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Division of Warringah

The Division of Warringah is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.

Warringah
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of WARRINGAH 2016.png
Division of Warringah in New South Wales, as of the 2016 federal election.
Created1922
MPZali Steggall
PartyIndependent
NamesakeWarringah
Electors105,077 (2019)
Area68 km2 (26.3 sq mi)
DemographicInner Metropolitan

HistoryEdit

 
The region of Warringah, the division's namesake

The division is named after the Warringah area of Sydney, which itself is named by an Aboriginal Australian word which translates into English as "rain", "waves" or "sea". The Division was proclaimed at the redistribution of 13 September 1922, and was first contested at the 1922 federal election.[1]

Centred on Mosman and the Northern Beaches region of Sydney, it covers most of the land between Middle Harbour and the Tasman Sea. It extends from Port Jackson in the south to the suburb of Dee Why in the north. It includes the suburbs of Allambie, Allambie Heights, Balgowlah, Balgowlah Heights, Balmoral, Beauty Point, Brookvale, Clifton Gardens, Clontarf, Cremorne Point, Curl Curl, Fairlight, Freshwater, Killarney Heights, Kurraba Point, Manly, Manly Vale, Mosman, North Balgowlah, North Curl Curl, North Head, North Manly, Queenscliff, Seaforth, and Wingala; as well as parts of Beacon Hill, Cremorne, Dee Why, Forestville, Frenchs Forest, Narraweena, and Neutral Bay.[1]

The Northern Beaches have long been a stronghold for the Liberal Party of Australia. The Liberals and their predecessors held the seat without interruption from its creation in 1922 until the 2019 federal election when Zali Steggall won the seat as an independent.[2] Even by northern Sydney standards, Warringah has been especially unfriendly territory for Labor. For example, even in its 1943 landslide, Labor was only able to garner 39 percent of the two-party vote in Warringah; Labor has never won more than 40.5 percent of the two-party vote in any election for this seat.

Before 2019, the area covered by Warringah had been held by a conservative party without interruption since Federation; most of its territory had been part of North Sydney from 1901 to 1922.

The seat's most notable member was Tony Abbott, who won the seat at a 1994 by-election and served as Prime Minister of Australia from 2013 to 2015. He retained Warringah until being defeated by Steggall in 2019. That election also saw Warringah become a notional marginal seat in a "traditional" two-party contest against Labor for the first time; Abbott would have held the seat on 52.1 percent against Labor, down from 61 percent in 2016.

MembersEdit

Image Member Party Term Notes
    Sir Granville Ryrie
(1865–1937)
Nationalist 16 December 1922
13 April 1927
Previously held the Division of North Sydney. Resigned in order to become the High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
    (Sir) Archdale Parkhill
(1878–1947)
Nationalist 21 May 1927
7 May 1931
Served as minister under Lyons. Lost seat
  United Australia 7 May 1931 –
23 October 1937
    Percy Spender
(1897–1985)
Independent United Australia 23 October 1937
20 October 1938
Served as minister under Menzies and Fadden. Retired
  United Australia 20 October 1938 –
23 February 1944
  Independent 23 February 1944 –
13 September 1945
  Liberal 13 September 1945 –
28 April 1951
    Francis Bland
(1882–1967)
Liberal 28 April 1951
2 November 1961
Retired
    John Cockle
(1908–1966)
Liberal 9 December 1961
3 August 1966
Died in office
    Edward St John
(1916–1994)
Liberal 26 November 1966
28 March 1969
Lost seat
  Independent 28 March 1969 –
25 October 1969
    Michael MacKellar
(1938–2015)
Liberal 25 October 1969
18 February 1994
Served as minister under Fraser. Resigned in order to retire from politics
    Tony Abbott
(1957–)
Liberal 26 March 1994
18 May 2019
Served as minister under Howard. Served as Opposition Leader from 2009 to 2013. Served as Prime Minister from 2013 to 2015. Lost seat
    Zali Steggall
(1974–)
Independent 18 May 2019
present
Incumbent

Election resultsEdit

2019 Australian federal election: Warringah[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Zali Steggall 40,034 43.46 +43.46
Liberal Tony Abbott 35,935 39.01 −12.64
Labor Dean Harris 6,091 6.61 −8.18
Greens Kristyn Glanville 5,647 6.13 −6.06
Animal Justice Heather Barnes 1,291 1.40 +1.40
Independent Susan Moylan 1,111 1.21 +1.21
Sustainable Australia Emanuele Paletto 678 0.74 +0.74
United Australia Suellen Wrightson 625 0.68 +0.68
Christian Democrats Jason Blaiklock 461 0.50 −0.70
Conservative National Brian Clare 250 0.27 +0.27
Total formal votes 92,123 94.95 +1.03
Informal votes 4,897 5.05 −1.03
Turnout 97,020 92.40 +2.50
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Tony Abbott 48,011 52.12 −8.97
Labor Dean Harris 44,112 47.88 +8.97
Two-candidate-preferred result
Independent Zali Steggall 52,728 57.24 +57.24
Liberal Tony Abbott 39,395 42.76 −18.79
Independent gain from Liberal Swing N/A

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Profile of the electoral division of Warringah (NSW)". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  2. ^ Green, Antony. "Warringah (Key Seat)". Australia votes. ABC News. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  3. ^ Warringah, NSW, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.

Coordinates: 33°47′35″S 151°15′14″E / 33.793°S 151.254°E / -33.793; 151.254