Division of North Sydney
Australian House of Representatives Division
|Area||53 km2 (20.5 sq mi)|
Second only to the nearby Division of Wentworth, the Division of North Sydney has the nation's second highest proportion (56.4%) of high income families. As with all North Shore seats, the division has usually been a comfortably safe seat for the Liberal Party of Australia and its predecessors. Labor has usually run dead in this seat, though it came within 3.1 percent of winning it at the 1943 election landslide. North Sydney and Wentworth are the only two federation divisions in New South Wales to have never been held by Labor. It has been held by a member of a non-Labor party for all but six years of its existence, when held by "father of the independents" Ted Mack, from the 1990 election before choosing to resign from federal parliament after two terms at the 1996 election, for the same reason he previously chose to resign from state parliament after two terms − to avoid receiving a parliamentary pension.
However, during Mack's tenure, North Sydney was always a safe Liberal seat in traditional two-party matchups, and it was a foregone conclusion that it would revert to the Liberals once Mack retired. As expected, when Mack retired in 1996, Joe Hockey reclaimed the seat for the Liberals on a swing large enough to revert the seat to its traditional status as a comfortably safe Liberal seat. Hockey held it easily until 2015, serving as Treasurer from 2013 to 2015 in the Abbott Government. After Abbott was ousted as Liberal leader and Prime Minister by Malcolm Turnbull in the September 2015 Liberal leadership spill Hockey moved to the backbench, however six days later he announced his intention to resign from parliament, taking effect from 23 October. The 2015 North Sydney by-election occurred on 5 December to elect his replacement, Trent Zimmerman, a former Hockey staffer, despite a large swing.
Zimmerman won with 48.2 percent of the primary vote after a larger-than-predicted 12.8 percent swing against the Turnbull Coalition Government. This was only the second time in North Sydney since federation that the successful Liberal candidate did not obtain a majority of the primary vote and had to rely on preferences. Zimmerman faced a double-digit primary vote swing − more than triple that of the 2015 Canning by-election − even though Labor did not even contest the seat.
The Liberal two-candidate vote of 60.2 percent against independent Stephen Ruff compares to the previous election vote of 65.9 percent against Labor. The reduction of 5.7 percent cannot be considered a "two-party/candidate preferred swing" − when a major party is absent, preference flows to both major parties does not take place, resulting in asymmetric preference flows.
Zimmerman became the first openly LGBTI member of the House of Representatives.
Besides Mack and Hockey, other notable members from this seat include Dugald Thomson, a minister in the Reid Government, and Billy Hughes, who served as Prime Minister, was the longest-serving parliamentarian in Australian history, and a minister in the Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden governments.
Located along Sydney's Lower North Shore, the division is named after the suburb of North Sydney. It also includes the suburbs of Artarmon, Cammeray, Castlecrag, Crows Nest, Greenwich, Henley, Hunters Hill, Huntleys Cove, Huntleys Point, Kirribilli, Lane Cove, Lane Cove North, Lane Cove West, Lavender Bay, Linley Point, Longueville, McMahons Point, Middle Cove, Milsons Point, Naremburn, North Willoughby, Northbridge, Northwood, Riverview, St Leonards, Waverton, Willoughby, Willoughby East, Wollstonecraft, and Woolwich; as well as parts of Chatswood, Chatswood West, Cremorne, Gladesville, Gore Hill, and Neutral Bay.
|Free Trade||29 March 1901 –
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Warringah. Served as minister under Reid. Retired|
26 May 1909
|Commonwealth Liberal||26 May 1909 –|
19 February 1910
|Commonwealth Liberal||13 April 1910 –
4 February 1911
|Previously held the Division of South Sydney. Died in office|
|(Sir) Granville Ryrie
|Commonwealth Liberal||11 March 1911 –
17 February 1917
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Queanbeyan. Transferred to the Division of Warringah|
|Nationalist||17 February 1917 –|
16 December 1922
|Nationalist||16 December 1922 –
|Previously held the Division of Bendigo. Served as Prime Minister from 1915 to 1923. Served as minister under Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden. Transferred to the Division of Bradfield|
|Independent Nationalist||September 1929 –|
2 December 1929
|Australian||2 December 1929 –|
7 May 1931
|United Australia||7 May 1931 –|
14 April 1944
|Independent||14 April 1944 –|
13 September 1945
|Liberal||13 September 1945 –|
10 December 1949
|Liberal||10 December 1949 –
31 October 1966
|Liberal||26 November 1966 –
19 September 1980
|Previously held the Division of St George. Retired|
|Liberal||18 October 1980 –
24 March 1990
|Independent||24 March 1990 –
29 January 1996
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of North Shore. Retired|
|Liberal||2 March 1996 –
23 October 2015
|Served as minister under Howard, Abbott and Turnbull. Resigned in order to retire from politics|
|Liberal||5 December 2015 –
|Incumbent. First openly LGBTI member of the House of Representatives|
|Sustainable Australia||Greg Graham||1,831||1.89||+1.89|
|Christian Democrats||David Vernon||1,660||1.71||−0.34|
|United Australia||Peter John Vagg||1,249||1.29||+1.29|
|Total formal votes||96,836||95.96||+0.72|
- 2015 North Sydney by-election: Antony Green ABC
- Independents' 'father' says trio will choose ALP: ABC AM 6 September 2010
- Gartrell, Adam (5 December 2015). "Liberal Trent Zimmerman wins North Sydney byelection despite swing". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
- Osborne, Paul (26 October 2015). "Zimmerman wins North Sydney preselection". Yahoo 7 News. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "A Comment on the Size of the Port Adelaide Swing, Antony Green". Blogs.abc.net.au. 13 February 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- An Example of Non-Monotonicity and Opportunites [sic] for Tactical Voting at an Australian Election: Antony Green ABC 4 May 2011
- When an election’s not a battle but a limp formality: Daily Telegraph 26 November 2015
- North Sydney, NSW, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.