Division of North Sydney

The Division of North Sydney is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.

North Sydney
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of NORTH SYDNEY 2016.png
Division of North Sydney in New South Wales, as of the 2016 federal election.
Created1901
MPTrent Zimmerman
PartyLiberal Party
NamesakeNorth Sydney
Electors109,278 (2019)
Area53 km2 (20.5 sq mi)
DemographicInner Metropolitan

HistoryEdit

 
The suburb of North Sydney, the division's namesake

It was proclaimed in 1900 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election.

Second only to the nearby Division of Wentworth, the Division of North Sydney has the nation's second highest proportion (56.4%) of high income families.[1] As with all North Shore seats, the division has usually been a comfortably safe seat for the Liberal Party of Australia and its predecessors. Labor has usually run dead in this seat, though it came within 3.1 percent of winning it at the 1943 election landslide. North Sydney and Wentworth are the only two federation divisions in New South Wales to have never been held by Labor. It has been held by a member of a non-Labor party for all but six years of its existence, when held by "father of the independents" Ted Mack, from the 1990 election before choosing to resign from federal parliament after two terms at the 1996 election, for the same reason he previously chose to resign from state parliament after two terms − to avoid receiving a parliamentary pension.[2]

However, during Mack's tenure, North Sydney was always a safe Liberal seat in traditional two-party matchups, and it was a foregone conclusion that it would revert to the Liberals once Mack retired. As expected, when Mack retired in 1996, Joe Hockey reclaimed the seat for the Liberals on a swing large enough to revert the seat to its traditional status as a comfortably safe Liberal seat. Hockey held it easily until 2015, serving as Treasurer from 2013 to 2015 in the Abbott Government. After Abbott was ousted as Liberal leader and Prime Minister by Malcolm Turnbull in the September 2015 Liberal leadership spill Hockey moved to the backbench, however six days later he announced his intention to resign from parliament, taking effect from 23 October. The 2015 North Sydney by-election occurred on 5 December to elect his replacement, Trent Zimmerman, a former Hockey staffer, despite a large swing.[3][4]

Zimmerman won with 48.2 percent of the primary vote after a larger-than-predicted 12.8 percent swing against the Turnbull Coalition Government. This was only the second time in North Sydney since federation that the successful Liberal candidate did not obtain a majority of the primary vote and had to rely on preferences. Zimmerman faced a double-digit primary vote swing − more than triple that of the 2015 Canning by-election − even though Labor did not even contest the seat.[1]

The Liberal two-candidate vote of 60.2 percent against independent Stephen Ruff compares to the previous election vote of 65.9 percent against Labor.[1] The reduction of 5.7 percent cannot be considered a "two-party/candidate preferred swing" − when a major party is absent, preference flows to both major parties does not take place, resulting in asymmetric preference flows.[5][6]

Zimmerman became the first openly LGBTI member of the House of Representatives.[3][7]

Besides Mack and Hockey, other notable members from this seat include Dugald Thomson, a minister in the Reid Government, and Billy Hughes, who served as Prime Minister, was the longest-serving parliamentarian in Australian history, and a minister in the Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden governments.

BoundariesEdit

Located along Sydney's Lower North Shore, the division is named after the suburb of North Sydney. It also includes the suburbs of Artarmon, Cammeray, Castlecrag, Crows Nest, Greenwich, Henley, Hunters Hill, Huntleys Cove, Huntleys Point, Kirribilli, Lane Cove, Lane Cove North, Lane Cove West, Lavender Bay, Linley Point, Longueville, McMahons Point, Middle Cove, Milsons Point, Naremburn, North Willoughby, Northbridge, Northwood, Riverview, St Leonards, Waverton, Willoughby, Willoughby East, Wollstonecraft, and Woolwich; as well as parts of Chatswood, Chatswood West, Cremorne, Gladesville, Gore Hill, and Neutral Bay.

MembersEdit

Image Member Party Term Notes
    Dugald Thomson
(1849–1922)
Free Trade 29 March 1901
1906
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Warringah. Served as minister under Reid. Retired
  Anti-Socialist 1906 –
26 May 1909
  Commonwealth Liberal 26 May 1909 –
19 February 1910
    George Edwards
(1855–1911)
Commonwealth Liberal 13 April 1910
4 February 1911
Previously held the Division of South Sydney. Died in office
    (Sir) Granville Ryrie
(1865–1937)
Commonwealth Liberal 11 March 1911
17 February 1917
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Queanbeyan. Transferred to the Division of Warringah
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
16 December 1922
    Billy Hughes
(1862–1952)
Nationalist 16 December 1922
September 1929
Previously held the Division of Bendigo. Served as Prime Minister from 1915 to 1923. Served as minister under Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden. Transferred to the Division of Bradfield
  Independent Nationalist September 1929 –
2 December 1929
  Australian 2 December 1929 –
7 May 1931
  United Australia 7 May 1931 –
14 April 1944
  Independent 14 April 1944 –
13 September 1945
  Liberal 13 September 1945 –
10 December 1949
    William Jack
(1890–1982)
Liberal 10 December 1949
31 October 1966
Retired
    Bill Graham
(1919–1995)
Liberal 26 November 1966
19 September 1980
Previously held the Division of St George. Retired
    John Spender
(1935–)
Liberal 18 October 1980
24 March 1990
Lost seat
    Ted Mack
(1933–2018)
Independent 24 March 1990
29 January 1996
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of North Shore. Retired
    Joe Hockey
(1965–)
Liberal 2 March 1996
23 October 2015
Served as minister under Howard, Abbott and Turnbull. Resigned in order to retire from politics
    Trent Zimmerman
(1968–)
Liberal 5 December 2015
present
Incumbent. First openly LGBTI member of the House of Representatives

Election resultsEdit

2019 Australian federal election: North Sydney[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Trent Zimmerman 50,319 51.96 +0.47
Labor Brett Stone 24,289 25.08 +8.28
Greens Daniel Keogh 13,193 13.62 +0.60
Independent Arthur Chesterfield-Evans 4,295 4.44 +4.44
Sustainable Australia Greg Graham 1,831 1.89 +1.89
Christian Democrats David Vernon 1,660 1.71 −0.34
United Australia Peter John Vagg 1,249 1.29 +1.29
Total formal votes 96,836 95.96 +0.72
Informal votes 4,077 4.04 −0.72
Turnout 100,913 92.40 +1.69
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Trent Zimmerman 57,398 59.27 −4.34
Labor Brett Stone 39,438 40.73 +4.34
Liberal hold Swing −4.34

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c 2015 North Sydney by-election: Antony Green ABC
  2. ^ Independents' 'father' says trio will choose ALP: ABC AM 6 September 2010
  3. ^ a b Gartrell, Adam (5 December 2015). "Liberal Trent Zimmerman wins North Sydney byelection despite swing". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  4. ^ Osborne, Paul (26 October 2015). "Zimmerman wins North Sydney preselection". Yahoo 7 News. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  5. ^ "A Comment on the Size of the Port Adelaide Swing, Antony Green". Blogs.abc.net.au. 13 February 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  6. ^ An Example of Non-Monotonicity and Opportunites [sic] for Tactical Voting at an Australian Election: Antony Green ABC 4 May 2011
  7. ^ When an election’s not a battle but a limp formality: Daily Telegraph 26 November 2015
  8. ^ North Sydney, NSW, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 33°48′58″S 151°11′02″E / 33.816°S 151.184°E / -33.816; 151.184