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CyberBerkut (Russian: КиберБеркут, Ukrainian: КіберБеркут) is a modern organized group of pro-Russian hacktivists. The group became locally known for a series of publicity stunts and distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks on Ukrainian government, and western or Ukrainian corporate websites.
|Type||Virtual community;Voluntary association|
|Purpose||Internet activism;Internet vigilantism|
The group emerged after the dissolution of special police force "Berkut" that which had become notorious for its violent repression used during the EuroMaidan demonstrations. Composition is not known, for obvious reasons members of the community tend to remain anonymous, one of many groups visible only in social networks. Their proclaimed goals are fighting against neo-fascism, neo-nationalism and arbitrary power in Ukraine. To further this aim, CyberBerkut activists targeted the "Right Sector" IT resources. CyberBerkut's symbols resemble that of the Anonymous group. The prefix "cyber" probably alludes to working in the cyberspace (the Internet). CyberBerkut's targets have included NATO and its allies.
- Attacks on NATO websites.
- Attacks on U.S. private military companies.
- Publication of correspondence of deputies of (political parties) Batkivshchyna and Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform.
- Publication of correspondence with the United States Embassy in Ukraine and United States foundations.
- Disclosure to public of telephone recording between Yulia Tymoshenko and Nestor Shufrych.[nb 1]
- Disclosure to public of telephone recording between EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs Catherine Ashton and Foreign Minister of Estonia Urmas Paet.
- Blocking cellular phones of members of the Yatsenyuk Government and persons close to them.
- Blocking Internet resources of Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine Andriy Parubiy and news portals: LigaBusinessInform and Ukrainian Independent Information Agency.
- Publication of video materials that are blocked on YouTube.
- Attempts at disrupting the recruitment of the National Guard of Ukraine.
- Attempted destruction of the electronic system of the Central Election Commission of Ukraine prior to the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election.
- Publishing lists of alleged Ukrainian military deserters
- Attempts at disrupting the work of the Central Election Commission of Ukraine by damaging the IFES system before the elections and blocking cellphones of their organisators.
- Temporary disruption of the websites of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the General Prosecutor of Ukraine. Websites of TV channels 1+1 and Inter were also temporary disrupted.
- Email hacking and publication of the conversation between Ihor Kolomoyskyi and the persecutor of the Lviv Oblast, hacking of the computer and email of a person related to Ihor Kolomoyskiy. Archives of the contents of 89 email accounts of Lviv oblast's prosecutor office employees.
- Hacking and publishing of the Minister of Internal Affairs Arsen Avakov's conversation.
- Blocking of the website of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko on 29 June 2014.
- Publication of the real name and biography of Semen Semenchenko – Konstantin Grishin.
- Hacking of the German Chancellery and the German Bundestag
- Repeated blocking of CB's Facebook pages, although new ones have been made on the following day.
- Likely in response to attacking the websites of Greystone Limited and Triple Canopy, CyberBerkut's websites have been temporarily disrupted. The websites started to work again on the following day.
- Arrests of people suspected in relation to CyberBerkut.
- Tymoshenko claimed that the recording had been deliberately edited to discredit her.
- Inside a pro-Russia propaganda machine in Ukraine, BBC News (13 November 2017)
- "Ukraine conflict: Hackers take sides in virtual war". BBC News. 2014-12-20. Retrieved 2020-10-20.
- Head of Ukrainian Interior Ministry signs order to dissolve "Berkut", Voice of Russia (25 February 2014)
Ukraine's Berkut police: What makes them special?, BBC News (25 February 2014)
- Wagstyl, Stefan (7 January 2015). "Ukraine separatists claim cyber attack on German government sites". Financial Times.
- "NATO websites targeted in attack claimed by Ukrainian hacker group Cyber Berkut". ABC News. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- jenny. "Ukrainian Hacker Group CyberBerkut Launched a DDoS-attack on NATO". revolution-news.com. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "CyberBerkut takes vengeance on American private military com". Pastebin. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Anonymous Ukraine Claims to hack and leak secret email conversations of Vitali Klitschko's UDAR party". HackRead. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- Jeffrey Carr. "Digital Dao". Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Телефонный разговор между Шуфричем и Тимошенко. 18 марта 2014 года в 23:17 по украинскому времени". YouTube. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Tymoshenko admits speaking to Shufrych, says her words about Russians were edited". Interfax-Ukraine. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- Piret Pernik: teine taktika, sama strateegia (in Estonian)
- Eduard Kovacs (17 March 2014). "Three NATO Websites Disrupted by Ukrainian Hackers of Cyber Berkut". softpedia. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- NATO websites hit in cyber attack linked to Crimea tension.
- "CyberBerkut announces destruction of electronic system of Ukraine's Central Election Commission". Voice of Russia.
- "На сайте проводят регламентные работы технического характера в преддверии дня выборов. Такие работы проводились и ранее, в прошлые выборы. Работы проводятся, чтобы увеличить работоспособность сайта и увеличить его скорость", — сообщил РИА Новости пресс-секретарь комиссии Константин Хивренко.
- "CNews: Õàêåðû çàÿâèëè îá óíè÷òîæåíèè ÈÒ-ñèñòåìû ÖÈÊ Óêðàèíû çà 2 äíÿ äî âûáîðîâ ïðåçèäåíòà". CNews.ru. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- ""КиберБеркут": Коломойский спонсировал части Нацгвардии на юго-востоке". 25 May 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- ""Life.ru" — информационный портал". Life.ru. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- "КиберБеркут утверждает: на Украине готовится военный переворот". Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- правды», Дарья ИВАШКИНА | Сайт «Комсомольской (22 April 2014). "Хакеры заявили, что взломали переписку Авакова об убийстве Сашко Билого". Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- "ТАСС: Международная панорама - Организация "Киберберкут" заблокировала сайт президента Украины". ТАСС. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Хакеры узнали настоящее имя командира батальона "Донбасс"". Вести.ру. 30 July 2014.
- Cyber-Angriff auf Kanzleramt und Bundestag, Die Welt, 7 January 2015.
- "СБУ задержала организацию хакеров "Киберберкут" - за попытку срыва выборов президента". finance.ua. Retrieved 18 February 2015.