DoorDash, Inc. is a San Francisco-based company that operates an online food ordering and food delivery platform. It trades under the symbol DASH. With a 56% market share, DoorDash is the largest food delivery company in the United States. It also has a 60% market share in the convenience delivery category. As of December 31, 2020, the platform was used by 450,000 merchants, 20,000,000 consumers, and one million deliverers.
|Industry||Online food ordering|
|Founded||January 2013Palo Alto, Californiain|
|Revenue||US$6.583 billion (2022)|
|–US$1.12 billion (2022)|
|–US$1.37 billion (2022)|
|Total assets||US$9.789 billion (2022)|
|Total equity||US$6.754 billion (2022)|
Number of employees
|c. 16,800 (2022)|
|Footnotes / references|
DoorDash has been criticized and sued for withholding tips, reducing tip transparency, antitrust price manipulation, listing restaurants without permission, and allegedly misclassifying workers.
In late 2012, Stanford University students Tony Xu, Stanley Tang, Andy Fang and Evan Moore were getting feedback on a mobile app for small business owners when a macaroon store owner told them of her challenges meeting demand for deliveries.
In January 2013, they launched PaloAltoDelivery.com in Palo Alto, California. In the summer of 2013, it received US$120,000 in seed money from Y Combinator in exchange for a 7% stake. It incorporated as DoorDash in June 2013.
In December 2018, DoorDash overtook Uber Eats to hold the second position in total US food delivery sales, behind GrubHub. By March 2019, it had exceeded GrubHub in total sales, at 27.6% of the on-demand delivery market. By early 2019, DoorDash was the largest food delivery provider in the U.S., as measured by consumer spending. It maintained that market position in 2019.
In January 2020, it was reported that DoorDash had lied about skimming tips from its drivers, causing them to earn an average of $1.45 an hour after expenses, and that after the company had allegedly overhauled its tipping system, DoorDash was still manipulating per-delivery payouts at the expense of drivers.
By June 2020, DoorDash had raised more than $2.5 billion over several financing rounds from investors including Y Combinator, Charles River Ventures, SV Angel, Khosla Ventures, Sequoia Capital, SoftBank Group, GIC, and Kleiner Perkins.
In April 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, DoorDash announced it had "stockpiled tens of thousands of gloves and bottles of hand sanitizer" and was offering them to delivery drivers for free. The company also said it had changed the default drop-off option to contactless delivery. That month, DoorDash became the fastest-growing food delivery service.
In October 2020, the company launched its "Reopen for Delivery" program to have brick-and-mortar restaurants that have closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic partner with local ghost kitchen operators to offer food delivery- and pick-up-only service.
In February 2021, 55% of DoorDash's drivers were women.
In May 2021, DoorDash was criticized for unauthorized listings of restaurants who had not given permission to appear on the app. The company was sued by Lona's Lil Eats in St. Louis, with the lawsuit claiming that DoorDash had listed them without permission, then prevented any orders to the restaurant from going through and redirecting customers to other restaurants instead, because Lona's was "too far away," when in reality it had not paid DoorDash a fee for listing. This aspect of DoorDash's business practice is illegal in California.
In June 2023, DoorDash announced it would give its drivers the option of earning an hourly minimum wage instead of being paid per delivery. However, drivers are only paid hourly when on an active delivery. 
DoorDash began expanding into international markets in 2015, launching in Toronto, Canada. The company started operating in markets outside North America in 2019, officially launching in Melbourne, Australia, in September and later expanding further into the country. In 2021, the company expanded its service area to Sendai, Japan in June and Stuttgart, Germany in November. In June 2022, the company expanded into the Wellington Region of New Zealand.
The company expanded its service offerings in 2020, adding grocery delivery initially in California and the Midwest in August 2020. DoorDash expanded the service offerings in 2021 to include DoubleDash, which allows for orders from multiple merchants, and alcohol delivery in 20 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, Canada, and Australia.
- Caviar – In October 2019, DoorDash acquired Caviar, a service specializing in food delivery from upscale urban-area restaurants that typically do not offer delivery, from Square, Inc. for $410 million.
- Scotty Labs – In August 2019, the company acquired Scotty Labs, a tele-operations startup company that focuses on self-driving and remote-controlled vehicle technology.
- Chowbotics – On February 8, 2021, DoorDash announced its acquisition of Chowbotics, a robotics company known for its salad-making robot. The companies did not disclose the terms of the deal, but Chowbotics was valued at $46 million in 2018.
- Wolt – On November 9, 2021, DoorDash announced its acquisition of the Finnish technology company Wolt for over $8.1 billion.
Controversies, lawsuits, and criticism Edit
Withholding of tips Edit
In July 2019, the company's tipping policy was criticized by The New York Times, and later The Verge and Vox and Gothamist. Drivers receive a guaranteed minimum per order that is paid by DoorDash by default. When a customer added a tip, instead of going directly to the driver, it first went to the company to cover the guaranteed minimum. Drivers then only directly received the part of the tip that exceeded the guaranteed minimum per order.
A DoorDash customer filed a class action lawsuit against the company for its "materially false and misleading" tipping policy. The case was referred to arbitration in August 2020. Under pressure, the company revised its policy. The company settled a lawsuit with District of Columbia Attorney General Karl Racine for $2.5 million, with funds going to deliverers, the government, and to charity.
Antitrust litigation Edit
In April 2020, in the case of Davitashvili v. GrubHub Inc. DoorDash, Grubhub, Postmates, and Uber Eats were accused of monopolistic power by only listing restaurants on their apps if the restaurant owners signed contracts which include clauses that require prices be the same for dine-in customers as for customers receiving delivery. The plaintiffs stated that this arrangement increases the cost for dine-in customers, as they are required to subsidize the cost of delivery; and that the apps charge "exorbitant" fees, which range from 13% to 40% of revenue, while the average restaurant's profit ranges from 3% to 9% of revenue. The lawsuit seeks treble damages, including for overcharges, since April 14, 2016, for dine-in and delivery customers in the United States at restaurants using the defendants’ delivery apps. Although several preliminary documents in the case have now been filed, a trial date has not yet been set.
Data security Edit
On May 4, 2019, DoorDash confirmed 4.9 million customers, delivery workers and merchants had sensitive information stolen via a data breach. Those who joined the platform after April 5, 2018, were unaffected by the breach.
Driver strike and tip transparency Edit
In July 2021, DoorDash drivers went on strike to protest lack of tip transparency and to ask for higher pay. At the time of the strike, and, as of June 2022, DoorDash did not allow drivers to see the full tip amounts prior to accepting a delivery in the app. If customers tip over a set amount for the order total, Doordash hides a portion of the tip until the delivery is complete. The strike occurred after DoorDash rewrote its code to cut off access to Para, a third-party app that drivers had been using to see the full tip amounts.
Lawsuit by the city of Chicago Edit
In August 2021, the city of Chicago sued DoorDash and GrubHub. According to Chicago mayor Lori Lightfoot, the companies broke the law by using "unfair and deceptive tactics to take advantage of restaurants and consumers who were struggling to stay afloat [during the COVID-19 pandemic]." DoorDash and GrubHub denied the suit's merits.
2017 class-action lawsuit Edit
In 2017, a class-action lawsuit was filed against DoorDash for allegedly misclassifying delivery drivers in California and Massachusetts as independent contractors. In 2022, a tentative settlement was reached in which DoorDash would pay $100 million total, with $61 million going to over 900,000 drivers, paying out just over $130 per driver, and $28 million for the lawyers. Gizmodo criticized the settlement, noting that the $413 million that DoorDash CEO Tony Xu received the previous year was one of the largest CEO compensation packages of all time.
2023 class-action lawsuit Edit
DoorDash has been accused of charging users of iPhone more than users on the Android platform. User testing claimed to show several instances of various fees and delivery charges being higher when using an Apple device. DoorDash denied these allegations in response to the ongoing US$1 billion class-action suit.
Lawsuit by the city of Seattle
In August 2023, DoorDash is obligated to pay its drivers and the city of Seattle a total of $1.6 million. It was found that the platform made it difficult for users to request paid time off. DoorDash is to pay $1.1 million towards safe and sick time credits, $500k directly to drivers and an additional $8,500 in city fees.
In 2018, DoorDash launched Project DASH, a partnership with local food security organizations to deliver donations to those in need. By August 2019, the program had expanded to 25 cities in the United States and Canada and had delivered more than one million pounds of food. As of September 2021, Project DASH operated in more than 900 cities and had delivered more than 15 million meals.
DoorDash partnered with the National Urban League in 2020 as part of its Main Street Strong program, which included a pledge of $200 million over five years to support restaurants during the coronavirus pandemic. The partnership with the NUL includes $12 million in funding to assist drivers of color in building job skills and financial literacy.
DoorDash has an algorithm that chooses the best delivery route automatically. DoorDash's delivery system can learn on its own, and change according to parameters such as the number of delivery people available, the time of day, and how much food is expected to be ordered.
See also Edit
- "DoorDash, Inc. 2022 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. February 27, 2023.
- "Changes to the DoorDash Leadership Team". February 16, 2023.
- Lunden, Ingrid (February 27, 2020). "DoorDash, the $13B on-demand food delivery startup, says it has confidentially filed for an IPO". TechCrunch. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- Perri, Janine (January 14, 2022). "Which company is winning the restaurant food delivery war?". Second Measure.
- "2021 Edison Trends U.S. Convenience Store Delivery Sales Report". trends.edison.tech. Edison Trends. January 28, 2021. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
- "DoorDash Inc. 2020 Form 10-K Annual Report". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
- Newman, Andy (July 23, 2019). "My Frantic Life as a Cab-Dodging, Tip-Chasing Food App Deliveryman". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
- Fischels, Josie (July 31, 2021). "Why DoorDash Drivers Are On Strike". NPR. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Kimball, Whitney (September 1, 2021). "DoorDash Settlement Would Pay a Paltry $130 to Workers Instead of Making Them Employees". Gizmodo. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Davitashvili v GrubHub Inc., Link from NPR article (2020).
- Maloney, Tom (December 9, 2020). "DoorDash Trio worth up to $2.7 billion each as IPO soars". Seattle Times. Bloomberg. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Barreira, Alex (December 30, 2021). "Meeting the moment: Tony Xu is focused on DoorDash's long-term vision". American City Business Journals. Archived from the original on January 4, 2022.
- Levy, Steven (November 9, 2015). "DoorDash Wants to Own the Last Mile". Wired.
- Griffith, Erin (March 4, 2020). "DoorDash Faces Its Latest Challenge: Wooing Wall Street". New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Clark, Kate (March 21, 2019). "To fund Y Combinator's top startups, VCs scoop them before Demo Day". TechCrunch.
- Griswold, Alison (February 14, 2019). "DoorDash has overtaken Uber Eats in US online food delivery". Quartz. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
- Abril, Danielle (March 11, 2019). "DoorDash Has Pulled Ahead of GrubHub, Uber Eats in the On-Demand Food Delivery Race". Fortune. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
- Littman, Julie (March 13, 2019). "DoorDash overtakes Grubhub in delivery market share". Restaurant Dive. Industry Dive. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- Holland, Frank; Reed, J.R. (January 17, 2020). "DoorDash takes the lead in the food delivery wars as the landscape dramatically shifts in 2019". CNBC.
- Guerrero, Susana (October 14, 2019). "DoorDash is ready to deliver with new Redwood City commissary kitchen debut". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Keck, Catie (January 17, 2020). "The Villain Always Wins". Gizmodo. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- Keck, Catie (March 15, 2019). "DoorDash Has Been Confusing Its Workers About Payments for Nearly Two Years". Gizmodo. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- Keck, Catie (December 10, 2019). "DoorDash Has a New Plan to Make Workers Gamble on How Much They'll Get Paid". Gizmodo. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- Menegus, Bryan (January 16, 2020). "DoorDash Contractors Earn Less Than Dogshit, Study Finds". Gizmodo. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- Dvorak, Phred (February 8, 2021). "SoftBank Turns $11 Billion Profit, Helped by DoorDash". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
- "Data Sheet—What DoorDash Plans to Do With Another Half a Billion Dollars of Capital". Fortune. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
- Wilhelm, Alex (June 18, 2020). "DoorDash confirms $400M raise, IPO timing unclear". TechCrunch.
- Askinasi, Rachel (April 18, 2020). "Here's how delivery services like Grubhub, Postmates, and Uber Eats are adapting to the coronavirus restrictions and safety precautions". Insider Inc.
- Williams, Chris A. (April 27, 2020). "DoorDash is the fastest growing meal delivery business during coronavirus lock down". The Philadelphia Inquirer, LLC.
- Luna, Nancy (October 26, 2020). "DoorDash launches program to revive closed restaurants using local ghost kitchens". NRN.com. Informa. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
- Lyons, Kim (October 24, 2020). "DoorDash partners with California restaurant to build new brick-and-mortar location". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
- Chang, Brittany (November 5, 2020). "DoorDash just opened its first physical location as the pandemic fuels a ghost kitchen boom". Business Insider.
- Hussain, Noor Zainab; Franklin, Joshua (December 9, 2020). "DoorDash valued at $71 billion in blockbuster market debut". Reuters.
- Farrell, Maureen (November 29, 2020). "Airbnb, DoorDash Aim for Higher-Than-Expected Valuations Ahead of Debuts". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved November 30, 2020.
- Bidar, Musadiq (February 25, 2021). "Women who lost jobs due to COVID turn to food delivery platforms". CBS News.
- Kenney, Andrew. "Restaurants Are Fed Up With GrubHub And DoorDash, And Now Legislators Are On Their Side". Colorado Public Radio. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- Levitt, Aimee (September 29, 2020). "Just when you thought DoorDash couldn't get more dastardly..." The Takeout. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- Roth, Emma (August 20, 2022). "DoorDash won't deliver Walmart's groceries starting next month". The Verge. Retrieved August 20, 2022.
- Goswami, Rohan (November 30, 2022). "DoorDash lays off 1,250 employees". CNBC. Retrieved November 30, 2022.
- "DoorDash says it will start paying a minimum hourly wage - CBS News". www.cbsnews.com. June 28, 2023. Retrieved July 5, 2023.
- Forster, Tim (August 14, 2019). "Montreal Has a New Food Delivery Service as DoorDash Starts Its Engines". Eater Montreal. Vox Media. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
- "DoorDash spreads beyond North America with Australia launch". Reuters. September 3, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
- Masige, Sharon (November 12, 2019). "Food delivery giant DoorDash has launched in Sydney, and it gave away free burgers to get people onboard". Business Insider Australia. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
- Yu, Yiffan (June 9, 2021). "DoorDash launches in Japan as food delivery war heats up". Nikkei Asia. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
- Kapalschinski, Christoph (November 17, 2021). "US-Lieferdienst Doordash startet in Stuttgart". Handelsblatt (in German). Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Shaw, Aimee (June 6, 2022). "NYSE-listed food delivery firm DoorDash expands into New Zealand". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
- Statt, Nick (August 20, 2020). "DoorDash launches grocery delivery to compete with Amazon and Instacart". The Verge. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
- Davalos, Jackie (September 20, 2021). "DoorDash launches on-demand alcohol delivery service". Fortune. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
- Wells, Jeff (September 20, 2021). "DoorDash moves deeper into grocery". Grocery Dive. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
- "Square Completes Sale of Caviar to DoorDash" (Press release). Business Wire. November 1, 2019.
- Zhang, Jenny G. (August 1, 2019). "The Great Flattening: What a Giant Delivery Merger Means for Your Dinner". Eater. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
- Griffith, Erin (August 1, 2019). "DoorDash Buys Rival, Caviar, for $410 Million". The New York Times.
- Dickey, Megan Rose; Lunden, Ingrid (August 20, 2019). "DoorDash acquires autonomous driving startup Scotty Labs". TechCrunch. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Porter, Jon (August 21, 2019). "DoorDash takes another step toward automated food delivery". The Verge.
- Rana, Preetika (February 8, 2021). "DoorDash Adds Startup Chowbotics for Meal Preparation". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660.
- Heater, Brian (February 8, 2021). "DoorDash acquires salad-making robotics startup, Chowbotics". TechCrunch.
- Lyons, Kim (February 8, 2021). "DoorDash has acquired salad-making robot company Chowbotics". The Verge.
- Rana, Preetika (February 8, 2021). "DoorDash Adds Startup Chowbotics for Meal Preparation". The Wall Street Journal.
- Rana, Preetika (November 9, 2021). "DoorDash to Buy Finland Food-Delivery Startup in Deal Valued Above $8 Billion". The Wall Street Journal.
- Vincent, James (July 22, 2019). "Delivery apps like DoorDash are using your tips to pay workers' wages". The Verge.
- Ghaffary, Shirin (August 20, 2019). "DoorDash is still pocketing workers' tips, almost a month after it promised to stop". Vox.
- Lampen, Claire (July 30, 2019). "Brooklyn Man Sues DoorDash Over Grifty, Misleading Tip Policy". Gothamist. Archived from the original on August 5, 2019.
- Wayt, Theo (July 29, 2019). "Brooklyn man sues DoorDash for 'misleading' tipping policy". The New York Post.
- "Arkin v. DoorDash, Inc".
- ABRIL, DANIELLE (November 12, 2019). "DoorDash's New Tipping Policy Has Increased Driver Pay". Fortune.
- Newman, Andy (July 24, 2019). "DoorDash Changes Tipping Model After Uproar From Customers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
- Kerr, Dara (November 25, 2020). "DoorDash settles lawsuit for $2.5M over 'deceptive' tipping practices". CNET.
- Canales, Katie (November 25, 2020). "DoorDash is paying $2.5 million to settle a lawsuit that accused the food delivery company of stealing drivers' tips". Business Insider.
- "AG Racine Reaches $2.5 Million Agreement with DoorDash for Misrepresenting that Consumer Tips Would Go to Food Delivery Drivers" (Press release). Karl Racine. November 24, 2020.
- Allyn, Bobby (May 14, 2020). "Restaurants Are Desperate — But You May Not Be Helping When You Use Delivery Apps". NPR. Archived from the original on May 17, 2020. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
Frank points to a clause in the contracts restaurants and the food delivery apps agree to that prohibits owners from charging delivery customers more than people who dine in, even though delivery costs more. "By not forcing those purchasing on apps to bear the whole amount of the fees, instead forcing all menu prices to rise together, in-restaurant diners are effectively subsidizing Grubhub's high rates," said Frank, who argues such an arrangement is anti-competitive and illegal.
- Baron, Ethan (April 14, 2020). "DoorDash, Uber Eats, Grubhub and Postmates make restaurant meals cost more: lawsuit - Four firms' rise has 'come at great cost to American society,' suit claims". Mercury News. Archived from the original on April 20, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
Each of the firms uses "monopoly power" to prevent competition, limit consumer choice and force restaurants to agree to illegal contracts that have "the purpose and effect of fixing prices," the suit claimed. ... The four companies give restaurants a "devil's choice" that requires them to keep dine-in prices the same as delivery prices if they want to be on the app-based delivery platforms, the suit claimed. And restaurants must pay commissions to the delivery firms ranging from 13.5% to 40%, the suit alleged. ... Establishments are forced to "calibrate their prices to the more costly meals served through the delivery apps," the suit alleged.
- Stempel, Jonathon (April 13, 2020). "Grubhub, DoorDash, Postmates, Uber Eats are sued over restaurant prices amid pandemic". Reuters. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
GrubHub, DoorDash, Postmates and Uber Eats were sued on Monday for allegedly exploiting their dominance in restaurant meal deliveries to impose fees that consumers ultimately bear through higher menu prices, including during the coronavirus pandemic. In a proposed class action filed in Manhattan federal court, three consumers said the defendants violated U.S. antitrust law by requiring that restaurants charge delivery customers and dine-in customers the same price, while imposing "exorbitant" fees of 10% to 40% of revenue to process delivery orders. The consumers, all from New York, said this sticks restaurants with a "devil's choice" of charging everyone higher prices as a condition of using the defendants' services.
- Dolmetsch, Chris (April 13, 2020). "GrubHub, Doordash Accused in Suit of Pushing Prices Higher". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
The New York customers, who seek class-action status, say the delivery services charge "exorbitant fees" that range from 13% to 40% of revenue, while the average restaurant's profit ranges from 3% to 9% of revenue, making delivery meals more expensive for eateries. "Restaurants could offer consumers lower prices for direct sales, because direct consumers are more profitable," the plaintiffs said. "This is particularly true of dine-in consumers, who purchase drinks and additional items, tip staff, and generate good will."
- "Court Listener". July 28, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- Whittaker, Zack (September 26, 2019). "DoorDash confirms data breach affected 4.9 million customers, workers and merchants". TechCrunch.
- "'NO DASHER = NO DELIVERIES:' DoorDash Drivers Strike for Tip Transparency". www.vice.com. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Robertson, Adi (August 27, 2021). "Chicago sues DoorDash and Grubhub for 'unfair and deceptive' practices". The Verge. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Allsup, Maeve; Mulvaney, Erin (December 22, 2021). "DoorDash $100 Million Driver Settlement Tentatively Approved". news.bloomberglaw.com. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Purdy, Kevin (May 22, 2023). "Lawsuit accuses DoorDash of charging iPhone users more for identical orders". Ars Technica.
- "DoorDash to pay $1.6M to its workers for violating Seattle sick time policy". AP News. August 25, 2023. Retrieved August 26, 2023.
- Rose, Lily (January 26, 2018). "DoorDash's new 'Project DASH' will deliver restaurant leftovers to food banks". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
- Peters, Adele (August 14, 2019). "How hunger-fighting orgs have used DoorDash to help save 1 million pounds of food from landfills". Fast Company. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
- Cherry, Amy (September 30, 2021). "A milestone delivery: DoorDash, Food Bank of Delaware team up to deliver food to those most in need". WDEL (AM). Retrieved October 1, 2021.
- Lane, Katie (September 16, 2021). "Nourishing Minds and Bodies: San Diego Students Now Eligible for Free DoorDash Delivery". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
- Guszkowski, Joe (November 12, 2020). "DoorDash Extends Cold Weather Grants as Part of $200M Pledge". Restaurant Business Magazine. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
- Chen McCain, Shiang-Lih; Lolli, Jeffrey; Liu, Emma; Lin, Li-Chun (August 25, 2022). "An analysis of a third-party food delivery app during the COVID-19 pandemic". British Food Journal. 124 (10): 3032–3052. doi:10.1108/BFJ-03-2021-0332. ISSN 0007-070X. S2CID 244904876.
- Official website
- Business data for DoorDash Inc.: