Diosso is a town in the Republic of Congo, lying about 25 kilometres north of Pointe-Noire in the Kouilou Department along National Highway 5.[1] It was the capital of the Loango Kingdom and is home to its rulers' mausoleum.[2] Roman Catholic missionaries were active in Diosso, which had a royal palace.[3]

Diosso is located in Republic of the Congo
Location in the Republic of the Congo
Coordinates: 4°37′S 11°51′E / 4.617°S 11.850°E / -4.617; 11.850
CountryFlag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Republic of the Congo
RegionKouilou Department
DistrictPointe-Noire District


Diosso GorgeEdit

Erosion in the area has created the nearby Diosso Gorge, known as the "Grand Canyon of the Congo".[1] It has also been called the Diosso Amphitheater.[4] Within the gorge's rainforest, there are rock ridges[5] and distinctive red rock cliffs, which can reach up to 165 feet (50 m) in height.[6] The New York Times described Diosso Gorge as "a stunning gorge of plunging, pink cliffs draped with green Central African jungle."[7] According to reports, Gamissamy Issanga, the director of environment at the Congo's research ministry, once approved the dumping of 1 million tonnes of oil, acids and solvents in the gorge.[8] The gorge is said to be inhabited by the female spirit of Mboma, who takes the form of a snake.[9]

Tchimpounga Chimpanzee Rehabilitation CenterEdit

The Tchimpounga Chimpanzee Rehabilitation Center (formerly the Tchimpounga Chimpanzee Sanctuary), established in 1992 to protect orphaned chimpanzees, is nearby.[1][10] Built by the Conoco petroleum company for JGI, Tchimpounga is reputedly the largest chimpanzee sanctuary on the African continent, treating some 125 apes.[10]

Mâ-Loango Regional MuseumEdit

Ma-Loango Regional Museum
Ma-Loango Regional Museum Exhibits

Founded in 1982, the ethnography and history of the Loango Kingdom is displayed in the Mâ-Loango Regional Museum, located in Diosso. The museum is a public institution and, as a regional branch, was founded with the aim of protecting cultural heritage.[11] It collects and exhibits objects that are of historical, archaeological, ethnographic and artistic significance, and is situated in a palace that was inhabited by Ma Moe Loango Poaty III, king (1931-1975) of the kingdom of Loango. The museum is 20 metres (66 ft) long by 11 metres (36 ft) wide and contains rooms, hallways, bedrooms, and the king's bathroom. All these rooms have either been transformed into exhibition rooms or are in reserve.[12]

There are over 300 exhibits and documents, as well as a dozen different collections, illustrating historical events and documents that show the evolution of Congolese society. Objects of great artistic value are displayed alongside simpler objects relating to everyday life that are considered important in the study of ancient Congolese people. Traditional work tools include hoes, axes, knives, wooden bellows, gourds, and adzes. Jewelry and traditional clothing include loincloths, headdresses, and the Tchikumbi costume. Domestic items are characterized by a rush mat, as well as straw and kitchen utensils. Weapons and traps include spears, knives, crossbows, hunting wooden bells, hunting wicker traps, and nets. Traditional objects of worship include stone statuettes, Punu mask, the Kidumu mask, as well as the Kebe Kebe and Mboumba figurines. Traditional musical instruments are the Yombe and Dondo.[12]


The town's golf club overlooks the coast.[13]https://web.archive.org/web/20160410060229/https://sites.google.com/site/diossogolfclub/


  1. ^ a b c Ham, Anthony (30 July 2010). Lonely Planet Africa. Lonely Planet. p. 571. ISBN 978-1-74104-988-6. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ Jones, Adam (1983). German Sources for West African History, 1599-1669. Steiner. p. 49. ISBN 978-3-515-03728-0. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
  3. ^ Martin, Phyllis (2009). Catholic Women of Congo-Brazzaville: Mothers and Sisters in Troubled Times. Indiana University Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-253-22055-4. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  4. ^ Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 125. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.
  5. ^ The Travel Book: A Journey Through Every Country in the World. Lonely Planet. 1 October 2010. pp. 95–. ISBN 978-1-74179-211-9. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
  6. ^ Guide to Places of the World. Reader's Digest Association. April 1987. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  7. ^ Agarwal, Anil; Narain, Sunita; Centre for Science and Environment (New Delhi, India) (1992). Towards a Green World: Should Global Environmental Management be Built on Legal Conventions or Human Rights?. Centre for Science and Environment. p. 16. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  8. ^ New Scientist. Reed Business Information. 23 June 1988. p. 31. ISSN 0262-4079. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  9. ^ Martin, Phyllis (2009). Catholic Women of Congo-Brazzaville. pp. 37-.
  10. ^ a b "Tchimpounga Chimpanzee Rehabilitation Center". Pan Africa Sanctuary Alliance. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  11. ^ Makambila, Pascal. "Community Responsibility and Involvement in Emergency Preparedness and Response: the Case of Congo-Brazzaville". chin.gc.ca. p. 2. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
  12. ^ a b Loubouer, Quentin (16 June 2004). "Le Musée régional Mâ Loango de Diosso revalorise et préserve l'héritage culturel du Congo" (in French). Retrieved 14 March 2011.
  13. ^ Rorison, Sean (22 May 2008). Bradt Congo: Democratic Republic · Republic. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 268–. ISBN 978-1-84162-233-0. Retrieved 14 March 2011.

Coordinates: 4°37′S 11°51′E / 4.617°S 11.850°E / -4.617; 11.850