Danish 2nd Division
The 2nd Division (Danish: Danmarksturneringens 2. division[nb 1] or Herre-DM 2. division[nb 1]) is a semi-professional association football league for men and the third division in Denmark. It is organised by the Divisionsforeningen on behalf of the Danish FA (DBU) as part of the nation-wide Danmarksturneringen i fodbold (Herre-DM) and is positioned between the second-tier 1st Division and the fourth-tier Denmark Series in the Danish football league system. Clubs in the league must meet certain criteria concerning appropriate facilities and finances. All of the 2nd Division clubs qualify for the proper rounds of the DBU Pokalen. The number of promoted and relegated clubs has fluctuated over the years. In the 2020–21 season two clubs will be directly promoted to the 1st Division, while eight teams will be relegated to the Denmark Series. From the 2021–22 season, it will be changed to two promotion spots and two relegation spots.
1 (from 2021)
|Number of teams||28 (2020–2021)|
12 (from 2021)
|Level on pyramid||3|
|Promotion to||1st Division|
|Relegation to||Denmark Series (4 divisions)|
|Domestic cup(s)||Danish Cup (1954–present)|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Europa League|
(via winning Danish Cup)
|Current champions||FC Helsingør (1st title) |
|TV partners||Kanal Sport (2014–2016)|
Ekstra Bladet PLUS (2019–present)
|Current: 2020–21 Danish 2nd Divisions|
A third-tier league under the auspices of the Danish FA was introduced to the nation-wide league structure in 1936, beginning with two divisions of four clubs each in the 1936–37 season. Due to World War II, the league was placed on hiatus for five years until its reintroduction as a single division with 10 clubs in 1945. In the 1966 season, the league was expanded to include two divisions, coinciding with the dissolution of the Kvalifikationsturneringen and the introduction of the new fourth-tier, Danmarksserien. It returned to a single division format in the 1975 season, before once again converting to a two division format in 1986, a single division in 1997 and a two division format in 2005. From 1991 to 1997 the league was played as semi-annual seasons, when the higher ranking leagues switched to an autumn-spring calendar match schedule while the lower ranking leagues continued with spring-autumn tournaments — a revisit to the same calendar schedule that had been played until 1956. In 2015–2020, the league consisted of two stages; a preliminary round split into 2–3 groups with clubs qualifying for either a promotion or relegation round.
From 1936–37 and 1939–40, 1966 until 1964 and in the 1986 season, a championship final was played at the end of the season to determine the overall league winners between the west and east groups. The short lived Kvalifikationsligaen in the springs from 1992 to 1995 meant that the league's status as the third-tier in Danish football was dropped one level to temporarily become the fourth best level. In the seasons from 2005–06 to 2010–11, the tournament rules were changed to allow a maximum of eight Superliga reserve teams to compete in the third-tier — the reserve teams were eventually moved to the 2011–12 Danish Reserve League upon its creation. The division has changed its name on several occasions. It has previously been known as III Serie (1936–37 until 1939/40; or 3. Serie), 3. Division (1945/46 until 1990; or 3. division), before settling with the current name beginning with the 1991-season. Due to a sponsorship arrangement, it was known as Kanal Sport Divisionen during the 2015–16 season.
Formation of national third-tierEdit
The decision to establish a nation-wide third-tier league as part of the Danmarksturneringen i fodbold below the second-tier II Serie was made at the annual convention of the Danish FA (DBU), in 1936. The league started its operation in August 1936, when III Serie was created with two geographically divided constituencies, each including four teams playing two matches at home and away. Out of the eight teams, only one gained promotion to the second-tier the following season, following the promotion play-offs at the end of the season, which at the same time determined the overall league champions. With the occupation of Denmark during World War II, the Danmarksturneringen's three league structure was disbanded in 1940.
Reintroduction of the third-tier 1945Edit
In 1945, a Danish third level was reintroduced as the bufferzone between the elite teams and the amateur clubs with 10 teams. One team gained promotion to 2nd Division, and one relegated to the club's respective regional football league. In 1951, The 3rd Division was expanded to 12 teams and to teams was relegated to a newly created Kvalifikationsturneringen – the new buffer between the Danmarksturneringen and the regional football leagues. The structure was changed again in 1966. Two geographical groups with 12 teams each were created. Only one team could be promoted and two teams be relegated. The Danish 2nd Division West would for the most part consist of teams from the Jutland FA and Funen FA, while Danish 2nd Division East would consist of teams from the Zealand FA, Copenhagen FA, Lolland-Falster FA and Bornholm FA. In 1975, the number of teams in the league got expanded and the 3rd Division rolled into one row with 16 teams, where two teams could be promoted to the 2nd Division and teams relegated to the Denmark Series.
The Danish top-flight league was renamed in 1991, which included the second-tier being renamed to 1st Division and the third-tier becoming known as the 2nd Division. From 2005, the 2nd Division was changed to have 14 teams each in the East and West pools, with three teams to promote. In addition, access of up to eight reserve teams of the Danish Superliga clubs was allowed in the 2nd Division. The number of teams in the 2nd Division was increased to 16 teams in 2008. In 2010, the reserve teams were removed from the 2nd Division following the foundation of the Danish Reserve League. The 2nd Division did change again in 2015, that reduced the number of teams in the 2nd Division from 32 to 24. 3 pools with each 8 teams was created, where the four top finishers in each pool would be playing for promotion to the 1st Division, with promotion for the two best-placed teams. Also, there would be a relegation pool for the 12 teams that end up as 5–8 in one of their 3 pools, where the 9–12th places relegated to the Denmark Series.
Sponsors and logosEdit
In 2011, it was announced that for the first time, the third-tier would be given its own logo, taking effect at the start of the 2011–12 season. The league changed its official name to Kanal Sport Divisionen for the 2015–16 season, when the naming rights were acquired by the Danish sports TV-channel Kanal Sport.
Former and current logos for the 2nd Division.
Winners of the 2nd Division and predecessorsEdit
III Serie West (1936–1940)Edit
III Serie East (1936–1940)Edit
3rd Division (1945–1965)Edit
|1945–46||Odense BK||Odense KFUM||Svend Jørgen Hansen (Odense BK)||28|||
|1946–47||Brønshøj BK||Næstved IF||Kaj Pettersson (Brønshøj BK)||35|||
|1947–48||Næstved IF||Odense KFUM||Valdemar Kendzior (Korsør BK)
Esben Donnerborg (Næstved IF)
|1948–49||Skovshoved IF||Horsens FS||Adolf Bechmann (Skovshoved IF)||20|||
|1949–50||B 1913||Vejen SF||Ove Dziegel (Nakskov BK)||20|||
|1950–51||Horsens FS||Hellerup IK||Bent Petersen (Horsens FS)||17|||
|1951–52||Vejle BK||Odense KFUM||Ernst Petersen (AIA)||21|||
|1952–53||AIA||Hellerup IK||Ernst Petersen (AIA)||24|||
|1953–54||Hellerup IK||Helsingør IF||Helge Gravesen (Vanløse IF)||24|||
|1954–55||Vanløse IF||BK Fremad Amager||Jørgen Larsen (Lendemark BK)||25|||
|1955–56||Brønshøj BK||B 1901||Ove Andersen (Brønshøj BK)||26|||
|1956–57||Ikast FS||Frederikshavn fI||Leo D. Nielsen (Ikast FS)||31|||
|1958||Randers SK Freja||BK Fremad Amager||Ole Madsen (Hellerup IK)
Helge Jørgensen (Odense KFUM)
|1959||BK Rødovre||BK Frem Sakskøbing||Harald Nielsen (Frederikshavn fI)||19|||
|1960||Odense KFUM||Hellerup IK||Helge Jørgensen (Odense KFUM)||28|||
|1961||Viborg FF||Horsens FS||Finn Døssing (Viborg FF)||23|||
|1962||Vanløse IF||Ikast FS||Adser Skov (Vanløse IF)||21|||
|1963||Hvidovre IF||Næstved IF||Bjarne Jensen (IK Aalborg Chang)||23|||
|1964||Holbæk B&IF||AIA||Flemming Jensen (IK Skovbakken)||18|||
|1965||Vanløse IF||Randers SK Freja||Bjarne Jensen (IK Aalborg Chang)||21|||
3rd Division West (1966–1974)Edit
3rd Division East (1966–1974)Edit
3rd Division (1975–1985)Edit
|1975||Ikast FS||Herfølge BK||Anders Bjerregaard (Ikast FS)||20|||
|1976||IK Skovbakken||Helsingør IF||Klaus Granlund (Hellerup IK)||26|||
|1977||Lyngby BK||Brøndby IF||Klaus Berggreen (Lyngby BK)||22|||
|1978||Herfølge BK||Roskilde B1906||Jørgen Petersen (Viborg FF)||22|||
|1979||Kolding IF||Helsingør IF||Morten Svart (Brønshøj BK)||23|||
|1980||Glostrup IC||OKS||Claus Granlund (Hellerup IK)||21|||
|1981||BK Avarta||Brønshøj BK||Gunnar Weber (Dragør BK)||27|||
|1982||Roskilde B1906||Svendborg fB||Henrik Andersen (Hjørring IF)||20|||
|1983||B 1913||Randers SK Freja||Lars Britz (Slagelse BK&IF)||24|||
|1984||Aalborg BK||Horsens FS||Warly Jørgensen (Næsby BK)||18|||
|1985||Greve IF||Vanløse IF||Jan Krause (Vanløse IF)||27|||
3rd Division West (1986–1990)Edit
3rd Division East (1986–1990)Edit
2nd Division West (1991–1997)Edit
2nd Division East (1991–1997)Edit
2nd Division (1997–2005)Edit
|1997–98||B 1909||Holstebro BK||Peter Rasmussen (B 1909)||28|||
|1998–99||Randers SK Freja||FC Fredericia||Søren Borup (Skive IK)||29|||
|1999–2000||B 1913||Skive IK||Michael Steffensen (Vejen SF)||23|||
|2000–01||Kolding IF||FC Fredericia||Mikkel Lindorff (FC Fredericia)||24|||
|2001–02||BK Skjold||Ølstykke FC||Anders Jochumsen (BK Skjold)||22|||
|2002–03||FC Nordjylland||Nykøbing Falster Alliancen||Glenn Gundersen (FC Nordjylland)||26|||
|2003–04||Hellerup IK||Dalum IF||Karsten Jensen (Næstved BK)||27|||
|2004–05||Kolding FC||Brabrand IF||Morten Nordstrand (Lyngby BK)||22|||
2nd Division West (2005–2015)Edit
2nd Division East (2005–2015)Edit
2nd Division, Promotion Group (2015–2020)Edit
|2015–16||AB Gladsaxe||BK Fremad Amager|
|2016–17||Thisted FC||Brabrand IF|
|2017–18||Hvidovre IF||Næstved BK|
|2018–19||Skive IK||Kolding IF|
|2019–20||FC Helsingør||Aarhus Fremad|
- The spelling reform of 1948 by the Danish Ministry of Education, known as the 'Retskrivningsbekendtgørelsen fra 1948', meant that the Danish language moved away the practice of writing common nouns with a capital letter. This meant that the spelling of the leagues' official names changed from 1. Division, 2. Division and 3. Division to 1. division, 2. division and 3. division, beginning with the 1950 season.
- In the summer of 1991, one of the several changes to the format of the Danmarksturneringen i fodbold was the introduction of the Kvalifikationsligaen in the spring section of the season, which meant that the levels below in the overall Danish football league system was dropped by one, while at the same time being increased by one in the autumn season. This tournament format lasted until the spring of 1995.
- "Om 2. division". divisionsforeningen.dk (in Danish). Foreningen af Divisionsklubber i Danmark. Archived from the original on 5 August 2019. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- "Ny struktur i 2. Division". www.divisionsforeningen.dk (in Danish). Divisionsforeningen. 28 May 2020. Archived from the original on 28 May 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
- Kjærgaard, Bo (23 July 2015). "Dansk 2. Divisions fodbold får nyt liganavn og mere online dækning" (in Danish). digitalt.tv. Archived from the original on 5 August 2019. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- Høier, Nikolaj; Kokborg, Johnny W. (11 July 2019). "Banebrydende aftale: Se din lokale klub på tv" (in Danish). Ekstra Bladet. Archived from the original on 4 August 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
- Hoffskov, Ole (2 May 2020). "Ingen planer om corona-test i 2. division" (in Danish). Tipsbladet. Archived from the original on 30 May 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
Hvor spillerne i Superligaen og NordicBet Ligaen er på kontrakt, er langt hovedparten af spillerne i Danmarks tredjebedste række amatørspillere og har et arbejde, de passer ved siden af fodbolden.
- Marboe, Mads Bye (8 May 2020). "Pessimistisk Hillerød-boss: 2. division kræver en helt anden model" (in Danish). Tipsbladet / tipsbladet.dk. Archived from the original on 30 May 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
På grund af de mange forskellige setups i rækken vil det kræve, at man går anderledes til værks end i Superligaen og NordicBet Ligaen [..] I Hillerød er spillerne amatører. Omvendt har eksempelvis FC Helsingør fuldtidsprofessionelle spillere.
- Risager, Victor (8 May 2020). "Spillerforeningen om 2. division: Vi ser på, hvad der kan lade sig gøre" (in Danish). Tipsbladet. Ritzaus Bureau. Archived from the original on 30 May 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
- "1. Turneringens navn og administration m.v.; II. Turneringsåret; III. Turneringsordning". Propositioner for Danmarksturneringen i fodbold (Herre-DM) (PDF) (in Danish). Divisionsforeningen. June 2020. p. 1-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 July 2020. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- Christensen, Thomas (12 June 2019). "Cirkulære nr. 7 af 2019: Oplysningskrav og økonomiske mindstekrav til klubber i 2. division" (PDF). www.divisionsforeningen.dk (in Danish). Brøndby: Divisionsforeningen. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
- Frisch, Hartvig (22 March 1948). "Retskrivningsbekendtgørelsen fra 1948" (PDF). www.dsn.dk (in Danish). Danish Ministry of Education / Dansk Sprognævn. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
- Rota, Davide (1 April 2015). "Denmark - List of Second and Third Level Topscorers (1936/37-2013/14)". www.rsssf.com (in Danish). Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
- Lundberg, Knud (1988). "Danmarksturneringen: 1964: 3. Division". Dansk Fodbold 3 - Gennembruddet til verdensklasse (in Danish). Copenhagen: Forlaget Rhodos; Dansk Boldspil-Union. p. 176. ISBN 87 7245 260 9.
- "Resultater og stillinger fra hele landet: 3. division: Stillingen: Topscorere: 3. division" (in Danish) (Nr. 318, 93. årgang). Aktuelt. 16 November 1964. p. 19, Sport.
|issue=has extra text (help)
- "Danmarksturneringen 2001-02 - 2. division - Topscorere" (in Danish). Peders Fodboldstatistik (defunct). Archived from the original on 2008-03-31. Retrieved 2008-03-31.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "2. division, 2div vest (2006) - Topscorerliste - Alle". www.dbu.dk (in Danish). Dansk Boldspil-Union (DBU). Archived from the original on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
- "2. division, 2div vest (2007) - Topscorerliste - Alle". www.dbu.dk (in Danish). Dansk Boldspil-Union (DBU). Archived from the original on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
- "2. division, 2div vest (2008) - Topscorerliste - Alle". www.dbu.dk (in Danish). Dansk Boldspil-Union (DBU). Archived from the original on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
- "2. division, 2div vest (2009) - Topscorerliste - Alle". www.dbu.dk (in Danish). Dansk Boldspil-Union (DBU). Archived from the original on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
- "2. division, 2div øst (2006) - Topscorerliste - Alle". www.dbu.dk (in Danish). Dansk Boldspil-Union (DBU). Archived from the original on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
- "2. division, 2div øst (2007) - Topscorerliste - Alle". www.dbu.dk (in Danish). Dansk Boldspil-Union (DBU). Archived from the original on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
- "2. division, 2div øst (2008) - Topscorerliste - Alle". www.dbu.dk (in Danish). Dansk Boldspil-Union (DBU). Archived from the original on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
- "2. division, 2div øst (2009) - Topscorerliste - Alle". www.dbu.dk (in Danish). Dansk Boldspil-Union (DBU). Archived from the original on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
- Official league site (in Danish)