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Dax (French pronunciation: ​[daks]; Dacs in Occitan) is a commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department.

Dax
La Fontaine Chaude
Coat of arms of Dax
Coat of arms
Location of Dax
Dax is located in France
Dax
Dax
Dax is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Dax
Dax
Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentLandes
ArrondissementDax
CantonDax-1 and 2
IntercommunalityGrand Dax
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Gabriel Bellocq
Area
1
19.70 km2 (7.61 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
21,886
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
40088 /40100
Elevation2–46 m (6.6–150.9 ft)
(avg. 9 m or 30 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

It is known as a spa, specialising in mud treatment for rheumatism and similar ailments.

It is also a market town, former bishopric and busy local centre, especially for the Chalosse area.

Place de la cathédrale.

Contents

HistoryEdit

It was first established by the Romans, and its reputation is supposed to date from a visit by Julia, the daughter of the first Emperor Octavian Augustus. Its Roman name was Civitas Aquensium. In the Middle Ages, it was administered by viscounts until 1177. With the acquisition of Aquitaine by Henry II Plantagenet, later King of England, Dax remained under English rule until 1451, when it was conquered by French troops before the end of the Hundred Years' War. It successfully withstood a Spanish siege in 1521-1522.

PopulationEdit

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Dax, Landes (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1958–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.8
(73.0)
27.2
(81.0)
29.9
(85.8)
32.7
(90.9)
36.2
(97.2)
39.1
(102.4)
40.8
(105.4)
41.1
(106.0)
38.0
(100.4)
34.7
(94.5)
28.1
(82.6)
23.9
(75.0)
41.1
(106.0)
Average high °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
13.1
(55.6)
16.4
(61.5)
18.1
(64.6)
21.7
(71.1)
24.7
(76.5)
27.0
(80.6)
27.2
(81.0)
25.0
(77.0)
20.6
(69.1)
14.8
(58.6)
11.6
(52.9)
19.3
(66.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
8.2
(46.8)
11.0
(51.8)
12.8
(55.0)
16.4
(61.5)
19.5
(67.1)
21.5
(70.7)
21.7
(71.1)
19.1
(66.4)
15.5
(59.9)
10.5
(50.9)
7.6
(45.7)
14.3
(57.7)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
3.3
(37.9)
5.5
(41.9)
7.5
(45.5)
11.1
(52.0)
14.2
(57.6)
16.1
(61.0)
16.1
(61.0)
13.3
(55.9)
10.4
(50.7)
6.1
(43.0)
3.7
(38.7)
9.2
(48.6)
Record low °C (°F) −16.2
(2.8)
−9.5
(14.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
0.3
(32.5)
3.8
(38.8)
3.4
(38.1)
6.8
(44.2)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.2
(19.0)
−10.2
(13.6)
−16.2
(2.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 106.3
(4.19)
95.8
(3.77)
82.8
(3.26)
107.5
(4.23)
90.2
(3.55)
69.8
(2.75)
57.9
(2.28)
70.3
(2.77)
89.6
(3.53)
117.0
(4.61)
145.7
(5.74)
118.4
(4.66)
1,151.3
(45.33)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.4 10.4 10.8 12.9 12.1 8.5 7.6 8.8 8.7 11.4 12.6 12.1 128.4
Average relative humidity (%) 87 82 78 79 79 79 78 81 82 87 88 89 82.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 95.1 108.2 166.0 171.2 196.7 206.6 219.7 212.7 190.2 142.2 93.5 80.2 1,882.4
Source #1: Météo France[2][3][4]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, 1961–1990)[5]

SightsEdit

  • Roman archaeological crypt, including the foundations of a Roman temple from the second century AD.97
  • Remains of the Gallic-Roman walls (4th century)
  • Cathedral of Notre-Dame Ste-Marie97
  • Church of Saint-Vincent-de-Xaintes.97
  • Fontaine Chaude ("Hot Fountain").97

Twin townsEdit

PersonalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Dax" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  3. ^ "Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  4. ^ "Dax (40)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Dax-Seyresse (40) - altitude 31m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.

External linksEdit