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Police municipale Citroën C4 in Aix-en-Provence (France)
Stadtpolizei officers in Frankfurt (Germany)
Parade of Stadtpolizei on occasion of centennial of Schutz und Rettung Zürich in 2011 in Zürich (Switzerland)
Mounted Polizia Locale in Piazza della Signoria in Florence (Italy)
Policía Municipal of Madrid (Spain)
Městská policie in Český Krumlov (Czech Republic)
Straż miejska in Kołobrzeg (Poland)
Indonesian Municipal Police personnel known as "Satpol PP"

Municipal police are law enforcement agencies that are under the control of local government. This includes the municipal government, where it is the smallest administrative subdivision. They receive funding from the city budget, and may have fewer legal powers than the "state paid" police. These police forces usually report to a mayor or a local police board.

Historical developmentEdit

Historically, the role of the municipal police of local civic protection was carried out by municipal guards. Today, some formations of municipal police still carry the name of the city/communal/municipal guard.

Municipal police by countryEdit

Country English name Native name(s)
Albania Municipal Police
Algeria Municipal Guards
  • Arabic: حرس البلدي
Argentina Buenos Aires City Police
  • Spanish: Policía de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires
Austria Municipal police
  • German: Stadtpolizei (most common denomination), Gemeindepolizei, Gemeindesicherheitswache, Gemeindewachkörper
Australia Council ranger
Belgium Local Police
Brazil Municipal Guards
Canada Municipal and regional police services (criminal and administrative offences) and bylaw enforcement officers (administrative offences)
China City Law Enforcement Bureau
Czech Republic Municipal Police
  • Czech: městská policie, obecní policie
Estonia Municipal Police
  • Estonian: Munitsipaalpolitsei, MuPo, MunPol
France Municipal Police
Germany City Police
  • German: Stadtpolizei, Kommunalpolizei, Polizeibehörde
Greece Municipal Police
  • Greek: Δημοτική Αστυνομία
Hungary Local Governmental Law Enforcement
  • Hungarian: Önkormányzati Rendészet, Városőrség
Indonesia Municipal Police (Indonesia)
  • Indonesian: Satuan Polisi Pamong Praja ("SATPOL PP")
Italy Municipal Police
  • Italian: Polizia Municipale, Polizia Comunale, Polizia Urbana, Polizia Locale or Vigili Urbani
  • French: Police municipale
  • German: Stadtpolizei or Gemeindepolizei
  • Slovene: Občinska policija
Kazakhstan Local Police
  • Kazakh: Жергілікті полиция
Latvia Municipal Police
Lithuania Public Order Division
Mexico Municipal Police
Namibia Municipal Police
Netherlands Municipal Enforcement
  • Dutch: Handhaving, Toezicht, Stadswacht, BOA (Bijzonder OpsporingsAmbtenaar. English: Special Enforcement Officer)Have some limited police powers like the use of (limited)force, handcuffs, detaining etc. (some have more powers than others)
Poland City Guard
  • Polish: Straż miejska, Straż gminna
Portugal Municipal Police
Romania Local Police
Serbia Communal Police
  • Serbian: Комунална Полиција
Slovakia City/Municipal Police
  • Slovak: mestská polícia, obecná polícia
Slovenia Communal Police
Spain Municipal Police
South Africa Municipal Police
Switzerland Municipal Police
  • French: Police municipale
  • German: Stadtpolizei, Gemeindepolizei, Regionalpolizei
  • Romansh: Polizia Cumûnala
  • Italian: Polizia Municipale
Turkey Municipal Police
United States Municipal police departments
Vietnam Municipal police of Ha Noi City, Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong City, Da Nang City and Can Tho City

See alsoEdit