HNLMS Java (1921)
Java before reconstruction
|Builder:||Koninklijke Maatschappij de Schelde in Flushing|
|Laid down:||31 May 1916|
|Launched:||6 August 1921|
|Commissioned:||1 May 1925|
|Fate:||Sunk on 27 February 1942|
|Length:||155.3 m (509 ft 6 in)|
|Beam:||16 m (52 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||6.22 m (20 ft 5 in)|
|Propulsion:||73,000 shp (54,000 kW), three shafts|
|Range:||4,340 nmi (8,040 km; 4,990 mi) at 11 or 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)|
|Aircraft carried:||2 Fokker C.XI-W floatplanes|
On 29 July 1929 Java, the destroyers De Ruyter and Evertsen, and the submarines K II and K VII left Surabaya and steamed to Tanjung Priok. There the ships waited for the royal yacht Maha Chakri of the King of Siam and the destroyer Phra Ruang. After this the ships, without the submarines, visited Bangka, Belitung, Riau, Lingga Islands, Belawan and Deli. On 28 August that year they returned to Tanjung Priok.
On 31 August that year she participated in a fleet review at Tanjung Priok. The review was held in honor of the Dutch Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands who was born that day. Other ships that participated in the review where the destroyers De Ruyter and Evertsen.
On 23 August 1936 Java, her sister ship Sumatra and the destroyers Van Galen, Witte de With and Piet Hein were present at the fleet days held at Surabaya. Later that year on 13 November she and her sister and the destroyers Evertsen, Witte de With and Piet Hein made a fleet visit to Singapore. Before the visit they had practised in the South China Sea.
After seven months of refit in the Netherlands she left for the Dutch East Indies on 4 May 1938. Along the way she performed convoy duties in the Strait of Gibraltar from 10 to 13 May and on 25 June that year she arrived in Tanjung Priok. On 13 October that year she collided with Piet Hein in the Sunda Strait. Java had to be repaired at Surabaya.
World War IIEdit
As the war with Japan began in December 1941, Java performed convoy duties in conjunction with British forces. On 15 February 1942, the force which Java was a part of was attacked by "Kate" bombers from the carrier Ryūjō although no damage was sustained.
On 19 February, the ABDA naval forces sailed to Bali to attempt to disrupt Japanese landings there, and the Java took part in the Battle of Badung Strait. In this action, fire was exchanged with the Japanese but the Java took no damage. The Japanese successfully captured Bali while severely damaging the Dutch cruiser Tromp and a Dutch destroyer, and sinking the Piet Hein.
On 27 February 1942 Java took part in the Battle of the Java Sea. During the evening phase of that battle she was struck by a Long Lance torpedo fired from the Japanese cruiser Nachi. The torpedo detonated an aft magazine and blew the stern off the ship, causing flooding in the aft engine room and setting fire to the anti-aircraft deck. As the ship took on a heavy list to port, the flooding caused the electrical equipment to shut down. The crew abandoned ship and the Java sank about fifteen minutes after being struck by the torpedo. 512 of her crew lost their lives in the sinking.
The wreck of Java was discovered by a specialist wreck diving expedition on 1 December 2002, laying on its starboard side at a depth of 69 metres (226 ft). The wreck of her consort HNLMS De Ruyter which was sunk at the same time (as Java) was also discovered on 1 December 2002, whilst HNLMS Kortenaer, sunk during the late afternoon of 27 February 1942, was discovered by the same group in August 2004.
On 15 November 2016 the Dutch Ministry of Defence reported the disappearance of the wreck of Java, along with the wrecks of the De Ruyter and parts of the Kortenaer. The Royal Netherlands navy announced that they will launch an investigation, suspecting illegal salvage. In February 2017 a report was issued confirming the salvaging of the three wrecks.
- "Maritieme kalender 1916". Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Maritieme kalender 1921". Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum (in Dutch). Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Maritieme kalender 1925". Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum (in Dutch). Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Maritieme kalender 1929". Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Maritieme kalender 1936". Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 16 December 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Maritieme kalender 1936". Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Maritieme kalender 1938". Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Visser, Jan. "History of the cruiser Java". Royal Netherlands Navy Warships of World War II. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Kevin Denlay - Shipwreck Discoveries and SCUBA Diver".
- Mystery as wrecks of three Dutch WWII ships vanish from Java seabed The Guardian, 16 November 2016.
- [hwttp://www.nu.nl/buitenland/4351063/nederlandse-oorlogswrakken-lijken-van-bodem-javazee-verdwenen.html "Nederlandse oorlogswrakken lijken van bodem Javazee verdwenen"]. NU (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- "Java Sea Shipwrecks of World War 2: One of the men who found them reflects on their loss | All About History".