Franz Josef Ruprecht

Franz Josef Ruprecht (1 November 1814 – 4 April 1870) was an Austrian-born physician and botanist active in the Russian Empire, where he was known as Frants Ivanovič Ruprekht (Russian: Франц Ива́нович Ру́прехт).

Franz Josef Ruprecht
Franz Josef Ruprecht by IN Kramskoj.jpeg
Born(1814-11-01)1 November 1814
Died4 April 1870(1870-04-04) (aged 55)
Saint Petersburg

He was born in Freiburg im Breisgau, and grew up in Prague, where he studied, and graduated as Doctor of Medicine in 1836. After a short stint in medical practice in Prague, he was appointed curator of the herbarium of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg in 1839, then assistant director of the Saint Petersburg Botanical Garden between 1851 and 1855, and professor of botany in 1855 at the University of Saint Petersburg.[1] He died in Saint Petersburg in 1870.

He described many new plants collected in the Russian Far East, including Alaska, then under Russian rule; examples include Adiantum aleuticum, Lonicera maackii, and Phellodendron amurense.

The genus Ruprechtia is named after him.[2]


  • Ruprecht, F. J. Symbolae ad historiam et geographiam plantarum Rossicarum, St. Petersburg in 1846
  • Ruprecht, F. J. Flora Caucasi, P. 1. St. Pétersbourg 1869
  • Postels, A., Ruprecht, F.J. Illustrationes algarum, Weinheim, J. Cramer 1963
  • Ruprecht, F. J. Flora ingrica (flora of the Leningrad region).


  1. ^ Darwin Correspondence: Franz Josef Ruprecht
  2. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  3. ^ IPNI.  Rupr.
  • Extensive biography on Allg. Deutsche Biographie [1]
  • Fedotova A.A. The Origins of the Russian Chernozem Soil (Black Earth): Franz Joseph Ruprecht's ‘Geo-Botanical Researches into the Chernozem’ of 1866]], Environment and History, 16 (2010): 271–293