Director of the Joint Staff
The Director of the Joint Staff (DJS) is a three-star officer who assists the Joint Chiefs of Staff, a cabinet of senior military officers within the United States Armed Forces who advise the Secretary of Defense and President on military matters. The Director assists the Chairman in managing the Joint Staff and with the management and organization of the staff's members. The Director also chairs meetings of the Operations Deputies, a subsidiary body comprising the Director and a three-star delegate from each service who preview or resolve issues before they are escalated to the four-star level of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
|Director of the Joint Staff|
Seal of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
|Formation||19 September 1949|
|First holder||MG Alfred M. Gruenther, USA|
The Director of the Joint Staff is selected by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense. As with all three- and four-star positions, the Director's appointment is subject to presidential nomination and Senate confirmation.
The position of Director is considered one of the most desirable three-star positions in the United States military establishment, for the position has historically served as a stepping stone to a four-star position. As of February 2016, 35 of the 44 past Directors and 7 past, short-term, acting Directors (all "acting" were two-star) have been promoted to four-star rank, including a former Director promoted to that rank upon retirement from active duty. Many of them have been promoted to four-star rank within a year of leaving the position of Director of the Joint Staff.
The current Director of the Joint Staff is Lieutenant General Glen D. VanHerck.
List of Directors of the Joint StaffEdit
This is a complete list of the Directors of the Joint Staff. An asterisk (*)—in the "No." (number) column—indicates an acting Director.
|1||MG Alfred M. Gruenther||U. S. Army
|17 September 1947||19 September 1949||Later a lieutenant general, was promoted to general, 1951|
|2||RADM Arthur C. Davis||U. S. Navy
|20 September 1949||1 November 1951||Later a vice admiral, was promoted at retirement to admiral, 1955|
|3||LTG Charles P. Cabell||U. S. Air Force
|2 November 1951||23 April 1953||Promoted to general, 1958|
|4||LTG Frank F. Everest||USAF||24 April 1953||18 March 1954||Promoted to general, 1957|
|5||LTG Lemuel Mathewson||USA||19 March 1954||14 March 1956|
|6||VADM Bernard L. Austin||USN||15 March 1956||31 March 1958|
|7||LTG Oliver S. Picher||USAF||1 April 1958||31 March 1960|
|8||LTG Earle G. Wheeler||USA||1 April 1960||24 February 1962||Promoted to general, 1962|
|9||VADM Herbert D. Riley||USN||25 February 1962||23 February 1964|
|10||LTG David A. Burchinal||USAF||24 February 1964||31 July 1966||Promoted to general, 1966|
|11||LTG Andrew J. Goodpaster||USA||1 August 1966||31 March 1967||Promoted to general, 1968|
|12||LTG Berton E. Spivy||USA||1 April 1967||31 July 1968||Promoted to general, 1968|
|13||VADM Nels C. Johnson||USN||1 Aug 1968||19 July 1970|
|14||LTG John W. Vogt||USAF||20 July 1970||7 April 1972||Promoted to general, 1972|
|*||RADM Mason B. Freeman||USN||8 April 1972||11 June 1972|
|15||LTG George M. Seignious II||USA||12 June 1972||31 May 1974||retired to become President of The Citadel|
|16||VADM Harry D. Train II||USN||1 June 1974||30 June 1976||Promoted to admiral, 1978|
|17||LTG Ray B. Sitton||USAF||1 July 1976||30 June 1977|
|18||VADM Patrick J. Hannifin||USN||1 July 1977||20 June 1978|
|*||MG John A. Wickham Jr.||USA||1 July 1978||21 August 1978|
|19||LTG John A. Wickham Jr.||USA||22 August 1978||22 June 1979||Promoted to general, 1979|
|20||VADM C. Thor Hanson||USN||22 June 1979||30 June 1981|
|21||LTG James E. Dalton||USAF||1 July 1981||30 June 1983||Promoted to general, 1983|
|22||LTG Jack N. Merritt||USA||1 July 1983||30 June 1985||Promoted to general, 1985|
|23||VADM Powell F. Carter Jr.||USN||1 July 1985||14 August 1987||Promoted to admiral, 1987|
|24||LTG Robert W. RisCassi||USA||15 August 1987||30 November 1988||Promoted to general, 1988|
|25||LTG Hansford T. Johnson||USAF||1 December 1988||20 September 1989||Promoted to general, 1989|
|*||MG Gene A. Deegan||U. S. Marine Corps
|21 September 1989||26 September 1989|
|26||LTG Michael P.C. Carns||USAF||27 September 1989||16 May 1991||Promoted to general, 1991|
|27||LTG Henry Viccellio Jr.||USAF||17 May 1991||1 December 1992||Promoted to general, 1992|
|28||VADM Richard C. Macke||USN||1 December 1992||17 July 1994||Promoted to admiral, 1994|
|*||MG Charles T. Robertson Jr.||USAF||19 July 1994||24 July 1994||Later a lieutenant general, was promoted to general, 1998|
|29||LTG Walter Kross||USAF||25 July 1994||12 July 1996||Promoted to general, 1996|
|*||MG Stephen T. Rippe||USA||13 July 1996||13 September 1996|
|30||VADM Dennis C. Blair||USN||14 September 1996||12 December 1998||Promoted to admiral, 1999|
|31||VADM Vernon E. Clark||USN||12 December 1998||26 July 1999||Promoted to admiral, 1999|
|32||LTG Carlton W. Fulford Jr.||USMC||26 July 1999||14 July 2000||Promoted to general, 2000|
|33||VADM Scott A. Fry||USN||July 2000||October 2001|
|34||LTG John P. Abizaid||USA||16 October 2001||23 January 2003||Promoted to general, 2003|
|35||LTG George W. Casey Jr.||USA||January 2003||October 2003||Promoted to general, 2003|
|36||VADM Timothy J. Keating||USN||13 October 2003||October 2004||Promoted to admiral, 2004|
|37||LTG Norton A. Schwartz||USAF||October 2004||August 2005||Promoted to general, 2005|
|38||LTG Walter L. Sharp||USA||August 2005||May 2008||Promoted to general, 2008|
|*||MG Stephen M. Goldfein||USAF||May 2008||August 2008|
|39||LTG Stanley A. McChrystal||USA||August 2008||10 June 2009||Promoted to general, 2009|
|*||RADM Bruce E. Grooms||USN||10 June 2009||August 2009|
|40||LTG Lloyd J. Austin III||USA||August 2009||30 June 2010||Promoted to general, 2010|
|41||VADM William E. Gortney||USN||1 July 2010||August 2012||Promoted to admiral, 2012|
|42||LTG Curtis M. Scaparrotti||USA||August 2012||August 2013||Promoted to general, 2013|
|43||Lt Gen David L. Goldfein||USAF||August 2013||August 2015||Promoted to general, 2015.|
|44||LTG William C. Mayville Jr.||USA||August 2015||July 2017|
|45||LtGen Kenneth F. McKenzie Jr.||USMC||July 2017||28 February 2019||Promoted to general, 2019.|
|46||VADM Michael M. Gilday||USN||1 March 2019||21 August 2019||Promoted to admiral, 2019|
|46||Lt Gen Glen D. VanHerck||USAF||September 2019||Present|
- Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. "Director Responsibility Statement". Joint Chiefs of Staff. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011.
- Woodward, Bob (2006). State of Denial: Bush at War, Part III. Simon and Schuster. pp. 22, 40. ISBN 978-0-7432-7223-0.
scott fry joint staff.
- Historical Office (2004). "Department of Defense Key Officials, 1947–2004". Office of the Secretary of Defense. p. 61. Archived from the original on 22 May 2009.