David MacBrayne is a limited company owned by the Scottish Government. Formed in 1851 as a private shipping company, it became the main carrier for freight and passengers in the Hebrides. In 1973, it was merged with Caledonian Steam Packet Company as state-owned Caledonian MacBrayne. Since 2006 it has been the holding company for ferry operators CalMac Ferries Ltd (operating as Caledonian MacBrayne) and Argyll Ferries.
|Industry||Ferry operator holding company|
|Founded||1851, reconstituted in 2006|
|Hebrides of Scotland|
In 1851, Burns Brothers, G. and J. Burns of Glasgow passed their fleet of Hebridean vessels to their chief clerk, David Hutchinson. The new company, David Hutcheson & Co. had three partners, David Hutcheson, Alexander Hutcheson and David MacBrayne. In 1878, the company passed to David MacBrayne, partner and nephew of Messrs. Burns.
The Company rapidly became the main carrier on the West Highland routes, providing passenger and freight services to most islands. They initially operated from Glasgow down the Firth of Clyde through the Crinan Canal to Oban and Fort William, and on through the Caledonian Canal to Inverness. They added the mail run to Islay, Harris and North Uist from Skye and then the Outer Isles run from Oban to Barra and South Uist. As each opened, they added the railheads at Oban, Mallaig, Kyle of Lochalsh and Strome Ferry.
MacBraynes remained in the hands of the family until 1928, when it was unable to support a bid for the renewal of the mail contract and effectively became bankrupt. No other operator was found for the contract and the company was reformed, with ownership divided between Coast Lines and the London, Midland and Scottish Railway.
In 1948 the shares in the company owned by the LMS passed to the British Transport Commission thus partially nationalising it.
In 1964, the rising number of motor vehicles led to the ordering of three purpose-built vessels, MV Hebrides, MV Clansman and MV Columba for the Uig-Tarbert-Lochmaddy, Mallaig-Armadale and Oban-Craignure-Lochaline routes.
In July 1969, the remaining 50% passed into state ownership, after which the mainland bus services (Macbraynes Motor Services) passed to Highland Omnibuses, those on the islands being divested within a few years. On 1 January 1973, the other state-owned shipping company, Clyde-based Caledonian Steam Packet Company acquired most of the ships and routes of MacBraynes and commenced joint Clyde and West Highland operations, under the new name of Caledonian MacBrayne, with a combined headquarters at Gourock.
After lying dormant for a number of years, the company was reactivated in 2006 by Scottish Ministers to act as the holding company for state-owned ferry operators. Scottish Ministers are the sole shareholder of the group, and all subsidiaries are private companies. The group consisted of ferry operators CalMac Ferries Ltd, which (as Caledonian MacBrayne) operates the Clyde and Hebrides services and NorthLink Ferries Ltd, the former operator of the Aberdeen - Kirkwall - Lerwick and Scrabster - Stromness services. In 2011, newly created operator Argyll Ferries Ltd, which operates the Dunoon - Gourock passenger service was added to the group. In May 2012, NorthLink Ferries Ltd lost the Northern Isles ferry service contract to Serco.
The vessels and piers used by the ferry operators are owned by Caledonian Maritime Assets Limited (CMAL), which is also owned by the Scottish Government. CMAL leases the vessels and piers to the operating companies for the duration of the contracts. The ships are chartered to the relevant ferry operators, and the piers and harbours operated under fairly standard berthing charges.
Ships of David MacBrayneEdit
MacBrayne ships featured red funnels with a black top. One of the best known was RMS Columba, MacBrayne's flagship from 1879 to 1935. She was an early steel-hulled 301 foot vessel, built by J & G Thomson in 1878, and was the largest and most luxurious Clyde steamer of the day; she operated the Glasgow to Ardrishaig service as part of MacBrayne's "Royal Route" to Oban. Her successor on the route, SS St Columba was the largest Turbine Steamer built for service on the Clyde and remains the only three-funnelled steamer ever to have served on the river.
List of ships operated by the companyEdit
- PS Glengarry (ex-Edinburgh Castle) (1844)
- PS Glencoe (ex-Mary Jane) (1846)
- PS Lochness (I) (1853)
- PS Mountaineer (II) (1858)
- PS Gairlochy (1861)
- SS Staffa (III) (1861)
- SS Clydesdale (1862)
- PS Iona (III) (1864)
- PS Chevalier (1866)
- PS Gondolier (1866)
- SS Linnet (1866)
- PS Lovedale (ex-Great Western) (1867)
- PS Gael (1867)
- SS Clansman (II) (1870)
- PS Islay (II) (1872)
- SS Fingal (II) (1877)
- SS Lochiel (I) (1877)
- RMS Columba paddle steamer (1878)
- SS Handa (1878)
- SS Ethel (1878) (renamed Clansman (III) in 1910)
- PS Carbineer (1878)
- SS Flowerdale (1878)
- SS Claymore (II) (1881)
- SS Cavalier (1883)
- SS Texa (1884)
- PS Grenadier (1885)
- PS Fusilier (1888)
- SS Hebrides (1898) (McCallum & Orme until 1930)
- SS Plover (1904)
- TS St Columba purchased 1934, built as TS Queen Alexandra in 1912.
- SS Lochness (1929)
- MV Lochmor (1930)
- MV Lochearn (1930)
- MV Lochfyne (1931)
- MV Lochnevis (1934)
- TS King George V (1935)
- MV Garry (1937)
- MV Lochiel (1939)
- MV Loch Arkaig (1941)
- MV Lochnell (1941)
- MV Loch Broom (1946)
- MV Lochdunvegan (1946)
- MV Loch Seaforth (1947)
- MV Loch Eynort (1947)
- MV Lochbuie (1949)
- MV Loch Carron (1951)
- MV Lochshiel (1953)
- MV Lochailort (1954)
- MV Claymore (1955)
- MV Loch Ard (1955)
- MV Loch Toscaig (1955)
- MV Hebrides (1964)
- MV Clansman (1964)
- MV Columba (1964)
- MV Scalpay (ex-Lochaline (II)) built 1956 (1965)
- MV Iona (1970)
- "History". David MacBrayne. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "Company History". CalMac. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "A brief history". MacBrayne Circle. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- McCallum, F. & Bloomfield, S.W. (1965), British Bus Fleets No.22: Scottish Bus Group, pp. 66-67. Ian Allan, London.
- "History of Caledonian MacBrayne". West Highland Steamer Club. Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- Milne, S.J. (2008), Highland, p. 33. Venture Publications, Glossop. ISBN 9781905304189.
- "New shipping firm to serve West of Scotland". The Glasgow Herald. 2 January 1973. p. 9. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
- "Argyll Ferries Wins Dunoon-Gourock Ferry Tender". For Argyll. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
- "Serco confirmed as Northern Isles ferry operator". BBC News. 29 May 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "RMS Columba". David MacBrayne Ltd postcard. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "PS Columba". Paddle Steamer Resources by Tramscape. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "The Fleet - Lochearn". Ships of Calmac. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "The Fleet - Garry". Ships of Calmac. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- CalMac, Ships of. "Ships Of CalMac - History of: Loch Arkaig".
- "The Fleet - Lochnell". Ships of Calmac. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "The Fleet - Loch Broom". Ships of Calmac. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "The Fleet - Lochdunvegan". Ships of Calmac. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- CalMac, Ships of. "LOCH EYNORT".
- "The Fleet - Loch Carron". Ships of Calmac. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "MV Lochshiel".
- Steamers of the Clyde and Western Isles: MacArthur, McCrorie & McHaffie 1965 edition page 26
- CalMac, Ships of. "LOCHAILORT".
- CalMac, Ships of. "LOCH TOSCAIG".
- CalMac, Ships of. "Ships of CalMac - Fleet Features - Kyles Ferries".
- CalMac, Ships of. "Ships Of CalMac - History of: DHUIRNISH".
- "1901 MacBrayne's Steamers and Services". Kintyre On Record. Retrieved 30 January 2011.