List of United States Navy four-star admirals

This is a complete list of four-star admirals in the United States Navy. The rank of admiral (or full admiral, or four-star admiral) is the highest rank normally achievable in the U.S. Navy. It ranks above vice admiral (three-star admiral) and below fleet admiral (five-star admiral).

Flag of a
Navy four-star admiral

There have been 271 four-star admirals in the history of the U.S. Navy. Of these, 230 achieved that rank while on active duty, 40 were promoted upon retirement in recognition of combat citations, and one was promoted posthumously. Admirals entered the Navy via several paths: 236 were commissioned via the U.S. Naval Academy (USNA), 20 via Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC), 8 via Officer Candidate School (OCS), 2 via warrant, 2 via Aviation Officer Candidate School (AOCS), one via direct commission (direct), one via the Naval Aviation Cadet (NAVCAD) program, and one via the U.S. Merchant Marine.

List of admiralsEdit

Entries in the following list of four-star admirals are indexed by the numerical order in which each officer was promoted to that rank while on active duty, or by an asterisk (*) if the officer did not serve in that rank while on active duty. Each entry lists the admiral's name, date of rank,[1] active-duty positions held while serving at four-star rank,[2] number of years of active-duty service at four-star rank (Yrs),[3] year commissioned and source of commission,[4] number of years in commission when promoted to four-star rank (YC),[5] and other biographical notes.[6]

The list is sortable by last name, date of rank, number of years of active-duty service at four-star rank, year commissioned, and number of years in commission when promoted to four-star rank.

# Name Photo Date of rank [1] Position [2] Yrs [3] Commission [4] YC [5] Notes [6]
1 David G. Farragut   25 Jul 1866   4 1810 (warrant) 56 (1801–1870) Brother-by-adoption of Navy four-star admiral David D. Porter Jr.
2 David D. Porter Jr.   15 Aug 1870  
  • Admiral of the Navy, 1870–1891.
  • Head, Board of Inspection, 1877–1891.
21 1829 (warrant) 41 (1813–1891) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1865–1869. Brother-by-adoption of Navy four-star admiral David G. Farragut.
3 George Dewey   02 Mar 1899   18 1858 (USNA) 41 (1837–1917) Promoted to The Admiral of the Navy, 24 Mar 1903, with date of rank 02 Mar 1899. Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for U.S. President, 1900.
4 Frank F. Fletcher   10 Mar 1915   2 1875 (USNA) 40 (1855–1928) [7] Awarded Medal of Honor, 1914. Uncle of Navy four-star admiral Frank J. Fletcher.
5 Thomas B. Howard   11 Mar 1915   1 1873 (USNA) 42 (1854–1920) [7] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Observatory, 1917–1919.
6 Walter C. Cowles   12 Mar 1915   1 1873 (USNA) 42 (1853–1917) [7]
7 Albert G. Winterhalter   09 Jul 1915   2 1877 (USNA) 38 (1856–1920) [7]
8 Cameron M. Winslow   13 Sep 1915   1 1875 (USNA) 40 (1854–1932) [7]
9 Henry T. Mayo   19 Jun 1916   3 1876 (USNA) 41 (1857–1937) [7][8] Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1924–1928.
10 William B. Caperton   28 Jul 1916   3 1875 (USNA) 41 (1855–1941) [7][8] Special Representative of the President in Brazil, 1918.
11 William S. Benson   29 Aug 1916   3 1877 (USNA)[9] 39 (1855–1932) [7][8] Chairman/Commissioner, U.S. Shipping Board, 1919–1928.
12 Austin M. Knight   04 Apr 1917   1 1873 (USNA)[9] 44 (1854–1927) [7] Brother of Seattle Mayor Bertha Knight Landes.
13 William S. Sims   04 Dec 1918   2 1880 (USNA)[9] 38 (1858–1936) [7][8] Awarded Pulitzer Prize for History, 1921.
14 Henry B. Wilson Jr.   30 Jun 1919   2 1881 (USNA)[9] 38 (1861–1954) [7][8] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1921–1925. Father-in-law of U.S. Secretary of War Patrick J. Hurley.
15 Hugh Rodman   01 Jul 1919   2 1880 (USNA)[9] 39 (1859–1940) [7][8] U.S. Minister and Envoy to Peru, 1921.
16 Albert Gleaves   01 Sep 1919   2 1877 (USNA)[9] 42 (1858–1937) [7][8] Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1928–1931.
17 Robert E. Coontz   01 Nov 1919   6 1885 (USNA)[9] 34 (1864–1935) [7][8] Governor of Guam, 1912–1913.
18 Joseph Strauss   04 Feb 1921   1 1885 (USNA)[9] 36 (1861–1948) [7][8]
19 Hilary P. Jones   30 Jun 1921   2 1884 (USNA)[9] 37 (1865–1939) [7][8]
20 Edward W. Eberle   05 Jul 1921   6 1885 (USNA)[9] 36 (1864–1929) [7] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1915–1919.
21 Edwin A. Anderson   28 Aug 1922   1 1882 (USNA)[9] 40 (1860–1933) [7] Awarded Medal of Honor, 1914.
22 Samuel S. Robison   30 Jun 1923   3 1888 (USNA)[9] 35 (1867–1952) [7][10] Military Governor of Santo Domingo, 1921–1922; Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1928–1931; Superintendent, Admiral Farragut Academy, 1931–1948. Brother-in-law of Navy four-star admiral Charles F. Hughes.
23 Thomas Washington   11 Oct 1923   2 1887 (USNA)[9] 36 (1865–1954) [7][10] Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1931–1937.
24 Charles F. Hughes   14 Oct 1925   5 1888 (USNA)[9] 37 (1866–1934) [7] Brother-in-law of Navy four-star admiral Samuel S. Robison; daughter married brother of Navy five-star admiral Chester W. Nimitz.
25 Clarence S. Williams   14 Oct 1925   2 1884 (USNA)[9] 41 (1863–1951) [7][10]
26 Richard H. Jackson   04 Sep 1926   1 1887 (USNA)[9] 39 (1866–1971) [7][10] Distant cousin of Air Force four-star general Charles P. Cabell.
27 Henry A. Wiley   08 Sep 1927  
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1927-1929.
2 1888 (USNA)[9] 39 (1867–1943) [7] Chairman/Commissioner, U.S. Maritime Commission, 1936–1940.
28 Mark L. Bristol   09 Sep 1927   2 1887 (USNA)[9] 40 (1868–1939) [7] U.S. High Commissioner, Turkey, 1919–1927.
29 Louis R. de Steiguer   10 Sep 1927   1 1889 (USNA)[9] 38 (1867–1947) [7][10]
30 William V. Pratt   26 Jun 1928   5 1889 (USNA)[9] 39 (1869–1957) [7][11]
31 Louis M. Nulton   21 May 1929   1 1889 (USNA)[9] 40 (1869–1954) [7][10] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1925–1928.
32 Charles B. McVay Jr.   09 Sep 1929   2 1890 (USNA)[9] 39 (1868–1949) [7][10]
33 Frank H. Schofield   24 May 1930   2 1890 (USNA)[9] 40 (1869–1942) [7]
34 Jehu V. Chase   17 Sep 1930  
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1930–1931.
1 1890 (USNA)[9] 40 (1869–1937) [7]
35 Montgomery M. Taylor   01 Sep 1931   2 1890 (USNA)[9] 41 (1869–1952) [7][10] Grandnephew of U.S. President Zachary Taylor; distant cousin of Army four-star general Montgomery C. Meigs.
36 Richard H. Leigh   15 Sep 1931  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1931–1932.
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1932–1933.
2 1891 (USNA)[9] 40 (1870–1946) [7][10]
37 Luke McNamee   11 Aug 1932  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1932–1933.
1 1892 (USNA)[9] 40 (1871–1952) [7][10] Governor of Guam, 1907.
38 William H. Standley   20 May 1933   4 1895 (USNA)[9] 38 (1872–1963) [7][11][12] U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union, 1942–1943.
39 David F. Sellers   10 Jun 1933  
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1933–1934.
1 1894 (USNA)[9] 39 (1874–1949) [7][10] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1934–1938.
40 Joseph M. Reeves   01 Jul 1933  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1933–1934.
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1934–1936.
3 1894 (USNA)[9] 39 (1872–1948) [7][10][13]
41 Frank B. Upham   18 Aug 1933   2 1893 (USNA)[9] 40 (1872–1939) [7] Married aunt of Navy four-star admiral Robert B. Carney.
42 Frank H. Brumby   15 Jun 1934  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1934–1935.
1 1895 (USNA)[9] 39 (1874–1950) [7][10]
43 Harris Laning   01 Apr 1935  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1935–1936.
1 1895 (USNA)[9] 40 (1873–1941) [7] Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1937–1941.
44 Orin G. Murfin   04 Oct 1935   1 1897 (USNA)[9] 38 (1876–1956) [7][10]
45 William D. Leahy   30 Mar 1936   10 1897 (USNA)[9] 39 (1875–1959) [14] Promoted to fleet admiral, 15 Dec 1944. Governor of Puerto Rico, 1939–1940; U.S. Ambassador to France, 1941–1942. Wife's niece married Navy four-star admiral David W. Bagley.
46 Arthur J. Hepburn   24 Jun 1936  
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1936–1938.
2 1897 (USNA)[9] 39 (1877–1964) [7][10]
47 Harry E. Yarnell   30 Oct 1936   3 1897 (USNA)[9] 39 (1875–1959) [7][10][15]
48 Claude C. Bloch   02 Jan 1937  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1937–1938.
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1938–1940.
3 1899 (USNA)[9] 38 (1878–1967) [7][16]
49 Edward C. Kalbfus   29 Jan 1938  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1938–1939.
1 1899 (USNA)[9] 39 (1877–1954) [7][10]
50 James O. Richardson   24 Jun 1939  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1939–1940.
  • Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (CINCUS), 1940–1941.
2 1902 (USNA)[9] 37 (1878–1974) [7][16] Relieved, 1941.
51 Thomas C. Hart   25 Jul 1939   3 1897 (USNA)[9] 42 (1877–1971) [17] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1931–1934; U.S. Senator from Connecticut, 1945–1946.
52 Harold R. Stark   01 Aug 1939   6 1903 (USNA)[9] 36 (1880–1972)
53 Charles P. Snyder   06 Jan 1940  
  • Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet (COMBATFOR), 1940–1941.
1 1900 (USNA)[9] 40 (1879–1964) [7][16]
54 Husband E. Kimmel   01 Feb 1941   0 1904 (USNA)[9] 37 (1882–1968) [7] Relieved, 1941. Brother-in-law of Navy four-star admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid.
55 Ernest J. King   01 Feb 1941   4 1901 (USNA)[9] 40 (1878–1956) Promoted to fleet admiral, 17 Dec 1944. Awarded Congressional Gold Medal, 1946. Father-in-law of Air Force four-star general Frederic H. Smith Jr.
56 Chester W. Nimitz   31 Dec 1941   6 1905 (USNA)[9] 36 (1885–1966) Promoted to fleet admiral, 19 Dec 1944. Brother married daughter of Navy four-star admiral Charles F. Hughes.
57 Royal E. Ingersoll   01 Jul 1942   3 1905 (USNA)[9] 37 (1883–1976)
58 William F. Halsey Jr.   18 Nov 1942   3 1904 (USNA)[9] 38 (1882–1959) Promoted to fleet admiral, 04 Dec 1945.
59 Raymond A. Spruance   16 Feb 1944   4 1906 (USNA)[9] 38 (1886–1969) U.S. Ambassador to the Philippines, 1952–1955.
60 Jonas H. Ingram   15 Nov 1944   2 1909 (USNA)[9] 35 (1886–1952) Commissioner, All-America Football Conference, 1947–1949. Awarded Medal of Honor, 1914.
61 Frederick J. Horne   15 Dec 1944   1 1899 (USNA)[9] 45 (1880–1959)
62 Richard S. Edwards Jr.   03 Apr 1945   2 1907 (USNA)[9] 38 (1885–1956)
63 H. Kent Hewitt   03 Apr 1945   4 1907 (USNA)[9] 38 (1887–1972)
64 Thomas C. Kinkaid   03 Apr 1945   5 1908 (USNA)[9] 37 (1888–1972) Brother-in-law of Navy four-star admiral Husband E. Kimmel.
65 Richmond K. Turner   24 May 1945   2 1908 (USNA)[9] 37 (1885–1961)
66 Samuel M. Robinson   27 Aug 1945   1 1903 (USNA)[9] 42 (1882–1972) Administrator, Webb Institute of Naval Architecture, 1946–1951. First engineering officer to attain rank of admiral.
* John S. McCain Sr.   06 Sep 1945  
  • (posthumous)
0 1906 (USNA)[9] 39 (1884–1945) Father of Navy four-star admiral John S. McCain Jr.; grandfather of U.S. Senator John S. McCain III.
67 John H. Towers   07 Nov 1945   2 1906 (USNA)[9] 39 (1885–1955)
68 DeWitt C. Ramsey   28 Dec 1945   4 1912 (USNA) 33 (1888–1961)
69 Louis E. Denfeld   07 Jan 1946   2 1912 (USNA) 34 (1891–1972) [18] Candidate for Republican Party nomination for Governor of Massachusetts, 1950. Relieved, 1949.
70 Charles M. Cooke Jr.   08 Jan 1946   2 1910 (USNA)[9] 36 (1886–1970)
71 Marc A. Mitscher   01 Mar 1946   1 1910 (USNA)[9] 36 (1887–1947) Died in office.
72 Ben Moreell   11 Jun 1946   0 1917 (direct) 29 (1892–1978) First staff corps officer to attain rank of admiral.
73 Richard L. Conolly   23 Sep 1946   4 1914 (USNA) 32 (1892–1962) [19] President, Long Island University, 1953–1962.
74 William H.P. Blandy   03 Feb 1947   3 1913 (USNA) 34 (1890–1954)
75 Arthur W. Radford   07 Apr 1949   8 1916 (USNA) 33 (1896–1973) Married aunt of Army four-star general Michael S. Davison.
76 Forrest P. Sherman   02 Nov 1949   2 1917 (USNA) 32 (1896–1951) Died in office.
77 William M. Fechteler   01 Feb 1950   6 1916 (USNA) 34 (1896–1967)
78 Robert B. Carney   02 Oct 1950   5 1916 (USNA) 34 (1895–1990) Aunt married Navy four-star admiral Frank B. Upham.
79 Lynde D. McCormick   22 Dec 1950   4 1915 (USNA) 35 (1895–1956) [20]
80 Donald B. Duncan   09 Aug 1951   5 1917 (USNA) 34 (1896–1975) Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1957–1962. Brother-in-law of U.S. Secretary of Commerce Harry L. Hopkins.
81 Felix B. Stump   27 Jun 1953   5 1917 (USNA) 36 (1894–1972)
82 Jerauld Wright   06 Apr 1954   6 1917 (USNA) 37 (1898–1995) U.S. Ambassador to China, 1963–1965.
83 John H. Cassady   07 Apr 1954   2 1918 (USNA) 36 (1896–1969)
84 Arleigh A. Burke   06 Jun 1955   6 1923 (USNA) 32 (1901–1996) Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1977.
85 Robert P. Briscoe   30 Apr 1956   3 1918 (USNA) 38 (1897–1968)
86 Walter F. Boone   01 May 1956   4 1920 (USNA) 36 (1898–1995) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1954–1956; Deputy Associate Administrator for Defense Affairs, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1962–1968.
87 Harry D. Felt   01 Sep 1956   8 1923 (USNA) 33 (1902–1992)
88 Maurice E. Curts   29 Apr 1957   1 1919 (USNA) 38 (1898–1976) [19]
89 James L. Holloway Jr.   01 Jan 1958   1 1918 (USNA) 40 (1898–1984) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1947–1950; Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1962–1966. Father of Navy four-star admiral James L. Holloway III.
90 Herbert G. Hopwood   01 Feb 1958   2 1919 (USNA) 39 (1898–1966)
91 James S. Russell   21 Jul 1958   7 1926 (USNA) 32 (1903–1996)
92 Charles R. Brown   01 Jan 1959   2 1921 (USNA) 38 (1899–1983)
93 Robert L. Dennison   01 Feb 1959   4 1923 (USNA) 36 (1901–1980)
94 Harold Page Smith   01 Feb 1960   5 1924 (USNA) 36 (1904–1993) Uncle of Navy four-star admiral Leighton W. Smith, Jr.
95 John H. Sides   01 Mar 1960   3 1925 (USNA) 35 (1904–1978)
96 George W. Anderson Jr.   01 Aug 1961   2 1927 (USNA) 34 (1906–1992) U.S. Ambassador to Portugal, 1963–1966.
97 Claude V. Ricketts   01 Nov 1961   3 1929 (USNA) 32 (1906–1964) Died in office.
98 David L. McDonald   01 Apr 1963   4 1928 (USNA) 35 (1906–1997)
99 Charles D. Griffin   26 Jun 1963   5 1927 (USNA) 36 (1906–1996)
100 U.S. Grant Sharp Jr.   27 Sep 1963   5 1927 (USNA) 36 (1906–2001) Great-aunt married U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant.
101 Thomas H. Moorer   26 Jun 1964   10 1933 (USNA) 31 (1912–2004)
102 Horacio Rivero Jr.   31 Jul 1964   8 1931 (USNA) 33 (1910–2000) U.S. Ambassador to Spain, 1972–1974.
103 John S. Thach   25 Mar 1965   2 1927 (USNA) 38 (1905–1981)
104 Alfred G. Ward   27 Mar 1965   3 1932 (USNA) 33 (1909–1982)
105 Roy L. Johnson   31 Mar 1965   2 1929 (USNA) 36 (1906–1999)
106 John S. McCain Jr.   01 May 1967   5 1931 (USNA) 36 (1911–1981) Son of Navy four-star admiral John S. McCain Sr.; father of U.S. Senator John S. McCain III.
107 Ignatius J. Galantin   19 May 1967   3 1933 (USNA) 34 (1910–2004)
108 Ephraim P. Holmes   17 Jun 1967   3 1930 (USNA) 37 (1908–1997)
109 John J. Hyland Jr.   01 Dec 1967   3 1934 (USNA) 33 (1912–1998)
110 Bernard A. Clarey   17 Jan 1968   5 1934 (USNA) 34 (1912–1996)
111 Waldemar F.A. Wendt   12 Jul 1968   3 1933 (USNA) 35 (1912–1997)
112 Elmo R. Zumwalt Jr.   01 Jul 1970   4 1942 (USNA) 28 (1920–2000) Democratic Party nominee for U.S. Senator from Virginia, 1976. Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1998.
113 Charles K. Duncan   01 Sep 1970   2 1933 (USNA) 37 (1911–1994)
114 Jackson D. Arnold   14 Oct 1970   1 1934 (USNA) 36 (1912–2007) First restricted line officer to attain rank of admiral.
115 Ralph W. Cousins   1970-10-3030 Oct 1970   5 1937 (USNA) 33 (1915–2009)
116 William F. Bringle   01 Jul 1971   2 1937 (USNA) 34 (1913–1999)
117 Isaac C. Kidd Jr.   01 Dec 1971   7 1942 (USNA) 29 (1919–1999)
118 Richard G. Colbert   01 Jun 1972   1 1937 (USNA) 35 (1915–1973)
119 Noel A.M. Gayler   01 Sep 1972   4 1935 (USNA) 37 (1914–2011) Director, National Security Agency, 1969–1972.
120 Maurice F. Weisner   01 Sep 1972   7 1941 (USNA) 31 (1917–2006)
121 James L. Holloway III   01 Sep 1973   5 1942 (USNA) 31 (1922–2019) Son of Navy four-star admiral James L. Holloway Jr.
122 Worth H. Bagley   01 Sep 1973   2 1947 (USNA) 26 (1924–2016) Son of Navy four-star admiral David W. Bagley; brother of Navy four-star admiral David H. Bagley; great-aunt married Navy five-star admiral William D. Leahy; great-aunt married U.S. Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels.
123 Hyman G. Rickover   16 Nov 1973   9 1922 (USNA) 51 (1900–1986) [21] Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1980; Congressional Gold Medal, 1958 and 1982.
124 Means Johnston Jr.   25 Nov 1973   2 1939 (USNA) 34 (1916–1989)
125 Harold E. Shear   24 May 1974   6 1942 (USNA) 32 (1918–1999) Administrator, U.S. Maritime Administration, 1981–1985.
126 John P. Weinel   02 Aug 1974   3 1939 (USNA) 35 (1916–2004)
127 Frederick H. Michaelis   19 Apr 1975   3 1940 (USNA) 35 (1917–1992)
128 David H. Bagley   21 May 1975   2 1943 (USNA) 32 (1920–1992) Son of Navy four-star admiral David W. Bagley; brother of Navy four-star admiral Worth H. Bagley; great-aunt married Navy five-star admiral William D. Leahy; great-aunt married U.S. Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels.
129 Stansfield Turner   01 Sep 1975   4 1946 (USNA) 29 (1923–2018)
130 Daniel J. Murphy   1976  
  • Deputy to the Director of Central Intelligence for the Intelligence Community (D/DCI/IC), 1976–1977.
1 1943 (OCS) 33 (1922–2001) U.S. Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Policy, 1977–1981; Chief of Staff to the U.S. Vice President, 1981–1985.
131 Thomas B. Hayward   12 Aug 1976   6 1947 (USNA) 29 (1924–       )
132 Robert L. J. Long   05 Jul 1977   6 1943 (USNA) 34 (1920–2002)
133 Donald C. Davis   09 May 1978   3 1943 (USNA) 35 (1921–1998)
134 Alfred J. Whittle Jr.   01 Aug 1978   3 1945 (USNA) 33 (1924–1993)
135 Harry D. Train II   01 Oct 1978   4 1949 (USNA) 29 (1927–       )
136 James D. Watkins   18 Sep 1979   7 1949 (USNA) 30 (1927–2012) U.S. Secretary of Energy, 1989–1993.
137 William J. Crowe Jr.   30 May 1980   9 1947 (USNA) 33 (1925–2007) U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1994–1997. Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, 2000.
138 Bobby R. Inman   12 Feb 1981   1 1952 (OCS) 29 (1931–       ) [22] Director, National Security Agency, 1977–1981. First naval intelligence specialist to attain rank of admiral.
139 William N. Small   01 Jul 1981   4 1948 (USNA) 33 (1927–2016)
140 John G. Williams Jr.   01 Jul 1981   2 1947 (USNA) 34 (1924–1991)
141 George E.R. Kinnear II   31 Jul 1981   1 1948 (OCS) 33 (1928–2015)
142 Kinnaird R. McKee   02 Mar 1982   6 1951 (USNA) 31 (1929–2013) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1975–1978.
143 Sylvester R. Foley Jr.   28 May 1982   3 1950 (USNA) 32 (1928–2019) U.S. Assistant Secretary of Energy for Defense Programs, 1985–1988.
144 Wesley L. McDonald   01 Oct 1982   3 1946 (USNA) 36 (1924–2009)
145 Ronald J. Hays   29 Apr 1983   5 1950 (USNA) 33 (1928–       )
146 Steven A. White   01 Aug 1983   2 1952 (NROTC) 31 (1928–       ) Manager of Nuclear Power, Tennessee Valley Authority, 1986–1988.
147 Lee Baggett Jr.   30 May 1985   3 1950 (USNA) 35 (1927–1999)
148 James A. Lyons Jr.   16 Sep 1985   2 1952 (USNA) 33 (1927–2018)
149 Carlisle A.H. Trost   04 Oct 1985   5 1953 (USNA) 32 (1930–2020)
150 James B. Busey IV   17 Oct 1985   4 1954 (NAVCAD) 31 (1932–       ) Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration, 1989–1991; U.S. Deputy Secretary of Transportation, 1991–1992.
151 Arthur S. Moreau Jr.   15 Nov 1985   1 1953 (USNA) 32 (1931–1986)
152 Frank B. Kelso II   13 Jun 1986   8 1956 (USNA) 30 (1933–2013)
153 Huntington Hardisty   11 Mar 1987   4 1952 (USNA) 35 (1929–2003)
154 Powell F. Carter Jr.   01 Oct 1987   4 1955 (USNA) 32 (1931–2017)
155 David E. Jeremiah   01 Oct 1987   7 1956 (OCS) 32 (1934–2013)
156 Leon A. Edney   01 Oct 1988   4 1957 (USNA) 31 (1935–       )
157 Bruce DeMars   01 Nov 1988   8 1957 (USNA) 31 (1935–       )
158 James R. Hogg   01 Dec 1988   3 1956 (USNA) 32 (1934–       )
159 Jonathan T. Howe   01 Jun 1989   3 1957 (USNA) 32 (1935–       ) U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Politico-Military Affairs, 1982–1984; Special Representative of the U.N. Secretary General for Somalia, 1993–1994.
160 Charles R. Larson   01 Mar 1990   8 1958 (USNA) 32 (1936–2014) [23] Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1983–1986; Democratic Party nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Maryland, 2002.
161 Jerome L. Johnson   01 Jul 1990   2 1956 (NROTC) 34 (1935–       )
162 Paul D. Miller   01 Feb 1991   3 1964 (OCS) 27 (1941–       )
163 William D. Smith   22 Feb 1991   2 1955 (USNA) 36 (1933–2020)
164 Robert J. Kelly   01 Mar 1991   3 1959 (USNA) 32 (1938–       )
165 Jeremy M. Boorda   02 Mar 1992   4 1962 (OCS) 30 (1938–1996) Died in office.
166 William O. Studeman   09 Apr 1992   3 1962 (NROTC) 30 (1940–       ) Director, National Security Agency, 1988–1992.
167 Stanley R. Arthur   06 Jul 1992   3 1957 (NROTC) 35 (1935–       ) [24]
168 Henry H. Mauz Jr.   01 Aug 1992   2 1959 (USNA) 33 (1936–       )
169 Henry G. Chiles Jr.   14 Feb 1994   2 1960 (USNA) 34 (1938–       )
170 William A. Owens   01 Mar 1994   2 1962 (USNA) 32 (1940–       )
171 Leighton W. Smith Jr.   01 May 1994   2 1962 (USNA) 32 (1939–       ) Nephew of Navy four-star admiral Harold Page Smith.
172 Richard C. Macke   01 Oct 1994   2 1960 (USNA) 34 (1938–       ) [7] Relieved, 1996.
173 Ronald J. Zlatoper   05 Oct 1994   2 1963 (NROTC) 31 (1941–       )
174 William J. Flanagan Jr.   01 Nov 1994   2 1964 (MMA)[25] 30 (1943–       )
175 Joseph W. Prueher   01 Jun 1995   4 1964 (USNA) 31 (1942–       ) U.S. Ambassador to China, 1999–2001.
176 Jay L. Johnson   01 Apr 1996   4 1968 (USNA) 28 (1946–       )
177 Thomas J. Lopez   31 Jul 1996   2 1964 (NROTC) 32 (1940–       )
178 Frank L. Bowman   01 Oct 1996   8 1966 (NROTC) 30 (1944–       )
179 Harold W. Gehman Jr.   01 Oct 1996   4 1965 (NROTC) 31 (1942–       )
180 Archie R. Clemins   01 Jan 1997   2 1966 (NROTC) 31 (1943–       )
181 Joseph P. Reason   01 Feb 1997   2 1965 (USNA) 32 (1941–       ) First African-American to achieve the rank of admiral.
182 Donald L. Pilling   30 Oct 1997   3 1965 (USNA) 32 (1943–2008)
183 Richard W. Mies   01 Aug 1998   3 1967 (USNA) 31 (1944–       )
184 Charles S. Abbot   01 Sep 1998   2 1966 (USNA) 32 (1945–       ) Deputy Director, Office of Homeland Security, 2001–2003.
185 James O. Ellis   01 Jan 1999   5 1969 (USNA) 30 (1947–       )
186 Dennis C. Blair   01 May 1999   3 1968 (USNA) 31 (1946–       ) President, Institute for Defense Analyses, 2003–2006; Director of National Intelligence, 2009–2010.
187 Vernon E. Clark   01 Nov 1999   6 1968 (OCS) 31 (1944–       )
188 Thomas B. Fargo   01 Dec 1999   6 1970 (USNA) 29 (1948–       )
189 Robert J. Natter   01 Sep 2000   3 1967 (USNA) 33 (1945–       )
190 William J. Fallon   01 Nov 2000   8 1967 (NROTC) 33 (1944–       ) Resigned, 2008.
191 Gregory G. Johnson   24 Oct 2001   3 1969 (NROTC) 32 (1946–       )
192 Walter F. Doran   04 May 2002   3 1967 (NROTC) 35 (1945–       )
193 Edmund P. Giambastiani Jr.   02 Oct 2002   5 1970 (USNA) 32 (1948–       )
194 Michael G. Mullen   28 Aug 2003   8 1968 (USNA) 35 (1946–       )
195 John B. Nathman   01 Dec 2004   3 1970 (USNA) 34 (1948–       )
196 Timothy J. Keating   01 Jan 2005   5 1971 (USNA) 34 (1949–       )
197 Kirkland H. Donald   01 Jan 2005   8 1975 (USNA) 30 (1953–       )
198 Robert F. Willard   18 Mar 2005   7 1973 (USNA) 32 (1950–       )
199 Henry G. Ulrich III   22 Jul 2005   2 1972 (USNA) 33 (1950–       )
200 Gary Roughead   01 Sep 2005   6 1973 (USNA) 32 (1951–       )
201 James G. Stavridis   18 Oct 2006   7 1976 (USNA) 30 (1955–       )
202 Patrick M. Walsh   05 Apr 2007   5 1977 (USNA) 30 (1955–       )
203 Eric T. Olson   06 Jul 2007   4 1973 (USNA) 34 (1952–       ) First Navy SEAL to achieve the rank of admiral.
204 Jonathan W. Greenert   29 Sep 2007   8 1975 (USNA) 32 (1953–       )
205 Mark P. Fitzgerald   30 Nov 2007   3 1973 (NROTC) 34 (1951–       )
206 John C. Harvey Jr.   24 Jul 2009   3 1973 (USNA) 36 (1951–       )
207 James A. Winnefeld, Jr.   19 May 2010   5 1978 (NROTC) 32 (1956–       )
208 Samuel J. Locklear III   06 Oct 2010   5 1977 (USNA) 33 (1954–       )
209 William H. McRaven   08 Aug 2011   3 1977 (NROTC) 34 (1955–       )
210 Mark E. Ferguson III   22 Aug 2011   5 1978 (USNA) 33 (1956–       )
211 Cecil D. Haney   20 Jan 2012   4 1978 (USNA) 34 (1955–       )
212 Bruce W. Clingan   24 Feb 2012   2 1977 (NROTC) 34 (1955–       )
213 William E. Gortney   14 Sep 2012   4 1977 (AOCS) 35 (1955–       )
214 John M. Richardson   02 Nov 2012   7 1982 (USNA) 31 (1960–       )
215 Harry B. Harris Jr.   16 Oct 2013   5 1978 (USNA) 35 (1956–       ) First Asian-American to achieve the rank of admiral.
216 Michael S. Rogers   03 Apr 2014   4 1981 (NROTC) 33 (1959–       ) First Information Warfare Community officer to achieve the rank of admiral.
217 Michelle J. Howard   01 Jul 2014   3 1982 (USNA) 32 (1960–       ) First woman to achieve the rank of admiral.
218 Philip S. Davidson   19 Dec 2014   6 1982 (USNA) 32 (1960–       )
219 Scott H. Swift   27 May 2015   3 1979 (AOCS) 36 (1957–       )
220 James F. Caldwell, Jr.   14 Aug 2015   5 1981 (USNA) 34 (1959–       )
221 Kurt W. Tidd   14 Jan 2016   2 1978 (USNA) 38 (1956–       )
222 William F. Moran   31 May 2016   3 1981 (USNA) 35 (c. 1959–       )
223 James G. Foggo III   20 Oct 2017   3 1981 (USNA) 36 (1959–       )
224 Christopher W. Grady   4 May 2018   2 1984 (NROTC) 34 (1961–       )
225 John C. Aquilino   17 May 2018   2 1984 (USNA) 34 (1962–       )
226 Craig S. Faller   26 Nov 2018   2 1983 (USNA) 35 (196?–       )
227 Robert P. Burke   10 Jun 2019   1 1983 (NROTC) 36 (1961–       )
228 Michael M. Gilday   22 Aug 2019   1 1985 (USNA) 34 (1962–       )
229 Charles A. Richard   18 Nov 2019   1 1982 (NROTC) 37 (19??–       )
230 William K. Lescher   29 May 2020   0 1980 (USNA) 40 (1958–       )

Tombstone admiralsEdit

The Act of Congress of March 4, 1925, allowed officers in the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard to be promoted one grade upon retirement if they had been specially commended for performance of duty in actual combat. Combat citation promotions were colloquially known as "tombstone promotions" because they conferred all the perks and prestige of the higher rank including the loftier title on their tombstones but no additional retirement pay. The Act of Congress of February 23, 1942, enabled tombstone promotions to three- and four-star grades. Tombstone promotions were subsequently restricted to citations issued before January 1, 1947, and finally eliminated altogether effective November 1, 1959. The practice was terminated in an effort to encourage senior officer retirements prior to the effective date of the change to relieve an overstrength in the senior ranks.

Any admiral who actually served in a grade while on active duty receives precedence on the retired list over any tombstone admiral holding the same retired grade. Tombstone admirals rank among each other according to the dates of their highest active duty grade.

The following list of tombstone admirals is sortable by last name, date of rank as vice admiral, date retired, and year commissioned.

Name Photo Date of rank (VADM) Date retired Commission [4] Notes
1 William L. Calhoun   16 Jun 1942   Dec 1946   1906 (USNA)[9] (1885–1963) [26] Great-grandson of U.S. Vice President John C. Calhoun.
2 Frank J. Fletcher   26 Jun 1942   May 1947   1906 (USNA)[9] (1885–1973) Awarded Medal of Honor, 1914. Nephew of Navy four-star admiral Frank F. Fletcher.
3 Aubrey W. Fitch   28 Dec 1942   Jul 1947   1906 (USNA)[9] (1883–1948) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1945–1947.
4 John Howard Hoover   01 Jan 1943   Jul 1948   1906 (USNA)[9] (1887–1970)
5 Alan G. Kirk   10 Sep 1944   Mar 1946   1909 (USNA)[9] (1888–1963) U.S. Ambassador to Belgium and Luxembourg, 1946–1947; to Soviet Union, 1949–1952; to China, 1962–1963.
6 George D. Murray   29 Nov 1944   Aug 1951   1911 (USNA)[9] (1889–1956)
7 Jesse B. Oldendorf   07 Dec 1944   Sep 1948   1909 (USNA)[9] (1887–1974)
8 Arthur S. Carpender   03 Apr 1945   Nov 1946   1908 (USNA)[9] (1884–1959) Superintendent, Admiral Farragut Academy, 1948–19??
9 Harry W. Hill   22 Apr 1945   1952-05-00May 1952   1911 (USNA)[9] (1890–1971) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1950–1952; Governor, U.S. Naval Home, 1952–1954.
10 Frederick C. Sherman   13 Jul 1945   Mar 1947   1910 (USNA)[9] (1880–1957)
11 John L. Hall Jr.   10 Dec 1945   May 1953   1913 (USNA) (1891–1978)
12 Oscar C. Badger II   13 Dec 1945   Jun 1952   1911 (USNA)[9] (1890–1958) Awarded Medal of Honor, 1914. Cousin of U.S. Secretary of the Navy George E. Badger.
13 John D. Price   31 Aug 1946   Jun 1954   1916 (USNA) (1892–1957)
14 Francis S. Low   12 Mar 1947   Jul 1956   1915 (USNA) (1894–1964)
15 David W. Bagley   01 Apr 1947   Apr 1947   1904 (USNA)[9] (1883–1960) Father of Navy four-star admiral David H. Bagley and Navy four-star admiral Worth H. Bagley; grandson of North Carolina Governor Jonathan Worth; aunt married U.S. Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels; wife's aunt married Navy five-star admiral William D. Leahy.
16 Harold B. Sallada   11 May 1947   Oct 1949   1917 (USNA) (1895–1977)
17 Arthur D. Struble   26 Apr 1948   Jul 1956   1915 (USNA)[27] (1894–1983)
18 Russell S. Berkey   01 Jul 1948   Sep 1950   1916 (USNA) (1893–1984)
19 John W. Reeves, Jr.   01 Apr 1949   May 1950   1911 (USNA)[9] (1888–1967) General Manager, Los Angeles International Airport, 1950–1952.
20 C. Turner Joy   01 Aug 1949   Jul 1954   1916 (USNA) (1895–1956) Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1952–1954.
21 Thomas L. Sprague   15 Aug 1949   Apr 1952   1917 (USNA) (1894–1972)
22 John J. Ballentine   01 Nov 1949   May 1954   1917 (USNA) (1896–1970)
23 Matthias B. Gardner   01 Oct 1950   Aug 1956   1919 (USNA) (1897–1975)
24 Albert G. Noble   29 Dec 1950   Oct 1951   1917 (USNA) (1885–1980)
25 Harold M. Martin   01 Feb 1951   Feb 1956   1919 (USNA) (1896–1972)
26 Arthur C. Davis   12 Feb 1951   Apr 1955   1915 (USNA) (1893–1965)
27 Laurance T. DuBose   30 Mar 1951   Jun 1955   1913 (USNA) (1893–1967)
28 James Fife Jr.   09 Aug 1951   Aug 1955   1918 (USNA) (1897–1975) Director, Mystic Seaport, 1956–1975
29 Frank G. Fahrion   28 Dec 1951   May 1956   1917 (USNA) (1894–1970)
30 Joseph J. Clark   07 Mar 1952   Dec 1953   1918 (USNA) (1893–1971)
31 Roscoe F. Good   27 Mar 1953   Mar 1958   1919 (USNA) (1897–1974)
32 William K. Phillips   28 Jul 1953   Aug 1955   1918 (USNA) (1894–1986)
33 John E. Gingrich   30 Jul 1953   Oct 1954   1919 (USNA) (1897–1960)
34 Alfred M. Pride   09 Oct 1953   Oct 1959   1918 (OCS)[28] (1897–1988)
35 Edmund T. Wooldridge   06 Apr 1954   Aug 1958   1920 (USNA) (1897–1968)
36 Austin K. Doyle   07 May 1954   Aug 1958   1920 (USNA) (1898–1970)
37 Stuart S. Murray   07 Dec 1955   Aug 1956   1918 (USNA) (1898–1980) Nephew of Oklahoma governor William H. Murray.
38 Cato D. Glover Jr.   08 Dec 1955   Sep 1957   1919 (USNA) (1897–1988)
39 John M. Will   17 Apr 1956   Jul 1959   1923 (USNA) (1899–1981)
40 Byron N. Hanlon   01 Nov 1957   Oct 1958   1921 (USNA) (1900–1977)

TimelineEdit

Four-star positionsEdit

1866–1940Edit

The rank of admiral was created in 1866 to honor the Civil War achievements of David Farragut. Upon his death, another Civil War hero, David D. Porter Jr., succeeded to the title. In 1873, Congress stated that further vacancies in the grade would not be filled, and the rank lapsed with Porter's death in 1890. Congress revived the rank in 1899 to honor George Dewey, stipulating that the grade would again cease to exist upon his death or retirement. In 1903, Dewey was promoted to the unique rank of The Admiral of the Navy, which during his lifetime was considered to be equivalent to an admiral of the fleet, but was later declared to be senior to the five-star grade of fleet admiral.

The Act of March 3, 1915, provided that the commanders in chief of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Asiatic Fleets would have the rank of admiral while so serving, and their seconds in command the rank of vice admiral. In 1916, the chief of naval operations was also made an admiral while so serving, ranking next after The Admiral of the Navy. The ranks of admiral and vice admiral were strictly temporary appointments for the duration of an officer's tour in designated billets, and the temporary admiral reverted to his permanent grade of rear admiral immediately upon vacating the office bearing the title.

In 1917, Congress accommodated the Navy's desire to reorganize the fleet by authorizing the President to appoint three admirals and three vice admirals for any six fleet command positions. All fleet command tours lasted one year except for the commander in chief of the U.S. Fleet, whose term was sometimes renewed for a second year, and the commander in chief of the Asiatic Fleet, whose command was considered a backwater. (The chief of naval operations was appointed for four years.) Officers would typically "fleet up" to admiral or vice admiral for their year of fleet command and then revert to rear admiral to mark time until mandatory retirement.

Charles P. Snyder (admiral)Harold R. StarkJames O. RichardsonThomas C. HartEdward C. KalbfusClaude C. BlochHarry E. YarnellArthur J. HepburnWilliam D. LeahyOrin G. MurfinHarris LaningFrank H. BrumbyFrank B. UphamJoseph M. ReevesDavid F. SellersWilliam H. StandleyLuke McNameeRichard H. LeighMontgomery M. TaylorFrank H. SchofieldJehu V. ChaseCharles B. McVay Jr.Louis M. NultonWilliam V. PrattLouis R. de SteiguerMark L. BristolHenry A. WileyRichard H. JacksonCharles F. HughesClarence S. WilliamsSamuel S. RobisonThomas WashingtonEdwin A. AndersonEdward W. EberleHilary P. JonesJoseph Strauss (admiral)Robert E. CoontzAlbert GleavesHugh RodmanHenry B. Wilson Jr.William S. SimsAustin M. KnightHenry T. MayoWilliam S. BensonWilliam B. CapertonCameron M. WinslowAlbert G. WinterhalterWalter C. CowlesThomas B. HowardFrank F. FletcherGeorge DeweyDavid Dixon PorterDavid Farragut

1941–presentEdit

During World War II, the President was authorized to create as many admirals and vice admirals as he deemed necessary for the duration of the emergency. Most of these new creations retired at the end of the war, having been promoted to reward service in the fleet or headquarters, or to achieve parity with wartime counterparts. Although three- and four-star ranks remained temporary appointments, the practice of reverting to a lower grade pending retirement largely halted after 1942, when Congress authorized officers to be retired in the highest grade in which they served on active duty.[29] The rank of fleet admiral was created in 1944, and the four officers promoted to that grade were allowed to remain on active duty permanently.

By 1956, the Navy had equilibrated at a total of seven permanent billets bearing four-star rank: the chief of naval operations (CNO); the vice chief of naval operations (VCNO), the commanders in chief of the unified commands in the Pacific (CINCPAC) and Atlantic (CINCLANT); the commander in chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT); the commander in chief of U.S. Naval Forces, Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean (CINCNELM) (retitled commander in chief of U.S. Naval Forces Europe (CINCUSNAVEUR) in 1960); and the commander in chief of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces in Southern Europe (CINCSOUTH). In 1965, an eighth billet was added when the chief of naval material (CNM) was promoted to admiral. Occasionally this count would fluctuate when a Navy officer was selected as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS), as the chairman's four-star representative to the NATO Military Committee (USMILREP), or as the director or deputy director of central intelligence; or by special legislation.[23]

When the long-serving director of the naval nuclear reactor program, Hyman G. Rickover, was finally compelled to retire in 1982, his successor was promoted to admiral and appointed director of naval nuclear propulsion, institutionalizing the position as a permanent four-star billet. To compensate, another four-star billet was eliminated by merging Allied Forces Southern Europe with U.S. Naval Forces Europe. Similarly, when the U.S. Atlantic Fleet commander (CINCLANTFLT) was separated from the Atlantic unified commander in 1985, the number of four-star billets was conserved by eliminating the chief of naval material position. The U.S. Atlantic Fleet was replaced by U.S. Fleet Forces Command (COMUSFF) in 2006.

With the end of the Cold War, U.S. Atlantic Command was repurposed as the joint force trainer, becoming U.S. Joint Forces Command in 1999. The change in mission cost the Navy its traditional monopoly over that command, which has since rotated among all the services, but the Navy made up the difference through repeated appointments to other combatant commands and to the vice chairmanship of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (VJCS). All military commanders in chief were retitled "Commanders" in 2002, when the title of "Commander in Chief" was reserved solely to the President of the United States.

William K. LescherCharles A. RichardMichael M. GildayRobert P. BurkeCraig S. FallerJohn C. AquilinoChristopher W. GradyJames G. Foggo IIIWilliam F. Moran (admiral)Kurt W. TiddJames F. Caldwell, Jr.Scott H. SwiftPhilip S. DavidsonMichelle J. HowardMichael S. RogersHarry B. Harris Jr.John M. Richardson (admiral)William E. GortneyBruce W. ClinganCecil D. HaneyMark E. Ferguson IIIWilliam H. McRavenSamuel J. LocklearJames A. Winnefeld, Jr.John C. Harvey, Jr.Mark P. FitzgeraldJonathan W. GreenertEric T. OlsonPatrick M. WalshJames G. StavridisGary RougheadHenry G. Ulrich IIIRobert F. WillardKirkland H. DonaldTimothy J. KeatingJohn B. NathmanMichael MullenEdmund P. Giambastiani Jr.Walter F. DoranGregory G. JohnsonWilliam J. FallonRobert J. NatterThomas B. FargoVernon E. ClarkDennis Blair (U.S. Navy officer)James O. EllisCharles S. AbbotRichard W. MiesDonald L. PillingJ. Paul ReasonArchie R. CleminsHarold W. Gehman Jr.Frank BowmanThomas J. LopezJay L. JohnsonJoseph W. PrueherWilliam J. Flanagan Jr.Ronald J. ZlatoperRichard C. MackeLeighton W. Smith Jr.William A. OwensHenry G. Chiles Jr.Henry H. Mauz Jr.Stanley R. ArthurWilliam O. StudemanJeremy M. BoordaRobert J. KellyWilliam D. SmithPaul David MillerJerome L. JohnsonCharles R. LarsonJonathan T. HoweJames R. HoggBruce DeMarsLeon A. EdneyDavid E. JeremiahPowell F. Carter Jr.Huntington HardistyFrank B. Kelso IIArthur S. Moreau Jr.James B. Busey IVCarlisle A.H. TrostJames A. Lyons Jr.Lee Baggett Jr.Steven A. WhiteRonald J. HaysWesley L. McDonaldSylvester R. Foley Jr.Kinnaird R. McKeeGeorge E.R. Kinnear IIJohn G. Williams Jr.William N. SmallBobby R. InmanWilliam J. Crowe Jr.James D. WatkinsHarry D. Train IIAlfred J. Whittle Jr.Donald C. DavisRobert L.J. LongThomas B. HaywardDaniel Murphy (admiral)Stansfield TurnerDavid H. BagleyFrederick H. MichaelisJohn P. WeinelHarold E. ShearMeans Johnston Jr.Hyman G. RickoverWorth H. BagleyJames L. Holloway IIIMaurice F. WeisnerNoel A.M. GaylerRichard G. ColbertIsaac C. Kidd Jr.William F. BringleRalph W. CousinsJackson D. ArnoldCharles K. DuncanElmo R. Zumwalt Jr.Waldemar F.A. WendtBernard A. ClareyJohn J. Hyland Jr.Ephraim P. HolmesIgnatius J. GalantinJohn S. McCain Jr.Roy L. JohnsonAlfred G. WardJohn S. ThachHoracio Rivero Jr.Thomas H. MoorerU.S. Grant Sharp Jr.Charles D. GriffinDavid L. McDonaldClaude V. RickettsGeorge W. Anderson Jr.John H. SidesHarold Page SmithRobert L. DennisonCharles R. BrownJames S. RussellHerbert G. HopwoodJames L. Holloway Jr.Maurice E. CurtsHarry D. FeltWalter F. BooneRobert P. BriscoeArleigh A. BurkeJohn H. CassadyJerauld WrightFelix B. StumpDonald B. DuncanLynde D. McCormickRobert B. CarneyWilliam M. FechtelerForrest P. ShermanArthur W. RadfordLouis E. DenfeldWilliam H.P. BlandyRichard L. ConollyMarc A. MitscherBen MoreellCharles M. Cooke Jr.DeWitt C. RamseyJohn H. TowersSamuel M. RobinsonRichmond K. TurnerThomas C. KinkaidH. Kent HewittRichard S. Edwards Jr.Frederick J. HorneJonas H. IngramRaymond A. SpruanceWilliam F. Halsey Jr.Royal E. IngersollChester W. NimitzErnest J. KingHusband E. KimmelHarold R. StarkThomas C. HartWilliam D. Leahy

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dates of rank are taken, where available, from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, or from the U.S. Navy register of active and retired commissioned officers, or from the World Almanac and Book of Facts. The date listed is that of the officer's first promotion to admiral, and may differ from the officer's entry in the U.S. Navy register, which lists admirals who reverted to their permanent ranks of rear admiral as ranking from the date of the legislation that ultimately restored them to the rank of admiral, not from the dates of their original appointments.
  2. ^ a b Positions listed are those held by the officer when promoted to admiral. Dates listed are for the officer's full tenure, which may predate promotion to four-star rank or postdate retirement from active duty.
  3. ^ a b The number of years of active-duty service at four-star rank is approximated by subtracting the year in the "Date of rank" column from the last year in the "Position" column. Time spent between active-duty four-star assignments is not counted, nor is time spent on special duty as an unassigned fleet admiral.
  4. ^ a b c The year commissioned is taken to be the year the officer graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy, or equivalent, which may precede the officer's actual date of commission by up to two years. Prior to 1912, graduates of the U.S. Naval Academy were required by law to serve two years at sea as passed midshipmen before receiving their commission as ensign. Sources of commission are listed in parentheses after the year of commission and include: the United States Naval Academy (USNA), Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC), Officer Candidate School (OCS), warrant; the Massachusetts Maritime Academy (MMA), and the United States Military Academy (USMA).
  5. ^ a b The number of years in commission before being promoted to four-star rank is approximated by subtracting the year in the "Commission" column from the year in the "Date of rank" column.
  6. ^ a b Notes include years of birth and death; awards of the Medal of Honor, Congressional Gold Medal, Presidential Medal of Freedom, or honors of similar significance; major government appointments; university presidencies or equivalents; familial relationships with other four-star officers or significant government officials such as U.S. Presidents, cabinet secretaries, U.S. Senators, or state governors; and unusual career events such as premature relief or death in office.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw Reverted to permanent rank of rear admiral upon vacating an office bearing the temporary rank of admiral.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Advanced to admiral on the retired list with date of rank 21 Jun 1930, as highest grade held during World War I.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu Commissioned as ensign after two years of sea duty.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Advanced to admiral on the retired list with date of rank 16 Jun 1942, as highest rank held on the active list.
  11. ^ a b Advanced to admiral on the retired list with date of rank 14 Aug 1938, as highest rank held while Chief of Naval Operations.
  12. ^ Retired as rear admiral, 01 Jan 1937; advanced to admiral on the retired list, 14 Aug 1938; recalled as admiral, 13 Feb 1941; retired, 11 Feb 1942; recalled as admiral, 12 Apr 1944; retired, 31 Aug 1945.
  13. ^ Retired as rear admiral, Dec 1936; recalled as rear admiral, 13 May 1940; advanced to vice admiral on the retired list, 23 Feb 1942; advanced to admiral on the retired list, 16 Jun 1942; retired, Dec 1946.
  14. ^ Retired as admiral, Aug 1939; recalled as admiral, 06 Jul 1942; promoted to fleet admiral, 15 Dec 1944; rank made permanent, 13 May 1946 (Act of 23 Mar 1946).
  15. ^ Retired as rear admiral, 1939; recalled as rear admiral, 1941; advanced to vice admiral on the retired list, 23 Feb 1942; advanced to admiral on the retired list, 16 Jun 1942; retired, 15 Jan 1943; recalled as admiral, 23 Jun 1943; retired, 15 Jan 1945.
  16. ^ a b c Retired as admiral, as highest rank held on active list.
  17. ^ Retired as admiral, Jul 1942, by Act of Congress; recalled as admiral, Jul 1942; retired, Feb 1945.
  18. ^ Promoted to admiral, 1947, with date of rank 07 Jan 1946.
  19. ^ a b Reverted to vice admiral for final tour; retired as admiral.
  20. ^ Reverted to vice admiral for final tour; died in office.
  21. ^ Retired as vice admiral, 1964; retained on active duty until 1982; advanced to admiral on the retired list, Dec 1973, with date of rank 16 Nov 1973.
  22. ^ Nomination as U.S. Secretary of Defense withdrawn, 1994.
  23. ^ a b In 1994, special legislation authorized Charles R. Larson to resume the superintendency of the U.S. Naval Academy, then a two-star billet, as a full admiral.
  24. ^ Nomination as commander in chief, U.S. Pacific Command (USCINCPAC) withdrawn, 1994.
  25. ^ Transferred from U.S. Merchant Marine, 1967.
  26. ^ Retired as vice admiral, Dec 1946; advanced to admiral on the retired list by reason of combat citation, Jan 1954.
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-24. Retrieved 2008-11-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Struble entered the U.S. Naval Academy in 1911 and received his commission in 1915.
  28. ^ Transferred from U.S. Naval Reserve, 1921.
  29. ^ Act of Congress of July 16, 1942.

ReferencesEdit