Guard Hussar Regiment (Denmark)
The Guard Hussar Regiment (Danish: Gardehusarregimentet, GHR) is a cavalry unit of the Royal Danish Army, the primary task is to train the Guard Hussars for various functions in the mobilisation force. The Guard Hussar Regiment is one of two active cavalry regiments of the Danish Army, and was formed in 2001 through the amalgamation of the original Guard Hussars regiment, Zealand Life Regiment and Danish Life Regiment.
|Guard Hussar Regiment|
Cap badge of the Guard Hussars
|Active|| 17 November 1614 – present|
(405 years, 11 months)
|Country||Kingdom of Denmark|
|Branch||Royal Danish Army|
|Part of||Army Staff|
|Garrison/HQ||I., II., IV & V Battalion – Antvorskov barracks|
III.Battalion – Bornholm
|Motto(s)||In Actis Esto Volucris (Be swift in action)|
(Used by III. Bataljon at Bornholm )
|March||Garderhusarregimentets Signalmarch Play (help·info)|
|Anniversaries||17 November 1614|
10 February 1762
|Engagements||Thirty Years War|
Second Nordic War
Nine Years' War
War of the Spanish Succession
Great Nordic War
First Schleswig War
Second Schleswig War
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Iraq conflict (2003–present)
|Colonel Jens Ole Rossen-Jørgensen|
|Ceremonial chief||HM The Queen of Denmark|
Caspar Hermann Gottlieb Moltke
|Former coat of arms|
Origins of the regimentEdit
Although the Guard Hussars themselves date from 10 February 1762, the Danish Army takes the date of the founding of a regiment from its oldest part, in this case the Zealand Life Regiment, which was founded in 1614. This makes the Guard Hussars one of the oldest regiment of hussars in the world still operational, it is also the only hussars in mounted parade uniform to still wear the slung and braided pelisse which was formerly characteristic of this class of cavalry. In addition to its operational role, the Guard Hussar Regiment is one of two regiments in the Danish Army (along with the Den Kongelige Livgarde) to be classed as 'Guards'; in this case, the Mounted Squadron perform the same role as the Household Cavalry do in the British Army.
From 1961 to 1972 the regiment was responsible for two armoured battalions, one recon battalion. From 1972–2000 the regiment was responsible for one armoured, one mechanised infantry, one reconnaissance and one infantry battalions. From 2000–2004 the regiment was responsible for two armoured, two mechanised infantry, one reconnaissance and two infantry battalions. From 1992–2004 the regiment also had to form two light Reconnaissance Squadrons assigned to the 1st Zealand Brigade and Danish International Brigade.
As part of the Defence Agreement 2000–04, it was decided to merge the Guard Hussar Regiment with the Zealand Life Regiment and the Danish Life Regiment. With this amalgamation of the three infantry regiments, the name and history of the new regiment had to be decided. This led to what the media called "the Colonels' War" (Danish: Oberstkrigen), with the three colonels fighting for their regiment’s name and history to survive. The Chief of Defence, Christian Hvidt, ordered the old insignia removed, which was not customary. The new armoured horse head was nicknamed the "biker patch". Furthermore, it was decided that a colour be used alongside the standard.
Following the amalgamation, the Guard Hussar Regiment has participated in a number of international missions, resulting in the loss of 16 soldiers.
Today the Gardehusarregiment is classed as a cavalry regiment, it is in fact a mixed armoured and infantry unit, with three battalions:
- 1st Battalion – Armoured Infantry (part of 1st Brigade)
- 3rd Battalion – Reconnaissance (part of 2nd Brigade) motto:Nec temere nec timide (Neither random nor timidly)
- 5th Battalion – Basic Training (part of 2nd Brigade) motto:Terror in Hostes – Vor fjender til frygt
- 1st Basic Training Company motto:Fremad på ny – hurtig og adræt (Forward again - fast and agile)
- 2nd Basic Training Company (Livkompagniet) motto:Fremad på ny – lige på og hårdt (Forward again - head on)
- 4th Mechanised Infantry Company (4/V/GHR)
- Mounted Squadron – Public duties/ceremonial
- Disbanded Units
Names of the regimentEdit
|1. og 2. Husaregiment||1st and 2nd Hussar Regiment||1780||–||1785|
|1. og 2. Husarkorps||1st and 2nd Hussar Corps||1785||–||1788|
|Garderhusardivisionen||Guard Hussar Division||1842||–||1855|
|Gardehusarregimentet||Guard Hussar Regiment||1856||–||Present|
- "The Guard Hussars". Archived from the original on May 13, 2011. Retrieved July 25, 2009.
- "Regimentets historie". forsvaret.dk/GHR (in Danish). Gardehusarregimentet. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
- Brøndum, Christian (November 17, 2014). "Dronningen fejrer tvivlsomt jubilæum". b.dk (in Danish). Berlingske Media. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
- Brøndum, Christian (November 2016). Baunehøj, Birgit (ed.). "Forsvaret går ikke med rygmærker" (PDF). Forsvarsavisen. Værnsfælles Forsvarskommando. 5 (8): 7. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
- Brøndum, Christian (April 29, 2002). "Gammelt nag ruster ikke" (in Danish). Berlingske Tidende. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
- "Danske militære tab i international tjeneste". fns-naestved.dk (in Danish). May 31, 2014. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
- Laursen, Ole (April 22, 2014). "Historical Overview of Guard Hussar Regiment". Wadschier. Retrieved June 5, 2017.