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List of political parties in Australia

This article lists political parties in Australia.

The Australian federal parliament has a number of distinctive features including compulsory voting, with full-preference instant-runoff voting in single-member seats to elect the lower house, the Australian House of Representatives, and the use of optional preferential voting to elect the upper house, the Australian Senate.

Australia has a mild two-party system, with two dominant political groupings in the Australian political system, the Australian Labor Party and the Liberal/National Coalition. Federally, 6 of the 150 members of the lower house (Members of Parliament, or MPs) are not members of major parties, as are 19 of the 76 members of the upper house (senators).

Contents

Federal PartiesEdit

Federal Parties with Parliamentary RepresentationEdit

Name Abbr. Leader Position Ideology MPs Senators
The Coalition
Liberal Party of Australia Liberal Scott Morrison Centre-right Liberal conservatism
Economic liberalism
45 / 150
22 / 76
National Party of Australia National Michael McCormack Centre-right Conservatism
Agrarianism
10 / 150
3 / 76
Liberal National Party
(Queensland)
[a]
LNP Deb Frecklington Centre-right Liberal conservatism
21 / 150
5 / 76
Country Liberal Party
(Northern Territory)
[b]
Country Liberals Gary Higgins Centre-right Liberal conservatism
0 / 150
1 / 76
Australian Labor Party Labor, ALP Bill Shorten Centre-left Social democracy
69 / 150
26 / 76
Australian Greens Greens Richard Di Natale Centre-left to
left-wing
Green politics
1 / 150
9 / 76
Centre Alliance CA None Centre Centrism
Social liberalism
1 / 150
2 / 76
Katter's Australian Party KAP Bob Katter Right-wing (social)
Centre-left (economic)
Social conservatism
Economic nationalism
1 / 150
0 / 76
Pauline Hanson's One Nation One Nation, PHON Pauline Hanson Right-wing to
far-right
Australian nationalism
Right-wing populism
0 / 150
2 / 76
Derryn Hinch's Justice Party Justice Derryn Hinch Centre-right Justice reform
Anti-paedophilia
0 / 150
1 / 76
Liberal Democratic Party Liberal Democrats David Leyonhjelm Right-wing (economic)
Centre-left (social)
Libertarianism
Classical liberalism
0 / 150
1 / 76
Australian Conservatives Conservatives Cory Bernardi Right-wing Conservatism
Social conservatism
0 / 150
1 / 76
United Australia Party UAP Clive Palmer Right-wing[1] Right-wing populism
Economic liberalism
0 / 150
1 / 76

Two political groups dominate the Australian political spectrum, forming a de-facto two-party system. One is the Australian Labor Party (ALP), a centre-left party which is formally linked to the Australian labour movement. Formed in 1893, it has been a major party federally since 1901, and has been one of the two major parties since the 1910 federal election. The ALP is in government in Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.

The other group is a conservative grouping of parties that are in coalition at the federal level, as well as in New South Wales and Victoria, but compete in Western Australia and South Australia. The main party in this group is the centre-right Liberal Party. The Liberal Party is the modern form of a conservative grouping that has existed since the fusion of the Protectionist Party and Free Trade Party into the Commonwealth Liberal Party in 1909. Although this group has changed its nomenclature, there has been a general continuity of MPs and structure between different forms of the party. Its modern form was founded by Robert Menzies in 1944. The party's philosophy is generally liberal conservatism.

Every elected prime minister of Australia since 1910 has been a member of either the Labor Party, the Liberal Party, or one of the Liberal Party's previous incarnations (the Commonwealth Liberal Party, the Nationalist Party of Australia, or the United Australia Party).

The Liberal Party is joined by the National Party, a party that seeks to represent rural interests, especially agricultural ones. The Nationals contest a limited number of seats and do not generally directly compete with the Liberal Party. Its ideology is generally more socially conservative than that of the Liberal Party. In 1987, the National Party made an abortive run for the office of prime minister in its own right, in the Joh for Canberra campaign. However, it has generally not aspired to become the majority party in the coalition, and it is generally understood that the prime minister of Australia will be a member of either the Labor or Liberal parties. On two occasions (involving Earle Page in 1939, and John McEwen from December 1967 to January 1968), the deputy prime minister, the leader of the National Party (then known as the Country Party), became the prime minister temporarily, upon the death of the incumbent prime minister. Arthur Fadden was the only other Country Party prime minister. He assumed office in August 1941 after the resignation of Robert Menzies, and served as prime minister until October of that year.

The Liberal and National parties have merged in Queensland and the Northern Territory, although the resultant parties are different. The Liberal National Party of Queensland, formed in 2008, is a branch of the Liberal Party, but it is affiliated with the Nationals and members elected to federal parliament may sit as either Liberals or Nationals. The Country Liberal Party was formed in 1978 when the Northern Territory gained responsible government. It is a separate member of the federal coalition, but it is affiliated with the two major members and its president has voting rights in the National Party. The name refers to the older name of the National Party.

Federally, these parties are collectively known as the Coalition. The Coalition has existed continually (between the Nationals and their predecessors, and the Liberals and their predecessors) since 1923, with minor breaks in 1940, 1973, and 1987.

Historically, support for either the Coalition or the Labor Party was often viewed as being based on social class, with the middle classes supporting the Coalition and the working class supporting Labor. This has been a less important factor since the 1970s and 1980s when the Labor Party gained a significant bloc of middle-class support and the Coalition gained a significant bloc of working class support.[2]

The two-party duopoly has been relatively stable, with the two groupings (Labor and Coalition) gaining at least 70% of the primary vote in every election since 1910 (including the votes of autonomous state parties). Third parties have only rarely received more than 10% of the vote for the Australian House of Representatives in a federal election, such as the Australian Democrats in the 1990 election and the Australian Greens in 2010, and 2016.

All Registered Federal PartiesEdit

Parties listed in alphabetical order:[3]

Party Leader Description
Animal Justice Party Bruce Poon The Animal Justice Party pursue the issues of animal protection through the Australian Parliamentary System contesting elections, lobbying for the adoption of animal-friendly policies by other political parties & providing a political focus for those animal issues that other parties ignore.
Australia First Party (NSW) Incorporated James Saleam
Australian Affordable Housing Party Andrew Potts A single-issue party seeking to promote provision of housing and improve the rights of renters.[4]
Australian Better Families The political wing of the Australian Brotherhood of Fathers, seeking to improve the rights of Australian fathers, their children and their families.[5]
Australian Christians Ray Moran Formed in 2011 from the WA and Victorian branches of the Christian Democratic Party (CDP).
Australian Conservatives Cory Bernardi Formed in 2017 by Senator Cory Bernardi who resigned from the Liberal Party
Australian Country Party Robert Danieli Formerly Australian Country Alliance. Victorian party which claims to be "anti-green but pro-environment".
Australian Greens Richard Di Natale The Greens, formed in 1992 and attracting support from the left of the Australian political spectrum, have significant parliamentary representation in the Australian Senate and in several Australian states, They have participated in Labor–Green coalition governments in the Australian Capital Territory (2008–present) and Tasmania (1989–1992 and 2010–2014). The Greens also supported the minority Gillard Labor government in matters of supply and confidence (2010–2013).
Australian Labor Party (ALP) Bill Shorten The Labor Party is Australia's oldest political party, founded in 1891 and gaining in prominence through its first two decades to take government federally and in most Australian states. Today, it either forms the government or the official opposition in every Australian jurisdiction. Labor is a social democratic party and is the Australian member party of the Progressive Alliance, having been a member of the Socialist International.
Australian Liberty Alliance
Australian People's Party Gabriel Harfouche
Australian Progressives Vinay Orekondy The Australian Progressives, registered in 2015, is a progressive party whose policies are based on evidence rather than ideology. Members are given active roles in policy formation and approval.
Australian Workers Party Mark Ptolemy A progressive workers' rights and industrial relations reform party which registered in 2017 in response to the continuous expansion of economic neoliberalism. The party advocates an economy which prioritises full employment.
Centre Alliance A centrist political party that was established around the views of independent South Australian Senator Nick Xenophon. Renamed from Nick Xenophon Team in May 2018.
Christian Democratic Party (Fred Nile Group) Fred Nile Socially conservative party drawing support from conservative Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox and evangelical Protestants. It was established as the "Call to Australia Party" in 1977, and has been continuously represented in the New South Wales Legislative Council.
Citizens Electoral Council of Australia Craig Isherwood The CEC is a nationalist political party affiliated with the international LaRouche movement.
Country Liberals (Northern Territory) Gary Higgins Regional political party in the Northern Territory, affiliated with both the National (formerly "Country") and Liberal parties of Australia and part of the Coalition.
Democratic Labour Party (DLP) Socially conservative—opposed to abortion and euthanasia; economically left-wing—opposed to privatisation and free trade. Advocates the economic philosophy of distributism as an alternative to socialism and capitalism.
Derryn Hinch's Justice Party Derryn Hinch
Health Australia Party Andrew Patterson Promotes 'natural medicine', such as naturopathy, herbal medicine, acupuncture, chiropractic, etc.
Help End Marijuana Prohibition (HEMP) Party Michael Balderstone Promotes the legalisation of cannabis.
Involuntary Medication Objectors (Vaccination/Fluoride) Party Michael O'Neill[6]
Jacqui Lambie Network Jacqui Lambie
Katter's Australian Party Bob Katter Formed by independent MHR Bob Katter in 2011, it won two seats at the March 2012 Queensland state election. Policies include support for agricultural interests, opposition to privatisation and deregulation, support for workers (especially rural workers) and conservatism on social policy.
Liberal Democratic Party Gabriel Buckley Formed in 2001 as a libertarian and classical liberal party, adhering to small-government, objectivist and laissez-faire principles.
Liberal Party of Australia Scott Morrison Founded in 1945 to replace the United Australia Party and its predecessors, the Liberal Party is the primary centre-right party in Australia. Federally, it runs in a Coalition with the National Party, the Northern Territory Country Liberal Party, and Queensland Liberal National Party. Espouses centre-right economic liberalism and socially conservative policies.
Liberal National Party of Queensland Tim Nicholls The Liberal National Party (LNP) is a centre-right political party in Queensland, formed by merger of the Queensland divisions of the Liberal and National parties in 2008. The party won government for the first time at the 2012 Queensland election.
Love Australia or Leave Kim Vuga Anti-immigration, anti-Islam
National Party of Australia Michael McCormack Known as the Country Party until 1975 and the National Country Party until 1982, National is an agrarian party representing farmers' interests. It has generally been the minor party in the Coalition with the Liberal Party of Australia. While the party is socially conservative, its Western Australian and South Australian branches are socially centrist.
Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting) Andrew Thompson Formed to support reform of family law, in particular with regard to custody and child support payments.
Online Direct Democracy (Formerly Senator Online) Berge Der Sarkissian Focused on E-democracy, the party does not have any policies but pledges to conduct an online poll for each bill that passes before the Senate.
Pauline Hanson's One Nation Pauline Hanson One Nation is a far-right, nationalist and protectionist political party. Pauline Hanson founded the party after being elected as an independent after she was disendorsed as the Liberal Party candidate for the Australian House of Representatives. It won more than 22 percent of the statewide vote and 11 of 89 seats in Queensland's unicameral legislative assembly at the 1998 state election. Federally, the party peaked at the 1998 election on 9 percent of the nationwide vote, electing one senator in Queensland. The party won 4 seats (4.29%) in 2016.
Pirate Party Australia Simon Frew Represents civil liberty issues and committed to evidence-based policy decisions. Based on the Pirate Party of Sweden, it is focused on copyright reform, internet freedom, government transparency, civil liberties and ending censorship. Members have voting rights in policy adoption, preselection, party governance and electoral preference distributions.
Reason Australia
Republican Party of Australia Kerry Bromson Founded in 1982. Registration comes and goes as the party gains and loses supporters.
Rise Up Australia Party Daniel Nalliah Socially conservative and nationalist political party founded by Danny Nalliah, pastor of Catch the Fire Ministries, in 2011. Considered to be to the right of the Christian Democratic Party and Family First, it ran in the 2013 election but did not win any seats.
Science Party James Jansson Formerly the Future Party, the party seeks to promote high quality science research and education.
Secular Party of Australia John Perkins Founded in 2006 and supports secular humanist ethical principles with its stated political aims being opposition to privileges for religious organisations and to the influence of religion on public policy, and the promotion of laws based on humanist ethical principles and scientific evidence.
Seniors United Party of Australia
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party Robert Brown Founded in 1992 as the Australian Shooters Party, it is a political party based on gun rights, global warming scepticism, nationalism, and environmentalism. It has six state senators in the upper houses (senates) of Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria and one lower-house MP in the state of New South Wales.
Socialist Alliance Collective Leadership with National Co-convenors (Susan Price and Peter Boyle) Founded in 2001 as an alliance of socialist organisations and individuals. With branches in all states and territories, having electoral registration federally and in a number of states, it is the largest group on the Australian far left.
Socialist Equality Party Nick Beams The Socialist Equality Party (SEP) is a Trotskyist party established in 2010 as the successor to the Socialist Labour League, which was founded in 1972 as the Australian section of the International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI). It is a registered federally and participates in elections at all levels of government.
#Sustainable Australia William Bourke The party was formed in 2010 as the Stable Population Party and later the Sustainable Population Party. It advocates for an economically, environmentally and socially sustainable Australia.
The Arts Party P. J. Collins Established in 2014 to advocate for the arts, encourage creativity, build community and invest in knowledge.
The Australian Mental Health Party Dr Ben Mullings Aims to improve psychological and emotional wellbeing.[7]
Tim Storer Independent SA Party Tim Storer Party formed around sitting senator Tim Storer after he left the Centre Alliance party
Voluntary Euthanasia Party A single-issue party registered in 2013, seeking legislation for voluntary euthanasia.
VOTEFLUX.ORG | Upgrade Democracy! Nathan Spataro A party focused on instituting Issue Based Direct Democracy in Australia, allowing the public to vote on bills directly.
Western Australia Party Julie Matheson

State PartiesEdit

New South WalesEdit

Divisions of the federal parties:[8]

Name Abbr. Leader Position Ideology MLAs MLCs Federal division
The Coalition
Liberal Party of Australia (New South Wales Division) Liberals Gladys Berejiklian Centre-right Liberal conservatism
36 / 93
13 / 42
 
National Party of Australia – NSW National John Barilaro Centre-right Conservatism
Agrarianism
16 / 93
7 / 42
 
Australian Labor Party (New South Wales Branch) Labor Luke Foley Centre-left Social democracy
34 / 93
14 / 42
 
Greens New South Wales Greens None Centre-left Green politics
3 / 93
5 / 42
 
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party SFF Robert Brown Right-wing Conservatism
Gun rights
1 / 93
2 / 42
 
Christian Democratic Party (Fred Nile Group) CDP Paul Green Right-wing National conservatism
Christian right
0 / 93
2 / 42
 
Animal Justice Party AJP Mark Pearson Centre-left Animal rights
0 / 93
1 / 42
 
Country Labor Party Country Labor Centre-left Social democracy
0 / 93
0 / 42
 
Voluntary Euthanasia Party (NSW) Shayne Higson Legalised euthanasia
0 / 93
0 / 42
 
Flux Party (NSW) Nathan Spataro Direct democracy
0 / 93
0 / 42
 
Socialist Alliance Left-wing Socialism
Anti-capitalism
0 / 93
0 / 42
 
Australian Cyclists Party Omar Khalifa Cycling issues
0 / 93
0 / 42
 
Building Australia Party Building industry advocacy
0 / 93
0 / 42
 
Keep Sydney Open Anti-lockout laws
0 / 93
0 / 42
 

VictoriaEdit

Divisions of the federal parties[9]

Name Abbr. Leader Position Ideology MLCs MHAs Federal division
Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch) Labor Daniel Andrews Centre-left Social democracy
45 / 88
14 / 40
 
The Coalition
Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division) Liberals Matthew Guy Centre-right Liberal conservatism
30 / 88
10 / 40
 
National Party of Australia – Victoria National Peter Walsh Centre-right Conservatism
Agrarianism
8 / 88
2 / 40
 
Australian Greens Victoria Greens Samantha Ratnam Centre-left Green politics
3 / 88
5 / 40
 
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party (Victoria) SFF Right-wing Conservatism
Gun rights
0 / 88
3 / 40
 
Fiona Patten's Reason Party Reason Fiona Patten Center Civil libertarianism
0 / 88
1 / 40
 
Vote 1 Local Jobs James Purcell Regionalism
0 / 88
1 / 40
 
Animal Justice Party Animal rights
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Victorian Socialists VicSoc Stephen Jolly Left-wing Socialism
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Liberal Democratic Party Liberal Democrats Right-wing (economic)
Centre-left (social)
Libertarianism
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Australian Conservatives – Victorian Branch Conservatives Right-wing Conservatism
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Australian Country Party Right-wing Australian nationalism
Economic nationalism
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Democratic Labour Party Right-wing Distributism
Christian democracy
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Socialist Alliance (Victoria) SAll Left-wing Socialism
Anti-capitalism
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Health Australia Party Naturopathy
Anti-vaccination
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Sustainable Australia Centre Sustainability
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Voluntary Euthanasia Party (Victoria) Legalised euthanasia
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Transport Matters Party Taxi industry
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Aussie Battler Party Australian nationalism
Populism
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Hudson for Northern Victoria Josh Hudson Regionalism
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Australian Liberty Alliance Australian nationalism
Right-wing populism
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Derryn Hinch's Justice Party Justice reform
Anti-paedophilia
0 / 88
0 / 40
 
Pauline Hanson's One Nation PHON Australian nationalism
Right-wing populism
0 / 88
0 / 40
 

QueenslandEdit

As of the Queensland Electoral Commission:[10]

Name Abbr. Leader Position Ideology MPs Federal division
Australian Labor Party (Queensland Branch) Labor Annastacia Palaszczuk Centre-left Social democracy
48 / 93
 
Liberal National Party of Queensland LNP Deb Frecklington Centre-right Liberal conservatism
39 / 93
 
Katter's Australian Party KAP Robbie Katter Syncretic Australian nationalism
Economic nationalism
3 / 93
 
Pauline Hanson's One Nation One Nation Steve Dickson Right-wing Right-wing populism
Anti-immigration
1 / 93
 
Queensland Greens Greens Michael Berkman Centre-left Green politics
1 / 93
 
The Flux Party Queensland Flux Nathan Spataro Direct democracy
0 / 93
 
Civil Liberties, Consumer Rights, No-Tolls No-Tolls Jeffrey Hodges
0 / 93
 

Western AustraliaEdit

As of the Western Australian Electoral Commission:[11]

Name Abbr. Leader Position Ideology MLAs MLCs Federal division
Australian Labor Party (Western Australian Branch) Labor Mark McGowan Centre-left Social democracy
40 / 59
14 / 36
 
The Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division) Inc Liberals Mike Nahan Centre-right Liberal conservatism
14 / 59
9 / 36
 
National Party of Australia (WA) Inc Nationals Mia Davies Centre-right Conservatism
Agrarianism
5 / 59
4 / 36
 
The Greens (WA) Inc Greens Centre-left Green politics
0 / 59
4 / 36
 
Pauline Hanson's One Nation One Nation Colin Tincknell Right-wing Australian nationalism
Right-wing populism
0 / 59
3 / 36
 
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party (WA) Inc SFF Centre-right Conservatism
Gun rights
0 / 59
1 / 36
 
Liberal Democratic Party Liberal Democrats Right-wing (economic)
Centre-left (social)
Libertarianism
0 / 59
1 / 36
 
Australian Christians (WA) Right-wing Conservatism
Religious right
0 / 59
0 / 36
 
Animal Justice Party Animal rights
0 / 59
0 / 36
 
Socialist Alliance WA SAll Left-wing Socialism
Anti-capitalism
0 / 59
0 / 36
 
The Flux Party - WA Flux Nathan Spataro Direct democracy
0 / 59
0 / 36
 
Daylight Saving Party Wilson Tucker Pro-daylight savings
0 / 59
0 / 36
 
Fluoride Free WA Party Anne Porter Anti-fluoride
0 / 59
0 / 36
 
Western Australia Party Julie Matheson Centre Regionalism
0 / 59
0 / 36
 
Micro Business Party John Golawski Pro-small business
0 / 59
0 / 36
 

South AustraliaEdit

List of parties:[12]

Name Abbr. Leader Position Ideology MHAs MLCs Federal division
Liberal Party of Australia (South Australian Division) Liberals Steven Marshall Centre-right Liberal conservatism
25 / 47
9 / 22
 
Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch) Labor Peter Malinauskas Centre-left Social democracy
19 / 47
8 / 22
 
Australian Greens SA Greens Mark Parnell Centre-left Green politics
0 / 47
2 / 22
 
Nick Xenophon's SA-BEST Centre Social liberalism
0 / 47
2 / 22
 
Advance SA John Darley Centre Social liberalism
0 / 47
1 / 22
 
National Party of Australia (SA) Inc National Centre-right Conservatism
Agrarianism
0 / 47
0 / 22
 
Liberal Democratic Party Liberal Democrats Right-wing (economic)
Centre-left (social)
Libertarianism
0 / 47
0 / 22
 
Animal Justice Party Centre-left Animal rights
0 / 47
0 / 22
 
Australian Conservatives Conservatives Right-wing Conservatism
Social conservatism
0 / 47
0 / 22
 
Dignity Party Dignity Kelly Vincent Centre-left Equal rights
0 / 47
0 / 22
 
Danig Party Right-wing
0 / 47
0 / 22
 
Stop Population Growth Now Bob Couch Anti-immigration
0 / 47
0 / 22
 
Child Protection Party Tony Tonkin
0 / 47
0 / 22
 

TasmaniaEdit

As of the Tasmanian Electoral Commission:[13]

Name Abbr. Leader Position Ideology MLCs MHAs Federal division
Liberal Party of Australia (Tasmanian Division) Liberals Will Hodgman Centre-right Liberal conservatism
13 / 25
2 / 15
 
Australian Labor Party (Tasmanian Branch) Labor Rebecca White Centre-left Social democracy
10 / 25
4 / 15
 
Tasmanian Greens Greens Cassy O'Connor Centre-left Green politics
2 / 25
0 / 15
 
Jacqui Lambie Network JLN Jacqui Lambie Big-tent Populism
Regionalism
0 / 25
0 / 15
 
Shooters and Fishers Party Tasmania SFF Centre-right Conservatism
Gun rights
0 / 25
0 / 15
 
Socialist Alliance SAll Left-wing Socialism
Anti-capitalism
0 / 25
0 / 15
 
Australian Christians Right-wing Conservatism
Christian right
0 / 25
0 / 15
 
Tasmanians 4 Tasmania T4T Populism
Protectionism
0 / 25
0 / 15
 

Australian Capital TerritoryEdit

As listed with the ACT Electoral Commission.[14]

Name Abbr. Leader Position Ideology MPs Federal division
Australian Labor Party (ACT Branch) Labor Andrew Barr Centre-left Social democracy
12 / 25
 
Australian Labor Party (ACT Branch) Liberals Alistair Coe Centre-right Liberalism
Liberal conservatism
11 / 25
 
ACT Greens Greens Shane Rattenbury Centre-left Green politics
2 / 25
 
Reason Party ACT Reason Centre to Centre-left Civil libertarianism
0 / 25
 
Liberal Democratic Party Liberal Democrats Right-wing (economic)
Centre-left (social)
Libertarianism
0 / 25
 
Animal Justice Party Animal Rights
0 / 25
 
The Flux Party (ACT) Flux Nathan Spataro Direct democracy
0 / 25
 
Sustainable Australia (ACT) Centre Sustainability
0 / 25
 
Canberra Community Voters Anti-monopoly
0 / 25
 
The Community Alliance Party (ACT)
0 / 25
 

Northern TerritoryEdit

As of the Northern Territory Electoral Commission:[15]

Name Abbr. Leader Position Ideology MPs Federal division
Australian Labor Party (Northern Territory Branch) Labor Michael Gunner Centre-left Social democracy
18 / 25
 
Country Liberal Party Country Liberals Garry Higgins Centre-right Liberal conservatism
Agrarianism
2 / 25
 
The Greens NT Greens Centre-left Green politics
0 / 25
 
Shooters and Fishing Party Centre-right Conservatism
Gun rights
0 / 25
 
Citizens Electoral Council (NT Division) Far-right LaRouche movement
0 / 25
 
1 Territory Party Braedon Earley Centrist Regionalism
0 / 25
 

UnregisteredEdit

Parties listed in alphabetical order:

Name Abbr. Leader Position Ideology Description
Australian Democrats Democrats N/A Centre Social liberalism Deregistered in April 2015 when national membership fell below 500.
Communist Party of Australia CPA Bob Briton Far-left Communism Despite being non-registered, the party has elected members. Member Tony Oldfield is an elected councillor in the Auburn Council.
Progressive Labour Party PLP Left-wing Democratic Socialism Registered between 19 January 1998 and 27 December 2006. Occasionally runs in elections as independents.

Defunct partiesEdit

These organisations are no longer registered with any federal, state or territory political bodies, and can thus no longer contest elections. A number of these may still exist as organisations in some form, but none are recognised as political parties.

  • (#-A)
Party Period Description
All for Australia League 1931–1932
Australian Nationalist Party 1958–1958 Its objectives included opposition to communism and socialisation, reducing taxes, restoring the proportion of British immigration to 75% of the total, deportation of migrants convicted of certain crimes, increasing social services, restoration of full employment, opposition to salary rises for politicians, and support for states' rights.
Australian National Socialist Party 1962–1968 It merged into the National Socialist Party of Australia(NSPA), originally a splinter group, in 1968.
Australian Commonwealth Party 1972–1972
Australian Family Movement 1974–1990 The party generally stood for conservative Christian principles, and was particularly opposed to homosexuality, transvestism and androgyny, believing them "contrary to the natural order"; and to abortion and euthanasia, placing emphasis on the "dignity and sanctity of all human life, especially at its beginning and at its end".
Advance Australia Party (AAP), originally known as the Rex Connor Labor Party 1988–2005 Formerly the Rex Connor Labor Party, was founded in 1988 by the son of former Whitlam Government Minister, Rex Connor, after leaving the Australian Labor Party. The party was created in opposition to the embracing of social and economic liberalism by both the Liberal and Labor parties. It was registered on 14 July 1989, but deregistered by the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) on 5 December 2005 for failing to endorse a candidate in the previous four years.
Australians Against Further Immigration (AAFI) 1989–2008
Australian Conservative Party (later the Australian Conservative Alliance) 1989–1991 Founded as a registered political party in 1989, under the leadership of Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, the Premier of Queensland from 8 August 1968 to August 1988.
Abolish Self Government Coalition 1992–1995 A political party in the Australian Capital Territory that experienced limited success in the early years of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly. It opposed self-government for the ACT, supporting its re-integration into the local government of New South Wales. The party elected one MLA, Dennis Stevenson, to the ACT Legislative Assembly in 1989; he was re-elected in 1991 but retired in 1995, after which the party declined markedly. It was federally registered on 22 December 1992 and deregistered on 16 June 1995.
Australia's Indigenous Peoples Party 1993–1999 The party was associated with the Australian indigenous community.
Australian Women's Party (1995) 1995–2003
Australian Recreational Fishers Party Registered May 2016, deregistered August 2017.
Australian Reform Party 1997–2002
Australian Progressive Alliance 2003–2004 Formed by Meg Lees, an independent senator and former leader of the Australian Democrats, in April 2003. The party ceased to operate and was deregistered in June 2005 following Senator Lees's defeat at the 2004 election and the expiry of her term.
Australian Fishing and Lifestyle Party 2006–2014 It opposes any bans on recreational fishing, four-wheel-drive vehicles, horse-riding, trail bikes, camping and kayaking, and generally opposes conservation measures which it sees as threatening to recreation.
4Change (formerly the Climate Change Coalition) 2007-2010 Formed in 2007, the party sought to accelerate political action on global warming and climate change.
Australia's First Nations Political Party 2011–2015 The policies of the party focused on issues such as Northern Territory statehood and Aboriginal sovereignty, The party was associated with the Australian indigenous community.
Australia Party
Australian Bill of Rights Group A party agitating for the creation of a Bill of Rights for Australia. At the 1996 federal election, it contested the Senate in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland on joint tickets with the Republican Party of Australia. Among its candidates were future New South Wales Legislative Councillor Peter Breen, who headed the ticket in New South Wales. The party ran a single ticket in Victoria in the 1998 federal election.
Australian Defence Movement
Australia First Movement
Australian Independence Movement
Australian Labor Party (Anti-Communist)
Australian Labor Party (Non-Communist) Nicknamed Lang Labor like its predecessor.
Australian Labor Party (NSW) Nicknamed Lang Labor as was its successor.
Australian Marijuana Party
Australian Motorist Party
Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party 2013-2017 A party formed in Queensland at a public meeting of motoring enthusiasts following moves by various state governments toughening anti-hooning and vehicle impoundment legislation. Its representative Ricky Muir won a Senate seat in Victoria in the 2013 federal election, but did not regain his seat at the 2016 double dissolution election.
Australian Nationalist Workers' Party
Australian National Party
Australian Party
Australian Defence Veterans Party 2015-2017
  • (B-C)
Party Period Description
Bullet Train for Australia 2013–2017 Founded in 2012 and advocates a high-speed rail corridor between eastern Australian cities.
Commonwealth Liberal Party 1909–1916 Major conservative party, created by merger of the Protectionist Party and Free Trade Party in 1909. Formed government between 1909–10 and 1913–14. Merged with the National Labor Party in 1917, forming the Nationalist Party. The CLP is the earliest direct ancestor of the current Liberal Party of Australia.
Communist Party of Australia 1920–1991 Major Communist party
Country Progressive Party late 1920s–1930
Country and Progressive National Party 1926–1936
Commonwealth Party 1943–1944
Commonwealth Centre Party 1961–1961 It was formed by disaffected members of the Liberal Party. It had little success and was wound up soon after the election.
Conservative Party of Australia 1984–1998
Combined New Australia Party 1990–1990
Confederate Action Party of Australia 1992–1993 It advocated the return of the death penalty, denial of all applications for political asylum, and the reintroduction of the use of convict labour. The party sometimes used the slogan "We are One Australia – One Nation".
Country Party (South Australia) 1997–1932 Initially known as the Farmers and Settlers Association. The Country Party merged with the Liberal Federation to create the Liberal and Country League (LCL) in 1932
City Country Alliance 1999–2003
Curtin Labor Alliance 2001–2005 A minor Australian political coalition that was formed between two minor right-wing groups, the Citizens Electoral Council (CEC) and the Western Australian Municipal Employers Union, in 2001. The alliance claimed that Curtin was a nationalist, and that they represented the views that he would have espoused if he was alive.
Carers Alliance 2007–2015
Communist Alliance 2009–2012 An alliance of a number of Communist groups, individuals and ethnic based Communist Parties.
CountryMinded 2014–2018 Represents people whose livelihoods depend on agricultural production.
Consumer Rights & No-Tolls 2016–2018
Committee for a Revolutionary Communist Party in Australia
  • (D-E)
Party Period Description
Democratic Party (1920) 1920–1923
Democratic Party (1943) 1943–1945
Democratic Labor Party (1955-78) 1955-1978 Predecessor to the current Democratic Labour Party.
Defence of Government Schools 1966–1985 Primarily concerned with public education but also focused on pensions and housing policy, was founded by activists opposed to state aid for private schools.
Engineered Australia Plan Party 1982–1983
Deadly Serious Party 1980s–1988
Defence and Ex-Services Party 1986–1989
Earthsave (politics) 1996–1999
Democratic Socialist Electoral League 1998–2001
Daylight Saving for South East Queensland (Queensland)
Douglas Credit Party The party was based on the social credit theory of monetary reform, first set out by C. H. Douglas.
Drug Law Reform Australia Greg Chipp The party was founded by Greg Chipp (son of former Democrats' leader Don Chipp) and registered in 2013.[16] The party was formed to encourage rethinking drug policies on the basis of scientific evidence, harm minimisation, public interest and personal liberty.
Environmentalists for Nuclear Energy Australia
Ex-Service, Service and Veterans Party
  • (F-G)
Party Period Description
Free Trade Party 1887–1909 Major conservative party, It advocated the abolition of protectionism, especially protective tariffs and other restrictions on trade. Its most prominent leader was George Reid, who was the fourth Prime Minister of Australia.
Farmers and Producers Political Union 1904–1910 It merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union and the National Defence League to become the Liberal Union
Grey Power 1983–1994 The group was designed to represent the elderly vote, advocating issues dealing with aged care and a mature perspective on national policy; hence the name "grey power".
Family First Party 2001–2017 Socially conservative party founded in South Australia in 2004. Although eschewing religious labels, many of its candidates and members were from conservative Christian backgrounds. Relations between Family First and Fred Nile's Christian Democratic Party were strained by the need to compete for the same group of voters and to secure Senate preferences, particularly from the Liberal Party of Australia. It was assumed into Australian Conservatives Formed in 2017 by Senator Cory Bernardi who resigned from the Liberal Party.
Freedom and Prosperity Party 2009–2015
FREE Australia Party 2010–2014
Fair Land Tax - Tax Party
Family Law Reform Party
Gamers 4 Croydon 2009–2010
Glenn Lazarus Team 2015–2017
Great Australians Party 2003-
  • (H-I)
Party Period Description
Industrial Socialist Labor Party 1919–1921
Industrial Labor Party 1936–1939
Independent Labor Group 1959–1977
Independent EFF 1987–1999 Its positions included reducing workers' compensation, instituting voluntary unionism, and the elimination of unemployment benefits and the flat tax. The party had links to far-right groups such as the Australian League of Rights.
Independents Group 1989–1995 The Independents Group were a short-lived political party operating in the Australian Capital Territory. They briefly served as part of the Alliance government, alongside the Liberal Party of Australia and Residents Rally.
Hare-Clark Independent Party Party founded on 19 November 1991 by Craig Duby. Notable for having Fiona Patten, future leader of the Australian Sex Party, as a candidate in the 1992 ACT election.
Hope Party Australia 1997–2006
Hear Our Voice 2007–2010
Human Rights Party
Illawarra Workers Party
  • (L-M)
Party Period Description
Liberal Reform Party 1901–1916
Liberal and Democratic Union 1906–1910
Liberal Union (South Australia) 1910–1923
Majority Labor Party 1922–1923
Liberal Party (1922) 1922–1922
Liberal Federation 1923–1932
Liberal and Country League 1932–1972
Liberal Country Party 1938–1943
Liberal Democratic Party 1943–1944
Mature Australia Party 2014–2017
Middle Class Party 1943–1943
Liberal Reform Group 1966–1969 Opposition to conscription and Australian involvement in the Vietnam War
Liberal Movement 1972–1977 Merged into Australian Democrats
Liberals for Forests 2001–2009
Lower Excise Fuel and Beer Party 2001–2004
Mutual Party 2014–2015 Previously Bank Reform Party. In March 2015, it merged into the Australian Progressive Party (not to be confused with the similarly named Australian Progressives) after they agreed to join forces they themselves Australian Progressive Party would merge into Australian Progressives.
Libertarian Party of Australia
Liberty League
Marxist Workers Party of Australia
Multicultural Progress Party
  • (N-O)
Party Period Description
National Defence League 1891–1910 Later known as the Australasian National League
National Labor Party 1916–1917 Created by Prime Minister Billy Hughes in 1916, after he was expelled from the Australian Labor Party. Governed with support of the Commonwealth Liberal Party until 1917 when the two merged into the Nationalist Party of Australia.
Nationalist Party of Australia 1917-1931 Major conservative party, the result of a merger of the Commonwealth Liberal Party and National Labor Party in 1917. Formed government between 1917 and 1928. Reorganised as the United Australia Party in 1931.
National Party (South Australia) 1917–1923 Similar to the federal National Labor Party
One Parliament for Australia 1943–1943
National Liberal Party 1974–1974
New LM 1976–1977 Merged into Australian Democrats
National Humanitarian Party 1983–1984
Nuclear Disarmament Party 1984–2009
No Hoo Haa Party 2002-2011 Registered by Albert Bensimon to run for the seat of Adelaide in the 2002 state election.
No Self-Government Party 1989–1992 An Australian Capital Territory political party that experienced limited success in the early years of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly. Like Dennis Stevenson's Abolish Self-Government Coalition, it opposed self-government for the ACT. In the first territory election in 1989, three members of the No Self-Government Party were elected. None was still a member of the party by the 1992 election, by which time it had ceased to exist.
Natural Law Party 1990–1997
One Australia Movement 1986–1992 The party's policies included support for the monarchy, a biblical system of morality, immigration reform and social security reform, and opposition to union strike movements
One Australia Party 1995–1999
New Country Party 2003–2008
No GST Party
National Alliance (WA)
No Aircraft Noise
No Land Tax Campaign (New South Wales)
National Action
National Preparatory Committee of the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Australia A Marxist-Leninist communist party
National Socialist Party of Australia
New England New State Movement
One Nation NSW
Outdoor Recreation Party (Stop the Greens) 1996–2017 The Outdoor Recreation Party (ORP) was a minor political party in New South Wales, Australia. It professes to represent the outdoor community and interests such as cycling, bushwalking, camping, kayaking, 4WD motoring, skiing, fishing and shooting. It was formally allied with the Liberal Democratic Party.
  • (P-Q)
Party Period Description
Protectionist Party 1887–1909 Policies centred on protectionism. It advocated protective tariffs, arguing it would allow Australian industry to grow and provide employment. Its most prominent leaders were Sir Edmund Barton and Alfred Deakin, who were the first and second prime ministers of Australia.
Progressive Party 1901–1907
Progressive Party (1920) 1920–1927
Pangallo Independents Party
Palmer United Party 2013-2017 The Palmer United Party (PUP), dubbed the PUPs, was formed by Australian mining businessman Clive Palmer in April 2013. The party claims to have a broad political philosophy rather than a set ideology as well as reserving social issues as a free conscience vote. Its fiscal policies are centre to centre-right. Following defections from the LNP, the PUP holds several seats in the Queensland parliament, and at the 2013 federal election it won one House of Representatives and two Senate seats but later won another Senate seat for the Western Australia Senate by-election. All of these were lost in 2016.
Protestant People's Party 1946–1949
Queensland Labor Party 1957–1962 A breakaway group of the then ruling Australian Labor Party Government after the expulsion of Premier Vince Gair. The party was absorbed into the Democratic Labor Party (DLP) in 1962
Progress Party 1975–1981 It was formed on Australia Day (26 January) 1975 as a free market libertarian and anti-socialist party by businessmen John Singleton and Sinclair Hill in reaction to the economic policies of Labor prime minister Gough Whitlam
Progressive Conservative Party 1980–1980 Its stated aims included the reintroduction of the White Australia Policy, an end to Asian immigration to Australia, the cessation of foreign aid, and higher tax concessions to non-working mothers
Pensioner and Citizen Initiated Referendum Alliance (formerly Pensioner Party of Australia) 1982–1996 It generally supported the rights of pensioners and retirees, and was also notable as a strongly monarchist group
Party! Party! Party! 1989–1989
People Power Party 2006–2006
Pauline's United Australia Party 2007–2010
Protestant Labor Party
  • (R-S)
Party Period Description
Revenue Tariff Party 1903–1903 It elected one member, William McWilliams, to the Australian House of Representatives, and one member, Henry Dobson, to the Senate in the 1903 federal election. Both joined the Free Trade Party soon after the election, and the party was not heard of again
Single Tax League 1914–1941 Based on support for single tax
Services and Citizens' Party 1943–1944 In 1944 it was one of the groups brought together by Robert Menzies to form the Liberal Party of Australia
Services Party of Australia 1946–1946
Smokers' Rights Party 2012–2017 The Smokers' Rights Party was formed in 2012 to argue that taxation on cigarettes in Australia is excessive and not justified by public health costs. They would like to see property owners making their own smoking rules (including in bars and pubs), rather than the government, and argue that the decision to smoke is a matter of personal choice.
Social Democratic Party 1980–1983
Republican Party of Australia The Republican Party of Australia was a minor political party dedicated to ending the country's links with the United Kingdom and establishing a republic, but remaining in the Commonwealth. It was formed in 1982 and achieved registration federally in 1992. It in many ways replaced the Australian Republican Party, which had operated from 1949 through until the RPA's founding. it was deregistered on 15 February 2016 after failing to demonstrate the required number of members.
Referendum First Group 1984–1984 It was a single-issue party, demanding a referendum before granting the ACT self-government.
Residents Rally 1989–1995
Reclaim Australia: Reduce Immigration 1996–1999 The party advocated reducing immigration to Australia, The party's best electoral result was in the by-election following the retirement of former Prime Minister Paul Keating from the federal seat of Blaxland. In this by-election, the Liberal Party did not field a candidate to oppose the sitting Labor Party, and, although RARI finished behind AAFI on the primary vote, on preferences RARI was able to come second in the seat.
SA First 1999–2002
Reform the Legal System 2000–2002
Save the RAH (South Australia) 2010–2010 A single-issue party with the aim of stopping the relocation of Adelaide's main hospital, the Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH)
Rational Association
Red Eureka Movement
Restore the Workers' Rights Party
Save Our State (New South Wales)
Social Credit Movement of Australia
Socialist Federation of Australia
Socialist Party of Australia (WSM) 1930-1970 Companion party of the World Socialist Movement
South Australian Fishing & Lifestyle Party
State Labor Party
Stop CSG Party
Stormy Summers Reform Party (South Australia)
Sun Ripened Warm Tomato Party
Surprise Party
  • (T-U)
Party Period Description
United Australia Party 1931-1944 Major conservative party, established in 1931 as successor to the Nationalist Party of Australia. In government federally between 1931 and 1941. Succeeded by the Liberal Party of Australia in 1944.
United Christian Party 1972–1974
1980-1983
United Tasmania Group 1972–1976
1990-1990
(2016- )
Generally acknowledged as the world's first Green party. A few UTG candidates, including Bob Brown, formed the Tasmanian Greens (who enjoyed considerably more success) and then, at the national level, the Australian Greens. The United Tasmania Group was revived in April 2016.
Unite Australia Party 1986–1990
Tasmania Senate Team 1992–1996
Tasmania First Party 1996–2006
Taxi Operators Political Service 1997–2001
The Basics Rock 'n' Roll Party
United Democratic Party
United Party (South Australia)
Unity Party
  • (V-Z)
Party Period Description
Victorian Socialist Party 1906–1932 A socialist political party, the first explicitly Marxist party in Australia.
Western Australian Party 1906–1906
Young Australia National Party 1909–1916?
Victorian Liberal Party (formerly the Electoral Reform League) 1954–1955
What Women Want 2007–2010 Strong interest in maternity issues, including support of midwives.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The merger of the Queensland branches of the Liberal and National parties, it only contends elections in that state. Members elected on a federal level caucus with either party according to the terms of the merger.
  2. ^ The merger of the Northern Territory branches of the Liberal and National parties, it only contends elections in that territory. Members elected on a federal level are free to caucus with either party.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Economou, Nick. "Clive Palmer has a Trump-style slogan, but is no sure bet to return to parliament". theconversation.com. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  2. ^ "OzPolitics.info". OzPolitics.info. Retrieved 16 June 2010.
  3. ^ "Current Register of Political Parties". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  4. ^ Potts, Andrew. "About Us". Affordable Housing Party. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  5. ^ "Australian Better Families". The Australian Brotherhood of Fathers. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  6. ^ "No jab, no vote: new anti-vax party registered". Crikey. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Australian Mental Health Party (AMHP)". Australian Mental Health Party. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  8. ^ "List of Registered Parties". Elections.nsw.gov.au. New South Wales Electoral Commission. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  9. ^ "Currently registered parties". Victorian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  10. ^ "Political party register". Electoral Commission Queensland. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Registered Political Parties in WA". Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  12. ^ "Register of political parties". Electoral Commission of South Australia. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  13. ^ "Party Register". Tec.tas.gov.au. Tasmanian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Register of political parties". Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Register of political parties in the Northern Territory". NTEC. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  16. ^ Party Crasher: Drug Law Reform : http://www.upstart.net.au/2013/08/22/party-crasher-drug-law-reform/http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/greg-chipp-to-launch-new-political-party-to-seek-legal-changes-to-help-drug-addicts/story-e6frf7kx-1226589070445