James T. Pratt

James Timothy Pratt (December 14, 1802 – April 11, 1887) was a U.S. Representative from Connecticut.

James T. Pratt
James T. Pratt (Connecticut Congressman) (3x4a).jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Preceded byCharles Chapman
Succeeded byEzra Clark Jr.
President pro tempore of the Connecticut Senate
In office
Preceded byHenry E. Peck
Succeeded byDaniel B. Warner
Member of the Connecticut Senate
In office
Member of the Connecticut House of Representatives
In office
Connecticut Adjutant General
In office
Preceded byCharles T. Hillyer
Succeeded byGeorge P. Shelton
Personal details
BornDecember 14, 1802
Cromwell, Connecticut
DiedApril 11, 1887(1887-04-11) (aged 84)
Wethersfield, Connecticut
Resting placeIndian Hill Cemetery, Middletown, Connecticut

Born in Cromwell, Connecticut, Pratt attended the common schools.[1] He engaged in mercantile and agricultural pursuits in Hartford, Connecticut.

Enlisted in the "Horse Guard" in 1820. He served as mayor 1826–29. Pratt was elected major of the First Regiment of Cavalry in 1834. He served as colonel in 1836, brigadier general 1837–39 and a major general 1839–46.

Pratt then served as adjutant general in 1846, retiring from mercantile pursuits and settled in Rocky Hill, Connecticut.

He served as member of the Connecticut House of Representatives in 1847, 1848, and 1850. The a member of the Connecticut Senate in 1852. He served as President pro tempore of the Connecticut Senate.

He was again a member of the State house of representatives in 1857 and 1862.

Pratt was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-third Congress (March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1854 to the Thirty-fourth Congress. Pratt was an unsuccessful candidate for election as governor in 1858 and 1859.

Pratt served as member of the peace convention of 1861 held in Washington, D.C., in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war.

During the American Civil War, Pratt was a War Democrat.[2]

Pratt was again a member of the State house of representatives in 1870 and 1871.

He engaged in agricultural pursuits.

Pratt died in Wethersfield, Connecticut, April 11, 1887, and was interred in Indian Hill Cemetery, Middletown, Connecticut.


  1. ^ "PRATT, James Timothy". congress.gov. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  2. ^ Burr, Nelson R. (1981). "United States Senator James Dixon: 1814-1873 Episcopalian Anti-Slavery Statesman". Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 50 (1): 29–72. ISSN 0018-2486. Retrieved 13 October 2022.

External linksEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of Connecticut
1858, 1859
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by Connecticut Adjutant General
Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's 1st congressional district

March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Succeeded by