Dennis Wayne Archer (born January 1, 1942) is an American lawyer and politician from Michigan. A Democrat, Archer served on the Michigan Supreme Court and as mayor of Detroit. He later served as president of the American Bar Association, becoming the first black president of the organization, which, until 1943, had barred African American lawyers from membership.
Dennis W. Archer
|67th Mayor of Detroit|
January 3, 1994 – December 31, 2001
|Preceded by||Coleman A. Young|
|Succeeded by||Kwame Kilpatrick|
|Member of the Michigan Supreme Court|
|Born||Dennis Wayne Archer
January 1, 1942
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Early life and educationEdit
Archer was born in Detroit, but raised in Cassopolis. He earned his Bachelor of Science degree in education from Western Michigan University. He taught learning-disabled children in Detroit Public Schools from 1965 to 1970. Archer earned his J.D. from the Detroit College of Law in 1970.
Service on the Michigan Supreme Court and as Detroit mayorEdit
Archer served as a justice on the Michigan Supreme Court from 1986 to 1990. In his last year as a Michigan Supreme Court justice, he was named "most respected judge in Michigan" by Michigan Lawyers Weekly.
Archer served as mayor of Detroit from 1993 to 2001. As mayor, he worked to repair the city's relations with the Detroit suburbs and the local business community through cooperation with suburban business leaders on their redevelopment plans for the city, reducing tensions.
Archer was a strong supporter of numerous construction projects in downtown Detroit, including two new stadiums, Ford Field for the Detroit Lions and Comerica Park for the Detroit Tigers. Archer also became president of the National League of Cities during his last year as mayor.
As mayor, Archer was never popular with loyalists of his predecessor, Coleman Young. Young favored Sharon McPhail, a former member of the Detroit City Council, and wished for her to succeed him. In the 1993 race to succeed Young, Archer (who is black) did not win a majority of the black vote. Archer was re-elected by a large margin in 1997, but was subject to a recall campaign in his second term, launched by many of his original opponents. He declined to run for re-election in 2001.
Upon leaving office as Mayor of Detroit in January 2002, Archer was appointed as chairman of Detroit-based law firm Dickinson Wright, and the board of directors of Compuware. He is a Fellow of the Litigation Counsel of America.
In 2004, he was appointed to an eight-year term ending December 31, 2012 on the board of trustees of the Western Michigan University by Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm. He was appointed legal guardian for famous civil rights activist Rosa Parks in October 2004.
Archer is an at-large member of the Democratic National Committee, where he serves as a member of the Executive Committee.
- "Dennis Archer Becomes First African American President-Elect of the American Bar Association". US Mayor Newspaper. 2002-09-09. Archived from the original on 2002-11-17.
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- "American Bar Association". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Dennis Archer". Detroit African-American History Project. Retrieved 2008-02-21.
- Bradsher, Keith (2001-04-18). "Detroit Mayor Will Not Seek Another Term". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
- "Compuware Appoints Dennis W. Archer to Board of Directors". Compuware press release. Archived from the original on 2008-05-12.
- "Ex-Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer says he may run for governor". Associated Press. 2008-02-06.
- "Dennis Archer won't run for governor". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
-  "National Transportation Policy Project"