 million[3]
Box office$56.1 million[4]

Principal photography began in November 2006, in locations in and around London. The film has been noted for its plot twist, the subject of sex trafficking, and for its violence and realistic depiction of Russian career criminals, which includes detailed portrayal of the tattoos which indicate their crimes and criminal status. Eastern Promises received positive critical reception, appearing on several critics' "top 10 films" lists for 2007. The film has won several awards, including the Audience Prize for best film at the Toronto International Film Festival and the Best Actor award for Mortensen at the British Independent Film Awards. The film received twelve Genie Award nominations and three Golden Globe Award nominations. Mortensen was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor.


Anna Khitrova, a British-Russian midwife at a London hospital, finds a Russian-language diary on the body of Tatiana, a 14-year-old girl who dies in childbirth. She also finds a card for the Trans-Siberian Restaurant, which is owned by Semyon, an old vor in the Russian mafia. Anna sets out to track down the girl's family so that she can find a home for the baby girl, and meets with Semyon, who offers to help. Anna's mother Helen does not discourage her, but Anna's Russian uncle Stepan, who claims he is a former KGB officer, urges caution, saying that Tatiana was a prostitute. Anna gives Semyon a photocopy of the diary.

Semyon's driver, Nikolai Luzhin, serves as the family "cleaner" and protector of Kirill, Semyon's wayward son. Kirill, a drunk who repeatedly disappoints Semyon, authorizes an ill-advised hit on a rival Chechen vory leader with the help of a Kurdish associate, Azim, and without Semyon's approval. Kirill spits on the dead Chechen's body, calling him a pederast, but Nikolai later tells Semyon that the Chechen had been spreading rumors that Kirill was gay. Nikolai removes identifying evidence from the Chechen's body and dumps it in the River Thames.

When Stepan finishes translating Tatiana's diary, Anna learns that Semyon raped Tatiana after his son Kirill failed to do so, explaining that he would show Kirill how to "break" her. Though Kirill's real sexuality remains ambiguous throughout the film, the story mirrors a scene in which Kirill orders Nikolai to have sex with one of his father's prostitutes while Kirill watches, to prove Nikolai is not gay. Tatiana's diary states that Semyon gave her pills to induce an abortion, and Anna realizes that the baby was fathered by Semyon.

Semyon, who has read the photocopied diary, knows that Anna has learned the truth about the baby and arrives threateningly in her hospital. He suggests a deal whereby he will give the location of the girl's family to Anna if she returns the diary. Anna, Helen and Stepan meet Nikolai in a fast food restaurant, where Nikolai takes the diary but denies knowing anything about the deal. Stepan follows him out of the restaurant and spits in Nikolai's face. Semyon orders Nikolai to kill Stepan, saying a Russian cannot be trusted with this information, and Stepan soon goes missing.

As Nikolai rises within the vory, Semyon sponsors him as a full member, due in part to Nikolai's protection of Kirill. Nikolai receives star tattoos denoting his rank. Meanwhile, the dead Chechen's brothers arrive in London, seeking vengeance, and kill Azim's mentally handicapped nephew, whom Azim had forced to kill the Chechen. Azim confesses his role in the hit to Semyon, and Semyon forgives him in exchange for participating in a plan to fool the Chechens. Learning from Azim that the Chechens do not know what Kirill looks like, Semyon uses Azim to lure Nikolai into a meeting at a bath house where he will be ambushed by the Chechens, who are told by Azim that he is Kirill. The Chechens attack, using linoleum knives, but Nikolai kills them both after a brutal fight, ending up in Anna's hospital with severe wounds.

Yuri, a high-ranking Scotland Yard officer with responsibility for the Russian mafia, meets Nikolai in the hospital, where it is revealed that Nikolai is actually an FSB agent who has infiltrated the mafia, working under license from the British government. Nikolai tells Yuri to have Semyon arrested for statutory rape, with a paternity test of Tatiana's baby as evidence, which will also allow Nikolai to ascend within the mafia. Anna confronts Nikolai in his hospital bed, and he tells her that Stepan is safe, in a 5-star hotel in Edinburgh where Nikolai sent him for his own protection. Later, she spots Kirill in an elevator and finds that Tatiana's baby is gone, replaced with a bouquet of roses. She and Nikolai rush to the spot on the Thames where Nikolai had previously disposed of the Chechen's body and find Kirill sitting by the river, working up the courage to throw the baby in. Nikolai and Anna persuade him to give the baby back. Nikolai and Kirill embrace, and Nikolai tells Kirill that Semyon is finished, and they will now be bosses together. Nikolai succeeds Semyon as head of the organization and Anna gains custody of Tatiana's baby, whom she names Christine.




Shooting began in November 2006, and various scenes were filmed in St John Street, Farringdon, London. Filming also took place in Broadway Market, Hackney and in Brompton Cemetery in the London Borough of Kensington & Chelsea. The "Trans-Siberian Restaurant" is located in The Farmiloe Building,[5] 34 St John Street, next to Smithfield Market. This is the 6th most popular film and TV location in London,[6] having also been used for Spooks, Penelope and Batman Begins.[7] When Anna, her mother Helen, and her uncle Stepan meet Nikolai at a fast food restaurant, this was filmed in Bermondsey, south-east London at a Wimpy bar.

The entrance to the "Ankara Social Club" of the film is actually the front door of a residential flat. The Broadway Market hair dresser known as "Broadway Gents Hairstylist" was changed to "Azim's Hair Salon", where in the film one of the Russians is murdered. The owner Mr. Ismail Yesiloglu decided to keep most of the shop front after filming. In the original script, the name was "Ozim's Hair Salon", but it was later changed to "Azim's" as there is no such name as Ozim in Turkish. The "Trafalgar Hospital" is actually the Middlesex Hospital, a hospital in the Fitzrovia area of London, which closed to patients in December 2005. The building in central London, which was knocked down in 2008, had the inscription 'Trafalgar Hospital', matching the style and apparent age of the old Middlesex Hospital, inserted into the legend above the main door. The fight scene in the Turkish Baths was filmed on a custom set[8] based on the Ironmonger Row Baths in Islington.

Eastern Promises was David Cronenberg's first film to be shot entirely outside Canada.


Viggo Mortensen studied Russian gangsters and their tattoos. Mortensen spent a lot of time with a Russian Mafia specialist, Gilly McKenzie (organised crime specialist for the UN) and also consulted a documentary on the subject called The Mark of Cain (2000).[9] The tattoos that he wore, according to the New York Daily News, were so realistic that diners in a Russian restaurant in London fell silent out of fear, until Mortensen revealed his identity and admitted the tattoos were for a film.[10] From that day on he washed off his tattoos whenever he went off the set. Mortensen said of the significance of the tattoos:

I talked to them [authentic gangsters and Gilly McKenzie] about what they meant and where they were on the body, what that said about where they'd been, what their specialties were, what their ethnic and geographical affiliations were. Basically their history, their calling card, is their body.[11]

The crucifix on his chest was once believed to be inappropriate for a mob chauffeur, but it is accurate because during his vor ceremony it is discovered that he was a thief and left his regular life behind at 15.[citation needed]


Consistent with the trademark violence in much of Cronenberg's work, Eastern Promises features a graphically violent fight scene in a steam bath where the combatants wield linoleum knives. When asked in an interview about the difference between "gun violence" and "knife violence," Cronenberg replied, "We have no guns in this movie. There were no guns in the script. The choice of those curved knives we use in the steam bath was mine. They're not some kind of exotic Turkish knives, they're linoleum knives. I felt that these guys could walk around in the streets with these knives, and if they were ever caught, they could say 'we're linoleum cutters'."[12]

Director's commentaryEdit

Adam Nayman of Eye Weekly reported that director Cronenberg said "just don't give the plot away" and Nayman wrote "his request is understandable." Nayman said "there is one scene – the in-depth discussion of which prompted the director's anti-spoiler request referenced at the top of this story – that should rank not only in his personal pantheon of spectacularly deployed gore but among the most exhilaratingly visceral patches of cinema, period, full stop."[13] Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert noted Cronenberg's quote and agreed, saying: "He is correct that it would be fatal, because this is not a movie of what or how, but of why. And for a long time you don't see the why coming."[14]


The film premiered September 8, 2007 at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival[15] where it won the Audience Prize for best film on September 15, 2007.[16] Eastern Promises opened in limited release in Russia on September 13, 2007.[15]

In the United States and Canada, the film opened in limited release in 15 theaters on September 14, 2007 and grossed $547,092 — averaging $36,472 per theater.[17] The film opened in wide release in the United States and Canada on September 21, 2007 (expanding to 1,404 theaters) and ranked #5 at the box office, grossing $5,659,133 — an average of $4,030 per theater.[17] The film has grossed $56,106,607 worldwide as of March 17, 2019 — $17,266,000 in the United States and Canada and $38,840,607 in other territories.[4]

The film took part in competition at the San Sebastian Film Festival September 20, 2007.[citation needed] The film was shown at the London Film Festival on October 17, 2007 and was released in the United Kingdom on October 26, 2007.[15]


The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 89% based on 200 reviews, with an average rating 7.64/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "David Cronenberg triumphs again, showcasing the Viggo Mortensen's onscreen prowess in a daring performance. Bearing the trademarks of psychological drama and gritty violence, Eastern Promises is a very compelling crime story."[18] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 82 out of 100, based on 35 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[19]

Todd McCarthy of Variety,[20] David Elliott of The San Diego Union-Tribune,[21] and film critic Tony Medley noted the twists in the film.[22] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four out of four stars and wrote "Eastern Promises is no ordinary crime thriller, just as Cronenberg is no ordinary director", and said that "Cronenberg has moved film by film into the top rank of directors, and here he wisely reunites with Mortensen" who "digs so deeply into the role you may not recognize him at first." Ebert said the film has a fight scene that "sets the same kind of standard that The French Connection set for chases. Years from now, it will be referred to as a benchmark."[14]

J. Hoberman of The Village Voice said "I've said it before and hope to again: David Cronenberg is the most provocative, original, and consistently excellent North American director of his generation." Hoberman said the film is "directed with considerable formal intelligence and brooding power" and continues the trend of "murderous family dramas" seen in Spider and A History of Violence. Hoberman called the film "graphic but never gratuitous in its violence", "garish yet restrained", "a masterful mood piece", "deceptively generic" and said the film "suggests a naturalized version of the recent Russian horror flick Night Watch." When describing the cast, Hoberman said "Mueller-Stahl may be perfunctory ... but Vincent Cassel literally flings himself into [his role]" and "Mortensen is even more electrifying as Nikolai than in A History of Violence".[23]

Chris Vognar of The Dallas Morning News gave the film a "B+" and said "The film's genius performance belongs to the venerable Armin Mueller-Stahl, who plays the family head with a twinkling eye and an air of avuncular, Old World charm." Vognar wrote "Where some may see melodrama, Mr. Cronenberg locates timeless, elemental struggles between good and evil, right and wrong. But he makes sure to place a mysterious gray area front and center, personified here by Mr. Mortensen's Nikolai", writing "Nikolai Luzhin is ... like Ray Bradbury's Illustrated Man ... only more dangerous" and "scarily enigmatic." Vognar wrote that Eastern Promises shares themes of "ambiguous identity and rage-soaked duality" with A History of Violence and said both films "have a lock-step precision and both take a sly kind of joy in subverting genre expectations." Vognar said Eastern Promises "is a little too mechanical for its own good ... but the mechanics also produce an admirable crispness and sense of purpose, a sense that the man behind the camera knows exactly what he's doing at all times."[24]

Film Journal International critic Doris Toumarkine said the film is a "highly entertaining but sometimes revolting look at a particularly venal branch of the Russian mob." Toumarkine wrote that Mortensen and Watts "are intriguing moral counterpoints. They are also the key ingredients that make Eastern Promises a highly delectable and cinematically rich borsht that upscale film fans will devour." She described Mortensen's performance as "startling," called Watts "touching," Cassel "particularly delicious," but said "Mueller-Stahl, Cusack, and Skolimowski don't have as much to chew on." She said the film "is also blessed by Howard Shore's restrained score, which lets the film's other estimable elements breathe through." Toumarkine also said the film is "essentially a character-driven crime thriller but is also a bloody tour de force laced with considerable nudity and sexually bold content that will rattle the squeamish."[25]

Bruce Westbrook of the Houston Chronicle gave the film one star out of four and said it had a "contrived plot" and wrote "what it's really about, more than sensitivity for displaced people or social analyses, is violence — hideous, gruesome, over-the-top violence." Westbrook said "For Cronenberg, such cheap sensationalism is business as usual, and this far into his career, that business has slipped into artistic bankruptcy." Westbrook wrote the film "isn't about Russian gangs so much as Cronenberg's own dark passions not just for violence but excruciating carnage, which he brandishes mercilessly" and that the film was "a stifling descent into grim shock and disturbing awe."[26]

Awards and nominationsEdit

Eastern Promises won the Audience Prize for best film on September 15, 2007 at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival.[16] The film received three Golden Globe nominations for the 65th Golden Globe Awards, being nominated for Best Motion Picture - Drama, Best Original Score and a Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama nomination for Mortensen, but the film failed to win any.[27][28] The film was nominated in five different categories in the British Independent Film Awards for 2007, and won in one category, gaining a Best Performance by an Actor in a British Independent Film award for Mortensen.[29]

Mortensen was also nominated for Academy Award for Best Actor at the 80th Academy Awards,[30] but told the Associated Press: "If there's a strike I will not go." — a reference to the ongoing Writers Guild of America strike.[31] On February 12, 2008, the strike ended, and he attended the ceremony, although he lost the award to Daniel Day-Lewis for There Will Be Blood. Eastern Promises received twelve nominations at the 28th Genie Awards, tying with the film Shake Hands with the Devil for most nominations, and won seven, Best Supporting Actor (Mueller-Stahl), Screenplay, Cinematography, Editing, Musical Score, Overall Sound, Sound Editing.[32][33][34][35]

Top ten listsEdit

The film appeared on many critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2007.[36]


Speaking in August 2010, Cassel said that a sequel was discussed with Cronenberg whilst they were filming A Dangerous Method. Cassel suggested that the sequel will be filmed in Russia with Cassel and Mortensen reprising their roles.[38] In April 2012, producer Paul Webster told Screen International that a sequel was in the works, which would reunite director Cronenberg, writer Knight, and actor Mortensen. The film was said to be made by Webster's new production company Shoebox Films in collaboration with Focus Features and was to begin production in early 2013.[39] That August, however, Cronenberg stated that Eastern Promises 2 was "dead": "We were supposed to start shooting 'Eastern Promises 2' in October ... [But] It's done. If you don't like it talk to James Schamus at Focus. It was his decision."[40] On December 2, 2020, Knight revealed that the sequel became the upcoming separate Martin Zandvliet film Small Dark Look starring Jason Statham.[41]


  1. ^ "Eastern Promises". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  2. ^ "EASTERN PROMISES". BFI.org.uk. Archived from the original on September 25, 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  3. ^ "Eastern Promises". The-Numbers.com. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Eastern Promises (2007)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  5. ^ "Pictures of the Farmiloe Building at LocationWorks.com".[dead link]
  6. ^ "BA London Eye Tops List of London's Most Popular Film Locations". August 21, 2006.
  7. ^ "Location of the Month June 2005". FilmLondon.org.uk. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  8. ^ Per DVD commentary.
  9. ^ John Clark (September 9, 2007). "Viggo Mortensen digs into naked emotional turf". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 26, 2007.
  10. ^ Nanna Louise Teckemeier (January 18, 2007). "Viggo is frightening (original Danish title: Viggo er skræmmende)". Ekstra Bladet (in Danish). Retrieved September 26, 2007.
  11. ^ "Oscar acting nominees speak out". NyDailyNews.com. February 21, 2008. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
  12. ^ "Eastern Promises". Film Society Lincoln Center. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  13. ^ Adam Nayman (August 30, 2007). "INDELIBLE INK". Eye Weekly. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2007.
  14. ^ a b Roger Ebert (September 14, 2007). "Eastern Promises". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved October 22, 2007. "Just don't give the plot away," Cronenberg begged in that interview. He is correct that it would be fatal, because this is not a movie of what or how, but of why. And for a long time you don't see the why coming.
  15. ^ a b c "Eastern Promises (2007) – Release Info". IMDb. Amazon.com. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
  16. ^ a b Tamsen Tillson (September 16, 2007). "'Promises' wins best film in Toronto". Variety. Retrieved September 17, 2007.
  17. ^ a b "Eastern Promises (2007) – Weekend Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved September 26, 2007.
  18. ^ "Eastern Promises". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixter. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
  19. ^ "Eastern Promises". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 13, 2007.
  20. ^ Todd McCarthy (September 8, 2007). "Eastern Promises". Variety. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
  21. ^ David Elliott (September 13, 2007). "A history of violence". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved November 15, 2007.
  22. ^ Tony Medley. "Eastern Promises". TonyMedley.com. Retrieved November 15, 2007.
  23. ^ J. Hoberman (September 11, 2007). "Still Cronenberg". Village Voice. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
  24. ^ Chris Vognar (September 14, 2007). "Eastern Promises". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
  25. ^ Doris Toumarkine. "EASTERN PROMISES". Film Journal International. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
  26. ^ Bruce Westbrook (September 14, 2007). "Hideous, gruesome, over-the-top violence". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
  27. ^ "65th Golden Globe Awards Nominations & Winners". GoldenBlobes.org. Archived from the original on May 24, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  28. ^ "Hollywood Foreign Press Association 2008 Golden Globe Awards for the Year Ended December 31, 2007". GoldenGlobes.org. December 13, 2007. Archived from the original on December 14, 2007. Retrieved December 13, 2007.
  29. ^ "British Independent Film Awards 2007 nominations". British Independent Film Awards. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2008.
  30. ^ "80th Academy Awards nominations". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on January 23, 2008. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
  31. ^ Stephen M. Silverman (January 22, 2008). "Viggo Mortensen Won't Cross Oscar Picket Line". People. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
  32. ^ Maria Kubacki (January 29, 2008). "Violent mobsters, Alzheimer's and genocide: It's Canadian cinema!". National Post. Retrieved January 30, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  33. ^ Etan Vlessing (January 29, 2008). ""Promises," "Devil" each nab 12 Genie nominations". Reuters.com. Retrieved January 30, 2008.
  34. ^ "Eastern Promises and Shake hands With The Devil Lead in 2008 Genie Award Nominations" (PDF). Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television. January 28, 2008. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 20, 2009. Retrieved January 30, 2008.
  35. ^ "28th Genie Awards". Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television. Archived from the original on February 13, 2009. Retrieved January 30, 2008.
  36. ^ "Metacritic: 2007 Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on January 2, 2008. Retrieved January 4, 2008.
  37. ^ Travers, Peter (December 19, 2007). "Peter Travers' Best and Worst Movies of 2007" Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 20, 2007.
  38. ^ "Exclusive: Vincent Cassel Back for Eastern Promises 2". ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on August 28, 2010. Retrieved August 8, 2010.
  39. ^ "Paul Webster". Screen International. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  40. ^ Lyttleton, Oliver (August 14, 2012). "Exclusive: Focus Features Pull The Plug On David Cronenberg's 'Eastern Promises 2'". The Playlist. Archived from the original on August 17, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  41. ^ Sneider, Jeff (December 2, 2020). "Jason Statham to Star in Russian Mob Movie 'Small Dark Look' at Focus". Collider. Retrieved January 24, 2021.

External linksEdit