Cromwell, Connecticut

Cromwell is a town in Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States located in the middle of the state. The population was 14,005 at the 2010 census.

Cromwell, Connecticut
Official seal of Cromwell, Connecticut
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Crossroads of Connecticut
Location within Middlesex County, Connecticut
Location within Middlesex County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°36′35″N 72°39′47″W / 41.60972°N 72.66306°W / 41.60972; -72.66306Coordinates: 41°36′35″N 72°39′47″W / 41.60972°N 72.66306°W / 41.60972; -72.66306
Country United States
U.S. state Connecticut
CountyMiddlesex
Metropolitan areaHartford
IncorporatedJune 18, 1851[1]
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorEnzo Faienza (R)
 • Town council
  • Richard R. Newton (R) (Deputy Mayor)
  • Edward B. Wenners (R)
  • Samantha C. Slade (R)
  • Frank C. Emanuele, Jr. (R)
  • Al Waters (D)
  • Tom Tokarz (D)
 • Town ManagerAnthony J. Salvatore
Area
 • Total13.5 sq mi (35.0 km2)
 • Land12.4 sq mi (32.1 km2)
 • Water0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
Elevation
141 ft (43 m)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total14,382
 • Density1,096/sq mi (423/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
06416
Area code(s)860/959
FIPS code09-18080
GNIS feature ID0213414
Major highwaysConnecticut Highway 3.svg Connecticut Highway 9.svg I-91.svg Connecticut Highway 99.svg
Websitewww.cromwellct.com

The town was named after a shipping boat that traveled along the Connecticut River, which runs along Cromwell. The ship was named after Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England.[2] Other theories are that the town was named after the 1776 warship Oliver Cromwell, or named directly after the Lord Protector Cromwell.[3]

The Roman Catholic Padre Pio Foundation of America is located in Cromwell.

The Evangelical Covenant Church's regional East Coast Conference offices are located in Cromwell.

Points of interestEdit

HistoryEdit

Settlers first arrived in the area that is now Cromwell in 1651[4] Cromwell was originally a part of Middletown known as the Upper Houses, likely due to the fact that the Mattabesset River separated it from the rest of Middletown. In 1703, Cromwell formed a separate parish from the rest of Middletown due to the inconvenience of crossing the floodplains of the Mattabesset during certain seasons.[5] From that point on, the schools and churches of the Upper Houses (population about 250) were administered (and taxed for) separately from the rest of Middletown.

In 1850, the town began talks of splitting off into a separate town from Middletown. Possible new names included: Upper Middletown, North Middletown, Glenwood, and, the eventual choice, Cromwell,[6] which was put forth by Senator Levi Heaton. The Connecticut General Assembly approved the incorporation on June 18, 1851.[6]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.9 square miles (33 km2), of which, 12.4 square miles (32 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (4.03%) is water.

A major north/south highway, Interstate 91, with two Cromwell exits, runs through the Town. The Central Connecticut Expressway (Route 9), opened at the end of 1989, enhances the Town's location as it connects I-95 in Old Saybrook, I-91 in Cromwell and I-84, the State's major east/west highway in New Britain.[7]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,856
18801,640−11.6%
18901,98721.2%
19002,0312.2%
19102,1887.7%
19202,45412.2%
19302,81414.7%
19403,28116.6%
19504,28630.6%
19606,78058.2%
19707,4009.1%
198010,26538.7%
199012,28619.7%
200012,8714.8%
201014,0058.8%
2014 (est.)14,113[8]0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

At the 2010 census there were 14,005 people, 5,212 households, and 3,262 families in the town. The population density was 1,038.5 people per square mile (401.1/km2). There were 5,365 housing units at an average density of 432.9 per square mile (167.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.08% White, 3.13% African American, 0.05% Native American, 1.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.19%.[10]

Of the 5,212 households 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.3% of households were one person and 11.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.99.

The age distribution was 21.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median household income was US$60,662, and the median family income was $70,505. Males had a median income of $46,223 versus $36,218 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,786. About 1.6% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 27, 2015[11]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Democratic 3,080 113 3,193 33.80%
Republican 1,926 61 1,987 21.03%
Unaffiliated 3,980 187 4,167 44.11%
Minor Parties 94 7 101 1.06%
Total 9,080 368 9,448 100%
Presidential Election Results[12][13]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 55.5% 4,872 42.7% 3,749 1.8% 162
2016 49.5% 3,808 45.3% 3,486 5.2% 400
2012 55.3% 4,063 43.5% 3,193 1.2% 92
2008 59.4% 4,551 39.0% 2,989 1.6% 120
2004 55.2% 4,126 43.2% 3,226 1.6% 121
2000 58.0% 3,865 37.1% 2,472 14.9% 328
1996 54.2% 3,389 32.1% 2,007 13.7% 857
1992 43.0% 3,030 32.8% 2,306 24.2% 1,704
1988 48.0% 2,955 50.9% 3,135 1.1% 66
1984 40.6% 2,204 59.2% 3,213 0.2% 11
1980 41.3% 2,185 40.9% 2,168 17.8% 943
1976 51.0% 2,519 48.6% 2,399 0.4% 23
1972 45.4% 1,957 53.5% 2,306 1.1% 47
1968 53.7% 1,899 40.7% 1,439 5.6% 198
1964 71.1% 2,461 28.9% 999 0.00% 0
1960 54.4% 1,918 45.6% 1,607 0.00% 0
1956 34.2% 993 65.8% 1,909 0.00% 0

Cromwell public schoolsEdit

There are four public schools in Cromwell: Edna C. Stevens Elementary School (K-2), Woodside Intermediate School (3-5), Cromwell Middle School (6-8), and Cromwell High School (9-12).

Notable peopleEdit

  • Novelist, historian and editor Donald Honig lived in Cromwell for over 40 years. In September 2020, there was a ceremony at the Cromwell Belden Public Library where Honig was given with a key to the town and presented with a proclamation declaring it “Donald Honig Day.” In his honor, there is a special “Donald Honig Collection,” where many of his books are on display at the library. [15]

In popular cultureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://cromwellhistory.org/Cromwell_History.html
  2. ^ Crofut, Florence S. Mary. Guide to the History and Historic Sites of Connecticut, Vol. 2, pg. 469. Tercentenary Commission of the State of Connecticut for the Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1937.
  3. ^ "Less than Obvious: The Origin of the Name 'Cromwell'" by Richard Franklin Donohue. Cromwell Historical Society.
  4. ^ "Town Profile | Town of Cromwell CT". www.cromwellct.com. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  5. ^ "TOWN OF CROMWELL". dunhamwilcox.net. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  6. ^ a b "Cromwell History". cromwellhistory. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  7. ^ "Town of Cromwell, Connecticut".
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 27, 2015" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  12. ^ "General Election Statements of Vote, 1922 – Current". CT Secretary of State. Retrieved December 22, 2020.
  13. ^ "Election Night Reporting". CT Secretary of State. Retrieved December 22, 2020.
  14. ^ "David Gere". IMDb. Archived from the original on 1 April 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  15. ^ https://www.middletownpress.com/middletown/article/Cromwell-honors-local-writer-89-with-keys-to-15600176.php

External linksEdit