Danish International Brigade

The Danish International Brigade (Danish: Den Danske Internationale Brigade), short DIB (also sometimes known as the Danish Reaction Brigade) was a Danish military brigade.

Danish International Brigade
Danish: Den Danske Internationale Brigade
Emblem for the Danish 2 Brigade.svg
Armpatch and logo
Active1994-2005
Disbanded2005
Country Denmark
Branch Royal Danish Army
Nickname(s)DIB

The political decision to form this brigade was conceived in the Danish Defence agreement 1992–1995. The formal decision to form the Brigade was made by the Folketing on 25 November 1993 and this date is often regarded as the birth of the Brigade. The Brigade was then formed, with staff and all subunits from the dispand 2.Zealand Brigade (2.SBDE) on 1 July 1994.

The background for its existence was changes in NATO's structure, in the European security situation and as a direct response to Denmark’s involvement in UNPROFOR.

The purpose and design of the Brigade was to, in part or as a whole, to rapidly deploy in peacemaking, peacekeeping, humanity or similar missions under NATO, UN, OSCE or national supervision. In its lifespan the Brigade was never deployed as a whole but all subordinated units was deployed more than once.

On 1 January 1996 the Brigade was also assigned to the NATO Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps and fell under the organisational control of 1 (UK) Armoured Division when required. The DIB headquarters was located at Vordingborg barracks and made regularly exercises with 1 (UK) Armoured Division.

The DIB consisted of 4,800 personal, including a combat group of around 2,500 personnel in three battalions; a battalion equipped with Leopard 2A5 DK main battle tanks and an artillery unit with 18 self-propelled 155mm M-109 A3 howitzer, as well as logistics.

In all the Brigade had 51 Leopard 2A5 DK (Original 50 Leopard 1A5), 180 M113 (M113A1 with Add-On-Armour, M113A2 DK I (PNMK M/92) and M113 G3 DK) and22 Mowag Piranha armored personnel carrier in various configurations and another ca. 1200 vehicles.

80% of the brigade consisted of volunteers who agreed to participate in up to two possible six-month international deployments during their four-year reserve commitment (originally this was only three years).

In the Danish Defence agreement 2005–2009, the brigade was to be dissolved and the Brigade thereby official ceased to exist on February 15, 2005. The Brigade-Staff was merged with the Staff of 1.Zealand Brigade (1.SBDE) (also terminated), to form the Staff in the newly erected 2. Brigade.

CommandersEdit

OriginationEdit

1994–2001

2000–2005

Equipment from 1994–2005Edit

As a MechInfantry Brigade, Danish International Brigade contained

Name Image Origin Type Quantity Notes
Armour
Leopard 1A5DK1     Germany Main Battle Tank 50
(51)
  • 30 (31) in the armoured battalion
  • 10 in the first mechinfantry battalion
  • 10 in the second mechinfantry battalion
Pansret Mandskabsvogn - PMV
(M113)
    United States Armored Personnel Carrier 155

APCs and variants incl:

  • 20 Command-vehicles
    • 5 in the HQ COY/Brigade
    • 4 in the armoured battalion
    • 5 in the first mechinfantry battalion
    • 5 in the second mechinfantry battalion
    • 1 in the Artillery battalion (CO battalion)
  • 13 Maintain(fitter)-vehicles (3 (incl crane) Battalion level, 10 Company level)
    • 5 in the armoured battalion (1+4)
    • 4 in the first mechinfantry battalion (1+3)
    • 4 in the second mechinfantry battalion (1+3)
  • 45 Infantry-vehicles
    • 9 in the armoured battalion
    • 18 in the first mechinfantry battalion
    • 18 in the second mechinfantry battalion
  • 10 Mortar-vehicles
  • 16 25mm machinegun-vehicles
  • 16 Medic-vehicles
  • 20 TOW-vehicles
  • 10 Artillery observer-vehicles
  • 6 Artillery fire control-vehicles
  • 9 Engineerins-vehicles
Pansret Mandskabsvogn - PMV
(Piranha III-H)
   Switzerland Armored Personnel Carrier 22

APCs and variants incl:

  • 2 Command-vehicles
  • 2 Maintain(fitter)-vehicles
  • 18 Armored Personnel Carrier
Recovery vehicles
Leopard 1 Berger     Germany Armoured Recovery Vehicle 3
  • 1 in the armoured battalion
  • 1 in the first mechinfantry battalion
  • 1 in the second mechinfantry battalion
8x8 IVECO EUROTRAKKER     Italy Armoured Recovery Vehicle 6
  • 6 in the logistik battalion
M578 Light Recovery Vehicle     United States Armoured Recovery Vehicle 5
  • 1 in the armoured battalion
  • 1 in the first mechinfantry battalion
  • 1 in the second mechinfantry battalion
  • 1 in the Artillery battalion
  • 1 in the Logistik battalion
Pansret Broslagningsvogn Leopard 1 Biber     Germany Armoured Vehicle-launched Bridge
  • 2 in the armoured engineer company
Support
Selvkørende Haubits - SKH
(M109 A2DK)
    United States Self-propelled artillery 18 Brigade Level
TOW anti-tank system     United States Anti-tank missile 28
  • 20 systems on M113
  • 8 systems on wheeled-vehicles
Stinger Anti-aircraft launch system     United States surface-to-air missile 12
60mm Light-mortar     United States Mortar 21 Platoon level
81mm Medium-mortar     United States  Canada Mortar 16 10 in M113(Armoured/Selfpropelled)
Company level
120mm Heavy-mortar     United States Mortar 12 all towed
Battalion level
Vehicles (Combat groups)
GD240   Germany SUV 30 Reconnaissance-Groups
Unimog   Germany tactical trucks 12 Stinger-Groups
HMMWV     United States Light Armored Car 8 (TOW-Groups)
  • Trucks and Vehicles (numbers unknown)
    • MAN trucks in different size and types (Staff, Logistik, Signals, Heavy transport, etc.)
    • GD240/290 in different types (CO's, XO's, Artillery Observer, Maintain, Liassion, Signals, MP's etc.)
    • MAGIRUS trucks in different size and types (Command post, Supply, Signals, Artillery, etc.)
    • VW Transporter in different types (Liassion, Supply, Maintain, etc.)
    • BMV motorcykel (Ordonace and MP's)