Dendrobates

Dendrobates is a genus of poison dart frogs native to Central and South America. It once contained numerous species, but most originally placed in this genus have been split off into other genera such as Adelphobates, Ameerega, Andinobates, Epipedobates, Excidobates, Oophaga, Phyllobates and Ranitomeya (essentially all the brightly marked poison dart frogs; i.e. excluding the duller genera in the family like Colostethus and Hyloxalus), leaving only five large to medium-sized species in the genus Dendrobates.[1][2]

Dendrobates
Dendrobates tinctorius - Karlsruhe Zoo 05.jpg
Dendrobates tinctorius
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Dendrobatidae
Subfamily: Dendrobatinae
Genus: Dendrobates
Wagler, 1830
Type species
Dendrobates tinctorius
Cuvier, 1797
Diversity
5 species (see text)

The generic name Dendrobates is derived from the Greek words δένδρον dendron "tree" and βάτης batēs "one that treads", meaning ‘tree climber’.[3]

SpeciesEdit

Image Common name Binomial name and authority[4] Distribution
  Green and black poison dart frog Dendrobates auratus (Girard, 1855) southeastern Nicaragua on the Atlantic slope and southeastern Costa Rica on the Pacific coast through Panama to northwestern Colombia (Chocó Department)
  Yellow-banded poison dart frog Dendrobates leucomelas Steindachner, 1864 Guyana, Brazil, Venezuela and the extreme easternmost part of Colombia
Rockstone poison dart frog Dendrobates nubeculosus Jungfer and Böhme, 2004 Guyana
  Dyeing poison dart frog Dendrobates tinctorius (Cuvier, 1797) Guiana Shield and Venezuela, including parts of Guyana, Suriname, Brazil, and nearly all of French Guiana.
  Yellow-striped poison dart frog Dendrobates truncatus (Cope, 1861) Colombia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Grant, T.; Frost, D. R.; Caldwell, J. P.; Gagliardo, R.; Haddad, C. F. B.; Kok, P. J. R.; Means, D. B.; Noonan, B. P.; Schargel, W. E.; Wheeler, W. C. (2006). "Phylogenetic systematics of dart-poison frogs and their relatives (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Dendrobatidae)". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 299 (299): 1–262. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.693.8392. doi:10.1206/0003-0090(2006)299[1:PSODFA]2.0.CO;2. hdl:2246/5803.
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2020). "Dendrobatidae". Amphibian Species of the World, an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  3. ^ Dodd, C. Kenneth (2013). Frogs of the United States and Canada. 1. The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-4214-0633-6.
  4. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Dendrobates Wagler, 1830". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 13 September 2014.

External linksEdit