Court of Judicature and Revision

Court of Judicature and Revision (also known as Court of Judicial Review) was a central government agency in several imperial Chinese and Vietnamese dynasties. It was generally in charge of reviewing judicial proceedings at all administrative levels and singling out the cases for a retrial by court officials or the emperor himself. In China the office was created during the Northern Qi dynasty (550–577) and continued until the Qing dynasty (1636–1912). In Vietnam it was adopted by Lê Thánh Tông in 1466, and continued until the Nguyễn dynasty.

Court of Judicature and Revision
Chinese name
Vietnamese name
VietnameseĐại lý tự
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᠪᡝᡳᡩᡝᠨ ᠪᡝ
Möllendorffbeiden be tuwancihiyara yamun

It was one of the Nine Courts and worked closely with the Ministry of Justice and the Censorate. During the Qing dynasty it was the most prestigious of the Nine Courts.


  • Hucker, Charles O. (1985). A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China. Stanford University Press. p. 468.