David X. Cohen
David Samuel Cohen (born July 13, 1966), better known as David X. Cohen, is an American television writer. He began working on Beavis and Butt-Head, has written for The Simpsons, and served as the head writer and executive producer of Futurama. Cohen is a producer of Disenchantment, Matt Groening's series for Netflix.
David X. Cohen
Cohen at the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con International.
|Born||David Samuel Cohen|
July 13, 1966
New York, New York, United States
Cohen was born in New York City as David S. Cohen. He changed his middle initial around the time Futurama debuted due to Writers' Guild policies prohibiting more than one member from having the same name. Both of his parents were biologists, and growing up Cohen had always planned to be a scientist, though he also enjoyed writing and drawing cartoons.
Cohen graduated from Dwight Morrow High School in Englewood, New Jersey, where he wrote the humor column for the high school paper and was a member of the school's state champion mathematics team. Cohen graduated from Harvard University with a B.A. in physics, and the University of California, Berkeley, with a M.S. in computer science. At Harvard, he wrote for and served as President of the Harvard Lampoon.
In high school Cohen wrote in MOS 6502 assembly language an Apple II compiler and computer game, and unsuccessfully tried to publish the latter through Broderbund. His most notable academic publication concerned the theoretical computer science problem of pancake sorting, which was also the subject of an academic publication by Bill Gates and Christos Papadimitriou.
After three years of graduate school, Cohen took a leave of absence and started writing sample TV scripts. In 1992, this landed him a job writing two of the earliest Beavis and Butthead episodes. In 1993, Cohen began working on The Simpsons, writing or co-writing thirteen episodes. Nearly five years later, Cohen would team with Matt Groening to develop Futurama, where he served as writer or co-writer of seven episodes and executive producer and head writer of the series' entire run. Cohen has won four Primetime Emmy Awards: Two for Futurama and two for The Simpsons.
Cohen co-developed Futurama, along with The Simpsons creator Matt Groening. Cohen served as head writer, executive producer, and voice director of the series. He was also the voice director of the Futurama video game. After spending a few years researching science fiction, Groening got together with Cohen in 1997 and developed Futurama, an animated series about life in the year 3000. By the time they pitched the series to Fox in April 1998, Groening and Cohen had composed many characters and storylines; Groening claimed they had "gone overboard" in their discussions. Groening described trying to get the show on the air as "by far the worst experience of [his] grown-up life". The show premiered on March 28, 1999.
After four years on the air, the series was canceled by Fox. In a situation similar to the animated Family Guy, however, strong DVD sales and very stable ratings on Adult Swim brought Futurama back to life. When Comedy Central began negotiating for the rights to air Futurama reruns, Fox suggested that there was a possibility of also creating new episodes. When Comedy Central committed to sixteen new episodes, it was decided that four straight-to-DVD films—Bender's Big Score (2007), The Beast with a Billion Backs (2008), Bender's Game (2008) and Into the Wild Green Yonder (2009)—would be produced. Since no new Futurama projects were in production, the movie Into the Wild Green Yonder was designed to stand as the Futurama series finale. However, Groening had expressed a desire to continue the Futurama franchise in some form, including as a theatrical film. In an interview with CNN, Groening said that "we have a great relationship with Comedy Central and we would love to do more episodes for them, but I don't know... We're having discussions and there is some enthusiasm but I can't tell if it's just me."
Cohen told Newsday in August 2009 that the reported 26-episode order means "[i]t will be up to 26. I can't guarantee it will be 26. But I think there's a pretty good chance it'll be exactly 26. Fox has been a little bit cagey about it, even internally. But nobody's too concerned. We're plunging ahead." Two episodes were in the process of being voice-recorded at that time, with an additional "six scripts ... in the works, ranging in scale from 'it's a crazy idea that someone's grandmother thought of' to 'it's all on paper'. ..."The first episode is tentatively titled 'Rebirth' — and in a surprisingly literal fashion, as things turn out". It aired June 24 on Comedy Central.
Cohen designed one of the robots in the robot strip club which he said was "his one artistic contribution to the show". The robot's waist gyrated sexily using a planetary gear. In an episode's commentary, this artistic contribution is discussed by Futurama co-creator Matt Groening, who describes Cohen as being very particular about how the animators used his design, and that Cohen's original drawing is still framed in his office.
He makes some brief cameo appearances in cartoon form, first in the Futurama episode "A Bicyclops Built for Two", along with several other people who worked on the show, and second on "I Dated a Robot" as a member of the eBay audience. Both appearances are pointed out during DVD commentaries.
When the FOX prime-time animated shows unionized in 1998, Cohen was forced to use a different name for professional purposes as there was already another member credited as David S. Cohen and the Writers Guild of America does not allow members to use the same name for onscreen credits. Instead of using his full middle name, he chose to use the middle initial "X"—because it sounded "sci-fi-ish"—and has jokingly said that the "X" would make him "the David Cohen people would remember". The "X" does not actually stand for anything, but Cohen included a period "so people don't think it's some mathematical formula: 'David times Cohen' or something".
Cohen is credited with writing or co-writing the following episodes:
- "For Whom the Pig Oinks" (2018)
- "Space Pilot 3000" (with Matt Groening) (1999)
- "Xmas Story" (1999)
- "Anthology of Interest I" (Part 3) (2000)
- "The Day the Earth Stood Stupid" (Shared story credits) (2001)
- "Anthology of Interest II" (Part 2) (2002)
- "The Why of Fry" (2003)
- "Bender's Big Score" (story with Ken Keeler) (2008)
- "The Beast with a Billion Backs" (story with Eric Kaplan) (2008)
- "Bender's Game" (both story and part 4 of the teleplay) (2009)
- "Into the Wild Green Yonder" (story with Ken Keeler; Parts 1 & 4) (2009)
- "Rebirth" (2010)
- "Free Will Hunting" (2012)
- "Treehouse of Horror V" ("Nightmare Cafeteria") (1994)
- "Lisa the Vegetarian" (1995)
- "Treehouse of Horror VI" ("Homer3") (1995)
- "22 Short Films About Springfield" (co-contributor) (1996)
- "Much Apu About Nothing" (1996)
- "Treehouse of Horror VII" ("Citizen Kang") (1996)
- "The Itchy & Scratchy & Poochie Show" (1997)
- "The Simpsons Spin-Off Showcase" ("Chief Wiggum, P.I.") (1997)
- "Treehouse of Horror VIII" ("Fly vs. Fly") (1997)
- "Lisa the Skeptic" (1997)
- "Das Bus" (1998)
- "Bart the Mother" (1998)
- "Treehouse of Horror IX" ("Starship Poopers") (1998)
Beavis and Butt-headEdit
- "Couch Fishing"
- "Plate Frisbee"
Cohen has also been credited with inventing the word "cromulent", meaning "valid" or "acceptable" in The Simpsons episode "Lisa the Iconoclast". Since that time the word was included in Webster’s New Millennium Dictionary. The meaning of cromulent is inferred only from its usage, which indicates that it is a positive attribute. Webster's Dictionary defines it as meaning "fine" or "acceptable".
- "I am David X. Cohen, head writer on FUTURAMA - AMA!". Reddit Ask Me Anything. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- David X. Cohen interview with frontwheeldrive.com; accessed February 6, 2007
- Rohan, Virginia (March 26, 1999). "Blast Forward". The Record (Bergen County). Archived from the original on November 11, 2013.
After graduating from Englewood's Dwight Morrow High School, he headed off to Harvard.
- David X. Cohen interview with gotfuturama.com; accessed February 6, 2007
- Guizzo, Erico (2009-05-01). "The Truth About Bender's Brain". IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
- Cohen, David S.; Blum, Manuel (1995). "On the problem of sorting burnt pancakes". Discrete Applied Mathematics. 61 (2): 105–20. doi:10.1016/0166-218X(94)00009-3.
- Gates, William H.; Papadimitriou, Christos H. (1979). "Bounds for sorting by prefix reversal". Discrete Mathematics. 27 (1): 47–57. doi:10.1016/0012-365X(79)90068-2.
- Alaina G. Levine, "Profiles in Versatility: The Futurama of Physics with David X. Cohen", American Physical Society, May 2010 (accessdate March 18, 2013)
- "David X. Cohen IMDB Page".
- "Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Futurama Page".
- "Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Simpsons Page".
- Needham, Alex (October 1999). "Nice Planet...We'll Take It!". The Face (33). Archived from the original on August 24, 2000.
- Doherty, Brian (March–April 1999). "Matt Groening". Mother Jones. Retrieved January 14, 2007.
- Katz, Claudia (2007-11-16). "Claudia Katz on Futurama the Movie: Bender's Big Score" (Interview). Interviewed by Evan Jacobs. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- Rabin, Nathan (2006-04-26). "Matt Groening". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- Wortham, Jenna (2008-11-04). "Futurama Animators Roll 20-Sided Die With Bender's Game". Wired.com. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
- Leopold, Todd (2009-02-26). "Matt Groening looks to the future". CNN.com. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
- Ausiello, Michael (2009-06-09). "It's official: 'Futurama' is reborn!". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- "'Futurama' Returns to Production with an initial order of 26 New Episodes to Premiere Mid 2010". Press Central Comedy Central Press Release. 2009-06-10. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
- Goldman, Eric (2009-06-09). "Futurama Return Made Official". IGN. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- Lovece, Frank. "'Futurama' finds a new future on Comedy Central", Newsday, August 28, 2009 (posted online August 27, 2009)
- "IMDB Page for David Steven Cohen".
- Cohen, David X. "UGO Networks" (Interview). Interviewed by David Robert Epstein.
- Sepinwall, Alan (1999-03-26). "From Englewood to the 30th century". The Star Ledger. p. 33.
- Simon Rodgers (2 November 2012). ""Beavis and Butt-Head" Couch-Fishing (TV Episode 1993)". IMDb. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
- Oakley, Bill (2005). The Simpsons season 7 DVD commentary for the episode "Lisa the Iconoclast" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- "cromulent definition". Reference.com. Webster's New Millennium Dictionary of English. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to David X. Cohen.|
- David X. Cohen on IMDb
- IGN Interview With David X. Cohen
- Interview with David X. Cohen about the return of Futurama
- An Interview About Math in Futurama with David X. Cohen, by Dr. Sarah Greenwald
- Levine, Alaina G. "Profiles in Versatility: The Futurama of Physics with David X. Cohen". American Physics Society. Retrieved June 10, 2012.