Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding

Damen Naval is a Dutch shipyard, and a continuation of the Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde, responsible for a number of ships used by the Royal Netherlands Navy. It is owned by the Damen Group. Damen Naval is situated in Vlissingen.

Damen Naval
TypePrivate
IndustryDefence, Shipbuilding
Founded1875; 147 years ago (1875) in Vlissingen
FounderArie Smit
Headquarters,
Area served
worldwide
ProductsWarships and Patrol boats
Websitewww.damen.com

HistoryEdit

The company was founded October 8, 1875, as the NV Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde (KMS) after shipbuilder Arie Smit had taken over the Marine Etablissement the wharf owned by the Dutch navy. Besides shipbuilding and repair, the company also builds machines, engines, steam turbines, airplanes, and light-metal products.[1] Koninklijk is a royal title granted by the Dutch Crown.

In 1965 the company merged with the NV Rotterdamsche Droogdok Maatschappij (RDM) and the NV Motorenfabriek Thomassen of De Steeg, which resulted in the founding, on March 4, 1966, of the Rijn-Schelde Machinefabrieken en Scheepswerven NV (RSMS).[2] Pressured by the Dutch government the Verolme Verenigde Scheepswerven NV was added, and this was the start of Rijn-Schelde-Verolme Machinefabrieken en Scheepswerven NV (RSV). RSV went under and split up, and its shares were taken over by the government and the province of Zeeland. Its name was changed to Koninklijke Schelde Groep BV (KSG) in 1991. In 2000 the government and the province sold their shares to the Damen Group of Gorinchem, and KSG became the company's branch charged with building larger ships for naval and coastguard duty.[3]

Aircraft projectsEdit

Warships builtEdit

Coastal defence ships
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Evertsen Evertsen class   Royal Netherlands Navy 29 September 1894 Decommissioned in 1913
Corvettes
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Diponegoro Diponegoro class   Indonesian Navy September 2006 In active service
Sultan Hasanuddin Diponegoro class   Indonesian Navy September 2006 In active service
Sultan Iskandar Muda Diponegoro class   Indonesian Navy May 2006 In active service
Frans Kaisiepo Diponegoro class   Indonesian Navy June 2008 In active service
Cruisers
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Zeeland Holland class   Royal Netherlands Navy 20 March 1897 Decommissioned in 1924
Noordbrabant Holland class   Royal Netherlands Navy 1 March 1900 Scuttled in 1940 After her decommissioning in 1920 the ship was rebuilt as an accommodation ship.
Java Java class   Royal Netherlands Navy 6 August 1921 Sunk on 27 February 1942 Got hit by a Long Lance torpedo during the Battle of the Java Sea. The torpedo was fired from the Japanese cruiser Nachi.
Destroyers
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Wolf Wolf class   Royal Netherlands Navy 1910 Decommissioned in 1924
Fret Wolf class   Royal Netherlands Navy 1910 Decommissioned in 1922
Bulhond Wolf class   Royal Netherlands Navy 1911 Decommissioned in 1927
Jakhals Wolf class   Royal Netherlands Navy 1912 Decommissioned in 1928
Lynx Wolf class   Royal Netherlands Navy 1912 Decommissioned in 1928
Hermelijn Wolf class   Royal Netherlands Navy 1913 Decommissioned in 1925
Van Ghent Admiralen class   Royal Netherlands Navy 23 October 1926 Scuttled on 15 February 1942 Scuttled by the Dutch destroyer Banckert.
Philips van Almonde Gerard Callenburgh class   Royal Netherlands Navy - not completed due to WWII Demolished on the slipway on 17 May 1940. Wreck scrapped by the Germans.
Isaac Sweers Gerard Callenburgh class   Royal Netherlands Navy 16 March 1940 Sunk on 13 November 1942 Hit by two torpedoes from the German submarine U-431
Zeeland Holland class   Royal Netherlands Navy 27 June 1953 Decommissioned in 1979
Noord-Brabant Holland class   Royal Netherlands Navy 28 November 1953 Decommissioned in 1974 She was decommissioned after being severely damaged in a collision.
Limburg Friesland class   Royal Netherlands Navy 5 September 1955 Sold to the Peruvian Navy in 1980 In the Peruvian Navy known as BAP Capitan Quiñones
Utrecht Friesland class   Royal Netherlands Navy 2 June 1956 Sold to the Peruvian Navy in 1980 In the Peruvian Navy known as BAP Castilla
Frigates
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Van Galen Van Speijk class   Royal Netherlands Navy 19 June 1965 Sold to Indonesia in 1987 Known in the Indonesian Navy as Yos Sudarso.
Van Nes Van Speijk class   Royal Netherlands Navy 26 March 1966 Sold to Indonesia in 1986 Known in the Indonesian Navy as Oswald Siahaan.
Evertsen Van Speijk class   Royal Netherlands Navy 18 June 1966 Sold to Indonesia in 1989 Known in the Indonesian Navy as Abdul Halim Perdanakusuma.
Tromp Tromp class   Royal Netherlands Navy 4 June 1973 Decommissioned in 1999
De Ruyter Tromp class   Royal Netherlands Navy 9 March 1974 Decommissioned in 2001 Her bridge, radar, and gun have been preserved by the Dutch Navy Museum in Den Helder, North Holland.
Kortenaer Kortenaer class   Royal Netherlands Navy 18 December 1976 Decommissioned in 1997 Sold to the Hellenic Navy as Kountouriotes (Κουντουριώτης).
Callenburgh Kortenaer class   Royal Netherlands Navy 26 March 1977 Decommissioned in 1994 Sold to the Hellenic Navy as Adrias (Αδρίας).
Van Kinsbergen Kortenaer class   Royal Netherlands Navy 16 April 1977 Decommissioned in 1995 Sold to the Hellenic Navy as Navarinon (Ναυαρίνον).
Banckert Kortenaer class   Royal Netherlands Navy 30 September 1978 Decommissioned in 1993 Sold to the Hellenic Navy as Aegaeon (Αιγαίον).
Piet Hein Kortenaer class   Royal Netherlands Navy 3 June 1978 Decommissioned in 1998 Sold to the United Arab Emirates as Al Emirat.
Abraham Crijnssen Kortenaer class   Royal Netherlands Navy 16 May 1981 Decommissioned in 1997 Sold to the United Arab Emirates as Abu Dhabi.
Jan van Brakel Kortenaer class   Royal Netherlands Navy 16 May 1981 Decommissioned in 2001 Sold to the Hellenic Navy as Kanaris (Κανάρης).
Pieter Florisz Kortenaer class   Royal Netherlands Navy 8 May 1982 Decommissioned in 2001 Sold to the Hellenic Navy as Bouboulina (Μπουμπουλίνα). Decommissioned in 2013.
Jacob van Heemskerck Jacob van Heemskerck class   Royal Netherlands Navy 5 November 1983 Sold to Chile in 2005 Known in the Chilean Navy as Almirante Latorre (named after Juan José Latorre). The frigate is in active service.
Witte de With Jacob van Heemskerck class   Royal Netherlands Navy 25 August 1984 Sold to Chile in 2005 Known in the Chilean Navy as Capitán Prat (named after Arturo Prat). The frigate is in active service.
Karel Doorman Karel Doorman class   Royal Netherlands Navy 20 April 1988 Decommissioned in 2006 Sold to Belgium as Leopold I in 2005.
Willem van der Zaan Karel Doorman class   Royal Netherlands Navy 21 January 1989 Decommissioned in 2006 Sold to Belgium as Louise-Marie in 2005.
Tjerk Hiddes Karel Doorman class   Royal Netherlands Navy 9 December 1989 Decommissioned on 3 February 2006 Sold to Chilean Navy in 2007, renamed as Almirante Riveros.
Van Amstel Karel Doorman class   Royal Netherlands Navy 19 May 1990 In active service
Abraham van der Hulst Karel Doorman class   Royal Netherlands Navy 7 September 1991 Decommissioned in 2004 Sold to Chilean Navy in 2006, renamed as Almirante Blanco Encalada.
Van Nes Karel Doorman class   Royal Netherlands Navy 16 May 1992 Decommissioned on 20 December 2007 Sold to Portuguese Navy in 2006, renamed as Bartolomeu Dias.
Van Galen Karel Doorman class   Royal Netherlands Navy 21 November 1992 Decommissioned in 2009 Sold to Portuguese Navy in 2006, renamed as D. Francisco de Almeida.
Van Speijk Karel Doorman class   Royal Netherlands Navy 26 March 1994 In active service
De Zeven Provinciën De Zeven Provinciën class   Royal Netherlands Navy 8 April 2000 In active service
Tromp De Zeven Provinciën class   Royal Netherlands Navy 7 April 2001 In active service
De Ruyter De Zeven Provinciën class   Royal Netherlands Navy 13 April 2002 In active service
Evertsen De Zeven Provinciën class   Royal Netherlands Navy 19 April 2003 In active service
Tarik Ben Ziyad Sigma class   Royal Moroccan Navy 12 July 2010 In active service Sigma 10513 version.
Sultan Moulay Ismail Sigma class   Royal Moroccan Navy 4 February 2011 In active service Sigma 9813 version.
Allal Ben Abdellah Sigma class   Royal Moroccan Navy October 2011 In active service Sigma 9813 version.
Raden Edi Martadinata Martadinata class   Indonesian Navy 18 January 2016 In active service Two modules of this frigate were built at Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding, while the remaining four were built at PT PAL.
I Gusti Ngurah Rai Martadinata class   Indonesian Navy 29 September 2016 In active service Two modules of this frigate were built at Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding, while the remaining four were built at PT PAL.
Benito Juárez Reformador class   Mexican Navy 6 February 2020 In active service Two modules of this frigate were built at Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding, while the remaining four were built at ASTIMAR 20
Gunboats
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Johan Maurits van Nassau Johan Maurits van Nassau class   Royal Netherlands Navy 20 August 1932 Sunk on 14 May 1940 Sunk when attacked by multiple aircraft of Germany.
Joint Support Ship
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Karel Doorman Karel Doorman-class JSS   Royal Netherlands Navy 17 October 2012 In active service This ship was built partly in the Damen Shipyards Galați. Furthermore, it is shared with the German Navy.
Landing platform dock
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Rotterdam Rotterdam class   Royal Netherlands Navy February 1997 In active service The ship was the result of a joint project between the Netherlands and Spain, which resulted in the Enforcer design.
Johan de Witt Rotterdam class   Royal Netherlands Navy 13 May 2006 In active service Improved design of HNLMS Rotterdam (L800), which was designed in conjunction between the Netherlands and Spain.
Offshore patrol vessel
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Holland Holland class   Royal Netherlands Navy 2 February 2010 in active service
Zeeland Holland class   Royal Netherlands Navy 20 November 2010 in active service
Friesland Holland class   Royal Netherlands Navy 4 November 2010 in active service Built at Damen Shipyards Galați and fitting out by Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding.
Groningen Holland class   Royal Netherlands Navy 21 April 2011 in active service Built at Damen Shipyards Galați and fitting out by Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding.
Submarines
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
O 1 O 1 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 8 July 1905 Decommissioned in 1920 A model of O 1 is in the Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum.
O 2 O 2 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 30 January 1911 Decommissioned in 1930 In the early 1930s the ship served as a training vessel.
O 3 O 2 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 30 July 1912 Decommissioned in 1932
O 4 O 2 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 5 August 1913 Decommissioned in 1935
O 5 O 2 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 2 October 1913 Decommissioned in 1935
O 6 O 6 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 10 June 1915 or 15 July 1916 Decommissioned in November 1936
O 9 O 9 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 7 April 1925 Decommissioned on 1 December 1944 In October 1946 she was sold for scrapping.
O 12 O 12 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 8 November 1930 Demolished on 22 January 1954. Served during Germany's occupation of the Netherlands as U-D2 in the Kriegsmarine.
O 13 O 12 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 18 April 1931 Lost while patrolling in 1940 The remains of the submarine still has not been found.
O 14 O 12 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 3 October 1931 Decommissioned on 26 June 1943 She was decommission in 1943 because of a lack of parts to fix trouble with the diesel engines.
O 16 O 16 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 27 January 1936 Sunk by mine on 15 December 1941 Raised and scrapped in October 2013.
Orzeł Orzeł class   Polish Navy 15 January 1938 Decommissioned on 11 June 1940 Went missing during WWII.
O 21 O 21 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 21 October 1939 Decommissioned on 2 November 1957 Sold for scrap on 24 January 1958.
O 22 O 21 class   Royal Netherlands Navy 20 January 1940 Lost during patrol in 1940 Her wreck was discovered in 1993 by a ship of the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate.
K I K I class   Royal Netherlands Navy 20 May 1913 Decommissioned in 1928
K III K III class   Royal Netherlands Navy 12 August 1919 Decommissioned in 1934
K IV K III class   Royal Netherlands Navy 2 July 1920 Decommissioned in 1936
K VIII K VIII class   Royal Netherlands Navy 28 March 1922 Decommissioned on 18 May 1942 K VIII's batteries were salvaged to replace those in K IX.
K IX K VIII class   Royal Netherlands Navy 23 December 1922 Decommissioned on 25 July 1942 Commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy as HMAS K9 on 22 June 1943.
K X K VIII class   Royal Netherlands Navy 2 May 1923 Scuttled on 2 March 1942 She was scrapped at Surabaya in 1946.
Submarine support ships
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Mercuur Mercuur class   Royal Netherlands Navy 16 October 1987 in active service Mercuur underwent maintenance between 2014 and 2016. During this maintenance several components were upgraded.
Replenishment ships
Name Class Customer Launched Fate Note
Amsterdam Amsterdam class   Royal Netherlands Navy 11 September 1992 Decommissioned on 4 December 2014 Sold to Peruvian Navy and is now known as BAP Tacna.

See alsoEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • G.A. de Kok, De Koninklijke Weg: Honderd jaar geschiedenis Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde te Vlissingen 1875–1975, Vlissingen, 1975. ISBN 90-70027-50-X.
  • Piet Quite, Koninklijke Mij. 'De Schelde': 125 jaar scheepsbouw in Vlissingen, Alkmaar, 1999. ISBN 90-6013-095-2.
  • Jeroen Verhoog, Jessica van der Hulst, Luctor et Emergo: 125 Jaar Koninklijke Schelde 1875–2000, Vlissingen, 2001.
  • Harm J. Hazewinkel, Vliegtuigbouw in Fokkers schaduw, Sassenheim, 1988. ISBN 90-366-0348-X.
  • B. van der Klaauw, Armand van Ishoven, Peter van der Gaag, De geschiedenis van de Nederlandse en Belgische Luchtvaart (series De geschiedenis van de luchtvaart), Lekturama, 1982.
  • Theo Wesselink, Thijs Postma, De Nederlandse vliegtuigen, Haarlem, 1982. ISBN 90-228-3792-0.
  • Hugo Hooftman, Nederlandse Vliegtuig Encyclopedie Scheldemusch en Scheldemeeuw, Bennekom: Cockpit, 1978.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "214 Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde (KMS). (Gemeentearchief Vlissingen)". www.archieven.nl. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  2. ^ "De Koninklijke Schelde". Andere Tijden. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  3. ^ Ibidem.

External linksEdit