Detroit Police Department
|Detroit Police Department|
Flag of the City of Detroit
|Motto||"Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus."|
|Operations jurisdiction||Detroit, Michigan, United States|
|Map of the Detroit Police Department's jurisdiction.|
|Headquarters||Detroit Public Safety Headquarters|
|Officers||1,590 (July 2015)|
In 1921, the Detroit Police Department became the first police department in the country to utilize radio dispatch in their patrol cars. A historical marker at Belle Isle Park describes the new advancement in technology.
Role of Women and MinoritiesEdit
In 1893, the department hired its first female officer (Marie Owen) and its first Black officer (L T Toliver). The Detroit Police Department established a Women's Division in 1921 that was tasked with cases of "child abuse, sexual assaults, juvenile delinquency, and checking establishments for illegal minors." Female officers were not allowed to work on criminal cases unless accompanied by male officers until 1973, after a series of discrimination lawsuits prompted changes in department policy.
In February 1940, Mayor Richard Reading, the Superintendent of Police, the county sheriff and over a hundred more were indicted on corruption charges. The Mayor was accused of selling promotions in the department. Eighty officers were accused of protecting illegal gambling operations in the city. In the end, the Mayor served three years in jail, ending in 1947.
In 2000, the Detroit Free Press published a series of articles after a four-month investigation into fatal shootings by Detroit police officers. At the time, Detroit had the highest rate of police-involved shootings of any large city in the United States, surpassing New York, Los Angeles, and Houston. The city requested an investigation by the United States Department of Justice into the department's handling of deadly force incidents. By 2001, the Justice Department's investigation had uncovered issues with the department's arrest and detention practices as well. Between 2003 and 2014, the Detroit Police Department was placed under federal court oversight by the Justice Department as the result of allegations about excessive force, illegal arrests and improper detention. This process cost the city of Detroit more than $50 million. By 2014, the department's use of force had been "seriously reduced" and the U.S. District Judge overseeing the case stated that the Detroit Police Department had "met its obligations" for reforms.
Patrol Geography ChangesEdit
In 2005, the department's thirteen precincts were consolidated into six larger districts as a cost-cutting measure. The department restored a number of precincts in 2009 after citizens complained about the change. In 2011, it was announced that the Detroit Police Department would be reverting back to the original precinct structure, with officials citing "gap[s] in services" and concerns over the new command structure.
Police Misconduct LawsuitsEdit
Millions of dollars in police payouts for legal settlements and jury verdicts continue despite the department being under federal oversight since 2003 for allegations of police brutality and ill treatment of prisoners.
Among the $19.1 million paid in police misconduct-related payouts over three years:
- $6.7 million was spent on 50 suits for violations of constitutional rights.
- $2.4 million was spent on two suits for wrongful deaths other than shootings.
- $1.9 million was spent on 49 suits for assault and battery, false arrest and imprisonment.
On June 11, 2010 it was reported that the City of Detroit would acquire the former MGM Grand Detroit temporary casino building (originally the IRS Data Center) on John C. Lodge Freeway for $6.23 million and convert it into a new police headquarters complex which would also house a crime lab operated by the Michigan State Police. The renovated building also houses the Detroit Fire Department headquarters. The former casino building has 400,000 square feet (37,000 m2) of space. The historic Detroit Police headquarters is in Greektown. On June 28, 2013, the new public safety headquarters opened for business.
The Detroit Police Department has lost eight officers between the years 2000 and 2011. During the 1970s, the department lost 26 officers in a span of ten years. Since 1878, The Detroit Police Department has lost 225 officers in the line of duty. The leading cause of death in the line of duty is gunfire, with a total of 149 officers slain.
Duty Belt EquipmentEdit
The standard issue service pistol of the Detroit Police Department was formerly the .40-caliber Glock 22, but currently is a variant of the Smith & Wesson M&P series in .40 S&W. OC Pepper Spray, the expandable PR-24 Baton, handcuffs, and a portable radio are also carried by officers.
Rank structure and insigniaEdit
|Community Relations Officer|
Year 2000 breakdown of sex and race in the D.P.D.:
- Male: 75%
- Female: 25%
- African-American/Black: 63%
- White: 34%
- Hispanic, any race: 3%
The Detroit Police Department has one of the largest percentages of black officers of any major city police department, reflecting current overall city demographics. Lawsuits alleging discrimination stemming from the influence of affirmative action and allegations of race-based promotional bias for executive positions have surfaced repeatedly. As of 2008, the majority of upper command members in the Detroit PD were black.
In popular cultureEdit
- The Detroit Police Department is featured in the blaxploitation film Detroit 9000 (1973).
- Detective Axel Foley from the Beverly Hills Cop series (introduced in 1984) is an officer of the Detroit Police Department, and the actor portraying his commanding officer was an actual Detroit police commander, Gil Hill.
- The Detroit Police Department is featured in the movie RoboCop (1987) and its 2014 remake. In the movies, the department has been privatized and in turn, serves the entire metro area, and is owned by a megacorporation, Omni Consumer Products (renamed OmniCorp in the 2014 remake).
- The Detroit Police Department is featured in the film Collision Course (1989).
- The Detroit Police Department is the focus of the Steven Seagal film Exit Wounds (2001).
- The Detroit Police Department is featured in the film Narc (2002) about two troubled detectives investigating the murder of an undercover cop.
- The Detroit Police Department plays a major role as the police force featured in the film Assault on Precinct 13 (2005).
- The Detroit Police Department plays a major role in the film Four Brothers (2005).
- The Detroit Police Department plays a major role in the film S.W.A.T.: Firefight (2011), featuring Detroit City's S.W.A.T. Team.
- The Detroit Police Department plays a major role in the film Detroit (2017), about the 1967 Detroit riots and the Algiers Motel shooting.
- Although seldom mentioned by name, the Police Force in Millennium City in the MMORPG Champions Online are the Detroit Police Department, as Millennium City was actually formerly Detroit prior to a major event in the lore for the game.
- The Detroit Police Department is featured in the video game, Deus Ex: Human Revolution. The protagonist is a former Detroit Police Department SWAT commander and one mission involves infiltrating the department's headquarters.
- The Detroit Police Department is featured on the video game, Midnight Club 3: DUB Edition.
- Officers from the Detroit Police Department often appear on the Animal Planet reality show Animal Cops: Detroit, to help Michigan Humane Society officers in cases regarding animal abuse and neglect.
- The Detroit Police Department's Homicide Section was featured in the crime drama Detroit 1-8-7 on ABC. The show was filmed on location in Detroit.
- The Detroit Police Department is featured in the crime drama Low Winter Sun on AMC. The show was filmed on location in Detroit.
- The Detroit Police Department has its own edition of the A&E television series SWAT and has also been featured in the series The First 48.
- The Detroit Police Department frequently apperars on episodes of truTV's Hardcore Pawn. Uniformed officers, and police detectives appear on the show.
- George Hunter (July 9, 2015). "Fewest cops are patrolling Detroit streets since 1920s". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2016-11-24.
- "Police Stations". Archived from the original on July 9, 2010. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
- "Detroit Police Department". Encyclopedia of Detroit. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- Hunter, George (26 February 2015). "Detroit Police Department marks its 150th anniversary". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- Police Dispatch Radio Mich Markers
- "Detroit Police Department". Encyclopedia of Detroit. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- ArchiveGrid: Detroit Police Department Women's Division Collection, 1919-1973, 2010. Internet Archive: Wayback Machine
- Former Detroit Police Women's Division honored by City Council Internet Archive: Wayback Machine
- Austin, Dan (29 August 2014). "Meet the 5 worst mayors in Detroit history". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- "Report of the Independent Monitor for the Detroit Police Department" (PDF).
- "Court oversight of Detroit Police Department cost city $50 million, chief says". Crain's Detroit Business. 2016-04-01. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- "Detroit police finally rid of federal oversight". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- "Explaining the Detroit Police's Return to Precincts". Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- New Detroit Police Headquarters (WXYZ-TV YouTube page)
- Michigan State Police to run Crime Lab in new DPD HQ Associated Press via MLive July 6, 2010
- "The Officer Down Memorial Page". Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics, 2000: Data for Individual State and Local Agencies with 100 or More Officers Retrieved on November 21, 2012.
- Detroit Police Officers Association v. A Young Morgan Retrieved November 22, 2012.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2012.
- Detroit accused of bias against white cops Retrieved November 22, 2012.
- 2008 Detroit Police Department Organizational Chart Archived May 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 22, 2012.