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Pavel Nikolaievich Demidov, the founder of the prize

The Demidov Prize (Russian: Демидовская премия) is a national scientific prize in Russia awarded annually to the members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Originally awarded from 1832 to 1866 in the Russian Empire, it was revived by the government of Russia's Sverdlovsk Oblast in 1993. In its original incarnation it was one of the first annual scientific awards, and its traditions influenced other awards of this kind including the Nobel Prize.

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1831 Pavel Nikolaevich Demidov, representative of the famous Demidov family, established a scientific prize in his name. The Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences (now the Russian Academy of Sciences) was chosen as the awarding institution. In 1832 the president of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences, Sergei Uvarov, awarded the first prizes.

From 1832 to 1866 the Academy awarded 55 full prizes (5,000 rubles) and 220 part prizes. Among the winners were many prominent Russian scientists: the founder of field surgery and inventor of the plaster immobilisation method in treatment of fractures, Nikolai Pirogov; the seafarer and geographer Adam Johann von Krusenstern; the creator of the periodic table of elements, Dmitri Mendeleev; the inventor of the first usable electric motor, Boris Jacobi; and many others.

From 1866, 25 years after Pavel Demidov's death and according to the terms of his bequest, there were no more awards.

In 1993, on the initiative of the vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences Gennady Mesyats and the governor of the Sverdlovsk Oblast Eduard Rossel, the Demidov Prize traditions were restored. The prize is awarded for outstanding achievements in natural sciences and humanities. The winners are elected annually among the members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. According to the tradition every year the Demidov Scientific Foundation chooses three or four academicians to receive the award. The prize includes a medal, a diploma and $10,000. The awards ceremony takes place every year at the Governor's Palace of Sverdlovsk Oblast, in Yekaterinburg, Russia. The recipients of the Prize also give lectures at the Ural State University (Demidov Lecture).

Winners (1832-1866)Edit

Year Portrait Recipient(s) Field(s) Ref
1832 Magnus Georg Paucker Physics [1]
Julius Hagemeister Economics [1]
1833   Aleksandr Vostokov Philology [1]
Carl Philipp Reiff Philology [1]
1835 Fr Theodore Sidonsky Philosophy [1]
  Archimandrite Hyacinth
(Nikita Bichurin)
History [1]
Pyotr Sokolov [ru; de] Philology [1]
1836   Friedrich Benjamin Lütke Geography [1]
  Nikolaus Braschmann Mathematics [1]
  Alexander Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky History [1]
1837   Adam Johann von Krusenstern Geography [1]
  Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander Astronomy [1]
  Nikolay Ustryalov History [1]
1838   Stanislav Chaudoir History [1]
1839   Archimandrite Hyacinth
(Nikita Bichurin)
Philology [1]
Alexander Kazembek Philology [1]
Nikolai Medem Military sciences [1]
1840   Mikhail Pogodin Philology [1]
  David Chubinashvili Philology [1]
  Boris Jacobi Physics [1]
1841 Alexander Postels Biology [1]
  Franz Josef Ruprecht Biology [1]
1842   Ferdinand von Wrangel Geography [1]
1844   Chaim Zelig Slonimski Inventions [2]
  Aleksandr Vostokov Philology [1]
  Fr Gerasim Pavsky Philology [1]
  Nikolai Pirogov Medicine [1]
1845   Friedrich von Adelung Geography [1]
1846   Aleksey Savich Astronomy [1]
  Józef Kowalewski Philology [1]
  Karl Ernst Claus Chemistry [1]
1847   Alexander Keyserling Geography [1]
Paul von Krusenstern Geography [1]
  Anatoly Demidov Geography [1]
  Dmitry Tolstoy History [1]
  David Chubinashvili Philology [1]
1848   Johan Jakob Nervander Meteorology [1]
1849   Pafnuty Chebyshev Mathematics [1]
1850 Fyodor Goremykin Military sciences [1]
1851   Nikolai Pirogov Medicine [1]
  Michael Reinecke Geography [1]
1852   Konstantin Nevolin History [1]
  Loggin Seddeler Military sciences [1]
1853   Dmitry Milyutin History [1]
1854   Metropolitan Macarius
(Mikhail Bulgakov)
Theology [1]
  Konstantin Nevolin History [1]
1855   Dmitrii Ivanovich Zhuravskii Technical sciences [1]
1857   Nikolai Turchaninov Biology [1]
  Heinz Christian Pander Geography [1]
1858 Iosif Goshkevich Philology [1]
1859   Carl Johann Maximovich Biology [1]
1860   Nikolai Pirogov Medicine [1]
Fyodor Dmitriyev Law [1]
1861 Pyotr Pekarsky Philology [1]
  Modest Bogdanovich History [1]
1862   Modest von Korff History [1]
  Dmitri Mendeleev Chemistry [1]
1863   Grigory Butakov Maritime sciences [1]
1865 Friedrich von Smitt History [1]
Ludwig Schwarz Geodesy [1]


Winners (from 1993)Edit

Year Portrait Recipient(s) Field(s) Ref
1993 Sergei Vonsovsky Physics [1]
Nikolay Kochetkov Chemistry [1]
Boris Chesnokov [ru; de] Geology [1]
Valentin Yanin History [1]
Anatoly Karpov [ru] Economics [1]
1994 Boris Rauschenbach Mechanics [1]
Aleksandr Bayev [ru; tt; de] Biology [1]
Pyotr Kropotkin Geology [1]
Nikita Tolstoy [ru; de; fr] Philology [1]
1995   Andrei Viktorovich Gaponov-Grekhov Physics [1]
Genrich Tolstikov [ru; de; ba] Chemistry [1]
Vladimir Magnitsky [ru; de; ka] Geophysics [1]
Nikolai Pokrovsky [ru] History [1]
1996 Nikolay Krasovsky Mathematics and mechanics [1]
Vladimir Sokolov Biology [1]
  Georgy Golitsyn Earth sciences [1]
Yevgeni Chelyshev Philology [1]
1997   Alexander Skrinsky Physics [1]
Nikolay Vatolin Chemistry [1]
  Nikolai Laverov [ru; de] Earth sciences [1]
  Andrey Zaliznyak Linguistics [1]
1998 Oleg Gazenko Biology [1]
Andre Gonchar Mathematics [1]
Valentin Sedov [ru; de; lv] History [1]
Nikolai Yushkin [ru; de] Earth sciences [1]
1999   Zhores Alferov Physics [1]
Nikolai Dobretsov [ru; de] Earth sciences [1]
Vladimir Tartakovsky [ru; de] Chemistry [1]
2000 Victor Maslov Mathematics [1]
Nikolai Semikhatov [ru; de] Mechanics [1]
  Rem Petrov [ru] Earth sciences [1]
  Tatyana Zaslavskaya Economics and sociology [1]
2001   Aleksandr Prokhorov Physics [1]
  Viktor Kabanov [ru; de] Chemistry [1]
Igor Gramberg [ru; de] Earth sciences [1]
2002   Ludvig Faddeev Mathematics [1]
Viktor Savelyev Medicine [1]
Vladimir Kudryavtsev [ru; tg] Law [1]
  Gennady Mesyats Physics [1]
2003 Boris Litvinov [ru; de] Physics [1]
  Irina Beletskaya Chemistry [1]
Oleg Bogatikov [ru; de] Earth sciences [1]
2004   Gury Marchuk Mathematics [1]
Vladimir Bolshakov [ru] Biology [1]
  Anatoly Derevyanko History and archeology [1]
2005 Oleg Krokhin [ru; de] Physics [1]
Nikolai Lyakishev [ru; de] Physicochemistry [1]
  Alexei Kontorovich [ru; de] Earth sciences [1]
2006   Timur Eneev Mathematics [1]
Veniamin Alekseyev [ru] History [1]
Vladimir Kulakov [ru] Medicine [1]
2007 Boris Kovalchuk [ru; de] Physics [1]
Oleg Chupakhin [ru; de] Chemistry [1]
Mikhail Ivanovich Kuzmin [ru; de] Earth science [1]
2008 Yevgeny Mishchenko [ru; de] Mathematics [1]
  Anatoly Grigoriev Medicine [1]
Valery Makarov [ru; de] Economics [1]
2009 Yury Kagan [ru; de] Physics [1]
  Dmitry Rundkvist [ru; de] Earth science [1]
Yury Tretyakov [ru; de] Chemistry [1]
Alexey Olovnikov Biology [1]
2010   Yury Osipov Mathematics [1]
  Gennady Sakovich [ru; de] Chemistry [1]
  Serhiy Alexeyev [ru; uk] Humanities [1]
2011 Alexander Andreev Physics [1]
Yury Zhuravlyov [ru] Biology [1]
  Vladimir Kotlyakov [ru; de; fr] Earth science [1]
2012   Yevgeny Primakov Social science [3]
  Ilya Moiseev Chemistry [3]
  Yevgeny Avrorin Physics [3]
2013   Yuri Yershov Mathematics [4]
  Alexander Spirin Biology [4]
Kliment Troubetzkoy [ru] Mining [4]
2014 Nikolai Kardashev astrophysics [5]
Oleg Nefyodov [ru; de] chemistry [5]
Bagrat Sandukhadze [ru] Wheat breeding [5]
2015 Mikhail Marov [ru; de] Space exploration [6]
Rostislav Karpov [ru] Cardiology [6]
Viktor Koroteyev [ru; de] Palaeovolcanology [6]
2016   Yury A. Zolotov [ru; de] Analytical chemistry [7][6]
Vyacheslav I. Molodin [ru; de] Archaeology [7][6]
  Valery Rubakov Fundamental physics [7][6]
2017   Vladimir Fortov Physics
  Gennady Alekseyevich Romanenko [ru; de] Agrarian sciences
  Vladimir Skulachev Bioenergetics

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv Лауреаты Демидовской премии (in Russian). Russian Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  2. ^ Chaim Aronson, Norman Marsden (1983) A Jewish Life Under the Tsars: The Autobiography of Chaim Aronson, 1825–1888 Oxford Centre for Postgraduate Hebrew Studies, p.310
  3. ^ a b c Евгению Примакову вручили Демидовскую премию (in Russian). 7 November 2012. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  4. ^ a b c "Demidov Prize Winners 2013". Russia-infocentre. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "Full Member of RAS Oleg Nefedov was awarded the Demidov Prize". Royal Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Demidov Prize winners announced". Russkiy Mir Foundation. 23 November 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "Presentation of the new laureates of the Demidov Prize, 2016" (in Russian). Russian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
Bibliography
  • (in Russian) N. A. Mezenin: Лауреаты Демидовских премий Петербургской Академии наук. Л., Наука, 1987.
  • (in Russian) Yuri Alexandrovich Sokolov, Zoya Antonovna Bessudnova, L. T. Prizhdetskaya: Отечественные действительные и почетные члены Российской академии наук 18-20 вв. Геология и горные науки.- М.: Научный мир, 2000.

External linksEdit