Johann Georg Wagler

Johann Georg Wagler (28 March 1800 – 23 August 1832) was a German herpetologist[1][2][3] and ornithologist.[4]

Johann Georg Wagler

Wagler was assistant to Johann Baptist von Spix, and gave lectures in zoology at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich after it was moved to Munich.[5] He worked on the extensive collections brought back from Brazil by Spix, and published partly together with him books on reptiles from Brazil. Wagler wrote Monographia Psittacorum (1832),[2] which included the correct naming of the blue macaws.

In 1832, Wagler died of an accidental self-inflicted gunshot wound while out collecting in München-Moosach.[1][2][3]


Wagler is commemorated in the specific names of three species of reptiles: Atractus wagleri, Podarcis waglerianus, and Tropidolaemus wagleri.[2]

Wagler described a taxonomic arrangement of psittacine fauna, parrots and cockatoos, some of which are recognised in the systematic classification of these birds.[4]


Four of Wagler's books and articles are available at the Biodiversity Heritage Library:[6]

  • Monographia Psittacorum (1832) (from: Munich). Co-writer: Wetmore, Alexander.
  • Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugethiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie (1830) (from: München). Co-writer: Richmond, Charles Wallace.
  • Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae ou Histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens, recueillies et observées pendant le voyage dans l'intérieur du Brésil dans les années 1817, 1818, 1819, 1820 (1824) (from: Munich). Co-writer: Spix, Johann Baptist von.
  • Wagler's Six ornithological memoirs from the 'Isis.' (1884) (from: London). Edt: Sclater, P.L.


  1. ^ a b Heß, Wilhelm (1896). "Wagler, Johann Georg". Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Band 41. Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot. p. 776.
  2. ^ a b c d Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 278. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5.
  3. ^ a b "History of the Herpetology Section". Zoologische Staatssammlung München. 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Wagler J.G. (1832)". Australian Faunal Directory. Retrieved 3 November 2018. citation: Wagler, J.G. 1832. Monographia Psittacorum. Abhandlungen K. Bayer Akademie Wissenschaftlichen München 1: 463-750 [published Dec. 1832
  5. ^ Balss, Heinrich (1926). "Die Zoologische Staatssammlung und das Zoologische Institut ". In: Müller (ed.) Die wissenschaftlichen Anstalten der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität. pp. 300-315.
  6. ^ "Wagler, Johann Georg, 1800-1832". Biodiversity Heritage Library.

Further readingEdit

  • Adler, Kraig, editor (1989). Contributions to the History of Herpetology. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles (SSAR). 202 pp. ISBN 978-0916984199.

External linksEdit