Duke of Windsor

Duke of Windsor was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 8 March 1937, for former King Edward VIII, following his abdication on 11 December 1936. The dukedom takes its name from the town where Windsor Castle, a residence of English monarchs since the time of Henry I, following the Norman Conquest, is situated. Windsor has been the house name of the royal family since 1917.

Dukedom of Windsor
Coat of Arms of Edward, Duke of Windsor.svg
Creation date8 March 1937
CreationFirst
MonarchGeorge VI
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderPrince Edward
Last holderPrince Edward
Remainder tothe 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titlesEarl of Edinburgh and Marquis of Cambridge
StatusExtinct

HistoryEdit

King Edward VIII abdicated on 11 December 1936, so that he could marry the American divorcée Wallis Simpson. At the time of the abdication, there was controversy as to how the former King should be titled. The new King George VI apparently brought up the idea of a title just after the abdication instrument was signed, and suggested using "the family name".[1] Neither the Instrument of Abdication signed by Edward VIII on 10 December 1936, nor its enabling legislation, His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936, indicated whether the king was renouncing the privileges of royal birth as well as relinquishing the throne.[2][3] On 12 December 1936, at the Accession Council of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, George VI announced he was to make his brother the "Duke of Windsor" with the style of Royal Highness.[4] That declaration is recorded in the London Gazette.[5] The Dukedom was formalised by Letters Patent on 8 March 1937. Edward, as a royal duke, could neither stand for election to the House of Commons nor speak on political subjects in the House of Lords.[6] On 3 June 1937, Edward married Wallis Simpson, who upon their marriage became the Duchess of Windsor. Following his abdication, Edward and Wallis lived in exile in Paris, France.

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince Edward
House of Windsor
1937–1972
  23 June 1894
White Lodge, Richmond
son of King George V and Queen Mary
Wallis Simpson
3 June 1937
28 May 1972
Villa Windsor, Paris
aged 77

See alsoEdit

Royal armsEdit

As the royal arms go hand-in-hand with the crown, the undifferentiated royal arms passed to George VI. It was and is common heraldic practice for the eldest son to differentiate his arms in his father's lifetime, but the Duke of Windsor was left in the unusual position of an eldest son needing to difference his arms after his father's death. This was done by means of a label argent of three points, bearing on the middle point an imperial crown proper.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ This version is recounted in the Duke's memoir A King's Story
  2. ^ "His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  3. ^ "His Majesty's Declaration Of Abdication Bill". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  4. ^ "No. 34349". The London Gazette. 12 December 1936. p. 8111.
  5. ^ "No. 34350". The London Gazette. 15 December 1936. p. 8115.
  6. ^ Clive Wigram's conversation with Sir Claud Schuster, Clerk to the Crown and Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellor quoted in Bradford, p. 201
  7. ^ Prothero, David (24 September 2002). "Flags of the Royal Family, United Kingdom". Archived from the original on 31 March 2020. Retrieved 2010-04-03.