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Covington, Louisiana

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Covington is a city in and the parish seat of St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, United States.[3] The population was 8,765 at the 2010 census.[4] It is located at a fork of the Bogue Falaya and the Tchefuncte River.

Covington, Louisiana
City
St. Tammany Parish Justice Center
St. Tammany Parish Justice Center
Location of Covington in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Covington in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 30°28′44″N 90°06′15″W / 30.47889°N 90.10417°W / 30.47889; -90.10417Coordinates: 30°28′44″N 90°06′15″W / 30.47889°N 90.10417°W / 30.47889; -90.10417
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish St. Tammany
Founded 1813
Government
 • Mayor Mike Cooper
Area[1]
 • Total 8.19 sq mi (21.21 km2)
 • Land 8.03 sq mi (20.78 km2)
 • Water 0.17 sq mi (0.43 km2)
Elevation 26 ft (8 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,765
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 10,310
 • Density 1,284.74/sq mi (496.05/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 70433, 70434, 70435
Area code(s) 985
FIPS code 22-18125
Website http://www.covla.com

Covington is part of the New OrleansMetairieKenner Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
A train at Covington in 1907.

The earliest known settlement by Europeans in the area was in 1800 by Jacques Drieux, during the British West Florida period.

In 1813, John Wharton Collins established a town with the name of Wharton. He is buried on the corner of the city cemetery directly across from the Covington Police Department. There are conflicting stories about how the city came to be named Covington. Many historians believe the city was renamed for General Leonard Covington, a hero of the War of 1812.[5][6] (Covington was killed late in 1813, having established his home in the Mississippi Territory.)

Local historian Judge Steve Ellis floats another theory centered on the suggestion by Jesse Jones, a local attorney, that the city be named in honor of the Blue Grass whiskey---made in Covington, Kentucky---enjoyed by town officials.[7] In any case, Leonard Covington is the namesake of both towns.[6]

Originally, commerce was brought to Covington via boat up the Bogue Falaya River, which used the Tchefuncte River as a means of passage to and from Lake Pontchartrain. Then in 1888, the railroad came to town. Much of the former railroad right-of-way is now occupied by the Tammany Trace, a thirty-one mile bike trail running east and west through several communities on the north side of Lake Pontchartrain.

In the late 20th century, with the expansion of Louisiana's road system, many people who worked in New Orleans started living in Covington, commuting to work via the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway. This is considered to be associated with white flight out of New Orleans, though the Jefferson Parish area saw the most expansion during that period.[8]

Hurricane KatrinaEdit

Hurricane Katrina made landfall near Slidell, but Covington was sufficiently elevated to escape the massive storm surge; however, the city suffered devastating wind damage. Following the storm, Covington, along with the rest of the North Shore of Lake Pontchartrain, experienced a population boom as a result of many former inhabitants of the New Orleans area being forced to move out of their storm-ravaged homes. The town's population continues to grow.

GeographyEdit

Covington is located at 30°28′44″N 90°6′15″W / 30.47889°N 90.10417°W / 30.47889; -90.10417 (30.479002, -90.104029)[9] and has an elevation of 26 feet (7.9 m).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.2 square miles (21.2 km2), of which 8.0 square miles (20.7 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.6 km2), or 2.60%, is water.[11]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1870 585
1880 567 −3.1%
1890 976 72.1%
1900 1,205 23.5%
1910 2,601 115.9%
1920 2,942 13.1%
1930 3,208 9.0%
1940 4,123 28.5%
1950 5,113 24.0%
1960 6,754 32.1%
1970 7,170 6.2%
1980 7,892 10.1%
1990 7,691 −2.5%
2000 8,483 10.3%
2010 8,765 3.3%
Est. 2016 10,310 [2] 17.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 8,483 people, 3,258 households, and 2,212 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,248.0 people per square mile (481.7/km²). There were 3,565 housing units at an average density of 524.5 per square mile (202.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.45% White, 20.17% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.

There were 3,258 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,949, and the median income for a family was $50,332. Males had a median income of $36,434 versus $23,859 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,438. About 11.8% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interestEdit

 
St. Peter Catholic Church

A 10-foot-tall (3.0 m) statue of Ronald Reagan on a 6-foot (1.8 m) base is reputed to be the world's largest of the former president.[14]

The Covington trail head is the start of Tammany Trace, a 31-mile paved rails-to-trails path for hikers and bicyclists, which connects Covington with Mandeville, Abita Springs, Lacombe and Slidell.[15]

Notable peopleEdit

Movies filmed in CovingtonEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 2, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Covington city, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2012. 
  5. ^ StoppingPoints.com. "Covington Historical Marker". 
  6. ^ a b Leeper, Clare D'Artois (2012). Louisiana Place Names: Popular, Unusual, and Forgotten Stories of Towns, Cities, Plantations, Bayous, and Even Some Cemeteries. LSU Press. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-8071-4740-5. 
  7. ^ City of Covington (Homepage). "History of the City of Covington". 
  8. ^ Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. "White Flight". 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Covington city, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ "World's Largest Ronald Reagan Statue, Covington, Louisiana". 
  15. ^ "Things to do in Covington". 1stLake.com. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  16. ^ Bellande, Ray L. "Harry Del Reeks (1920 - 1982)". Ocean Springs Archives. Retrieved February 17, 2014. 
  17. ^ "American Ultra". Backstage. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 

External linksEdit