Dots and Loops

Dots and Loops is the fifth studio album by English-French rock band Stereolab. It was released on 22 September 1997 and was issued by Duophonic Records and Elektra Records. The band co-produced the album with John McEntire and Andi Toma, and recording took place in Chicago and Düsseldorf. The album explores jazz and electronic sounds, and is influenced by bossa nova and 1960s pop music. Its lyrics address matters such as consumerism, the "spectacle", materialism, and human interaction.

Dots and Loops
Studio album by
Released22 September 1997 (1997-09-22)
RecordedMarch – April 1997
  • Idful Music Corporation (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Academy of St. Martin in the Street (Düsseldorf)
Stereolab chronology
Dots and Loops
Miss Modular
Singles from Dots and Loops
  1. "Miss Modular"
    Released: 1 September 1997

Dots and Loops reached number 19 on the UK Albums Chart, as well as number 111 on the Billboard 200 chart in the United States. The track "Miss Modular" was issued as a single and as an EP, and peaked at number 60 on the UK Singles Chart. Several music critics have praised Dots and Loops for its blend of accessible music with experimental and avant-garde sounds, and some have considered it to be one of the band's finest works. The album was reissued in 2019 with bonus material.

Background and recordingEdit

Seven of the ten tracks on Dots and Loops were recorded by Stereolab in March 1997 at the Chicago studio Idful Music Corporation with John McEntire, who also produced and mixed the tracks with the band.[1] The remaining three tracks – "The Flower Called Nowhere", "Prisoner of Mars", and "Contronatura" – were recorded the following month at Academy of St. Martin in the Street in Düsseldorf, this time with co-production, co-mixing, and engineering duties overseen by Andi Toma.[1] Additional engineering was undertaken by Max Stamm and Toma's Mouse on Mars bandmate Jan St. Werner.[1] Stereolab recorded the song "I Feel the Air (Of Another Planet)" for the album, but it was not mixed in time for the mastering process and instead appeared on the band's 2000 EP The First of the Microbe Hunters.[2]

The album's title references Norman McLaren's 1940 animated short films Dots and Loops.[3]

Musical styleEdit

According to AllMusic critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine, Dots and Loops is primarily influenced by bossa nova and 1960s pop music.[4] Barney Hoskyns of Rolling Stone found that the album continued Stereolab's progression towards a lighter sound that he termed "avant-easy listening",[5] while Michelle Goldberg of Metro referred to it as the band's "lounge apotheosis".[6] Treble writer Jeff Terich noted the "more lush" quality of the music on Dots and Loops compared to Stereolab's previous work, characterising it as "gorgeously orchestrated" art pop.[7]

Erlewine observed that Stereolab "concentrated on layered compositions" on Dots and Loops.[4] He described the band's interplay on the album as edging "closer to jazz than rock, exploring all of the possibilities of any melodic phrase."[4] Alex Hudson of Exclaim! wrote that "if there's any krautrock to be found here, it's not the motorik pulse of Neu! but the freaky, funky jazz exploration of Can."[8] Pitchfork's Eric Harvey said that Dots and Loops exemplified the "recombinant pop" aesthetic that arose in the 1990s, which saw rock musicians embracing the "looped, sampled and collaged" production techniques of electronic and hip hop music.[9] The album frequently makes use of 5
time signatures, including on the tracks "Diagonals", "Rainbo Conversation", and "Parsec".[9]


According to Sophie Kemp of Vice, Dots and Loops is informed by Stereolab's "ideology" of "tackling both despotism and exploring the artistic boundaries of living by capitalism", with the album seeing the band's chief lyricist Lætitia Sadier commenting on "different fears about the world in every track".[10] Kemp found that these themes are complemented by the album's "sprightly spirit", interpreting the "serene" quality of the music as "a very topical critique on the numbness of society and how the more comfortable we get with capitalism, the more jaded we become to pain and suffering."[10]

Eric Harvey suggested that the song "Brakhage" concerns both "consumerist desire" and "the sheer amount of studio gadgets required to make the album itself."[9] Stewart Mason of AllMusic said that the lyrics of "Miss Modular" "sound influenced by the Situationist theory of the 'spectacle'".[11] "The Flower Called Nowhere" is about "harbor-bound boats never desiring to 'break free and sail'".[12] "Diagonals" discusses "the materialistic escapism of the bourgeois European holiday."[9] "Rainbo Conversation" is about revolution beginning "in the bedroom", where "nothing is more political than the personal".[13] "Refractions in the Plastic Pulse" regards "human interaction amid the spectacle".[9] "Contronatura" is "a dialogue between friends" which "calls for a quiet rebellion against nature […] and our baser natures",[13] and later shifts "to a political tract that captures the album's mystifying artificial/natural spirit in its final moments".[9]


Dots and Loops opens with "Brakhage", which in its first seconds "sputter[s] to life like it's being tuned in from outer space on a vintage receiver", and is afterwards anchored by a two-chord keyboard line and "skittering drum and vibraphone loops".[9] "Miss Modular" is built on a two-chord pattern augmented by brass arranged by Sean O'Hagan, and finds Tim Gane using the guitar "as a percussive element" to complement Andy Ramsay's drumming.[11] The following track, "The Flower Called Nowhere", is a "waltz" that "weds a John Barry harpsichord riff with a cosmic MOR melody."[5][14] Gane said that the song took inspiration from composer Krzysztof Komeda and incorporates a choral chant from Komeda's score for the 1967 film The Fearless Vampire Killers.[15] "Diagonals" pairs a marimba loop with a "mutant-funk jazz drum loop" sampled from Amon Düül II's "I Can't Wait".[9] "Prisoner of Mars", the album's fifth track, has been described as "an Astrud Gilberto-style dreamy drift of a ditty which sporadically yanks up its swooshing skirt of sumptuous melody to reveal ultra-spartan techno-rhumba undercarriage."[14]

"Refractions in the Plastic Pulse" is a four-part 17-minute track that begins with "all murky vibes, flat Farfisa pads, bossa-nova guitar and Brian Wilson bass",[5] then "mutat[es] into snarled-up space-rock and metallic junglism – then back to its jaunty original refrain."[14] "Parsec" is a "samba-flavored drum'n'bass track with a peaceful dub break."[12] The ninth track, "Ticker-Tape of the Unconscious", opens with a sample of "Divino, Maravilhoso" by Gal Costa and "lays trancey vibes and brass over Stevie Wonder funk".[5][9] Album closer "Contronatura" starts as "a chiming, intimate plaint through a thicket of massed, dank nature samples",[16] and after "a two minute interlude of organic squishiness",[13] progresses into "a thumping, gelatinous march rhythm", marking the album's "most danceable" sequence.[9]


Dots and Loops was released on 22 September 1997 in the United Kingdom by Duophonic Records,[17] peaking at number 19 on the UK Albums Chart.[18] In the United States, it was released on 23 September 1997 by Elektra Records,[19] becoming Stereolab's first entry on the Billboard 200 chart, where it peaked at number 111;[20] by August 1999, it had sold over 75,000 copies in the country.[21]

Prior to the album's release, "Miss Modular" was issued on 1 September 1997 as a single (on 7" vinyl) and as an EP (on CD and 12" vinyl),[22][23] reaching number 60 on the UK Singles Chart.[24] The song's music video was directed and produced by Nick Abrahams and Mikey Tomkins.[25] The track "Parsec" was later used in commercials for the then-newly launched Volkswagen New Beetle.[13] A remastered and expanded edition of Dots and Loops, featuring a second disc containing demos and instrumental mixes of the album's songs, was released on 13 September 2019 by Duophonic and Warp as part of Stereolab's back catalogue reissue campaign.[26][27][28]

Critical reception and legacyEdit

Professional ratings
Review scores
AllMusic     [4]
Entertainment WeeklyA[29]
The Guardian     [30]
Los Angeles Times    [31]
Rolling Stone     [5]
The Village VoiceB[33]

Reviewing Dots and Loops in 1997, The Guardian's Kathy Sweeney considered the album a successful move towards a more accessible and "pop-conscious" sound, with Stereolab's "avant-garde tendencies and atonal drone of old supplanted by breezy harmonies and, wait for it, tunes."[30] Tom Sinclair of Entertainment Weekly said that it "finds them at the top of their game, successfully brokering the seeming shotgun marriage of easy listening and acute intellect."[29] NME writer Stephen Dalton stated that the band "have never sounded so comfortable in a pop setting than on Dots and Loops", which he deemed "both more accessible and more adventurous" than their previous album Emperor Tomato Ketchup.[14] Terri Sutton of Spin praised the music as Stereolab's "most audacious" to date,[12] and Los Angeles Times critic Lorraine Ali commented that the band "continues to revitalize Muzak for the '90s."[31] In The Village Voice, Robert Christgau was more critical, finding that "the tunes fall off and the wacky smarts lose the charm of surprise."[33] At the end of 1997, Dots and Loops was named among the best albums of the year by several publications, including Melody Maker,[34] Mojo,[35] NME,[36] and The Wire.[37] It also placed at number 28 in The Village Voice's Pazz & Jop critics' poll.[38]

In his retrospective review of the album for Pitchfork, Eric Harvey praised Dots and Loops as Stereolab's "peak", finding them "embracing the bleeding edge of digital studio technology" and creating "a work both of its moment and […] that seems to hover outside everything else."[9] Louis Pattison of Uncut described it as being "a touch less immediate" than Emperor Tomato Ketchup, remarking on its "laid-back and loungier" mood, while noting that it captured Stereolab in their "imperial phase".[32] Exclaim!'s I. Khider cited Dots and Loops as a "definitive" post-rock recording.[39] Writing for the same magazine, Alex Hudson commended the band for "deliver[ing] some of their most accessible pop without sacrificing any of their experimental impulses."[8] In Vice, Sophie Kemp called Dots and Loops "a major milestone in the world of experimental pop, and within Stereolab's expansive discography", deeming it the band's "most sonically accessible and politically important record."[10]

Track listingEdit

All tracks are written by Tim Gane and Lætitia Sadier, except where noted.

1."Brakhage" 5:30
2."Miss Modular" 4:29
3."The Flower Called Nowhere" 4:55
4."Diagonals" 5:15
5."Prisoner of Mars" 4:03
6."Rainbo Conversation" 4:46
7."Refractions in the Plastic Pulse"
  • Gane
  • Sadier
  • Andy Ramsay
8."Parsec" 5:34
9."Ticker-Tape of the Unconscious" 4:45
10."Contronatura" 9:03
Total length:65:52
Japanese edition bonus track
Total length:71:17
2019 expanded edition bonus disc[40]
1."Diagonals (Bode Drums)" 2:22
2."Contranatura Pt. 2" (instrumental) 3:18
3."Brakhage" (instrumental) 4:09
4."The Flower Called Nowhere" (instrumental) 4:37
5."Bonus Beats" 3:28
6."Diagonals" (instrumental) 5:43
7."Contranatura" (demo) 2:08
8."Allures" (demo) 1:06
9."Refractions in the Plastic Pulse" (demo)
  • Gane
  • Sadier
  • Ramsay
10."I Feel the Air" (demo) 2:28
11."Off On" (demo) 1:16
12."Incredible He Woman" (demo) 1:44
13."Miss Modular" (demo) 1:42
14."Untitled in Dusseldorf" (demo) 1:30
Total length:37:56


Credits are adapted from the album's liner notes.[1]


Additional musicians

  • John McEntire – analogue synthesizer, electronics, percussion, vibraphone, marimba (tracks 1, 2, 4, 6–9)
  • Sean O'Hagan – piano, Rhodes piano, Farfisa organ (1, 2, 4, 6–9), brass arrangements, string arrangements
  • Douglas McCombs – acoustic bass (1)
  • Jan St. Werner – electronics, "insect horns" (3, 5, 10)
  • Andi Toma – electronics, electronic percussion (3, 5, 10)
  • Xavier "Fischfinger" Fischer – piano (3)
  • Jeb Bishop, Dave Max Crawford, Paul Mertens, and Ross Reed – brass section
  • Andy Robinson – brass arrangements
  • Poppy Branders, Maureen Loughnane, Rebecca McFaul, and Shelley Weiss – string section
  • Marcus Holdaway – string arrangements


  • Stereolab (credited as "The Groop") – production, mixing
  • John McEntire – production, recording, mixing (1, 2, 4, 6–9 at Idful Music Corporation, Chicago)
  • Nick Webb – mastering (Abbey Road Studios, London)
  • Andi Toma – production, recording, mixing (3, 5, 10 at Academy of St. Martin in the Street, Düsseldorf)
  • Jan St. Werner – electronics engineering (3, 5, 10)
  • Max Stamm – additional engineering (3, 5, 10)


Chart (1997) Peak
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[41] 38
Scottish Albums (OCC)[42] 41
UK Albums (OCC)[18] 19
UK Independent Albums (OCC)[43] 5
US Billboard 200[20] 111
US Heatseekers Albums (Billboard)[44] 2
Chart (2019) Peak
Scottish Albums (OCC)[45] 34


  1. ^ a b c d Dots and Loops (liner notes). Stereolab. Duophonic Records. 1997. D-UHF-CD17.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  2. ^ Jones, Damian (4 February 2021). "Stereolab share rare song 'Household Names' ahead of 'Electrically Possessed' compilation". NME. Archived from the original on 15 February 2021. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  3. ^ Dale, Jon (17 February 2016). "The complete guide to Stereolab". Fact. Archived from the original on 12 January 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Dots and Loops – Stereolab". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 12 January 2021. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e Hoskyns, Barney (2 October 1997). "Stereolab: Dots & Loops". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 28 August 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  6. ^ Goldberg, Michelle (16–22 September 1999). "Celestial Lo-Fi". Metro. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  7. ^ Terich, Jeff (20 August 2019). "A Beginner's Guide to the kaleidoscopic music of Stereolab". Treble. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  8. ^ a b Hudson, Alex (23 September 2019). "An Essential Guide to Stereolab". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Harvey, Eric (23 July 2017). "Stereolab: Dots and Loops". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 12 January 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  10. ^ a b c Kemp, Sophie (14 September 2017). "Stereolab's 'Dots and Loops' Is the Jazziest Anti-Capitalist Manifesto 20 Years On". Vice. Archived from the original on 11 November 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  11. ^ a b Mason, Stewart. "Miss Modular – Stereolab". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  12. ^ a b c d Sutton, Terri (November 1997). "Stereolab: Dots and Loops". Spin. Vol. 13 no. 8. p. 144. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  13. ^ a b c d Parker, Doug (27 September 1998). "Stereolab – Dots and Loops". Plug. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  14. ^ a b c d e Dalton, Stephen (20 September 1997). "Stereolab – Dots And Loops". NME. Archived from the original on 17 August 2000. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  15. ^ Pearis, Bill (14 August 2019). "Stereolab share two tracks from upcoming 'Dots & Loops' reissue". BrooklynVegan. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  16. ^ Cummings, Raymond (22 September 2017). "Dots And Loops Turns 20". Stereogum. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  17. ^ O'Reilly, John (19 September 1997). "Stereo frolics". The Guardian.
  18. ^ a b "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  19. ^ "Upcoming Releases". CMJ New Music Report. Vol. 51 no. 10. 8 September 1997. p. 51. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  20. ^ a b "Stereolab Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  21. ^ Gidley, Lisa (28 August 1999). "Elektra Plugs Stereolab's 'Voltage'". Billboard. Vol. 111 no. 35. p. 100. Archived from the original on 12 January 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  22. ^ Miss Modular (press advertisement). Duophonic Records. 1997. Archived from the original on 5 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  23. ^ Strong, Martin C. (1999). "Stereolab". The Great Alternative & Indie Discography. Canongate Books. p. 607. ISBN 9-780862-419134.
  24. ^ "Stereolab". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 17 October 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  25. ^ Oscillons from the Anti-Sun (liner notes). Stereolab. Too Pure. 2005. Pure 160CD.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  26. ^ "Part II Expanded & Remastered Album Reissues". Warp. Archived from the original on 29 January 2021. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  27. ^ Reyes-Kulkarni, Saby (27 September 2019). "Stereolab Go Back to the Lab on Emperor Tomato Ketchup, Dots and Loops and Cobra and Phases Group Play Voltage in the Milky Night Expanded Editions". Paste. Archived from the original on 29 January 2021. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  28. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Dots and Loops [Expanded Edition] – Stereolab". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 31 January 2021. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  29. ^ a b Sinclair, Tom (26 September 1996). "Dots and Loops". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 6 November 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  30. ^ a b Sweeney, Kathy (26 September 1997). "Stereolab: Dots and Loops (Duophonic)". The Guardian.
  31. ^ a b Ali, Lorraine (27 September 1997). "Stereolab, 'Dots and Loops,' Elektra". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 22 February 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  32. ^ a b Pattison, Louis (October 2019). "Stereolab: Emperor Tomato Ketchup / Dots and Loops / Cobra and Phases Group Play Voltage in the Milky Night". Uncut. No. 269. p. 50.
  33. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (3 March 1998). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on 14 September 2015. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  34. ^ "MM Albums of the Year 1997". Melody Maker. 20–27 December 1997. pp. 66–67.
  35. ^ "Mojo Selects the Best CDs of 1997". Mojo. No. 50. January 1998. pp. 64–65.
  36. ^ "1997 Critics' Poll". NME. 20–27 December 1997. pp. 78–79.
  37. ^ "1997 Rewind". The Wire. No. 167. January 1998. Archived from the original on 3 August 2020. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  38. ^ "The 1997 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. 24 February 1998. Archived from the original on 30 October 2020. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  39. ^ Khider, I. (1 March 2002). "Minimalism". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on 24 October 2020. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  40. ^ "Stereolab – Dots And Loops (Expanded Edition)". Duophonic Ultra High Frequency Disks. Archived from the original on 18 February 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  41. ^ " – Stereolab – Dots and Loops". Hung Medien. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  42. ^ "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  43. ^ "Independent Albums" (PDF). Music Week. 11 October 1997. p. 20. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  44. ^ "Stereolab Chart History (Heatseekers Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  45. ^ "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 26 June 2021.

External linksEdit